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Career Development Centre (CDC) => Parents Guidance => Topic started by: nusrat-diu on April 03, 2011, 11:32:11 AM

Title: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on April 03, 2011, 11:32:11 AM
The parents of the present time, face great difficulties in taking proper care of the health of their child, it is also difficult to take certain decisions on child health care decisions. At the time of having a child for the first time, they don't really have enough knowledge and information about the child health, therefore one better way to have all the information is to follow a baby health guide during the initial days. The child health guide happens to be an exclusive edition which provides an amalgamation of ample valuable information on child health.

 The information contained in the Baby Health Guide is offered to the parents, for guidance so that they can find them easily and make choices of solutions to their respective problems. Thus, child health guide turns out to be effective devices in coping up with critical problems related to raising a child and treating the various ailments, they generally suffer from.

The general health related problems in children include, birth choices, issues of sleeping, infancy problems and many more. The baby health guide doesn't stop at this point but go on to school going days, the learning abilities, the temperament and behavior and various other health and psychological problems of later part of childhood until the child reaches teens.

Therefore, the baby health guide indeed act as a trusted resource to all parents providing tips on child health for taking the basic care, the symptoms of the illnesses and proper remedy and medication to prevent and cure them, the food for the child, the nutrition and every other minute details.

Here is an overview of the various common problems related to child health and some valuable child heath care tips to assist you to make the childhood of your baby, a blissful one.

Babies are a blessing in your life. And you definitely want them to have a healthy and happy childhood and for that you have to take some pains. Look up a Baby Health Guide for some assistance. Apart from that a healthy diet and exercise is necessary and do take your child for regular health check ups. Children tend to suffer from these common health issues like vomiting, cold, tonsillitis, fever, and worms.

Inculcate in your child healthy habits so that your child do not fall ill that often. Give your baby vitamins supplement, but do consult the doctor first. All age group cannot be given everything. There are different body types and hence everything does not suit your child.

Baby Health Problems

The common problems a mother faces with her baby can be dealt at home. Only for extreme cases we need doctors. Vomiting in children is quite common. It is mainly due to some abdominal infection. Cough and cold are also quite frequent among children. It is a kind of viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. But with age the children have stronger immunity and have lesser number of cough and cold. The symptoms are headache, mild fever, and muscle ache. It takes around a week or two to recover from cough and cold. All these details are available in a Baby Health Guide which is very beneficial for new mothers.

Tonsillitis is frequently found in children and situations get worse when they are enlarged and inflamed ones. Due to tonsils a child will have bad breath, swollen oral cavity, and difficulty in swallowing. He/she may suffer from pain at the conjunction of the jaw and the ear. Ear and throat pain is another health issue which a child and their mother have to deal with. Reasons for ear pain may be wax, boil, infections, or some foreign boy in the ear. A relative general health problem is fever. Fever points to the basic illnesses. Normal body temperature is 98.6 degrees F. Above that a child is said to have fever. You can know more about its treatments in a Baby Health Guide.

Worm infestations constitute an important health issue in children. You will know when there is an infestation when your child suffers from anemia, nausea, diarrhea, or sweet cravings. Lastly constipation is another common problem a mother deals with in her baby. Solid and painful stools can be quite agonizing for the child. Hard stools may have several reasons related to liver. For detailed information you can contact the doctor who would be able to give a better insight on your child's health. A baby health guide can also prove to be beneficial in times of need.

Baby Health Care

Taking care of your baby's health is very important. By following a baby health guide you can know how to keep your child away from diseases and infections. Avoid heavy and solid food. Boil the water which your child is drinking. Avoid spicy food when the child is vomiting or having loose motions. You can only give him food when he wants. A little bit of rice and curd can be had when suffering from these types of problems.

During cough, cold and fever one should have warm water and chicken soup. One can opt for some over the counter drugs to reduce high temperature or the ones used for decongestion. Menthol capsules, or nose drops can be used for relieving the children from blocked nose.

For treating tonsils one has to undergo surgery. But if the situation is not that complicated then you can go for some antibiotics or analgesics which the doctor can prescribe you. Include more fiber and fluids in your child's diet if he is suffering from constipation. All these suggestions you can find in a baby health guide.

