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Messages - Farhana Helal Mehtab

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Law / Re: History of International Women's Day
« on: March 06, 2015, 05:45:49 PM »
International Women’s Day is celebrated in many countries around the globe & March 8 is the recognized day for celebrating the event. Though it was started as a political event to bring attention to women rights, now a day it has lost its political flavor. Instead, it is a day to celebrate women’s achievements and equality. Purple symbolizes dignity and justice and this is the official color of the day (the color of my letters are purple too).

 A theme is given to celebrate International Women’s Day. This year it is ‘Make It Happen’, which calls for recognition and advancement of women.

Law / History of International Women's Day
« on: March 06, 2015, 05:24:29 PM »
March 8, International Women's Day, a significant day celebrated worldwide, honors working women and women’s struggle everywhere.  But do all of us know the history of International Women’s Day?  Not really. I talked to some of the female students and found their ignorance. Here is the a tribute of Woman Watch (Information & Resources on Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women) on “History of International Women’s Day”.  I hope this feature will be helpful to know about this special day. And I wish that we, the women, will know about this day before celebrating it. 

History of International Women's Day


International Women's Day is celebrated in many countries around the world. It is a day when women are recognized for their achievements without regard to divisions, whether national, ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic or political. It is an occasion for looking back on past struggles and accomplishments, and more importantly, for looking ahead to the untapped potential and opportunities that await future generations of women.
In 1975, during International Women's Year, the United Nations began celebrating International Women's Day on 8 March. Two years later, in December 1977, the General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming a United Nations Day for Women's Rights and International Peace to be observed on any day of the year by Member States, in accordance with their historical and national traditions. In adopting its resolution, the General Assembly recognized the role of women in peace efforts and development and urged an end to discrimination and an increase of support for women's full and equal participation.


International Women's Day first emerged from the activities of labour movements at the turn of the twentieth century in North America and across Europe.
1909: The first National Woman's Day was observed in the United States on 28 February. The Socialist Party of America designated this day in honour of the 1908 garment workers' strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
1910: The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women's Day, international in character, to honour the movement for women's rights and to build support for achieving universal suffrage for women. The proposal was greeted with unanimous approval by the conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, which included the first three women elected to the Finnish Parliament. No fixed date was selected for the observance.
1911: As a result of the Copenhagen initiative, International Women's Day was marked for the first time (19 March) in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, where more than one million women and men attended rallies. In addition to the right to vote and to hold public office, they demanded women's rights to work, to vocational training and to an end to discrimination on the job.
1913-1914: International Women's Day also became a mechanism for protesting World War I. As part of the peace movement, Russian women observed their first International Women's Day on the last Sunday in February. Elsewhere in Europe, on or around 8 March of the following year, women held rallies either to protest the war or to express solidarity with other activists.
1917: Against the backdrop of the war, women in Russia again chose to protest and strike for 'Bread and Peace' on the last Sunday in February (which fell on 8 March on the Gregorian calendar). Four days later, the Czar abdicated and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote.
Since those early years, International Women's Day has assumed a new global dimension for women in developed and developing countries alike. The growing international women's movement, which has been strengthened by four global United Nations women's conferences, has helped make the commemoration a rallying point to build support for women's rights and participation in the political and economic arenas. Increasingly, International Women's Day is a time to reflect on progress made, to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of their countries and communities.
The United Nations and Gender Equality
The Charter of the United Nations, signed in 1945, was the first international agreement to affirm the principle of equality between women and men. Since then, the UN has helped create a historic legacy of internationally-agreed strategies, standards, programmes and goals to advance the status of women worldwide.
Over the years, the UN and its technical agencies have promoted the participation of women as equal partners with men in achieving sustainable development, peace, security, and full respect for human rights. The empowerment of women continues to be a central feature of the UN's efforts to address social, economic and political challenges across the globe.


Law / Re: France's burqa ban upheld by human rights court
« on: March 06, 2015, 04:39:45 PM »
Thanks dear for the recognition. Already I checked & found that you did it in your last post.
Keep on writing & posting  :)

Law / Re: Brazil judge suspended over tycoon's Porsche
« on: March 04, 2015, 04:56:57 PM »
Wish to know the verdict  >:(

Law / The Best Lawyers Money Can Buy
« on: March 04, 2015, 04:51:15 PM »
"The Best Lawyers Money Can Buy"....... Its not the headline of our newspaper. Its from the New York Times, prepared by the Editorial Board on Dec 25, 2014.

