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Topics - Farjana Diba

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Library of DIU / Do you know?
« on: May 11, 2016, 10:13:22 AM »
The highest library

The highest library from ground level is situated at 230.9 m (757 ft 6 in), on the 60th floor of the JW Marriott Hotel at Tomorrow Square in Shanghai, China, according to Guinness World Records. The library was opened at the same time as the hotel on 7 November 2003.

Membership is available to members of the public and the 103 shelves in the library contains an ever-expanding collection of Chinese and English books. The library measures 57 m² (614 ft²). To walk to the library from the lobby would entail climbing around 1,435 steps.

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Library of DIU / The smallest library in the world
« on: April 26, 2016, 12:07:52 PM »
The smallest library in the world has appeared on the streets of New York City – and it has space for just one reader at a time. The bright yellow plastic structure houses 40 books and aims to help city-dwellers take a break from the pace of life in the metropolis by chilling out with a good story.

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Library of DIU / The oldest library in world
« on: April 18, 2016, 01:04:04 PM »
The world’s oldest library is the oldest continually running library in the world is at the St. Catherine’s Monastery in the Sinai, Egypt. It was built in the middle of the 6th century and houses the second largest collection of religious material in the world (after the Vatican). It is not accessible to the public, only by monks and invited scholars.


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Library of DIU / Leap Year Fast Facts
« on: February 29, 2016, 02:45:32 PM »
Today is February 29, a date that comes once in four years.
Since it is a rare date, it is something that makes us interested to know more about it.

Here are some facts about a leap year:

A leap year is one which has an extra day in the month of February and comes every four years. It occurs because of the solar system's disparity with the Gregorian calendar.

The earth takes 365.2422 days to complete an orbit around the sun while the Gregorian calendar uses 365 days. Hence leaps seconds and leap years come into effect to keep the clocks (and calendars) adjusted to the earth and its seasons. To calculate a leap year, one has to divide the year number by four. If it is completely divisible, then it is a leap year.

A century, however, cannot be a leap year unless...
A century year is not a leap year unless it is divisible by 400. Thus while 1700, 1800, and 1900 were not leap years, 1600, 2000, and 2400 are leap years. Hence, technically, a leap year is not one that comes after every four years.

What is a leap second?
Leap years are not directly related to leap seconds but both keep the earth's rotations in line with the clocks and calendars. Leap seconds are added to bring the earth's rotation in sync with with atomic time. A leap second was added at the end of June last year just before midnight.

Why February has lesser number of days?
All months in the Julian calendar have 30 or 31 days except February, which normally has 28 days. Under Julius Caeser, February had 30 days and the month named after him (July) had 31. August then had 29 days but Augustus Caeser, Julius's successor, added two days to that to make August same as July. February lost its two days to August.

What if a person is born in a leap year?
The chances of taking birth on a leap birthday are one in almost 1,500. People who are born on February 29 are called 'leaplings' or 'leapers'. In non-leap years, many choose to celebrate their birthday on either February 28 or March 1 while others stick to February 29 for the occasion, i.e., that birthday comes after every four years. About 4.1 million people around the world have been born on February 29. Pisces is the zodiac sign of a person born on this day.

Bachelor’s Day
In Ireland, February 29 is Bachelor's Day - a traditional holiday when women propose to men. Scotland began the tradition in 1288 by passing a law permitting women to propose and if refused, the man had to pay a fine. Now, the tradition is just an amusing historical tidbit.

A leap year poem to remember it by
Thirty days hath September,
April, June and November;
All the rest have thirty-one
Save February, she alone
Hath eight days and a score
Til leap year gives her one day more.



5
Library of DIU / A Short Guide to Periodicals
« on: February 15, 2016, 01:51:00 PM »
Periodicals
General term for a journal, magazine, or newspaper published at regular intervals.
  • Article: Piece of writing of varying length that appears in a journal, magazine, newspaper, or other publication.
  • Journal: Specific term for a periodical publication that deals with a particular subject or professional activity (i.e., a medical journal)
    • Scholarly/Peer-Reviewed Journal: a subject or professional activity specific journal with articles that have been reviewed by experts in the field before publication
  • Magazine: Specific term for a periodical publication containing articles and illustrations typically covering a particular (often popular) subject of interest (i.e., a Fashion magazine.
  • Newspaper: Specific term for a general periodical publication, usually issued daily or weekly, containing news, articles, advertisements, and correspondence.










