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Messages - Ratul.JMC

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News Reporting / How strong a story?
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:25:01 PM »

A story which is new, unusual, interesting, significant and about people is going to be a very good story indeed. One way of deciding the strength of a story is to check how many of those five criteria it meets.

There are other factors, though, which make stories strong or weak:

The same event happening in two different places can have two quite different news values. A coup d’état in your own country is as big a story as you can ever have (although you will probably not be at liberty to report it as you would wish!). A coup in the country next door is still a big story, because it may affect the stability of your own country.
However, a coup in a small country in another continent is unlikely to merit more than a few paragraphs.
The appeal of local news is that your readers or listeners might know the people or place involved.
Remember, though, that the word "local" means different things to different people. If you broadcast to a wide area or sell your newspaper in many different towns, you must realise that a small story which interests readers in one place, because it is local, may not be of any interest to readers elsewhere.

Personal impact
The average reader, listener or viewer may be a parent, a person wanting a good education for the children, dreaming of buying a car, looking forward to going home on leave, anticipating the next big community feast or festival. You will need to have a very clear understanding of what your own readers or listeners are like.
So stories about bride-price or dowries, children, land disputes, new schools, cheaper or dearer fares, or whatever else is important and may affect your average reader, will have personal impact.
People can identify with stories about other people like themselves. So those stories with which many people can identify are stronger than those which only apply to a few.


News Reporting / Criteria of news
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:22:37 PM »

The criteria by which news is judged are:
  • Is it new?
    Is it unusual?
    Is it interesting or significant?
    Is it about people?
These elements make up what we call the "news value" of information. The stronger the elements are, the higher the news value.

Is it new?

If it is not new, it cannot be news. The assassination of Mrs Gandhi is unusual, interesting, significant and about people, but it cannot possibly be reported in tomorrow's papers, because it is not new.
If some facts about that assassination became known for the first time, however, that would be news. The assassination would not be new, but the information would be.
Events which happened days or even weeks earlier can still be news, as long as they have not been reported before. If you are telling a story for the first time, it is new to your readers or listeners and therefore it can be news.
News of the death of Mao Tse-tung, for instance, was not released to the world by the Chinese government for several days; when they did release it, however, it was still very definitely news.

Is it unusual?
Things are happening all the time, but not all of them are news, even when they are new. A man wakes up, eats breakfast and goes to work on a bus; it has only just happened, but nobody wants to read about it because it is not unusual. Ordinary and everyday things do not make news.
Of course, if that same man was 90 years old and was still catching the bus to work every day, it would be unusual!
The classic definition of news is this: "Dog bites man" is not news; "Man bites dog" is news.
This definition, though, is not universal. If dogs are eaten in your society (at feasts, for instance) then it will not be news when a man bites a dog - so long as it has been cooked.
What is usual in one society may be unusual in another. Again, we will expect the content of the news to vary from society to society. In every society, though, whatever is unusual is likely to be news.

Is it interesting?
Events which are new and unusual may still not be of general interest. Scientists may report that an insect has just been found living on a plant which it did not previously inhabit. The discovery is new, and the event is unusual, but it is unlikely to interest anybody other than a specialist or enthusiast.
In a specialist publication this could be big news, but in a general news broadcast or paper it would merit at most a few words.

Is it significant?
However, if that same insect was one which had a huge appetite, and which had previously lived on and eaten bush grass and if the new plant on which it had been found was rice, then the story becomes news, because it is significant.
People may not be interested in bugs, but they are interested in food. If this insect is now threatening their crops, it becomes a matter of concern to them. It is news because it is significant.
Similarly, if a peasant farmer says that the Roman Catholic Church should ordain women priests, that is not news. If an archbishop says it, it is news, because what he says on the subject is significant. It is the views of people such as the archbishop which help to form the policy of the Church.
Once again, what is interesting or significant in one society may not be interesting or significant in another. The content of the news may be different, therefore, in different societies, but the way it is identified will be the same.

Is it about people?
Most news is automatically about people, because it is the things people do to change the world which makes news.
However, news can also be made by non-human sources, such as a cyclone, a bush fire, a drought, a volcanic eruption or an earthquake. It is when reporting these stories that it is important to make sure that the story is centred on people.
The cyclone would not matter if it blew itself out in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, away from any inhabited islands; the fire could burn for as long as it likes in bush where nobody lives; the Sahara Desert has a near-permanent drought, but in most of it nobody is there to rely on rains; a volcanic eruption or an earthquake which damages nobody's property and injures nobody is really not news.
All these natural disasters only become news when they affect people's lives. Every story can be told in terms of people. Always start by asking yourself the question: "How does this affect my readers', listeners' or viewers’ lives?"
Whenever you have a story which tells of how something has happened which affects both people and property, always put the people first.


News Reporting / What is news?
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:21:28 PM »
Life appears to be a shapeless jumble of events, falling over each other, elbowing and jostling each other.

Journalists each day structure this chaos, so that the public receives it sorted out and neatly packaged into stories, the same day on radio, television or online and the next day in newspapers.
It will have been evaluated. The biggest news will be given first in the bulletin or on Page One of the paper, in detail; lesser news will be given in less detail later in the bulletin or on an inside page; and the rubbish will have been thrown away.
How do journalists decide what is news and what is not? How do they distinguish between a big news story and a small one? The answer is that they do it in exactly the same way as everybody else. Everybody makes those same judgments whenever they decide to talk about one event rather than another.
For example, which do you think is more interesting:old man young bride

a) A girl going to primary school, to high school, or to university?

b) A man aged 25 marrying a girl aged 20, or a man aged 55 marrying a girl aged 15?
c) A car killing a chicken, a pig or a child?

Every one of these events might be news for the community in which it happens, but some are more newsworthy than others.
You very likely answered that the most interesting things were a girl going to university, a man aged 55 marrying a girl aged 15, and a car killing a child. If your answer was different, though, it does not necessarily mean that you were wrong.
The same event can have different levels of interest in different societies, and will be talked about in different ways. If a farm wall has collapsed, killing a cow and a pig, which is more important? Clearly, the answer will vary from one society to another, depending upon the relative importance of cows and pigs.
For this reason, the content of the news can be different in different societies. The way in which the news is judged, though, is the same everywhere.


Journalism & Mass Communication / Re: Rebel Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:19:18 PM »
Thank you very much for your post. :)

Thank you very much for your post. :)

Thank you very much for your post. :)

Journalism & Mass Communication / Re: A Friend of Community Radio
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:18:52 PM »
Thank you very much for your post. :)

Journalism & Mass Communication / Re: Hope for the Bangladesh Children
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:18:45 PM »
Thank you very much for your post. :)

Journalism & Mass Communication / Re: History of journalism
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:18:38 PM »
Thank you very much for your post. :)

Thank you very much for your post. :)

Journalism & Mass Communication / Re: Bengal Gazette
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:18:20 PM »
Thank you very much for your post. :)

Journalism & Mass Communication / Re: Ahsan Manzil
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:18:12 PM »
Thank you very much for your post. :)

Journalism & Mass Communication / Re: Mass Communication
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:18:04 PM »
Thank you very much for your post. :)

Journalism & Mass Communication / Re: Duke of Edinburgh
« on: August 05, 2021, 10:17:53 PM »
Thank you very much for your post. :)

Thank you very much for your post. :)

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