Now, lets check the full news...

The Best Lawyers Money Can Buy

The United States Supreme Court decides cases involving the nation’s most pressing legal issues, affecting the daily lives of hundreds of millions of Americans — and yet so much about its functioning is shrouded in mystique and exclusivity. The court’s front doors are locked and its vast “public” plaza is off-limits to protesters. Alone among the branches of government, it refuses to televise its proceedings, even though its gallery can seat only 250 members of the public.

As a new report by Reuters shows, this exclusivity extends even to the types of cases the court agrees to hear.

The justices accept about 75 of the 10,000 petitions they get each year. And of that already minuscule fraction, a stunning proportion is argued by an extremely small and well-connected group of lawyers. All of these lawyers — among the top litigators in the country — have argued often before the court and almost all of them work mainly for corporate clients. Many have clerked for the justices, know them personally and socialize with them.

Those are the central findings of The Echo Chamber, a comprehensive analysis of about 10,300 petitions filed by private attorneys between 2004 and 2012. Reuters found that the lawyer’s name on the brief was among the strongest predictors of whether the justices would take a case.

While the 66 lawyers Reuters identified represented less than one half of 1 percent of all lawyers who petitioned the court during that period, they were involved in 43 percent of the cases the justices heard.

That elite cohort is as homogeneous as it is powerful: 63 of the 66 lawyers were white, 58 were men, and 51 worked for firms with primarily corporate clients.

An even more elite group — eight lawyers — made almost one of every five arguments the court heard from private attorneys during those years. One of these lawyers, Paul Clement, has argued 75 cases before the court.

Top corporate firms have long understood how lucrative and prestigious a Supreme Court practice can be. But as those firms continue to draw the cream of the crop, there are fewer top lawyers available to other litigants — particularly those challenging a business’s labor or environmental practices. Such lawsuits often pose conflicts of interest for firms with multiple corporate clients.

As a result, the court’s docket has narrowed over the years. And when cases involving labor issues or consumers’ rights do reach the court, they lose more often than not; the Roberts Court is the most business-friendly since at least World War II. The Reuters report highlighted a 5-to-4 ruling in 2011 that threw out a multibillion-dollar class-action suit against Wal-Mart alleging gender discrimination. Wal-Mart was represented by Gibson Dunn, which has one of the most successful Supreme Court practices in the country.

J. Michael Luttig, a former federal appeals judge appointed by former President George H. W. Bush, and now a corporate counsel, said this cloistered group of lawyers and justices has become “detached and isolated from the real world, ultimately at the price of the healthy and proper development of the law.”

As troubling as the court’s shrinking bar is the justices’ matter-of-fact acceptance of it. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg told Reuters: “Business can pay for the best counsel money can buy. The average citizen cannot. That’s just a reality.” Justice Antonin Scalia admitted to rejecting cases based on the quality of the briefing, not on the legal issue they raised. “I have voted against what would be a marginally granted petition when it was not well presented,” he said.

It’s not unreasonable for the justices to want to spend their time on arguments made by the best advocates. Nor is there anything wrong with the country’s top lawyers demanding top dollar for their skill and hard work. And corporations surely may spend what they wish to litigate on behalf of their interests. But when these forces are combined, the biggest cost of all may fall on regular Americans, for whom justice at the highest court in the land becomes less accessible every day.


New Threat in Environment

“The two standard routes, the Northeast Ridge and the Southeast Ridge, are not only dangerously crowded but also disgustingly polluted, with garbage leaking out of the glaciers and pyramids of human excrement befouling the high camps,” mountaineer Mark Jenkins wrote in a 2013 National Geographic article on Everest.

A Thoughtful Article: Decades of human waste have made Mount Everest a ‘fecal time bomb’[/b


Satire / Re: Students be Careful....
« on: March 04, 2015, 03:22:26 PM »

Satire / Students be Careful....
« on: March 04, 2015, 03:20:22 PM »
Students be Careful.....

