Daffodil International University

Faculty of Humanities and Social Science => English => Topic started by: md on April 18, 2010, 12:00:50 PM

Title: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: md on April 18, 2010, 12:00:50 PM
Dr Binoy Barman, Assistant Professor and Head, Department of English, Daffodil International University contribute lot to the society through his writing in various media. Pls see his Article-

Please read my article "The pledge of Pahela Baishakh" published in the Bangla New Year special supplement of the the Daily Star on 14 April 2010 following the link below:
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on April 18, 2010, 03:34:57 PM

We are proud to have got three prolific writers at DIU, one of whom is Dr. Binoy Barman and the other ones are Dr. Yusuful Islam and Mr. Raju.

Dr. Binoy Barman has been writing continuously in the Daily Star for a long time and thus propagating DIU. We wish that he would continue doing so and we wish him all the best in life.

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: raju on April 19, 2010, 07:27:08 AM
Dear Shibli Bhai,

Thanks for your appreciation but you are also part of this team no doubt. AND I am sure some more people will join us soon for growing together!

Developmentally yours,

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Razon Mahmood on April 19, 2010, 04:25:40 PM
Respected Sir,
I have read your article. It is such a wonderful writing. Really, I feel proud to become a student of the English Department of DIU. 
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on April 26, 2010, 01:51:26 PM
Please read my article "Did Shakespeare hate women?" published in the Star Campus on 25 April 2010 following the link:
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Hari Pada Roy on April 28, 2010, 01:25:33 AM

I have read your article. It is a very nice writing. Really, I feel proud to become a student of the English           Department.
Title: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on May 04, 2010, 10:20:27 AM
Please read my article "The myth of classless society" published in Star Campus on 02 May 2010, following the link:
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on May 04, 2010, 11:04:31 AM
Dear Dr. Binoy sir

keep it up! I like the lines "Man is greedy in nature. They always want to consume more than others. It is inherent in their mental make-up. The allure of consumer goods ultimately overwhelms the utilitarian interest."

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Shamim Ansary on May 05, 2010, 03:28:53 PM
All the replies are very nice and a kind of reflection of my mind. I am also an avid reader of our respected Binoy sir. He is undoubtly an asstet for DIU. I am pleased to be in touch of him. His divergification of thinking angles astonishes me. May he live long.

His write up "The Myth of Classless Society" is a timely one. He reflects the vision of Karl Marx, the great German philosopher, political economist, historian and social scientist. The curse of materialism has been suppressing the classless society. Their agony of souls is being treaded by the so called elite class. Class discrimination obviously makes the social order shaky. We should pay tribute to those labour class people who make the pavement of our civilization smooth. By reckoning the past history, we have witnessed that, when the deprived class revolted, they had been treated as extremists. Preventation is better than cure. The elixir of pacifying classless society is to pay their rational wages.

With regards,

Shamim Ansary
MA student, Department of English
Administrative Officer, DIU
Title: Hawking's alien scare
Post by: Binoy on May 11, 2010, 09:51:47 AM
Please read my article "Hawking's alien scare" published in the Star Campus on 09 May 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on May 11, 2010, 11:47:28 AM
Dr. Binoy Sir

I have become  a fan of your writing. Please keep it up. Let's read the following write-up as well to know time is nothing but a perception.

The fact that time is a perception was proved by the greatest physicist of the 20th century, Albert Einstein, in his "General Theory of Relativity". In his book, The Universe and Dr. Einstein, Lincoln Barnett says this:

Along with absolute space, Einstein discarded the concept of absolute time - of a steady, unvarying inexorable universal time flow, streaming from the infinite past to the infinite future. Much of the obscurity that has surrounded the Theory of Relativity stems from man's reluctance to recognize that sense of time, like sense of colour, is a form of perception.

"we can understand that the idea that time moves forward is totally a conditioned response."

Einstein himself pointed out, as quoted in Barnett's book: "Space and time are forms of intuition, which can no more be divorced from consciousness than can our concepts of colour, shape, or size."

According to the "General Theory of Relativity", time is not absolute; apart from the series of events according to which we measure it, it has no independent existence.

Our dreams are very important in understanding the relativity of time. In our sleep we experience events that we believe go on for days but actually, we are having a dream which lasts for only a few minutes or even a few seconds.

In order to make this clearer, let us think of an example. Let us think of a specially designed room with one window and that we spend a certain amount of time in it. In the room there is a clock by which we will be able to see the passage of time. Through the window we can see the sun coming up and going down at regular intervals. After a few days we are asked how long we have stayed in the room. Our answer will be calculated by information we have received based on looking at the clock from time to time and on how many times the sun rose and set. For example, we calculate that we have spent three days in the room. But if the person who put us in the room comes and says that we were actually in the room for two days, that the sun we saw in the window was actually artificially produced, and that the clock in the room was fast, then our calculations would make no sense.

This example shows that our knowledge about the rate at which time passes depends on references which change according to the person who is perceiving it.

One twin sister takes a space trip at a speed close to the speed of light. When she returns thirty years later, the sister who stayed on the earth will be much older compared to the sister who went into space.

This is an example of how under different circumstances a person perceives the same amount of time as longer or shorter. Here is another example. For a person who is waiting for his brother to come out of an operation, one hour seems like several. But if the same person is doing something he really enjoys, he cannot understand how the hour passed so quickly.

Einstein scientifically established the following fact in his "General Theory of Relativity": The rate at which time passes changes according to the speed of a body and its distance from the center of gravity. If the speed increases, time decreases, contracts, moves slower and seems that the point of inertia approaches.

Let us explain this with one of Einstein's thought experiments. Suppose that there are two twin brothers. One of them stays in this world, the other goes on a space journey during which he travels almost at the speed of light. When he returns from space, he will find that his twin brother is much older than he is. The reason for this is that the time passed much more slowly for the brother who went on the space trip. The same example can be thought of in relation to a father who went on a space trip in a rocket traveling at nearly 99 percent of the speed of time and his son who remained on this earth. According to Einstein, if the father was 27 years old and his son was three, 30 earth-years later when the father returned to earth, the son would be 33 and the father would be 30 years old.

The relativity of time is not something that is relative to the speeding up or slowing down of the clock; it comes from the fact that every material system, to the particles at the subatomic level, works at different rates of speed. In an environment where time was slowed down, a person's heartbeat, rate of cell division and brain activity would happen more slowly. In this situation, a person would go about his daily business unaware that time had slowed down.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Shamim Ansary on May 12, 2010, 05:36:32 PM
Informative post. Carry on...
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: rumman on May 13, 2010, 08:26:18 PM
I am very proud to see this article. Please keep it up sir.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: BRE SALAM SONY on May 14, 2010, 11:30:34 PM
The pledge of Pahela Baishakh


It is the same sun that rises in the morning of Pahela Baishakh, still it is different. It is the same ball of fire ambling in the sky but on the day it radiates with a different glow. With the golden ray of rhythm, the message of life spreads around: “Aji e probhatey robir kor kemoney poshilo praner por, kemone poshilo guhar adharey probhat pakhir gan, na jani kenorey etodin porey jagia uthilo pran.” (How at this dawn the ray of sun reached the soul, how the chirping of morning birds reached the gloom of cave, I know not why life rose after so many days.) The day breaks with a new vision in a new ambience. The day is auspicious for the Bengali community, a day of hope and aspiration, imbibed with the colour of passion. It is the most significant day of the Bangla calendar, heralding the sustenance of Bengali culture and heritage. It is the day when the Bengali nation, individually and collectively, make pledges to bring happiness and prosperity for them.

