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Messages - Jannatul Ferdous

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211
Communication / Re: What is effective communication?
« on: May 17, 2016, 03:47:35 PM »
What is effective communication?

Communication is about more than just exchanging information. It's about understanding the emotion and intentions behind the information. Effective communication is also a two-way street. It’s not only how you convey a message so that it is received and understood by someone in exactly the way you intended, it’s also how you listen to gain the full meaning of what’s being said and to make the other person feel heard and understood.
More than just the words you use, effective communication combines a set of skills including nonverbal communication, engaged listening, managing stress in the moment, the ability to communicate assertively, and the capacity to recognize and understand your own emotions and those of the person you’re communicating with.
Effective communication is the glue that helps you deepen your connections to others and improve teamwork, decision making, and problem solving. It enables you to communicate even negative or difficult messages without creating conflict or destroying trust.
While effective communication is a learned skill, it is more effective when it’s spontaneous rather than formulaic. A speech that is read, for example, rarely has the same impact as a speech that’s delivered (or appears to be delivered) spontaneously. Of course, it takes time and effort to develop these skills and become an effective communicator. The more effort and practice you put in, the more instinctive and spontaneous your communication skills will become.

212
Communication / Communication
« on: May 17, 2016, 03:46:21 PM »
Communication
Communication is simply the act of transferring information from one place to another.

The Communication Process
A message or communication is sent by the sender through a communication channel to a receiver, or to multiple receivers.
The sender must encode the message (the information being conveyed) into a form that is appropriate to the communication channel, and the receiver(s) then decodes the message to understand its meaning and significance.
Misunderstanding can occur at any stage of the communication process.
Effective communication involves minimizing potential misunderstanding and overcoming any barriers to communication at each stage in the communication process.
An effective communicator understands their audience, chooses an appropriate communication channel, hones their message to this channel and encodes the message to reduce misunderstanding by the receiver(s).
They will also seek out feedback from the receiver(s) as to how the message is understood and attempt to correct any misunderstanding or confusion as soon as possible.
Receivers can use techniques such as Clarification and Reflection as effective ways to ensure that the message sent has been understood correctly.

213
Workshop titled “Genuino: Next Generation Arduino” held at Daffodil International University

Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (ETE) of Daffodil International University arranged a workshop titled “Genuino: Next Generation Arduino” on April 2, 2016 to facilitate the students of the department to enhance their psychomotor skill and hands on experience for better research and project and its holistic improvement.

Engr. Md. Zahirul Islam, Senior Lecturer Dept. of ETE and Md. Shawkat Habib Lecturer, Dept of ETE along with students of Level 2 and Level 3 was present in the Workshop. The whole session was divided into three major parts and each part was conducted by aforementioned faculty members of ETE and a student of ETE, Zakariye Abdirahman Mahamoud.
The session was a fruitful for the students those who are want to various projects and Robotics and Embedded system. They obtained hands on knowledge on microcontroller and how it is used in Genuino. Some key issues have directly been pointed out to maintain the quality of a university research which will work as a guideline for future development of students of ETE department.

214
Project on ‘’Automatic Water Pump Controller by Water Level’’
‘’Automatic Water Pump Controller by Water Level’’ project is done by the students of Dept. of ETE of Daffodil International University
Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (ETE) of Daffodil International University students have made a project of automatic water pump controller by water level. They are implanting this project to all of the buildings which are belonging to daffodil group.
The students are trying to improve the operation of the device in a short budget.
This device will automatically turn on and turn off the water pump by measuring the water level of the reserve and the main tank. The students are trying to develop it to control all the pumps by web server and mobile devices.


215
Hypertension / Re: Treatments for hypertension
« on: May 15, 2016, 03:54:39 PM »
Treatments for hypertension

Lifestyle changes are important for both treatment and prevention of high blood pressure, and they can be as effective as a drug treatment. These lifestyle changes can also have wider benefits for heart health and overall health.

The lifestyle measures shown to reduce blood pressure and recommended by experts include:
   Salt restriction - typical salt intake is between 9 and 12 g a day and modest blood pressure reductions can be achieved even in people with normal levels by lowering salt to around 5 g a day - the greatest effects are seen in people with hypertension
   Moderation of alcohol consumption - expert guidelines say moving from moderate to excessive drinking is "associated both with raised blood pressure and with an increased risk of stroke"
   High consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat - people with, or at risk of, high blood pressure are advised to minimize intake of saturated fat and total fat and to eat whole-grain, high-fiber foods, at least 300 g of fruit and vegetables a day, beans, pulses, and nuts, and omega-3-rich fish twice a week.
   Reducing weight and maintaining it - hypertension is closely correlated with excess body weight, and weight reduction is followed by a fall in blood pressure.
   Regular physical exercise - guidelines say "hypertensive patients should participate in at least 30 min of moderate-intensity dynamic aerobic exercise (walking, jogging, cycling or swimming) on 5 to 7 days a week".
   Stress reduction - avoiding sources of stress, where possible, and developing healthy coping strategies for managing unavoidable stress can help with blood pressure control, especially as many people turn to alcohol, drugs, smoking and unhealthy foods or overeating to cope with stress.
Smoking can also raise blood pressure, and because of its wider effects on heart health and the rest of the body, giving up smoking is highly recommended for people with high blood pressure.