Letter from the Registrar office, Daffodil International University:

সুপ্রিয় শিক্ষার্থীবৃন্দ,

বাবামায়ের কষ্টার্জিত টাকায় নিজের ভবিষ্যত গড়ার মানসে দেশের বিভিন্ন প্রান্ত থেকে ড্যাফোডিল বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে পড়তে আসার জন্য প্রথমে তোমাদের অভিনন্দন ও শুভেচ্ছা।

অন্যায্য ও সাধারণ শিক্ষার্থীদের সুষ্ঠু শিক্ষার পরিবেশের জন্য ক্ষতিকর বিভিন্ন অনৈতিক দাবী সংবলিত কতিপয় বহিরাগত ও উস্কানি প্রদানকারী গুটিকয়েক ছাত্রের সাম্প্রতিক অস্থিরতাকে সফলভাবে মোকাবিলায় সহযোগিতার জন্য ড্যাফোডিল ইন্টারন্যাশনাল ইউনিভার্সিটি (DIU) কর্তৃপক্ষ আমাদের স্নেহধন্য শিক্ষার্থীবৃন্দের প্রতি কৃতজ্ঞতা প্রকাশ করছে। ধন্যবাদ তোমাদের-আমাদের পাশে থাকার জন্য। আমরা গর্বিত যে, প্রথম থেকেই তোমরা তোমাদের বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় ও শিক্ষা কার্যক্রমকে সচল রাখার পক্ষে এবং ক্যাম্পাসকে অস্থির করে তোলার বিপক্ষে অবস্থান নিয়েছিলে। বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের উত্তরোত্তর সমৃদ্ধি ও সুনাম বৃদ্ধিতে তোমরাই কান্ডারির ভূমিকা পালন করে চলেছো। শিক্ষার্থীদের গৌরবগাঁথা সাফল্য ও কৃতিত্বপূর্ন অবদানই আজ ড্যাফোডিল ইন্টারন্যাশনাল ইউনিভার্সিটিকে দেশের শীর্ষস্থানীয় বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের মর্যাদায় আসীন করতে সহায়ক ভূমিকা পালন করেছে। শিক্ষার্থীরা হচ্ছে বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের প্রাণ। ড্যাফোডিল ইন্টারন্যাশনাল ইউনিভার্সিটির প্রতিটি শিক্ষার্থী বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়টিকে গভীরভাবে ভালবাসে এবং আন্তরিকভাবে হৃদয়ে ধারন করে যার প্রমান তারা ইতিমধ্যে রেখেছে।এ জন্য আমরা গর্বিত।

তোমরা জেনে আনন্দিত হবে যে, তোমরাই সঠিক পথে আছো। অন্যান্য প্রাইভেট বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় ড্যাফোডিল ইন্টারন্যাশনাল ইউনিভার্সিটি কে আদর্শ হিসেবে অনুসরণ করছে। গত ২৭ ফেব্রুয়ারি, বাংলাদেশ বেসরকারি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় সমিতি (ANUB)-এর জরুরী বৈঠকে ড্যাফোডিল ইন্টারন্যাশনাল ইউনিভার্সিটির শিক্ষার্থীদের প্রশংসা করা হয়। উক্ত সভায় ৮০টি প্রাইভেট বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় সর্বসম্মতিক্রমে এই সিদ্ধান্তে উপনীত হয় যে, সংশ্লিষ্টতার অভিযোগ প্রমানিত হলে আইনবিরোধী উচ্ছৃংখল ছাত্র নামধারী বা উস্কানি প্রদানকারীদের স্ব স্ব বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় থেকে অনতিবিলম্বে বহিষ্কার করা হবে এবং বহিষ্কৃতরা অন্য আর কোন বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে পূনঃভর্তি হতে পারবে না। আন্দোলন করায় ইতোমধ্যে বেশ কয়েকটি বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় থেকে কিছু সংখ্যক শিক্ষার্থীকে বহিষ্কার করা হয়েছে।

ড্যাফোডিল ইন্টারন্যাশনাল ইউনিভার্সিটি সর্বদাই তোমাদের যে কোন ন্যায় সঙ্গত দাবীর পক্ষে। একই সাথে তোমাদের লেখাপড়া বা জীবনের ক্ষতি হয় এমন যেকোন কর্মকান্ডের বিরুদ্ধে তোমাদের ভার্সিটিকে সবসময় পাশে পাবে।

English / Re: Representation of Islam: Terrorist by John Updike
« on: March 03, 2015, 04:53:07 PM »
I have gone through the full paper of  Islam and Modernity: A Study of John Updike's Terrorist (2006)
from the Journal of Teaching Language Skills (JTLS).

Sharing the online version/ link so that interested people can read the full research paper.

 Sorry as I didn't check your reply. Ameen after your doa Mahfuz.

Law / Re: A Short Story based on Law
« on: March 03, 2015, 04:29:22 PM »
Do you have that translated copy with you Ferdousi?

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