The most prominent pledge that a Bengali makes on Pahela Baishakh is taking a fresh view of life, shedding off all dust of past faults and failures. The pledge is moral in itself. People throw away their shady thoughts and fill their brain-cells with honest ideas. They promise to refrain from all sorts of evil deeds and engage in activities beneficial for themselves and others. Their moral elevation comes through a ritual of bidding farewell to the old and welcoming the new. They dress themselves up with new costumes, taking a bath of consecration. They exchange greetings and embrace each other in freshness of body and mind. They invoke the good with music, for purification of inner and outer environment. In a chorus they sing: “Esho hey Baishakh esho esho, toposho nishwasho baye mumursherey dao oraye, bochhorer aborjona dur hoye jak….” (Come Baishakh, come, with a fresh breath of air, blow away the dying, let all debris of the year be removed.)

The freshness is reflected even in the delicacy people have on Pahela Baishakh. They initiate the day with modest food, to the best of their capacity, pleasing to the eyes, nostril and tongue alike. They cook traditional foods like khichuri and hilsha fish and relish to their heart's content. They open their door to the guests and feel gratified to entertain. Baishakh cuisine is a spectacular cultural heritage. Nowhere in the world can be found such an enthusiasm of feast like this. Some people even rise early in the morning and rush to the Barshabaran programme at Ramna Botumul to chew a piece of hilsha fish along with panta (watered rice). A bit of green chilli makes the occasion hotter. The hotels around the city also make brisk business adding traditional Bengali items to their menu. People love to act Bengali in their appetite and gastronomic pleasure on the day.

On Pahela Baishakh the Bengali people pledge to protect and uphold their language and culture that makes them unique as an ethnic community in the world. On the day the sweet vernacular sounds sweeter. People organise various programmes to celebrate the occasion with music full of verbal gaiety. Folk songs as well as Tagore and Nazrul make the air joyous. Poems are recited to enthral the Bengali heart. The rhythm of Baishakh is felt everywhere, village and city, every nook and corner of the country. In the city, big concerts are organised where the band groups present their high-beat numbers. Especially the young generation takes excitement in such tunes as “Melai jaire … bashonti rong shari porey lolonara hetey jai.” (We go to fair … girls wearing yellow sari walk on.) In the village, kobi gan and baul gan are arranged and the singers sing in the glory of tradition. Their voice chants: “Gramer nowjowan Hindu Musalman, milia baula gan ar murshidi gaitam, agey ki sundor din kataitam….” (We the Hindus and the Muslims in village sang baul and murshidi together, how beautiful days we used to pass earlier.)

Pahela Baishakh is the day of union. All the people of various religious communities --Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist and Christian -- come forward to celebrate the day, welcoming the good in unison. They find the common thread of culture tying them in a same lot and inspiring them to work together. The Bengali community also, as a whole, with their Bangaliyana, take a renewed pledge to forge firm solidarity with the rest of the world. They throw a friendly gesture to everybody and forget the old enmity. They extend their helping hand and warm heart to the people of other communities. A world of peace and harmony glistens in their eyes. The Bengali mantra of harmony is spread all over the world and the whole humanity is animated with the unifying appeal.

On Pahela Baishakh, the land takes a festive look. People celebrate the day with traditional festivities. Fairs are arranged in rural as well as urban areas. Some of them last for a day and some for a week while some others run month-long. The tunes of flutes and the beats of drums declare the triumph of the Bengali culture. People of all ages, irrespective of cast and creed, visit the Baishakhi Mela and buy handicrafts and traditional snacks like sondesh, nimki, murki, batasha and different types of cakes. The visitors to the fair never get tired to tread down the venue through the make-shift stalls and pick up things of their fancy. Roaming around the fair, the young minds turn romantic with patriotism. They chant: “Aha ki ananda akashey batashey, shakhey shakhey pakhi dakey, kato shobha charipashey….” (Oh how cheery the sky and wind is, birds sing in branches, beauty aplenty all around….)

Circus and jatra pala also add to the festivities of Baishakh in some places. As soon as circus tents are erected, the inhabitants get impatient to witness the miracle. The show attracts visitors from far and wide. The jatra pala is staged with social and historical themes. Behula Lokkhiandar, Chandraboti, Rupban or Bhawal Sanyasi appear on the stage to cheer up the traditional minds. It is held usually at night. The night time is spent witnessing the realities and dreams of Bengali life that the shows portray.

Pahela Baishakh is the day of revolt against darkness, narrowness and social maladies. People vow to get rid of all communal feelings on the day. They express their love for secularism and hatred for fanaticism. They feel they are Bengali above all other identities. On Pahela Baishakh, the Bengali pledge to remain Bengali. They feel the power of becoming so and let it grow in their spirit as long as they are alive.



Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: BRE SALAM SONY on May 14, 2010, 11:37:40 PM

Electric blues


SOME objects may cause discomfort in life with its presence while others may do so with its absence. Electricity is such a thing which takes a toll on life with its nagging absence. We, the Bangladeshis, are far away from the blessing brought about by the discovery of Benjamin Franklin and Alessandro Volta. We aspire for it but all in vain. It evades us like a dream. You and I are the victims of a bad dream.

Electricity, its presence and absence, has tremendous power to influence life. It induces change in life style, which is evident in my own life. Nowadays I am rising early and going for a walk, thanks to the lack of electricity. It becomes impossible to sleep without fan in the hot summer time, so better to take care of health, albeit rather unwillingly. Electric supply authority deserves felicitation for shedding load at the time when it is necessary to exercise.

I make attempts to get ready for office. I enter the bathroom but there is no water in tap. I complain to the landlord but his excuse is logical. There was no electricity so he could not run pump. I sit in the dining table for breakfast and am presented whatever was in the fridge. My mouth cannot take it as all is stale. The fridge could not keep food fresh for lack of electric support. I start for office with a body unbathed and unfed and a mind in tatters.

I try to turn on the computer, but of no avail. No electricity, again. I have some important work to do. I have to compose some documents and send and reply some emails. After a long wait I find the sweet arrival of electricity. It comes and goes, as if always on the run. It cannot stay for long as it is being chased by law enforcing agencies, lest it should be caught and hanged. The dream of Digital Bangladesh hovers in my mind. Yes, our Digital Bangladesh will be established without electricity. It is a magic slogan.

When electricity trips, I just stare at the ceiling fan like a thirsty frog. When will it move, when will the air roll, when will the stuffiness be removed? I sweat under my garments and gossip with my colleagues. They fan themselves with hard paper. We all take our lunch in heat and half-gloom.

We try to lessen the heat of our body with a cool drink. The body temperature somehow comes down but the head temperature goes out of control.

My mobile phone rings. Mother wants to talk to me. As I start talking, the mobile gives a low battery signal. I could not charge the battery. I rebuke myself. The mobile stops before I finish the necessary words. What a lousy guy I am! I plan to call back to mother after borrowing the phone of one of my colleagues. But I cannot find the number as it is stored in the memory of my mobile phone, which is now off, and not in my memory or note book. I relied too much on machine and this is the punishment.

I return home in the afternoon. I press the calling bell and it does not make any sound; that means there is no electricity. Bang, bang, bang! The door is opened and I enter the hot room. I take off my clothes and attempt to take a rest. I grab a hand-fan and revolve it. I take a cup of tea with a piece of biscuit. I set out for a stroll in the alley of the locality. I arrive at the kitchen market and buy some vegetables, though I am not sure whether they would at last be cooked or not.

I need to read something as a preparation for a lecture tomorrow. I engage myself in doing so under candle light. The flame flutters and my eyes swim across the dim pages of bright thoughts. At one time I feel tired and retire to sofa. Electricity returns and I switch on the television. I browse through the channels provided by the dish. Some channels are presenting news on how industry and agriculture of the country are being affected by power outage. Ministers are advising people to use electricity judiciously and utilise sun and wind as alternative sources of energy. I settle on an English film and get engrossed in the plot. The film reaches the climax just when the electricity disappears. What a humour!

I again finish my dinner in the candle light. Different types of insects romp around. I don't know why they like candle flame so much. Some merrily take their life flying into it. Some jump into my plate and dishes around. I cannot say how many of them land in my stomach with rice and curry. I take them as part of my feast. Solid and fresh and free. I again express my gratitude to the government for not providing electricity and take care of my health.