216
Hypertension / Re: Symptoms of hypertension
« on: May 15, 2016, 03:52:39 PM »
Symptoms of hypertension

High blood pressure itself is usually asymptomatic, meaning that patients do not experience any direct symptoms of the condition. This is why hypertension is often referred to as "the silent killer," as it can quietly causes damage to the cardiovascular system.

Hypertension can also lead to problems in the organs affected by high blood pressure. Long-term hypertension can cause complications through arteriosclerosis, where the formation of plaques results in narrowing of blood vessels.

The complications associated with hypertension-related arteriosclerosis can include:
   An enlarged or weakened heart, to a point where it may fail to pump enough blood (heart failure)
   Aneurysm - an abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery (which can burst, causing severe bleeding and, in some cases, death)
   Blood vessel narrowing - in the kidneys this can lead to possible kidney failure; in the heart, brain and legs, this can lead to heart attack, stroke or the need for amputation, respectively
   Blood vessels in the eyes my rupture or bleed, leading to vision problems or blindness (hypertensive retinopathies - classified by worsening grades one through four).

217
Hypertension / Re: Cause of Hypertension
« on: May 15, 2016, 03:51:11 PM »
Causes of hypertension
As acute stress, intense exercise and other factors can briefly elevate blood pressure even in people whose blood pressure is normal, a diagnosis of hypertension requires several readings showing high blood pressure over time.
 
Blood pressure does vary throughout the day, lowering during sleep and rising on awakening. It also rises in response to excitement, anxiety and physical activity.7
Blood pressure also increases steadily with age as arteries become stiffer and narrower due to plaque build-up. Vascular and heart disease also contribute to rising blood pressure in older adults, and a high systolic reading is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adults over 50 years old.
The disease burden of high blood pressure is a growing problem worldwide, in part because of a rapidly aging population. Other key contributors include lifestyle factors, such as:1
   Physical inactivity
   A salt-rich diet associated with processed and fatty foods
   Alcohol and tobacco use.
   Age - everyone is at greater risk of high blood pressure as they get older. Prevalence of hypertension is higher in people over 60 years of age
   Race - African-American adults are at higher risk than white or Hispanic American adults
   Size - being overweight or obese is a key risk factor for hypertension
   Sex - males and females have different risk profiles. While lifetime risk is the same for everybody, men are more prone to hypertension at a younger age and women have a higher rate of hypertension at older ages
   Lifestyle - greater intake of dietary salt, excessive alcohol, low dietary potassium, and physical inactivity all contribute to an increased risk of hypertension.

218
Hypertension / Hypertension
« on: May 15, 2016, 03:46:25 PM »
Hypertension

Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of blood vessels, and the magnitude of this force depends on the cardiac output and the resistance of the blood vessels.

Hypertension is defined as having a blood pressure higher than 140 over 90 mmHg, with a consensus across medical guidelines.
This means the systolic reading (the pressure as the heart pumps blood around the body) is over 140 mmHg (millimeters of mercury) and/or the diastolic reading (as the heart relaxes and refills with blood) is over 90 mmHg.

This threshold has been set to define hypertension for clinical convenience as patients experience benefits once they bring their blood pressure below this level.

However, medical experts consider high blood pressure as having a continuous relationship to cardiovascular health.1,6They believe that, to a point, the lower the blood pressure the better (down to levels of 115-110 mmHg systolic, and 75-70 mmHg diastolic).
They believe that, to a point (down to levels of 115-110 mmHg systolic, and 75-70 mmHg diastolic) the lower the blood pressure the better.