Baby Health Tips

You will get some essential tips when you look up a baby health guide. There are very important Baby Health Tips from which a child can benefit. Some important Tips are as follows:

•Get your child immunization injections from the fatal diseases.
•A healthy diet with the essential minerals, vitamins and nutrients are important.
•Ask your doctor for more information on your child health and its various symptoms.
•Your room should be well aerated.
•During the winter months keep your child well protected from the cold.

Source: SitaGita.com
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on April 07, 2011, 06:21:25 PM
                         Is Your Baby Turning Orange? Learn About Why Baby May Be Turning Orange

Many parents turn to gaze adoringly upon their babies and realize with some shock that "My baby's nose is Orange." or "Why are the palms of my baby's hands orange?" Your baby may be turning orange due to Carotenemia.

Don't worry though, the definition sounds more scary than it really is; it is not life threatening.

What is carotenemia and is it dangerous for babies?
Carotenemia is a medical term for a condition that causes the skin to turn orange-ish due to increased blood carotene levels. In the vast majority of cases seen, it is associated with large consumption of carotene in the diet; as in too many carrots or sweet potatoes. Parents who feed their infants a lot of orange fruits and vegetables may one day notice that their infant's palms, soles of the feet and even face have taken on an orange hue. On the one hand, this is great news as your little one is definately receiving all the Vitamin A she needs! Natural Vitamin A, such as that which beta-carotene converts to, is harmless and is indeed very beneficial for promoting good vision and eye development as well as helping sustain healthy growth and development.

Don't be too alarmed and don't worry that your baby may at risk of Vitamin A overdose. Vitamin A may be dangerous and even lethal when too much of it is taken in the form of a vitamin supplement.

Unless your baby is sickly, her color is more yellow than orange color and the whites of your baby's eyes are also yellow tinged, your baby probably has carotenemia and not jaundice.

What Foods Will Cause Baby to Turn Orange?
Orange foods, such as sweet potatoes, winter squash, pumpkin and carrots, contain high levels of beta-carotene. Beta-carotene is a carotenoid.

"Carotenoids are dark colored dyes found in plant foods that can turn into a form of vitamin A. As mentioned, one of the carotenoids is beta-carotene. Beta-carotene is an antioxidant." NIH, Medline Plus. The more deep the color of the orange veggie or fruit, the higher the amount of beta-carotene.

Dark green vegetables are also high in beta-carotene.

 Did you know that a mother's breast milk may also become a yellow or orange color? Mother's milk is full of carotene and if Mom's diet is high in beta-carotene rich foods, her milk may take on a color change. Carotenemia, the Breastfed Toddler & Mother's Milk

As always, we recommend you contact your pediatrician with any medical concerns your baby may be experiencing; generalities may not apply to your baby's particular situation.


 Remember, always consult with your pediatrician regarding introducing solid foods to your baby and specifically discuss any foods that may pose allergy risks for your baby.

Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on May 07, 2011, 06:46:34 PM

The most important source of vitamin D is not food... it's sunlight! In fact, vitamin D isn't actually a vitamin at all, but is a steroid hormone that the body produces using UVB rays from the sun. Vitamin D deficiences in babies can arise if babies receive inadequate exposure to sunlight.

Other risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in babies include

darker pigmented skin
premature birth
vitamin D deficiency in a breastfeeding mother
lead exposure
offering babies low-calcium foods in place of breast milk
We are all used to protecting our babies from the sun - in fact, AAP guidelines say that babies under 6 months of age should not be exposed to the sun at all and that older babies should be fully protected with sunscreen... but then we discover that they NEED sunlight in order to make vitamin D! So how do we safely meet these needs?

Well, babies don't actually need a lot of sun to make vitamin D - in fact, casual sun exposure is enough. As this helpful article in Mothering Magazine advises...

"To make enough vitamin D, a baby in a diaper needs a total of only 30 minutes of sunlight a week-less than five minutes a day. Fully clothed and without a hat, a baby would need two hours of sunlight a week, or about 20 minutes a day. Medium to darker skin tones need a little more time in the sun."

And to allay parents' fears about exposing their babies to the sun WITHOUT sunscreen, Becky Saenz, MD, IBCLC, Associate Professor of Family Medicine at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, points out...

"There is a vast difference between recommending that it's okay for baby to sit in the grocery buggy while mom puts the groceries into the car in the early morning or late afternoon, and recommending nude sunbathing at noon."