I look through the windows at the other flats around. I find some of them have lighted. They are using generators and IPS. Some have charger lights. They are not bothered by load shedding as they have alternative energy source. I look up and discover ghostly figures on some roofs. They are bathing in the moon light. They have no regret of gloom. They enjoy natural light and natural air.

I sit in the balcony and meditate on life and nation. I think of myself -- success and failure, comfort and discomfort. I think of the public weal and woe. I think of their rights and their downright rejection. Political commitments and their emptiness. The present and future world. The more I think the more I discover the truth. My inner world is illuminated by the absence of outer illumination.

I do a bit of walking after night meal. It will help to digest food. As I feel sleepy I go to bed like a phantom. Soon I fall asleep. I toss in sweltering heat amid unlimited pangs. I dream 2020 when all citizens of the country will get their share of electricity, to which they feel they have a right.

My life is well in vision even in darkness, like many others in Bangladesh. I do not mind huge waste of time. I do not need electricity whatsoever. I am enamoured of blackout. I wish if a pre-industrial and pre-mechanical era came back. I could lead a simple life in the lap of nature without electricity and all other urban elements. I have no sorrow caused by power outage. I just sing away the blues:

“It is a great fun to live without electricity
In the whole world Dhaka is the most comfortable city.”

(The writer is Assistant Professor and Head, Department of English, Daffodil International University.)
Title: The problem of life
Post by: Binoy on May 17, 2010, 07:13:15 PM
Please read my article "The problem of life" published in the Star Campus on 16 May 2010, following the link:

Title: Meaning of life
Post by: shibli on May 17, 2010, 07:40:57 PM
Meaning and the mind - what is the connection?

Before we can tackle meaning, we have got to know what meaning is. Meaning is an intention, aim, or design. When we say we want to know what life means, we are really saying we want to know what it's for. What purpose does it serve? Well, the primary feature of life is intelligence. By intelligence we mean purposeful activity. We make decisions and do things. Parameciums make decisions and do things. Rocks do not make decisions, although they can chip a tooth. If we knew why we have intelligence, we would be a great deal closer to understanding why we do anything, including exist. To understand intelligence, we must understand the mind.

Science has given us many answers, but the one thing that science is still completely silent about is the nature of consciousness. Of course, there is more and more information every day about the connection between consciousness and the brain. Scientists, both mad and sane, are undertaking detailed research on how our minds and behavior are affected when parts of our brain are stimulated, removed, and even added. These things affect our memories, feelings, and our thought processes. However, such research still doesn't answer the question of what consciousness is.

If you built a robot that had no real understanding but did have a vast store of stock responses and some clever rules about building sentences, it might fool many people into thinking it had intelligence. Because you programmed it, however, you would know that there were no "mental images" floating around inside the circuits of that machine. It simply took input, processed it according to specific rules, and generated output. The question is, why do we have these mental images and feelings? Why aren't we biological "machines" that simply processes signals and automatically generate responses with no awareness of what's going on? Why do we have consciousness, and where did it come from?

Consciousness is something completely different from other characteristics of matter such as mass, charge, structure, etc. While our consciousness seems to depend on the matter in our brains, we cannot detect anything unusual about our brains that would indicate why consciousness is attached to it. If we agree that consciousness is in the brain as a whole, is it in a single neuron? A single atom? A single electron? Assuming that nothing exists except for interacting particles, somehow within every particle there is something that provides the basis for consciousness.

Complex conscious activity may require highly complex structures such as our brains to occur, but the basis of consciousness must be present in matter itself. Our minds are simply one manifestation of a universal phenomena. People are examples of one way to organize the consciousness in matter. Are there other ways? How can we know which types of organizations of matter yield high-level consciousness like ours, and which do not? Are there structures which support levels of consciousness higher than ours? Are doorknobs conscious?

Not only is consciousness a universal property of matter, it is the primary property of matter. In fact, it's the other way around, matter is a property of consciousness!

Yes, consciousness is primary. Matter sprang from consciousness. We cannot help it if this is starting to sound like Genesis, it's just the way it is. In the beginning was the word, and the word was pinging around the inside some sort of Mind, and it generated the physical universe. How's that for pat?

So, to summarize, the meaning of life is linked to the workings of the mind from which the universe sprang. What does that mind want, anyway?
Title: The beginning of everything
Post by: shibli on May 17, 2010, 07:44:58 PM
A short story about the beginning of everything

The beginning of the physical universe is a question that is really outside the boundaries of human understanding, but here is a story, a metaphor, that can answer that question on a symbolic level. In other words, this is a traditional religious document, it attempts to set down in words events that are larger than words allow.

Before the beginning of time, there was a single consciousness. That consciousness thought and dreamed an infinity of thoughts, feelings, landscapes, and worlds, an infinity of possible creations. The original consciousness observed and interacted with these inner beings as they interacted with one another, and that original consciousness begin to provide the environments required for its creations to grow and develop. All of the entities within the mind of the first longed to exist independently and grow and create as they had been created.

The first consciousness, in order to allow its progeny full freedom of expression, began to imagine the conditions that would be required for the release of these inner worlds into objective existence. As it did so, all of space, time, and matter, including our universe, exploded into being. On the highest level, this physical existence contains an infinite number of dimensions and environments that match the infinite variety of possibilities that had formed in the mind of the original consciousness.

This process continues as the progeny of that first mind grow and create new thoughts and new worlds. We are a result of that process, and our purpose is ultimately the same: to grow, to develop, and to create, in order to express all of the potentialities within ourselves. We are still in contact with the original mind because we are made of it, we sprang from it, and because time has no meaning outside of the physical universe, our past, present, and future exist together as an infinite variety of possibilities within that larger moment.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: nipu on May 18, 2010, 03:13:46 AM
          Really it is a nice article which make me couragious to write more and more
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on May 18, 2010, 05:40:23 PM
A primer on the blessings of uncertainty

Some people may know this already, but a big hole has developed in the last century in our understanding of how the physical world works. Newton invited us to a world of billiard balls bouncing off of one another with perfect mathematical precision. Einstein, Plank, Heisenberg, Bohr, and other very smart people have destroyed this comforting notion of matter with the most confusing and yet by far the most proven and completely verified theory of all time, quantum mechanics.

We cannot predict what individual particles are going to do. We cannot even know exactly where they are and how fast they are going. There is an absolute, concrete limit to the amount of information we can have about matter. This limit is stronger than the speed of light, it is stronger than time and space, it is absolute. An individual particle is fundamentally unknowable. It is also not a particle, but let's stay focused.

What this means is, particles are unpredictable. They do their own thing. We have no way of knowing what they are going to "decide" to do. Bunches of particles, on the other hand, are very predictable. Even if we can only say that 51% of the time a particle will go this way and 49% of the time it will go that way, when you have a trillion particles stuck together, as a group they will go the 51% direction every single time. That sounds like it solves the problem, right?

Well no. Our brains don't always react to big bunches of particles. Our brains, delicate instruments that they are, are sensitive to the action of single particles. One electron can jump higher or lower, and this change can be magnified through our nervous system and cause a completely different physical response. Only with the advent of chaos theory has it become so obvious that tiny changes in complex systems can totally change the system's behavior. So, our brains act like those anarchist particles. They are fundamentally unpredictable.

Here is where the leap of faith comes in. There is absolutely no scientific way to prove that the non-physical mind determines which probable action a particular particle in our brains will perform. In scientific terms, the mind doesn't exist at all. However, we are telling you here and now that this is exactly how the mind and the brain work together. The brain is an amplifier for the mind. It turns minute subatomic decisions into mental activity and physical actions. When our understanding of matter and of the brain has advanced farther, this connection will be clearer. Even today, Roger Penrose among others has made some rather intriguing guesses along these lines in his new book, Shadows of the Mind.