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Library of DIU / Types of Academic Journal Articles
« on: February 04, 2016, 02:18:55 PM »
Journal articles come in different types, depending upon the field and specific type of journals. Usually, academic journals include:

Letters/Communications: These are short descriptions of important latest study or research findings which are usually considered urgent for immediate publication. Examples of these would be important breakthroughs regarding cures or treatments for previously incurable conditions, or cure for a particular outbreak of disease, like for example swine flu.

Research Notes: Research notes are typically short descriptions which are considered less urgent compared to Letters. These contain information on current research findings of an expert or a researcher.

Articles: These are usually around 5-20 pages and are complete descriptions of current original research findings.

Supplemental Articles: These mostly consist of large-volume tabular data that details all the results of current research.

Review Articles: Review articles, unlike the previous types, do not cover original research but instead accumulate results of multiple articles on a particular field or topic into a coherent narrative about the state of the art in the said field. They provide information about the subject and at the same time provide journal references to the original research.

Source: Internet

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Library of DIU / Book Drop Box for Out-of-Hours Returns, DIU Library
« on: August 30, 2014, 03:05:31 PM »
Need to return a book but the DIU library is about to close or already closed?
Drop it in our book drop located at library main entrance on the ground floor!!
DIU library is excited to announce our first out of hours book drop box, located at the entrance of Central library.
Now you may return library material to book drop box whenever the library is closed.

A few notes about library book drops:
  • This service allows user to return borrowed items ONLY after Library Hour
  • Book Drop Box is emptied  everyday
  • Items left in the drop are considered returned when we open the drop at the beginning of each working day
  • Any borrowed items returned in the book drop box after the library is closed on the date due and before the opening of the Library on the next business day, will not be considered overdue
  • Overdue books and all non-printed library materials (e.g. DVD, CDs, etc.) must be returned at the Circulation desk of the library
  • Any overdue materials returned will be subject to the regular fine for those materials
  • Books should be placed inside the Book Drop.
  • Do not force books into or leave them outside the Book Drop


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Library of DIU / Library Database vs. Website Search Engine
« on: August 11, 2014, 05:09:21 PM »
"Why can’t I just use the web to find information?”


We all are provably familiar with popular web search engines such as Google.com, Yahoo.com or Ask.com. However, these are not a great tool finding academic information, so you will be missing out on thousands of books and journals available to you online if you use web search engines.

But, you can use the web to go to the library website, giving you access to the Library catalogue, e-books and e journal as well as database that will help you to find information.


Why use a database instead of web?


There are advantages to using library research databases compared to the web. Using the databases provided by the Library will help you find reliable information from trusted sources.
The information tends to be: 
•   Stable : if you found it once you can find it again.
•   Reliable : most information in databases is based on a print resource and has gone through a review process.  Anyone can publish to the web.
•   Precise : you can refine your search to get close to the material you need.  Compare searching 50 articles relevant to your search to 50 million from the Web.


Library databases
Websites
•   Library databases get their information from professionals or experts in the field.•   Websites can be written by anyone regardless of expertise.
•   Library databases contain published works where facts are checked.•   Website content is not necessarily checked by an expert.
•   Library databases are easy to cite in a bibliography and may create the citation for you.•   Websites often don't provide the information necessary to create a complete citation.
•   Library databases can help you narrow your topic or suggest related subjects.•   Websites often aren't organized to support student research needs.
•   Library databases are updated frequently and include the date of publication. •   Websites may not indicate when a page is updated.


In addition to the print collection, the DIU Library also makes available many electronic resources that provide easy access to many scholarly, technical, and professional journals, spanning all disciplines.
A complete list of databases is available on the DIU library Web site at:


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Library of DIU / Little Free Library
« on: August 04, 2014, 04:34:41 PM »
It’s a Mailbox … It’s a Bird House … No, Wait, It’s a Library!

Today I am going to share with you a very innovative idea that strengthens the literacy and reading phenomenon around the world!!!

Five years ago, a small effort started in Wisconsin that's now grown into a global movement. It's called the Little Free Library and it's such a simple concept, that really anyone can get involved.

A Little Free Library is a box with books placed in a publicly accessible area offered for free. People can take a book, replace a book, or add books to the collection. The idea is to take a book, leave a book. There are no due dates, late fees, or library cards required, and the doors are open every day of the week, twenty-four hours a day.
 

