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Messages - Farhana Helal Mehtab

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Ramadan and Fasting / Re: Ramadan: A Month of Goodness and Blessing
« on: July 21, 2012, 04:07:08 PM »

Thank you dear Ms Shamsi for your thoughtful appreciation.  You are & of course will be in my thoughts & prayers. Keep me & my family in your prayer in this special month.......

Razanul Mubarak!

Ramadan and Fasting / Ramadan: A Month of Goodness and Blessing
« on: July 21, 2012, 12:43:26 PM »
"O you who believe, fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those
before you, so that you may guard against evil."
Holy Qur'an 2:183

The holy Ramadan is back, Alhamdulillah! Being able to fast the month of Ramadan is truly a gift but how many we can go back to Allah? – It is also a trust that needs to keep with care and concern. If we wish to truly benefit from this gift and protect this trust, then some sacrifice and determination is must.

It is Allah’s greatest mercy that He has bestowed on this ummath, the holy month of Ramadan. Scholars say that it is due to Allah's love for His beloved Prophet Muhammad that resulted in this month being bestowed on us. Allah wanted to make His habeeb (beloved) happy by giving a chance to his followers to cleanse themselves of all their sins and become purified. We should all be very happy about this and continue praying to Allah that we attain His blessings completely during this month of Ramadan.

The Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) used to pray for the month of Ramadan two months before its arrival, speaks of the importance of this holy month. Moreover, in a different saying our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) has said that if a man knows the real worth and greatness of Ramadan, he would want every month to be Ramadan. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) delivered a khutbah on the last day of Sha'ban saying: "O people: You are about to enter the shadow of a great blessed month. A night therein is better than a thousand months. Allah (swt) made fasting during this month an obligation and encouraged people to perform extra prayers during its nights. Seeking nearness to Allah (swt) through a good deed would be considered like performing an obligatory act of worship. In turn, performance of an obligatory act of worship during this month would be rewarded seventy times more than during any other month. It is the month of patience, and the reward for patience is Jannah. It is the month of comforting others, and the month during which believers would enjoy plentifulness.”

Islam is submission to Allah and His will. We will have to respect what Allah has ordained us to. Allah has asked us to respect the holy month of Ramadan. The best way to respect the month of Ramadan is to do everything what Allah and His Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) have asked us to do during this holy month. Dear all, and one thing we should always keep in our mind, our life is very short & uncertain too; so this could be our last Ramadan ever. This month may just be our last month of mercy, forgiveness, and freedom from the Fire, and we might never be able to see another one again. Let’s not let it go to waste, insha’Allah.

Farhana Helal Mehtab
Associate Professor & Head
Dept of Law

Ramadan and Fasting / Ramzanul Mubarak.....
« on: July 21, 2012, 10:30:23 AM »

 Four Candles were talking to each other:

~ 1st --"I'm PEACE, No one needs me" & it went off.

~ 2nd--"I'm FAITH, nobody believes me" & it went off too.

~ 3rd--"I'm LOVE, nobody cares for me" & it also went off.

~ 4th--"I can light the other three because I'm HOPE, & I last forever!

~ Life is tough but let's never lose hope,..

~ I wish that our candle of HOPE lights all our other candles & keep them glowing...

   Stay Blessed……Ramzanul Mubarak!

Farhana Helal Mehtab
Associate Professor & Head
Department of Law
Daffodil international University


English / Re: HAIKU
« on: July 15, 2012, 11:09:32 AM »

Dear colleagues of English department,
At the time of visiting DIU forum, ‘HAIKU’ caught my attraction since I worked on it almost 14 years back, probably in 1998, when I was the student of Bachelor in ELT. So many good memories just clicked on my mind after seeing your write up. Thanks for selecting ‘Haiku’. Though my work was just for an assignment for 10 marks, I learnt a lot for its interesting nature. But got little confused when I studied on comparison: English & Japanese Haiku. There is great debate over what is the correct form and content of an English Haiku verse because of the differences between English and Japanese language. Later on I got very helpful ideas & suggestions on this issue in "Sixty-five (Conflicting) Rules of Haiku" by Jane Reichhold. Hope you people will also enjoy this writing by Jane Reichhold.

Thank you once again & wish to visit your page in future InshAllah.

All the Best,

Farhana Helal Mehtab
Associate Professor & Head
Dept of Law

Law / Re: Laws Related to EVE TEASING in Bangladesh:
« on: July 10, 2012, 12:59:53 PM »
Yes, this is fact that people ignore it & specially women, if its not happening with them. But why they are doing like that, the simple answer is for insecure feeling. It’s the duty of every institution or organization to provide the safe environment at least to its women employees……if this practice established, one day change will come in the society.  And in this case, we can feel proud for our organization, DIU, which provides us safe & healthy working environment. Here, zero tolerance is showing if the case related with eve teasing is properly reported.

Law / Re: Project Competition 2012 & Our Law Projects
« on: July 09, 2012, 01:03:29 PM »
My appreciation for  all the posts regarding, Project Competition 2012. Yes, it was really a memorable day. Specially for the Law Dept because from Humanities & Social Science Faculty 5 projects were submitted where dept of law had three projects which were highly appreciated. Rest two projects were submitted from other two departments. I appreciate them too. I also like the the positive approach of all the participants.

My warm wishes for the fact my students  are my strength.