You might think that this is the end of the discussion on physics. After all, we have shown how the ghost in the machine (that's us) pulls the strings to operating our bodies and maneuver in the physical world. Well, that's not the half of it. Quantum mechanics has not only ripped a hole in predictability, it has also torn logic asunder.

Another big missing piece, aside from the whole probability problem, is knowing when and how quantum decisions are made. We know a particle will eventually show up either here or there, showing which decision was made. However, the theory doesn't force the particle to make the decision. In quantum mechanics, particles can be in two places at once. As we mentioned, the theory is extremely well proven, and it is a source of serious head scratching among people who worry about this sort of thing when they try to understand why we only see the particle in one place.

One good way to look at it is to say that it really is in two places. We observe it in one place, while in another quantum world other observers see it in the other place. Every quantum decision that has been made since the beginning of time has occurred in an infinite number of alternate universes, some of which resemble ours rather closely while others are completely alien. Physicists sometimes refer to this as the Everett, Wheeler, and Graham theory.

Another way to look at it is to say that it is our conscious perception that makes the decision. We choose which version of the particle to see, thus choosing how "our" reality is going to look. Physicists do not dignify this theory with anyone's name, it's too mystical for them.

Yet another way to look at it is to say that hidden factors that are outside of the physical reality that we can know make the decision. Again, this is a rather mystical notion.

Outside of these physical theories, there is the idea that the world is a shared dream, that physical reality has no more fundamental validity than a passing thought. Through the power of our shared concentration, the world holds its shape and time seems to flow from the past to the future through the present. In this scheme, our reality is truly the result of a global trance in which we all participate. There is no physical reality, there is only the idea of physical reality.

Well, all of these are true. Relating it back to our little story of the beginning, in order to actualize all of the possibilities inherent in matter, all choices are explored. So there are multiple universes, each trying out different decisions and even operating with different physical laws. No possibility goes unexpressed. Anything you choose here is chosen differently by another "you" elsewhere. Not only that, but it isn't just people who do the deciding. Every choice of every particle (whether anyone's watching it or not) is explored in some alternate world. And ultimately, it is the power of those decisions which generate the sensations we experience.

It is our mind that chooses which reality it will participate in. In fact, it is our mind, which is "hidden" from the instruments of science, that determines everything about our experience. This is a very important point:

You create your own reality.

Not metaphorically, not symbolically, but in every minute of every day we, along with the rest of the world, create the world.

Another more pragmatic way to express this thought is:

You get what you concentrate on.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on May 19, 2010, 03:36:55 PM
So What?

We have been given the freedom to create the reality we experience because we are supposed to learn from it.

Life is a school. We are in a protected environment. This reality is a metaphor for larger realities in which we are to eventually take part. While what we do here does not have permanent consequences, it is vital for our learning that we take it somewhat seriously. Just as school work requires serious effort but isn't supposed to be performed perfectly, we are expected to make mistakes as we try to create the world from the model that we see dimly in our minds. The mistakes we make in life, the cruel and thoughtless things we do, are really the foibles of children. Your errors do not weight eternally against your soul, and they are not put on your permanent record. Their only purpose is to teach you to improve.

Feeling guilty is worthless unless it compels you to correct the error that you have committed and reminds you to not make the same mistake again in the future. Those are the only purposes of guilt. Guilt is not to be used to berate yourself uselessly after you have done all you can do to compensate for your action. Remember, the people you hurt chose to experience that reality, although they are not usually aware of that fact.
Title: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on May 31, 2010, 11:27:02 AM
Please read my article "Aristotal" published in the Star Campus on 30 May 2010, following the link:

Title: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on June 07, 2010, 12:13:00 PM
Please read my article “How sharp is Occam’s razor?” published in the Star Campus on 06 June 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on June 13, 2010, 04:50:42 PM
The Truth of The Life of This World

There are some phrases commonly used by people regarding the shortness of this life: "Make the most of your life while it lasts", "life is short", "one does not live forever" are phrases always referred to in definition of the nature of this world. Yet, these phrases contain an implicit attachment to this life rather than the next. They reflect the general attitude of people to life and death. Having such a strong affection for life, conversations about death are always interrupted with jokes or by raising other subjects thus attempting to alleviate the seriousness of the matter. These interruptions are always on purpose, a deliberate effort to reduce such an important subject to insignificance.

Mortality is surely a grave topic to ponder. Until this moment in his life, it may well be that the person is unaware of the significance of this reality. Yet, now that he has the chance to grasp its importance, he must reconsider his life and his expectations. It is never too late to repent to God, and to reorient all one's deeds and the conduct of one's life in submission to the will of God.

Life is short; the human soul is eternal. During this short period, one should not allow temporary passions to control one. A person should resist temptation and keep himself away from everything that will strengthen his bonds to this world. It is surely unwise to neglect the next world just for the sake of the temporary joys of this one.

Nevertheless, disbelievers who cannot comprehend this fact spend their lives in vain being forgetful of God. Moreover, they know that it is impossible to attain these desires. Such people always feel a deep dissatisfaction and want even more of what they currently possess. They have endless wishes and desires. Yet, the world is not an appropriate arena in which to satisfy these desires.

An endless search for the new and better, attaching no value to something once it has been achieved, deprecation of the old and placing all hopes in something new: these are the vicious circles that people have everywhere experienced throughout history. Yet an intelligent person should stop and ask himself for a moment: why is he chasing after temporary ambitions and has he ever gained any benefit from such pursuit? Finally, he should draw the conclusion that "there is a radical problem with this viewpoint." Yet people, lacking this kind of reasoning, continue to chase after dreams they are unlikely to achieve.

Nobody, however, knows what will happen even in the next few hours: at any time one may have an accident, be severely injured, or become disabled. Furthermore, time flies in the countdown to one's own death. Every day brings that predestined day closer. Death surely eradicates all ambitions, greed and desires for this world. Under the soil, neither possessions nor status prevail. Every possession with which we are being stingy, including the body, will also vanish and decay in the earth. Whether one is poor or wealthy, beautiful or ugly, one will be wrapped in a simple shroud one day.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Sakiba Munni on June 13, 2010, 05:45:50 PM
Sir I am a good reader of your articles. I like to read them.You articles gives me both information and pleasure.Hope to read u more in future.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on June 14, 2010, 02:22:27 PM
I really liked the article. Let me share its gist with all again.........

Simplicity is a virtue in human life. Occam's razor teaches us to put our food from plate to mouth directly and avoid moving it around our head. It tells us not to make water muddy before we drink it. It teaches us to be simple and direct. When we can solve a problem with a simple talk with a person, we need not call a meeting for it. If we can drink water with a glass, why need we use a pipe? But beware! Remain moral in social interactions. Don't give and take bribe to get things done easily. It is the abuse of Occam's razor. What you think 'easy' may ultimately put you in a 'difficult' situation. The prison may make you understand how sharp Occam's razor is!
Title: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on June 14, 2010, 03:01:02 PM
Please read my article “Defacing and effacing facebook” published in the Star Campus on 13 June 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on June 21, 2010, 02:07:02 PM
Please read my article “The psychology of eve-teasing” published in the Star Campus on 20 June 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: kulsum on June 23, 2010, 10:17:48 AM
Dear Sir,

I appreciate your shift of paradigm in Eveteasing psychology. You could read and analyze the psychology of eveteasers from socioeconomic perspective that will help the policy makers to reconsider their point of views.

Pour out more of your mind.

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Shah - Al - Mamun on June 24, 2010, 11:31:59 AM
Dear Sir,
Your essays have always inspired me. I liked the way you have analyzed the psychology of the eve-teasers.
In your essay you have suggested that social treatment is necessary for stopping eve-teasers which is true but I also have some suggestions for girls in this matter.
In your essay you pointed out that boys think they are superior than girls and are physically stronger for which they act aggressively towards girls. So i think girls have to try to be stronger too and fight back the eve-teasers.Surely those who are in power will not just give away their power. Girls have to snatch the power from them. Its mainly up to the girls whether they want to stop eve-teasing or just give up their precious lives.
(this is only my personal opinion and may vary person to person)

Shah - Al - Mamun,
Former student of English Department     
Title: Eve Teasing
Post by: Shamim Ansary on June 24, 2010, 12:52:49 PM
Now a wave of resistance has been brewing up among the teenage female sect, including common people to oust the eve teasers from the society.