Little Free library is a creative idea first thought up by Todd Bol of Hudson, Wisconsin in 2009. He built a model of a one-room schoolhouse in honor of his late mother, a school teacher and avid reader. He put it on a post in his front yard, filled it with books and placed a “Free Books” sign on it.  Bol shared his idea with his partner Rick Brooks who found many efficient ways to spread the word, and the idea spread rapidly.

The Little Free Library, now a not-for-profit organization which aims to promote literacy, a love of reading, and community. Libraries can be registered with the nonprofit organization to receive official Little Free Library status and appear on the organization’s interactive world map.

Little Free Library has turned into a worldwide book sharing and social movement. Today there are Little Free Libraries in all 50 states of the U.S. and 40 countries including Uganda, The Congo, Pakistan, Nepal and India.  As of January, the number of registered Little Free Libraries in the world was conservatively estimated to be nearly 15,000 with thousands more being built.

Little Free Libraries don’t just give people access to free books. They foster an intimate sense of community because the people have direct control over book selection, which reflects the interests of neighborhood as a whole. They allow communities to express themselves and grow together while promoting literacy and self-education.

I hope any of us will be inspired by this unique idea to contribute to our community by building a Little Free Library. It may establish at apartment premises, community colony, and any social gathering places like shopping mall, club, or even   at academic institutes. You may find more information about the “Little Free Library” movement through the organization’s website http://littlefreelibrary.org/

The very first Little Free Library
built by Todd in honor of his mothe
r




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Namaj/Salat / The Story of Adhan (Azaan)
« on: July 24, 2014, 03:08:39 PM »
The Story of Adhan



In Makkah, the number of Muslims was small. They could make Jama’ah without any call. When the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and Muslims of Makkah had made hijrah to Madinah, the number of Muslims started to increase. The blessed Prophet  (SAW) had built the first ever Masjid-  the Masjid al- Nabi to offer Salah regularly. By the second year of Hijrah, the number of Muslims had increased. The people announced in a loud voice, "As-Salat ul-Jami'ah - the Salah for Jama'ah is  ready." Those who heard this call came to join the Salah. Since there was no adhan given, it was quite difficult for the Muslims to know when to stop what they were doing, and go to the Masjid and pray. Muslims felt the need to find a way to inform people to come to prayer.

One day the Prophet Muhammad (SAW)and the Muslims discussed the matter of calling the people for the congregational prayer at the exact time. Some of the believers suggested that the Muslims, like the Jews, should blow a horn to announce the time for the Salah. Others said, the Muslims might ring bells as the Christians do in their churches. A few proposed that the Muslims, like the fire-worshippers, kindle a fire to call people to pray, but ‘Umar (R) suggested sending someone to announce the prayer.

Initially, the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) liked the idea of a bell but dropped it later, because of its similarity with the Christians. He also liked the idea of blowing into a horn. But none of these ideas was accepted for one reason or the other. One day, a Sahabi, 'Abdullah ibn Zaid (R) rushed to the Prophet, Muhammad (SAW) to tell him his dream. He had seen quite an unusual dream.  In his dream, he saw a man walking past him carrying a large conch (Sea Shell). In his dream, 'Abdullah ibn Zaid (R) stopped that man and asked him whether he would sell that conch to him. The man in his dream asked ‘Abdullah ibn Zaid (R) about its purpose. He told the man in his dream that he would use the conch to call Muslims for Salah. The man in the dream told ‘Abdullah ibn Zaid (R) that he has a better suggestion and gave him the words and method of Adhan. He also taught the words and method for Iqamah.

The Prophet, Muhammad (SAW) liked it very much. He told 'Abdullah ibn Zaid (R) that his dream was a true vision from Allah. The Prophet, Muhammad (SAW) then asked him to teach the words and method of Adhan to Bilal (R), a former slave; as he had a much louder and more melodious voice. Bilal (R) called the first Adhan. Upon hearing the first Adhan, ‘Umar (R) rushed to the Masjid al- Nabi. He told the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (SAW) that he had also seen exactly the same dream.

Rasulullah (SAW) accepted this 'Adhan as the official call to the Salah. Bilal (R) became the first Mu'adhdhin of Islam. Tradition of Adhan that was established that day continues till now. The Adhan, which is called today, has exactly the same words in exactly the same sequence which 'Abdullah ibn Zaid (R), and ‘Umar (R) had seen in their dreams in the year 1 Hijrah, more than 1420 years ago.

Insha-Allah the same Adhan will continue resonating throughout the world forever.
(Source: various web resources)

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Library of DIU / Guide to the DIU Library Catalogue
« on: July 13, 2014, 12:30:32 PM »

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