All the Best,


Law / Re: Laws Related to EVE TEASING in Bangladesh:
« on: July 09, 2012, 11:20:37 AM »
Thanks to everyone Rashel, Mr Ishaquemijee, Mr shaikat for showing keen interest to a crucial social problem of Bangladesh. In fact, we all have to come forward for solving this problem.

@ Rashel:  In my LL.M Good Governance class I  mentioned  that, it’s a duty of govt to ensure the role of women in every sector. And it will not be possible until & unless we give the guarantee of women’s safe and secured movement.  Thanks dear for your suggestions for creating public awareness. O yes, I like your image attachment too; it’s really nice and very much perfect for eve teasing.
All the Best!

Law / Laws Related to EVE TEASING in Bangladesh:
« on: July 07, 2012, 02:00:08 PM »
Laws Related to EVE TEASING in Bangladesh:

Eve Teasing is a common phenomenon in Bangladesh. Every other day, women come across some sort of eve teasing incidents that leave a deep psychological scar on them. This is a pathetic state of affairs faced by women of different age. The effect of eve teasing in women’s life is very painful. We are observing this cruel fact every day in our society; every single daily newspaper must have this news almost every day. This is well known to all of us but the question is how much we know about the laws related to eve teasing? The answer is very little. So in this write up, only the laws related to eve teasing have been mentioned.

Just a few years after Bangladesh’s liberation, the government established the Ministry of Women’s Affairs. Dhaka Metropolitan Police Ordinance of 1976 first addressed eve-teasing directly. Section 76 of the ordinance defines women teasing as, "willful and indecent exposure of one’s person in any street or public place within sight of, and in such manner as may be seen by, any woman, whether from within any house or building or not, or willful pressing or obstructing any woman in a street or public place or insulting or annoying any woman by using indecent language or making indecent sounds, gestures, or remarks in any street or public place". Women-teasing is punishable with a maximum one year of imprisonment, or with a maximum two thousand Taka fine, or with both.

That was for the first time, in Bangladesh, a law other than the Penal Code addressed the teasing offence against women. However, the term 'eve teasing' is still not used properly. Likewise, the other five metropolitan police acts/ordinances made similar provisions to penalize the offence of teasing women. However, these laws have no jurisdiction outside their respective metropolitan areas that makes the offence exclusively a local and urban phenomenon. Special laws penalizing the offence of teasing women having nationwide jurisdiction was yet to be passed.

Later, in 2000 the government enacted tougher law to protect the vulnerable women and children of the country from various typical offences. The Prevention of Women and Children Act-2000 came down heavily on the oppressors of the women.

In section 10(1), the law defines sexual torture as, “if a man touches the sexual organ or any other organ of a woman or of a child by any of his organs or by any other objects with a view to fulfilling his illegal sexual desire, such act of the man will be termed as sexual torture". This definition, in fact, includes the attempt of rape or outraging the modesty of a woman by actual physical contact. The law punishes the offender with rigorous imprisonment of minimum 3 and maximum 10 years and also an indefinite amount of fine.

In section 10(2), the law defines sexual harassment as, "if a man, with a view to fulfilling his illegal sexual desire outrage a woman's modesty or makes erotic gesture, such act of the man will amount to sexual harassment". A rigorous imprisonment ranging from 2 to 7 years and additionally an indefinite amount of fine is rewarded for this offence. According to this definition sexual harassment is an offence that is committed by not coming with actual physical contact to the victim.
However, the section 10(2) was abrogated when the law was last amended in 2003. A new provision has been added under section 9(ka) of the present law that states, if a woman is forced to commit suicide as a direct consequence of somebody's willful dishonor/sexual harassment/ assault, then the offender will be liable to a maximum of ten years and a minimum of five years of imprisonment. The amendment actually denied the remedy of sexual harassment of non-contact nature.

After the amendment of The Prevention of Women and Children Act-2000 in 2003, there remained no legal provisions in the country addressing directly the problem of sexual harassment. But, newspapers bring out pathetic reports on sexual harassment every now and then. In this crucial situation, Bangladesh National Women Lawyers Association (BNWLA) filed a Writ Petition (No. 5916 of 2008) to the High Court Division. The Honorable Court, after examining the pros and cons of the problem issued their Judgment on 14.5.2009 giving the government an eleven-point directive which will fill up the legislative vacuum in the nature of law. In these directives the Court suggested a detailed definition of sexual harassment that included all other existing definitions of non-contact sexually connoting offences. It also incorporated the modern means of erotic insults against the women that are prevalent in our present age of information technology. However, though the ingredients of the offence of eve teasing are easily distinguishable from the order, the court did not use the term eve teasing. Actually, eve teasing, though commonly used and understood a term in Bangladesh, its legal definition is yet to be established.

The government has already started the process of fulfilling the directives of the judgment. Complaint Committees have been formed in many institutions according to the decretive no-9 of the judgment. Besides this, to combat this problem the government of Bangladesh has authorized ‘Mobile courts’ in order to take legal action against those who are convicted of stalking and harassing a woman. That person would be suffering one year in jail or pay a fine of about Tk. 5000 or both.  And it was definitely appreciated that on June 13, 2010 the Education ministry of Bangladesh announced June 13 as ‘Eve Teasing Protection Day’.

Sources:  The Penal Code 1860
     Dhaka Metropolitan Police Ordinance, 1976
     The Prevention of Women and Children Act-2000
     The Prevention of Women and Children Act-2003(amendment)
     Internet edition of Daily Newspapers, Weekly Tabloids

Farhana Helal Mehtab
Associate Professor & Head
Department of Law

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