We all need to harmonize with the beginning.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on June 30, 2010, 01:26:04 PM

Dr Binoy Barman

INFORMATION technology has changed people's life style in various ways. It has given rise to such cultures as cyber café, chatting, gaming and blogging. Many people now remain glued to computer screen and stride along the virtual world in search of information and fun. Just with a click of mouse they reach a new view, and they go on clicking without any boredom. People whose occupation or preoccupation is reading find it much more intriguing. They read on the screen online, and following links, jump from one page to another, like grasshoppers. They do not need to turn over pages with their fingers but only click.

Reading online texts, bound by interlocking hyperlinks, has been called 'hyper-reading' in recent times. It is a new phenomenon based on computer technology supported by internet. The readers access the virtual materials spread around World Wide Web as they like. It is just like magic. The whole library in there and the readers choose to read any book or journal or anything else with a click. One need not visit the library physically and pick up the book from the rack to read. For hyper-reading, one just has to know the URL or the website address, with a valid entry authorisation for it. And one can read day and night as there is no closure of the library.

Now the question arises: is hyper-reading different from paper-based reading at all? If it is different, then, to what extent and in what respects? We can explore the issue a bit.

One might notice that both types of reading require visual acuity but hyper-reading is less tactile than paper-based reading. What is meant by this is that, for paper-based reading, one has to touch the book and turn over the pages with his/her fingers while hyper-reading is devoid of this feature. The pages in digital format have no physical existence and so cannot be touched. Its existence is only virtual, made up of electric signals. That's why paper-based reading is sometimes referred to as 'hard reading' and hyper-reading as 'soft reading'. The two are not disconnected, however. Paper print is the 'hard copy' of the digitized item known as 'soft copy', in common parlance.

Our reading materials in print are rather symmetrical, in the sense that pages in books or magazines are cut and bound in equal size in a volume. The matter is different in web publication. Here the pages are unequal in length. For example, a collection of poetry may have fifty pages, each containing one poem, be it short or long, in web version. But in print, usually, due to paper size constraint, a long poem may stretch over several pages and several short poems may be placed on one page. Moreover, a website starts with a front page, with internal links, which is called home page. It may be compared with cover page in print though it is very dissimilar in look and purpose.

Hyper-reading may be more attractive than paper-based reading, in fact. The website designers may use pictures, audio and video along with the text to make reading more exciting. It may be illustrated in superb ways, with captivating background.

Even the texts may be animated and coloured in numerous shades, which are capable of making special appeal to reader's fancy. This is the reason why hyper-reading is being more popular with the children in particular. They read on computer besides preparing assignments with its aid, amid great fun.

Paper-based reading is linear. That is, one starts reading and goes through the pages turning over sequentially. But this linearity is broken in hyper-reading. Linear narrative is deconstructed to a non-linear and non-sequential pattern. In hyper-environment, multiple pages of a volume are structured through branching and embedding, activated by direct click connections. A page on a website is connected with other web pages with hyperlinks, allowing readers to move to and fro. Hyperlinks are the holes through which the readers slip into other domains. It is not possible in traditional paper-based reading, in which one has to collect another book, travelling to library, suffering a lot of hazards. In this respect, paper-based reading is 'exclusive' while hyper-reading is 'inclusive'. The hyperlinks give readers a great advantage of instant textual connectivity.

However, hyperlinks may sometimes be distracting. Jumping from one page to another is an endless process. It is just like roaming in the forest of information where it is easy to lose one's way. As one walks deep into the forest, one may find it difficult to return to right where he started. Much time and energy are spent in peripheral concerns and the core concern is forgotten. Ultimately hyper-reading becomes bumpy, with fragmented concentration. The lanes and by-lanes of hyperlinks may lead to the blind alley or to undesired spot, far away from home. That is why hypertext is sometimes mockingly called 'electronic labyrinth'. A heavily linked text really defies reader's purpose. The surfing of web pages may make reading discursive and the reader shallow.

There are other hazards of hyper-reading as well. Hyper-reading sails smooth as long as the machinery and mechanism are all right. Reading may be disrupted if there is any malfunction from technical side. Computer hardware, software, internet connection and websites -- all should be in proper order. The reader will have to acquire some technical knowledge, beyond knowledge of alphabet, to enjoy this type of reading. There are risks too. Computer or server may crash. It is something like unintentional loss of books coming in the form of damage by worms or damping by water. Hyper-reading is less secure. Once virtual data is lost it is lost for ever and can hardly be retrieved. For paper-based reading, one may collect another copy of book from the market, which may not be possible in case of hyper-reading.

A question is vital with respect to the changing reading mode of people. What effect does it have on the psychology of the reader? Does the human brain also change with the new reading mode? Does it affect the information processing system in brain and the perceptual capacity of the technology user? This is a fertile field of research for the cognitive psychologists of present and future times.

It is apparently true that the pragmatics of reading -- the speed of our reading, when we pause, how long we can concentrate, how often we skip over material or jump back and reread, and so forth -- take a different shape in hyper-reading, and this difference must have an effect on the ways that we interpret, understand and remember what we read. Links are often made between very dissimilar things, which may surprise readers. The heterogeneity of linked texts affects the normal sense of causality. The syntax and semantics is also different in a hypertextual setting, which has a clear bearing on the cognitive faculty of humans.

The reading on the internet is interesting. Hyper-reading is undoubtedly a new mode of reading, having many advantages over traditional paper-based reading. The new brand of reader is a 'hyper-reader', who appears smarter than 'paper-bound reader'. With the spread of technology, the paper-based readers will gradually be transformed into hyper-readers. Hyper-reader psychology, being different from that of paper-reader, demands a different educational environment. They need different curriculum and pedagogy. It will ultimately usher in massive educational reforms in the days to come. The change is inevitable. The twenty-first century is for technology-based education, endorsing a virtual reading culture, brought about by HTML revolution.

(The writer is Assistant Professor and Head, Department of English, Daffodil International University.)
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on July 01, 2010, 10:32:45 AM
                    Insignificant mortals, who are as leaves are,
                      and now flourish and grow warm with life,
                      and feed on what the ground gives,
                      but then again fade away and are dead.
                                                                  ---Homer, Century IX b.C.

What's the significance of life? Who are we?
Is human life just a dream, from which we never really awake, as some great thinkers claim? Are we submerged by our feelings, by our loves and hates, by our ideas of good, bad, beautiful, awful? Are we incapable of knowing beyond those ideas and feelings?

Listen to Shakespeare and Joseph Conrad:

We are such stuff
As dreams are made on, and our little life
Is rounded with a sleep…
----William Shakespeare, The Tempest (Folger Shakespeare Library)

A man that is born falls into a dream like a man who falls into the sea.
Joseph Conrad, Lord Jim (Penguin Classics)

Is the reality we know a reality imposed to us by nature? Is the reality and the meaning of life a creation of men, such as music, or love or colors (science tells us that there isn't such things as music, harmony or colors in the physic world. Just traveling molecules: There is not, external to us, hot or cold, but only different velocities of molecules; there aren’t sounds, callings, harmonies, but just variations in the pressure of the air; there aren’t colours, or light, just electro-magnetic waves, said H. Von Foerster.).

Are we - and all living beings - just survival machines, blindly programmed to preserve the selfish molecules known as genes, as Richard Dawkins states? Are we incapable of knowing beyond the frames imposed to us by nature?

Is there any significance for life in a Universe of billions of stars that ignore us? Is there any significance for life in an Universe whose dimensions and nature overcome our understanding?