219
Time Management / Re: Why Time Management Is Necessary
« on: May 15, 2016, 02:08:34 PM »
Why Time Management Is Important
Get a handle on why managing your time effectively is important, and what you stand to gain from it. You can get started by reviewing these 8 reasons time management is crucial:
1.   Time is limited
No matter how you slice it, there are only 24 hours in a day. That applies to you, and to your coworker who only seems able to do half the amount of work you do. But it also applies to the former coworker who consistently accomplishes more than you, and was promoted as a result. If you want to rise through the ranks, you have to acknowledge the importance of finding a way to manage this limited resource.
2.   You can accomplish more with less effort
When you learn to take control of your time, you improve your ability to focus. And with increased focus comes enhanced efficiency, because you don’t lose momentum.
3.   Improved decision-making ability
Whether you rely on a time-chunking technique or discover the power of list-making, you’ll soon find that a nice side benefit of good time management skills is the ability to make better decisions. When you feel pressed for time and have to make a decision, you’re more likely to jump to conclusions without fully considering every option. That leads to poor decision making.
4.   Become more successful in your career
Time management is the key to success. It allows you to take control of your life rather than following the flow of others. As you accomplish more each day, make more sound decisions, and feel more in control, people notice.
5.   Learning opportunities are everywhere
Obviously, the more you learn, the more valuable you are to your employer. And great learning opportunities are around you, if you’ve got time to stop and take advantage them.
6.   Reduce stress
Once you learn how to manage your time, you no longer subject yourself to any level of stress. Besides it being better for your health, you have a clearer picture of the demands on your time. You’re better able to estimate how long a given task will take you to complete, and you know you can meet the deadline.
7.   Free time is necessary
Everyone needs time to relax and unwind. Having good time management skills helps you find that time. When you’re busy, you’re getting more done. You accumulate extra time throughout your day that you can use later to relax, unwind, and prepare for a good night’s sleep.
8.   Self-discipline is valuable
When you practice good time management, you leave no room for procrastination. The better you get at it, the more self-discipline you learn. This is a valuable skill that will begin to impact other areas of your life where a lack of discipline has kept you from achieving a goal.

220
Time Management / Easy time-management tips
« on: May 15, 2016, 02:06:26 PM »
Easy time-management tips
Whether it’s in your job or your lifestyle as a whole, learning how to manage your time effectively will help you feel more relaxed, focused and in control.
"The aim of good time management is to achieve the lifestyle balance you want," says Emma Donaldson-Feilder, a chartered occupational psychologist.

Here are Emma's top tips for better time management:
Work out your goals
"Work out who you want to be, your priorities in life, and what you want to achieve in your career or personal life," says Emma. "That is then the guiding principle for how you spend your time and how you manage it."
"Knowing your goals will help you plan better and focus on the things that will help you achieve those goals," says Emma.
Make a list
To-do lists are a good way to stay organized. "Keeping a list will help you work out your priorities and timings. It can help you put off the non-urgent tasks."
Make sure you keep your list somewhere accessible. If you always have your phone, for example, keep it on your phone.
Focus on results
Good time management at work means doing high-quality work, not high quantity. Emma advises concentrating not on how busy you are, but on results.
"Spending more time on something doesn’t necessarily achieve more," she says. "Staying an extra hour at work at the end of the day may not be the most effective way to manage your time."
Have a lunch break
Lots of people work through their lunch break, but Emma says that can be counter-productive. "As a general rule, taking at least 30 minutes away from your desk will help you to be more effective in the afternoon," she says.
"Go for a walk outdoors or, better still, do some exercise," says Emma. "You’ll come back to your desk re-energized, with a new set of eyes and renewed focus."
Planning your day with a midday break will also help you to break up your work into more manageable chunks.
Priorities important tasks
Tasks can be grouped into four categories:
•   urgent and important
•   not urgent but important
•   urgent but not important
•   neither urgent nor important
People with good time management concentrate on "not urgent but important" activities. That way they lower the chances of activities ever becoming "urgent and important".
Practice the 'four Ds'
Emma advises practicing the "four Ds":
•   Delete: you can probably delete half the emails you get immediately.
•   Do: if the email is urgent or can be completed quickly.
•   Delegate: if the email can be better dealt with by someone else.
•   Defer: set aside time later to spend on emails that require longer action.

221
10 Steps to More Effective Developmental Experiences

1.   Take the initiative to look for ways that you can learn new skills through experiences that also help your supervisor/manager, team, unit, or department achieve its goals.
2.   Set up meetings with your supervisor/manager to discuss your proposed development experiences and get buy-in for proceeding. Use the Questions to Ask Before, during, and After Planned Development Experiences handout (PDF) as a guide for discussions with your supervisor or manager.
3.   Create a development plan with your supervisor/manager to track your progress.
4.   As your development experience is progressing, update your plan to mark accomplishments and learning acquired.
5.   Set up regular check-in meetings with your supervisor/manager.
6.   Take time to review your development plan before meeting with your supervisor/manager for check-ins.
7.   Send your supervisor/manager any major changes in advance before meeting.
8.   Leave the meetings with an updated plan.
9.   Review where your supervisor/manager can provide you the most help going forward.
10.   Seek out feedback after a project’s completion to discuss the positive, negative, and key lessons learned, as well as to begin developing a new development experience.
If you are a supervisor or manager, see Resources for Supervisors and Managers for handouts to manage your own developmental experiences, as well as tips on communicating with your employees regarding their developmental experiences to ensure the best outcomes for both employees and managers.