Clearly, the best approach is to use common sense - avoid taking your baby out unprotected during the hottest part of the day. Instead, make sure he gets a little sunshine before 10am or after 3pm.


Sometimes, babies do not get enough sunlight to make sufficient vitamin D. This could be due to

darker skin pigmentation - darker skins take longer to produce vitamin D
pollution or cloudy conditions limiting the amount of UVB rays getting through
living in areas that receive little sunlight for part of the year
cultural practises that mean that little time is spent outdoors or that the body is constantly covered with clothing.
In these cases, vitamin D supplements may be recommended by a medical professional.

Read more: http://www.homemade-baby-food-recipes.com/baby-and-vitamin-D.html#ixzz1Lfc9WaiB
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on May 25, 2011, 03:37:50 PM
                                                          The Cause and Treatment of Infant, Newborn and Baby Gas Problems
                                                                                       by T.A. Lawrence BSc, CIRM, CPMP

All babies have gas, some babies simply have more than others. Furthermore, some babies have an easier time passing gas, which may stem from a learned or innate ability. While a certain amount of gassiness is completely normal, it may be causing your baby discomfort if you notice tell-tale symptoms such as; abdominal bloating, hard distended belly, frequent burping, spit-ups, hiccups, flatulence and excessive fussiness or restlessness.

Where does gas come from in infants and newborns?
Gassiness in the newborn and many babies often results from multiple factors, not just one simple thing. There are different ways that air can get into babies’ digestive systems. Gas is produced in the digestive tract from the moment baby has his or her first drink of breast milk or formula. Newborn gas is a natural by-product of digesting lactose, proteins and other nutrients.

1.Some pediatricians and lactation specialists assert that traces of gas-producing foods, such as cruciferous vegetables and legumes, can be passed from mother to baby. Other experts also warn against excessive acidity in the maternal diet. Citrus fruits and juices, strawberries and tomatoes are high in acidity and may irritate the infant. Dairy products in mother’s diet can also lead to “intolerances” in baby. The problem is usually linked to the milk protein found in milk, cheese, butter, yogurt, ice cream, etc. Soy and peanut intolerance in babies often accompanies dairy intolerance. When breast feeding, a mother can test how these common culprits may be affecting her child by religiously eliminating all dairy, soy and peanut products from her own diet for two weeks. Reintroduction of soy first, then a cooked milk product (such as hard cheese or yogurt) should be done very slowly to monitor baby’s tolerances.
2.Air bubbles can also be taken in through baby’s mouth. Most commonly, it is a result of the suction created during nursing. For this reason, it is important to burp every 3 to 5 minutes during feedings or between breasts. If your baby is bottle-fed, make certain that the bottle’s nipple is the right size. If the nipple is too big, it will cause your baby to eat too fast. If it’s too small, it will cause your baby to gulp air.
3.Another possible reason for infant gassiness is hyper-lactation syndrome. When a mother has a very abundant milk supply, she may produce a larger amount of foremilk. Foremilk is higher in water content, higher in lactose and usually delivered with greater force during letdown. In excess, foremilk can make baby’s stomach cramp, creating more fussiness. A baby that gulps the quickly flowing milk also tends to take in more air, thereby getting gassier. Because the baby may not be getting enough of the rich hind milk, he or she tends to want to eat more often, which perpetuates the problem. The baby that suffers from hyper-lactation syndrome is characterized by higher than normal weight gain, increased gassiness, and fussiness.
4.Over stimulation can also lead to increased gassiness. Just as many adults experience intestinal disturbances in stressful situations, so are babies affected by their environments. Sensitive infants that are bombarded with noise, lights, touch and multiple experiences will usually “shut down” in an attempt to reduce stimulation. This shut down response does not completely insulate baby from the effects of the stimulation. Babies that are easily overloaded often experience more severe gas, fussiness, and difficulty sleeping later in the day or night. In general, the more activity (errands, visitors, T.V., phones, etc.) in baby’s day, the higher the chances of gassiness and fussiness in baby’s evening and night.
5.The introduction of solid foods in older babies creates changes that may take baby some time getting used to since different enzymes and probiotics must build up to digest and absorb nutrients. Furthermore, foods that are commonly known to produce gas such as cruciferous vegetables, certain fruits and beans have the same effect in babies as they do in adults.
6.A certain amount of crying is normal in all infants, since it is their only means of verbal communication. Babies’ crying may indicate that they are hungry, lonely, warm, cold, uncomfortable or in need of a diaper change. Many babies go through periods of crying for no apparent reason, as they simply get used to the new world. Crying in general causes babies to gulp air into their digestive systems. These air bubbles can get trapped in their stomach and/or passed on to the intestine. Gas pain can also be a direct result of air swallowed during crying.
Why does infant gas cause pains and discomfort?
Normally, gas is not a problem and causes no pain or discomfort because it is quickly and easily pushed through the digestive system. However, babies are born with a very immature gut. Most experts agree that for the first thirteen weeks of life outside the womb, the newborn digestive system is literally just learning to function. Muscles that support digestion have not developed the proper rhythm (peristalsis) for moving food efficiently thought the digestive tract. Furthermore, newborns lack the benevolent bacterial flora (probiotics) that develop over time to aid digestion and complement the work performed by enzymes secreted in the digestive tract.