Listen to the words of Pascal, in the seventeenth century:

When I consider the short duration of my life, swallowed up in the eternity that lies before and after it, when I consider the little space I fill and I see, engulfed in the infinite immensity of spaces of which I am ignorant, and which know me not, I rest frightened, and astonished, for there is no reason why I should be here rather than there. Why now rather than then? Who has put me here? By whose order and direction have this place and time have been ascribed to me?

Pensees (Penguin Classics)
Title: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on July 01, 2010, 05:06:02 PM
Please read my article “Hyper-reading” published in the Star Campus on 27 June 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Shah - Al - Mamun on July 01, 2010, 05:42:58 PM
Decent thinking Sir!! You are making me proud as your student with each essay you are writing. Looking forward to read your next essay..

Shah - Al - Mamun.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on July 05, 2010, 02:52:33 PM
Please read my article An ‘earnest’ Hemingway: Nobel laureate in literature published in the Star Campus on 04 July 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: irina on July 06, 2010, 11:39:50 AM
Dear sir, I'm really astonished to mark your earnest effort in introducing Ernest Hemingway as an "earnest", "true-to-life" novelist. While reading your article I had a kind of feeling that someone whispered the words into my ears before! Later I came to a conclusion that no one had presented him as you did. Thanks.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on July 11, 2010, 04:46:30 PM
The extinction factor

Dr Binoy Barman

“Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
From what I've tasted of desire
I hold with those who favor fire.
But if it had to perish twice,
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great
And would suffice.”
(Robert Frost, 'Fire and Ice')

RECENTLY Frank Fenner, a famous biological scientist, has commented that the human species will be extinct in one hundred years. Fenner, an Emeritus Professor of Microbiology at Australian National University, said in a report published in the Daily Mail of Britain in mid June 2010 that the human race would be unable to survive a population explosion and unbridled consumption amid environment disaster. Frank, 95 now, who has a glorious role in eradicating smallpox from the world and is the author of 22 books, prophesied, “Homo sapiens will become extinct….A lot of other animals will, too....It's an irreversible situation.”

Fenner's observation is important, albeit alarming. He has issued the last word, in a form of warning, to mankind. A serious warning! Sadhu Sabdhan! Be careful or face the doom! Humans will be destroyed and they themselves will be responsible for their destruction. Humans have intervened in the proceedings of nature, in a quite illegitimate way, making it corrupt and blighted. Human intervention has caused air and water pollution, waste of underground resources, depletion of forest and loss of bio-diversity. And now nature will retaliate.

Fenner is especially concerned with the fallout of industrialisation, which has played a devilish role in climate change. Fenner identified the period from eighteenth century till the present time as 'Anthropocene' (period of industrialisation). He said it has an ominous effect on the planet that rivals an ice age or comet impact. Industrial revolution has brought many comforts for humans -- high-rise buildings, radio, television, computer, mobile phone, aeroplane, ship, car, fabrics and so many consumer goods. But it has also brought many curses. Dangers have come from two fronts. On one side humans have developed deadly weapons like atom bombs and on the other they have inflicted torture on nature. A nuclear war on a massive scale may turn all humans and their achievements into dust. If somehow they escape self-destruction, they may not escape the wrath of nature. The defilement of nature will backfire one day with all-effacing devastation.

It is an obvious fact that humans are especially vulnerable to climate change, which has manifested through global warming, desertification and sea-level rise. According to Fenner, climate change would be the main factor in the demise of humanity. He said, “Climate change is just at the very beginning. But we're seeing remarkable changes in the weather already.” He added: “We'll undergo the same fate as the people on Easter Island….The Aborigines showed that without science and the production of carbon dioxide and global warming, they could survive for 40,000 or 50,000 years.” But we will not be able to prolong our existence. The climate change has shrunk the possibility of our survival to a great extent.

At present, climate change is spearheaded by carbon emission. Carbon emission has indeed posed an enormous threat to the existence of human beings. Carbon dioxide from the factories and motorised vehicles is polluting air. It is causing a green house effect, increasing the temperature of the earth atmosphere. The problem has been compounded with the process of deforestation. As a consequence, the ice of high mountains is melting (which is known as 'ice cap recession'), to raise the sea level. It is also depleting, via CFC, the ozone layer, exposing the Earth dwellers to harmful ultraviolet ray. The situation is aggravating day by day. If the problem is not addressed seriously by the international community, it will inevitably bring disaster for the human beings, as Fenner predicts.

The most dangerous is, as pinpointed by Fenner, the unprecedented growth in population, which is the mother of many other big threats. The world's population is growing at such a rapid pace that it has become a monumental problem. At present the world's population is 6.8 billion. It is predicted to exceed seven billion by the end of 2011. The earth cannot sustain such a pressure of population. Nature has its own mechanism of check and balance. Malthus, two centuries back, said that whenever there is any illogical population growth, nature cuts it down with famine, diseases and calamities, which we call 'Act of God'. It may happen now. In 2006, an esteemed academic, Professor James Lovelock, warned that the world's population might sink as low as 500 million over the next century due to human-induced natural disaster.

Religious scriptures talk of the doomsday for humans. But nobody knows when and how it will come. If Frank's forecast is right, then it will come in one hundred years. It seems too early, though. According to scientific calculations, the age of our universe is about fifteen billion years and that of our solar system is about five billion years. Life on Earth started about three billion years ago. Humanoid animals emerged about five million years ago and humans in present shape (Homo sapiens) came about two lakh years ago. Humans learnt agriculture in about ten thousand years ago and they brought about industrial revolution only three hundred years ago. Computer and satellite technologies are only recent inventions, not more than half a century old. And human race will perish when scientific advances are going on in breakneck speed. If it happens, we should call it a 'premature death'.

In fact, human extinction may be staged in multifarious ways. The extinction processes may be unpredictable, indeed. The danger may come from the sky, from under the soil. It may come from any direction. For example, there may be a pandemic disease more serious than plague, AIDS or cancer. Or, there may a natural calamity more devastating than usual earthquake, volcanic eruption, cyclone or flood. Or, meteorites from the sky may hit the Earth. Or, any other cosmic accident may take place in course of the heavenly flight of Earth; for example, our solar system may be devoured by any giant black hole.

The scientists inform us of some calculative disasters, too. The Sun, which supports life on Earth, will go off one day, say, in five billion years. Then the Sun will become a Red Giant, making Earth arid and lifeless. The universe is expanding constantly. If it goes on as it is, one day the universe will face a 'chill death'. If somehow the universe takes a reverse course and starts to contract it will suffer a 'hot death'. But this disaster will take place in very remote future, say, fifteen billion years now, provided the scientific calculations are all right. We need not worry with them now.

According to some scientists, extinction of species on earth is a regular event. It takes place at intervals during the course of evolution of the universe, earth and life. About 99 percent of all Earth's species living at one time or another have become extinct. Without extinctions, we the humans would not be here. Extinction is a continuous process and it is happening today. According to the World Resources Institute, 100 species become extinct every day due to tropical deforestation and there are many species that we never discovered have succumbed to extinction.

The most massive extinction occurred 250 million years ago at the end of the Permian Period when between 75% and 97% of Earth's species died out. Perhaps the most recognized mass extinction occurred 65 million years in the late Cretaceous Period when an asteroid slammed into Earth's surface, resulting in the ultimate loss of 70% of the world species, including the dinosaurs. The current period, called the Holocene, may see the greatest mass destruction of species ever due to anthropogenic or human causes. Mass extinctions are in fact a part of Earth evolution of life forms and are indicative of changes taking place within the planet. Scientists estimate that mass extinctions take place about every 26-28 million years. At the same time, existing and new species evolve and replace or add to the current surviving species.

Therefore, the extinction factor is not one but many. The day of extinction is near or far. The process of extinction is slow or sudden. The agent of extinction is man or nature. Whatever, the Homo sapiens will hear the whistle of the final day in some unfortunate moments. It is destined. We may just wonder what form of life will reign over the planet in the post-Homo sapiens era.

