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Messages - Binoy

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Online Education / Re: Teaching with Technology
« on: October 20, 2019, 07:12:50 PM »
Use of technology is essential nowadays for teaching. Teachers are using technology like computer, internet, mobile phone etc. along with various e-learning platforms like Moodle and Google Classroom to make their classes more interesting and effective. And it will increase in future.

হাত রাখি হাতে
বদলাই একসাথে!

Online Education / Re: The Prospects and Promises of E-learning
« on: October 18, 2019, 02:13:37 PM »
E-learning is a glaring reality of today's education. Nobody can avoid it, no teacher or institution.

A good article indeed. Online platforms of education will dominate the future world, no doubt. It has already started, not only in the developed countries, but also here in Bangladesh, quite ready for the quantum shift. I thank the writers for putting forth their points in an accessible way and one who has posted it in forum for the convenience of our reading.

English Language Skills / Re: Literary Terms
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:49:37 PM »

Epistrophe (pronounced ih-pis-truh-fee) is when a certain phrase or word is repeated at the end of sentences or clauses that follow each other. This repetition creates a rhythm while emphasizing the repeated phrase. Epistrophe is also known as epiphora and antistrophe.

Epistrophe is important in both everyday conversation and more formal speeches. Epistrophe is a simple but effective way of emphasizing a certain idea and is used often by speechmakers for this reason. It emphasizes certain ideas, arousing emotion in listeners and readers more than a simple sentence would otherwise. Because epistrophe also adds rhythm to a passage, it creates a more enjoyable and memorable phrase.

1. Last week, he was just fine. Yesterday, he was just fine. And today, he was just fine.
2. I’m tired of this job. I’m over this job. I’m done with this job!
3. The award for best hair went to Josh. The award for most likely to succeed went to Josh. And the award for most charming? It went to Josh!

English Language Skills / Re: Literary Terms
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:44:38 PM »
Encomium / Eulogy
প্রশস্তি; প্রশংসাগীতি

Encomium  comes from a Latin word meaning “to celebrate.” It’s a speech, poem, or other text written in praise of a specific person or thing. Encomia are usually written in very elevated language and praise their object in very strong terms. There are many synonyms for encomium: panegyric and paean are especially common ones.

English Language Skills / Re: Literary Terms
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:41:13 PM »

An elegy (pronounced ELL-eh-jee) is a poem of mourning. Written in a somber style, it reflects seriously on death and on the person who has passed. Elegies are written for a specific person, usually someone the author knew well, although sometimes people write elegies for long-dead heroes. The emotional effect is usually greatest, however, when the elegy is written from a personal experience of loss.

English Language Skills / Re: Literary Terms
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:39:13 PM »
Dramatic irony
নাটকীয় বক্রাঘাত

Irony is when you get the opposite of what you expect, especially if the result is humorous or striking in some way. Dramatic irony, however, is slightly different: it’s when the audience knows something the characters don’t — so the characters might get an unexpected outcome, but for the audience it’s not unexpected at all.

English Language Skills / Re: Literary Terms
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:36:19 PM »

Diacope is when a writer repeats a word or phrase with one or more words in between. A common and persistent example of diacope is Hamlet’s:

    To be, or not to be!

Here, the phrase “to be” is repeated, but separated by the phrase “or not.” The phrase diacope is derived from the Greek word diakopē, meaning “to cut into two.”

English Language Skills / Re: Literary Terms
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:32:53 PM »
Comic Relief
চকিত হাস্যরস

Even in an intense, dramatic movie, you can find moments of humor. Maybe a character is facing an impossible epic quest, but makes witty comments to lighten the mood. Or maybe two characters are suffering through a difficult divorce, but one of them cracks a joke to cut the tension. It’s just like in real life – we often make jokes to ease the burden of difficult circumstances. In storytelling, this is called comic relief.

It’s important to remember the relief part of comic relief. In a funny movie, for example, there’s no need for comic relief – there’s just regular comedy. Comic relief is when the comedy takes place in a story that’s dramatic, tragic, or serious overall, not comedies.

English Language Skills / Re: Literary Terms
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:29:30 PM »
অসমাপ্ত সমাপ্তি

A cliffhanger is when a story or plotline ends suddenly or a large plot twist occurs and is left unresolved. It is a device that is used to cause suspense, but most importantly, it leaves unanswered questions that make the reader or viewer want to come back to learn what will happen. The phrase comes from the idea of “hanging off a cliff”—whatever happens will determine the character’s future and the story’s plot, leaving audiences “on the edge” of knowing. Cliffhangers are a particularly popular and widely used device in television, whose success relies heavily on audiences returning to watch week after week with episodes that are “to be continued.”

English Language Skills / Re: Literary Terms
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:25:00 PM »
আবেগ নির্গম

Catharsis,  meaning “cleansing” in Greek, refers to a literary theory first developed by the philosopher Aristotle, who believed that cleansing our emotions was the purpose of a good story, especially a tragedy. Catharsis applies to any form of art or media that makes us feel strong negative emotions, but that we are nonetheless drawn to – we may seek out art that creates these emotions because the experience purges the emotions from our system. We can feel something intense, then walk out of the theater feeling better afterwards. Catharsis is roughly synonymous with the idea of “blowing off steam.”

Aristotle was perhaps the greatest philosopher of the ancient world, and he was curious about everything – biology, physics, politics, ethics, literature, etc. This powerful thinker raised many insightful questions and tried to answer them through philosophy. One question that particularly vexed Aristotle was: why do we enjoy watching or reading tragedies? Why do we enjoy stories that make us sad?

It’s important to remember that ancient Greek culture had real tragedies, which modern culture generally doesn’t. Hollywood seems to be addicted to happy endings, which means almost none of our popular stories are really “tragic” in the true sense. After all, a real tragedy is one in which the hero is ultimately destroyed and there is no happy ending to be found. So when Aristotle pondered the question of tragedy, he was wondering why so many people in his society preferred stories that had unhappy endings.

His theory, as we’ve seen, was that such stories are cathartic. We feel such tremendous sympathy for the hero, such rage at the villain, such sorrow at the tragic ending, that we can then walk out of the theater and back into our own lives with less “baggage,” – less pent-up emotion threatening to boil over.

Example 1
Romeo and Juliet is a great example of a tragedy, and its popularity might be explained by the idea of catharsis. In the end, the young lovers end up dead because they made the mistake of following their childish passions instead of being rational and patient. (It was intended as a cautionary tale, not a celebration of romantic love!) As an audience, we feel sympathy and pity for Romeo and Juliet, but we may also feel some relief at the end due to the effects of catharsis.

Example 2
In Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe takes the structure of a classical tragedy and applies it to African culture. He tells the story of a powerful village leader whose arrogance drives away his supporters. He is ultimately brought so low that he kills himself. Catharsis, along with Achebe’s skill as a writer, may help to explain why this story is so popular.

English Language Skills / Re: Vocabulary Skill
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:18:43 PM »
July 18, 2019

the art or practice of wearing costumes to portray characters from fiction, especially from manga, animation, and science fiction.

English Language Skills / Re: Vocabulary Skill
« on: July 18, 2019, 08:14:17 PM »
Word of the Day : July 18, 2019

জল্পনাকল্পনা করা
1 a : to meditate on or ponder a subject : reflect
b : to review something idly or casually and often inconclusively
2 : to assume a business risk in hope of gain; especially : to buy or sell in expectation of profiting from market fluctuations
3 : to take to be true on the basis of insufficient evidence : theorize
4 : to be curious or doubtful about : wonder

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