222
Education and training can enhance your professional life in a number of significant ways:

•   Completing increasingly advanced levels of education shows your employer that you have a drive and commitment to learn and apply information, ideas, theories, and formulas to achieve a variety of tasks and goals.
•   If you need to acquire subject matter knowledge, education and training is often the most direct way to obtain it in a short amount of time.
•   Obtaining a particular degree or certification may be a requirement for applying for some jobs. Educational requirements are a quick and easy way to narrow down a field of applicants, so if you find yourself competing against others with more education than you, it could be in your interest to obtain the degree, certification, or training to be a competitive candidate.
Education and training can consist of any of the following:
•   Advanced Degrees
•   Professional Certifications
•   Computer Skills Training
•   e-Learning
•   Independent Reading
•   Seminars and webinars through Professional Associations
•   Workshops, Trainings, and Educational Coursework on Campus

223
Self-Development & Growth / Skill Development
« on: May 15, 2016, 10:22:21 AM »
Skill Development

Skill Development means developing yourself and your skill sets to add value for the organization and for your own career development. Fostering an attitude of appreciation for lifelong learning is the key to workplace success. Continuously learning and developing one's skills requires identifying the skills needed for mobility, and then successfully seeking out trainings or on-the-job opportunities for developing those skills.
Developing your skills begins with assessing which skills are important for your desired career development. Speak and other career mentors to identify the types of skills that will help move you forward in your career.
Your development should follow the 70-20-10 rule:
70% of your development should come from on-the-job activities and action learning. This can include development experiences like managing a project, serving on a cross-functional team, taking on a new task, job shadowing, job rotation, etc.
20% of your development should come from interactions with others. This includes having a mentor, being a mentor, coaching, participating in communities of practice, serving as a leader in a staff organization, etc.

10% of your development should come from training, including classes, seminars, webinars, podcasts, conferences, etc.
Once you have identified the skills you need to develop to achieve your career goals, your next step is identifying how you will develop your skills.

224
Psychological Disorder / Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
« on: May 11, 2016, 04:49:31 PM »
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions), or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions).

Symptoms of OCD
The symptoms of OCD include both obsessive and compulsive behaviors.
Signs of obsession include:
•   Repeated unwanted ideas
•   Fear of contamination
•   Aggressive impulses
•   Persistent sexual thoughts
•   Images of hurting someone you love
•   Thoughts that you might cause others harm
•   Thoughts that you might be harmed
Signs of compulsion include:
•   Constant checking
•   Constant counting
•   The repeated cleaning of one or more items
•   Repeatedly washing your hands
•   Constantly checking the stove or door locks
•   Arranging items to face a certain way

225
While you are Student / HOW TO PRESENT YOURSELF IN A CV
« on: May 11, 2016, 11:16:27 AM »
HOW TO PRESENT YOURSELF IN A CV

Six Steps to a Successful CV
Your application is your personal introduction. Your CV is how we get to know you better. In this section, we'll tell you what we want to know about you, and how best to present that information.

1. What Should Go In
We want to know your full name and how to contact you for interview - and later, where to send you a formal job offer if we wish. So give us your phone number, email, fax number if you have one, and, of course, your address. Include your LinkedIn profile if you have one.
Apart from this, we're interested in your academic achievements, skill set, work experience and something of what you're like as a person - so tell us a bit about your interests, hobbies and personal achievements.
We're also interested in whether you have studied or worked overseas, and whether you are willing to travel or relocate abroad at short notice.
2. What Should Stay Out
We're not interested in your religion, marital status, club memberships (though professional associations are a different matter) or political affiliations. Neither are we keen to hear about your primary education, the number of siblings you have or the prizes you won in junior school. As far as possible, stick to what is relevant and make the most of it.
3. Keep It Short, Concise & Clean
Whether you submit your CV electronically or as hard copy, keep it down to the equivalent of two A4 pages (that's pages, not sheets). Just give us the facts and spare the waffle. Go for a clean layout with short paragraphs; no walls of text, weird fonts, candy colours or anything else that makes the document hard to read. If you're sending hard copy, don't fold your CV; use a large A4 envelope instead.
4. Make It Relevant to the Job
Don't just send us a standard CV; it will probably end up in the bin. Instead, focus your CV on information relevant to the particular position, professional discipline or department you're aiming to work in. Include information on your job history, experience, professional qualifications and education that applies to the job you want.
5. Tell Us What You Can Do
Include a short section describing any skills you have that might come in useful in communications and presentation; teamwork, problem-solving, foreign languages. Always include examples of the achievements and activities in which you displayed these skills.
6. Include Some References
Make sure to include a couple of referees we can consult about you. Examples of suitable referees include former employers and teachers, reputable figures in the IT, capital-markets, banking, telecommunications or other industries, and respected academic or professional figures. Examples of referees who are not suitable include members of your family or anyone who lacks direct, reasonably long-term knowledge of your background and abilities.

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