(The writer is Assistant Professor and Head, Department of English, Daffodil International University.)
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on July 11, 2010, 05:02:37 PM
Hats off to you, sir. No doubt, you are a great asset of DIU. Keep it up, sir.

Best regards
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on July 13, 2010, 03:26:16 PM
Please read my article “The extinction factor” published in the Star Campus on 11 July 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: irina on July 17, 2010, 09:24:30 AM
Dear sir, your article 'The extinction factor' reminds us the frightful future we are going to experience in the coming days.Thanks for the prediction you've made.Hope this will  create a sort of awareness in the minds of the young generation.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on July 19, 2010, 05:12:36 PM
Please read my article “Infobia” published in the Star Campus on 18 July 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Shah - Al - Mamun on July 24, 2010, 10:08:56 AM
Another nice and very interesting essay sir! Hard to believe i have so many phobias ..........

Shah - Al - Mamun
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on July 25, 2010, 01:24:01 PM
Concrete gravitation

Dr Binoy Barman

DHAKA has tremendous power to attract people towards it. The attraction is as solid as concrete. People are as if pulled by the gravitational force of urbanity, its glossy amenities. The rural people are ensnared by this attraction. They madly rush to the city en masse leaving their homestead in villages. They flow in file like ants, in numerous streams, as if spellbound by the tunes of Pied Piper of Hamelin now stationed in Dhaka. Here come the old and the young, the male and the female. Here come students and teachers, businessmen and service holders. Here come the cultured and uncultured, the literate and illiterate. The city streets cry with the heavy tramples of unknown figures.

I just wonder why people gravitate to the city in such madness. What are the advantages of coming and living here? Obviously there are some. There are the opportunities of employment, comforts of livelihood, business, government offices, utility services, educational institutions, hospitals, recreations and a variety of foods and consumer goods. To avail themselves of the opportunities, the rural people stride to the city though they may not get them. Those who are lucky can make fortune here but the unlucky ones remain in the darkness of slimy abode. The happy dreams elude them and they stumble face-down on hard bricks. The people of the lower strata suffer much. The gullible and illiterate chaps carry their loads on shoulders and parade around the city streets for some initial days. At last they take shelter in the sordid slums and begin a humble life of rickshaw or van pullers, in some cases being promoted to drug peddlers and other sorts of criminals. They are no more village folks but city dwellers. They are the denizens of illusion.

Just stop a bit to look around. In the last few decades the population of Dhaka has increased rapidly. Statistics reveal that urban population has grown during 19701990 at the rate of 7.4%, during 19902000 at 3.7% and during 20002008 at 3.3%. By now the city has been overpopulated. It has been sick with the pressure of people. At present the population of Dhaka is about one crore. It has been forecast that it will be two crore by 2030. Can you imagine the situation then? Houses and pavements are thrust with men and women. They are dashing one another in their standing and movement. They are breathing and sneezing on one another. There is no lonely place -- no place to rest in peace. A horrible situation indeed!

What is the condition of Dhaka now? On the one hand the high-rises are covering the skyline and on the other the slums are being expanded on the gutters. Its air is polluted, its water is contaminated; and its streets are jammed with vehicles. To breathe city air means taking in poison. The water in the canals and rivers around the city has been so toxic that even the aquatic creatures cannot live there; no humans can imagine using it. The traffic jam in the city is so acute that one has to spend an hour to cross a distance of ten minutes.

The city has been unliveable to a great extent. It is a dying city -- a labyrinth of lost hopes.

Still people have to live here. They come and live here for employment, for enjoyment. They struggle to survive. They succeed or fail. It is a hard struggle. Once in city they can hardly leave it. They are as if charmed by the concrete touch. To lead a life, one needs money; and money is what flies in the air of Dhaka. People desperately move and try every trick to grab it. Dhaka binds its people with the dream of money. It holds in front of them the prospect of survival and better living. Outside Dhaka, such prospect and dream is dim and rare. So why shouldn't they love to live here?

What is the matter? Something has been wrong with the state policy. Everything has been centralised in the last few decades, particularly since the independence of Bangladesh. Dhaka has been made the centre of administration, politics, economy and culture. In the way, I suppose, the capital has been awarded the 'capital punishment'. Over the years the city land has been crammed with buildings of administration, business, housing and other sorts. The city has sprawled in an unplanned way. All the traces of greenery have been effaced and the natural water bodies either have been filled or narrowed. This is like choking a living entity. The policy of centralisation has killed the dream of a good city.

Why doesn't the government take a policy of decentralisation and disperse all establishments around the country. People would not like to rush to the city if they find the employment near their village home. Let the industries be established in remote areas where workers are easily available. Spread the administrative, legal, medical, educational and all other services all around. Don't concentrate everything in Dhaka to make it a 'concentration camp'. Establish more government offices, courts, hospitals, schools, colleges and universities in rural areas. Prevent NGOs and foreign missions and organisations from setting up their offices all in Dhaka. Construct roads and develop other communication facilities in far-flung regions. Supply electricity and gas. Nourish rural cultures rather than posh city ones. Build amusement parks and develop other recreational facilities there. Make villages alive with the activities of sports, literature, music, drama, film. Decentralise, decentralise and decentralise -- that is the only way to save the city. Decentralisation will work against the force of concrete gravitation.

In the age of technology it is easier to decentralise. The government can resort to e-governance, taking advantage of computer and internet. More and more use of information technology should be ensured. There may be teleconference and videoconference instead of physical meeting. It is a necessary step for establishing a Digital Bangladesh, too. Quality education can be spread to remote areas, introducing and modernising distance learning. Information technology will facilitate decentralisation. If we fail to take the opportunity to decentralise, we are destined to fail as a nation. But one thing must be ensured above all. It is population control. At present the population in Bangladesh is growing at the rate of 1.29%. It is an alarming rate. If we cannot control population, all others nice efforts will be jeopardised.

I believe people still would love to live in village if there are all amenities of life there. Villages have many advantages over cities. Greenery, open space, fresh air and water, unadulterated foods, low price of commodities, simplicity of people and close-knit community are some of the merits of living in rural areas. These are such facilities which enhance longevity and ensure peace in life. These cannot be purchased in town spending money. There may be comforts in town measured in material gains but the spirit starves and dies there. The rural environment nurtures human spirit which finds its umbilical cord anchored deep here. Human spirit feels at home in village where it is enriched with the magical touch of nature. It is still a better place to live.

It is the prime challenge in front of Bangladesh now to resist the gravitational pull of population towards urban spaces. It concerns not only Dhaka but all other cities, which demand prioritised agenda for sound existence. The consequence of concrete gravitation is grave. If the trend cannot be resisted, it will turn the 'concrete jungle' into a 'concrete grave'. That will be the final resting place for us, a place where the dead roams.

The writer is Head, Department of English, Daffodil International University. We are proud of you, sir
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on July 27, 2010, 11:03:36 AM
Please read my article “Concrete gravitation” published in the Star Campus on 25 July 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Shah - Al - Mamun on July 29, 2010, 12:45:07 PM
A serious essay this time which only tells us the harsh truth. Hoping this essay makes our country people more aware of the future.

As always looking forward to read your next essay sir..

Shah - Al - Mamun 
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on August 03, 2010, 07:02:53 PM
Please read my article “Learning a foreign language: Conrad’s case” published in the Star Campus on 01 August 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on August 07, 2010, 10:57:14 AM
Please read my article “No way trivialising private universities” published in the Daily Star on 06 August 2010, following the link:


I would be happy to get any feedback from you. You can even put your comment in the Star online page.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Nushrat Nahida Afroz on August 07, 2010, 11:23:48 AM
whenever i got star magazine in my hand i just go through the last page.because i know an article must be there waiting for us by DR. binoy barman.Asst Professor of Daffodil international university.