Gas has buoyancy and gas pockets can become trapped in the upper and lower intestines. The gas acts like a cork, impeding or halting the flow of gastric juices and built-up pressure causes painful bloating and swelling of the abdomen. Baby’s immature digestive system is unable to cope effectively. When gas pockets form in the stomach, this can cause the stomach to distend but is also the main cause of hiccups.

Some medical researchers assert that infant gas and colic are unrelated but we don't agree with this theory. In our experience of helping hundreds of thousands with infant colic, gas and reflux these are usually manifestations of one simple thing; a baby's immature digestive system and persistently reoccurring trapped gas can most definitely be a source of colic.

What treatment is available for baby’s gas problems?
Burping the baby thoroughly will reduce the amount of air in the stomach, so that it does not pass on to the intestinal tract. Unfortunately, burping is not 100% effective at eliminating gas, since it has absolutely no effect on the gas created in the intestines during normal digestion. There are various physical therapies to relieve gas such as baby massage which may prove somewhat effective in helping baby to release gas. Simply applying light pressure on the tummy can soothe and help. You can also try carrying baby in the “football hold” – face down on your forearm with baby’s legs straddling your elbow and baby’s chin resting in your hand. The gentle pressure placed on the little tummy can help soothe and release baby’s gas.

If this does not work, there are several treatments available for infant gas. As always, you should consult your pediatrician first before giving baby any medications, remedies or supplements.
 Source: http://www.coliccalm.com/baby_infant_newborn_articles/gas_problems_treatment.htm
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on May 30, 2011, 06:59:01 PM
Jan Barger
lactation consultant

Your breastfed baby (or bottle-fed infant, for that matter) will have gas regardless of what he's fed. Gas is simply a part of how the digestive process works, and everyone — babies, children, and adults — has it. Babies are simply less polite about it than older people and tend to act as though it's no big deal.

For the most part, when your baby passes gas it isn't something to be concerned about. And it doesn't mean you ate something you shouldn't have eaten. If your baby has excessive gas or is very uncomfortable with it, though, you might want to look at your diet or at the way you're nursing him.

Chances are you can eat what you want when you want, without upsetting your baby's tummy. But if you think your baby is gassy because of a food sensitivity, don't bother eliminating foods from your diet that are gas-forming for you. Strange as it may seem, broccoli, cabbage, garlic, spicy foods, and potato chips won't affect your milk, because the gas that you might experience from these foods is a local reaction in your GI tract.

The most likely culprit for your baby is dairy products in your diet — milk, cheese, yogurt, pudding, ice cream, or any food that has milk, milk products, casein, whey, or sodium caseinate in it. Other foods, too — like wheat, corn, fish, eggs, or peanuts — can cause problems. Don't severely limit your diet on the hunch that your baby might have a food sensitivity, but if you suspect that a particular food is giving your baby trouble, you could try eliminating it for a week to see what happens. Some foods take longer than a week to completely clear your system, but you should see improvement in your baby's behavior within a few days.

If your baby's fine when you abstain from the food, then try the food again and see how he responds. It might take some sleuthing, but by eliminating one suspect food at a time you might be able to find out what he doesn't like. You can also talk to a lactation consultant, who can help you evaluate what's going on.

If you have an abundance of milk (you feel as though you could handily breastfeed the entire church nursery and have some to spare), your baby may be suffering from what's called "lactose overload." This happens if your baby gets a lot of foremilk, which has less fat to slow down the digestive process. As a result, the enzyme in his system that digests lactose isn't released quickly enough to do its job.