 We feel proud of you be a teacher of Diu.

 your thoughtful writing over various social issues give us indication to move on.


 Nushrat Nahida afroz
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: rumman on August 07, 2010, 02:52:35 PM
Thanks sir, I have read all the articles. Really good writing.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on August 07, 2010, 05:06:10 PM
Education especially the higher education system, has failed to meet the demands of time. While job opportunities are limited in Bangladesh, there is a serious shortage of suitably qualified candidates for employment. There has been no comprehensive and long-range study to assess the kind of human resource the nation needs, and neither has there been a computation of the number of trained personnel in each category. Also, a large number of prospective students cannot get admission due to limited seats available in small numbers of public universities. In such cases, private universities came to offer the time-demanded courses and have now been an important and integral part, with rather a dominant position, of tertiary education in the country. The govt. must provide opportunities for higher education to create human capital that meets global standards.

Many private universities now offer tuition fees' waiver on need-based, merit-based, freedom fighters and female quota as per the requirements of UGC while some private universities maintain standard admission test before enrollment. So, i agree with Dr. Binoy sir's words "the limitations of public universities have been responsible to a great extent for the emergence and development of these private universities" and then Professor Alam's words: "The reality behind the growth of private universities had been formed and cemented not in spite of but because of the existence of public universities.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on August 09, 2010, 11:20:11 AM
Please read my article “The epic of Gilgamesh” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 08 August 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: faizun on August 09, 2010, 12:37:56 PM
Respected Sir,
the article is very time worthy. The topic of the article is now the  burnning question of our country. None of our governments solved this problem. I do'nt know whatever they did or whatever they will do, but we can do something within our limit. We can switch off our pc, fan, light and other electrical equipements when they are not in use. We can encourage the students to turn off air cooler and fan or light after the classes. Everyday we meet hundreds of students in our institution and they also meet their families and friends. We can motivate them to save our national resources like electricity, gas, water etc. I personally always tell the students to turn off all the switches when they step out of their classes. and also to  encourage their mothers or house maids to turn off gas line and electrical switches when those are not in use.

Let us all be active to save electricity and gas. We can not expect that within very short time we will come out of this problem but we can definitely hope to decrease the misery of the crisis. Because this country belongs to all of us, so all of its problems are ours and we have to solve these.

With regards,
Faizun Nesa
Lecturer of CSE.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: ashiqbest012 on August 13, 2010, 11:47:27 AM
All the articles are outstanding.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on August 16, 2010, 01:01:43 PM
Please read my article “Heliopoetics” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 15 August 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on August 16, 2010, 05:17:38 PM
I must appreciate the beauty and mastery of Binoy sir's writing.......
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on August 16, 2010, 05:19:33 PM
Some quotations from some great men:

"Atheism is so senseless. When I look at the solar system, I see the earth at the right distance from the sun to receive the proper amounts of heat and light. This did not happen by chance." Sir Isaac Newton

"Americans are on a spiritual journey, increasingly concerned with the meaning of life and issues of the soul and spirit. They are increasingly looking to religion as a source of comfort in a chaotic world"_Philip Kotler n Gary Armstrong, Principles of Marketing 12th Ed, Page 89

"A little knowledge of science makes man an atheist, but an in-depth study of science makes him a believer in God." Francis Bacon, famous philosopher

"Science without religion is lame." Einstein

"Peace cannot be kept by force. It can  be achieved by understanding." Einstein

"Belief in one God is the cornerstone of all religions"_Mahatma Gandhi

"Life with religion is like a ship without a rudder"_M Gandhi
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shamsi on August 17, 2010, 05:25:48 PM
I have just gone through Binoy Sir's article  "Learning a foreign language: Conrad's case" and found it a lot informative.This write-up will undoubtedly contribute to the development of ELT teachers who are always in search of some techniques in teaching English as a foreign language.The way he has specified the importance of ' reading, motivation and acculturation' in learning a foreign language is really noteworthy.

I wish all the success to his writing career.

Department of English

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on August 24, 2010, 04:27:29 PM
Please read my article “Conservationist agenda of poetry” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 22 August 2010, following the link:


Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on August 31, 2010, 11:50:34 AM
Please read my article “A bleak vision of television” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 29 August 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on September 18, 2010, 10:08:02 AM
Please read my article “Jeans means a lot for women” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 05 September 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on September 18, 2010, 11:12:21 AM
Dear sir

Jeans means a lot for men too.

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: irina on September 18, 2010, 02:52:59 PM
Sir, you again raised your voice for the women folk. Hats off to you.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: jafar_bre on September 20, 2010, 12:21:28 AM
very positive post ...

jafar iqbal
department of real estate
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on September 22, 2010, 02:06:10 PM
Please read my article “Spiky humour of Spike Milligan” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 19 September 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: irina on September 23, 2010, 03:42:32 PM
Dear sir, your job sounds really fascinating. The very name Spike Milligan was unfamiliar to me. Many  many thanks to acquaint me with the 'funniest person of the last 1,000 years'.
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on September 28, 2010, 01:51:01 PM
Please read my article “Culture whitewashed” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 26 September 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on October 07, 2010, 05:48:50 PM
Please read my article “Blurry border between prose and poetry” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 03 October 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on October 21, 2010, 07:16:15 PM
Please read my article “Benefits of Literary Humour” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 17 October 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on October 30, 2010, 07:29:40 PM
Please read my article “Learicks” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 24 October 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on October 30, 2010, 07:35:21 PM
Please read my article “Political polarisation in Bangladesh” published in the Daily Sun on 30 October 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on October 31, 2010, 05:46:19 PM
Please read my article “The Purpose of Writing” published in Star Campus magazine of the Daily Star on 31 October 2010, following the link:

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on November 06, 2010, 07:34:53 PM
Dear sir
I didn't find the article “Political polarisation in Bangladesh” on the link....

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on November 10, 2010, 03:38:16 PM
In Bangladesh, everybody is talking about “quality education” from top to bottom. There are more than 86 higher educational institutions in Bangladesh. Every day, news appears in the media on quality education. But the reality is very different.

Dhaka University is still the best educational institution in the country. But unfortunately, still today, if a student has very good results (SSC A-grade, HSC A-grade, BSc first class first and MSc first class first, who can be considered as the most meritorious student) and if she/he goes for a PhD to a foreign country, she/he has to complete at least four to five semesters (varies from department to department) before she/he can start her/his PhD course. In other words, an MSc degree with a first class first, from the best educational institution of the country, is equivalent to less than BSc grade of a foreign university. This shows the quality of higher education in Bangladesh. One can simply imagine how much money the parents are spending, or rather wasting, for their children, how much money the country is losing every year, and how many valuable years the students are losing from their life.

My intention is simply to draw attention of the responsible authorities - Ministry of Education, the University Grants Commission - so that they act before it is too late.

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Saifullah Khandker, Chairman, IGUB e.V. Technische Universität Berlin, Institute for Chemistry , Berlin, Germany
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on February 28, 2012, 03:46:05 PM
Want to know about Dr Binoy Sir's write-ups. Please visit the link

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: shibli on February 28, 2012, 03:50:12 PM
Please also visit
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on March 13, 2012, 02:13:44 PM
Shibli Sir,

Thank you very much for suggesitng the link, though it is yet to be fully developed.

Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on June 18, 2016, 12:37:47 PM
The unkind kindergartens || Binoy Barman
The Asian Age, 18 May 2016
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on June 18, 2016, 12:39:31 PM
Taming the violent gene || Binoy Barman
The Asian Age, 27 May 2016
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on June 18, 2016, 12:40:51 PM
Remembering Aristotle on his 2400th birthday || Binoy Barman
The Asian Age, 31 May 2016
Title: Re: Dr. Binoy Barman's Article
Post by: Binoy on June 18, 2016, 12:41:38 PM
In the green landscape of ecocriticism || Binoy Barman
The Asian Age, 05 June 2016