To deal with this, nurse on only one side at each feeding, or nurse twice on one side before going to the other side. However, it's important that you talk to a lactation consultant to make sure this is the problem before you try nursing on only one side each time. Otherwise, you could inadvertently cause your milk supply to diminish.

Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on May 30, 2011, 07:01:25 PM
My baby is gassy. Is this caused by something in my diet?
By Kelly Bonyata, BS, IBCLC

•Does a mom need to watch everything she eats to avoid having a gassy baby?
•Some causes of gas in babies
•Frequently Asked Questions about breastfeeding and gassy babies
•Popular treatments for gas in babies
•Additional Information
Does a mom need to watch everything she eats to avoid having a gassy baby?
The idea that certain foods in any mom's diet will cause gas in her baby is incredibly persistent but is not founded in research. If certain foods in moms' diets were an overall problem for most babies, we would expect that cultures that emphasize those foods would have more gassy and fussy babies, but this does not occur at all.

This is not to say that certain foods would not bother a particular baby - this does happen occasionally (and it's more likely with very young babies). However, there is no list of foods that every mom should avoid while breastfeeding. In fact, most babies are fine with any food that mom eats, so there is no reason to avoid a food unless you notice an obvious reaction in your baby every time you eat a particular food.

Most babies are gassy from time to time, some more than others. Gassiness is often worse at night. This is due, on the most part, to baby's immature digestive system and has nothing to do with what mom does or eats. Because so many people promote the idea that food in mom's diet causes gas, many a breastfeeding mom will immediately assume it is due to something she has eaten if her baby is gassy.

The list of foods that "might cause gas" is practically endless, and moms who try to avoid all these foods will (needlessly) have a *very* limited diet. Formula-feeding moms blame it on a chill, a draft, the formula type, the formula being too hot or cold, baby being overdressed, underdressed, jostled too much, etc. Formula-feeding moms never think it was what the cow ate the day she was milked, months ago!


Some causes of gas in babies
•Many young babies have a certain amount of gas and seem to strain as it is passed or as a bowel movement occurs simply because of the immaturity of their digestive system. This doesn't always indicate a problem. Most babies' bodies manage gas more easily with growth, maturity, and greater activity. As long as your baby is not overly bothered by the gas or has no other symptoms of food sensitivity or other problems, then "tincture of time" is likely the best solution.

•Too much milk too fast, so that baby gulps and chokes and takes in too much air along with the milk.

•Anything that causes baby to take in too much air may result in a gassy baby (what goes in must come out!):
◦Crying - Babies swallow air when they are crying, so crying is more likely to be the cause of gas, rather than the result of gas. Respond to baby's feeding cues promptly.
◦Bottlefeeding - Babies usually swallow more air when drinking from a bottle. When using bottles, use the slowest-flow nipples so baby doesn't get overwhelmed with the milk flow. To reduce air swallowing, keep baby at about a 45 degree angle (rather than lying down), make sure baby has a good seal on the base of the nipple, and keep the bottle tilted so the neck & nipple are filled with milk. There are also varieties of bottles that aim to reduce air swallowing. Don't let baby suck on an empty bottle. Burp baby more often if he seems to be swallowing too much air.

•Overabundant milk supply. See Too Much Milk?

•Thrush can cause gassiness in babies.

•Babies who skip several days between stools tend to be gassier. Older breastfed babies (after the first 6-8 weeks) can go several days without a stool. Ten days or more is not uncommon! The long periods between stools in a baby who is obviously thriving is not a cause for concern if the baby's abdomen remains soft, baby is content and alert, and the stool is soft and profuse if several days have gone by.

•Sensitivity to something in mother's diet, including any vitamin/iron supplements, etc. See Dairy and other Food Sensitivities in Breastfed Babies. If this is the reason, you will most likely notice other symptoms, such as excessive spitting up or vomiting, colic, diarrhea, rash, persistent congestion or runny nose.

•Anything that baby is eating/drinking other than mother's milk, including vitamins, formula, teas, medications or herbs, solids, juice. Any substance (other than breastmilk) has a much greater potential to increase gassiness rather than reduce it.

•Formula feeding tends to cause more gas and digestive upset for most babies because it is not specific to the human baby. Formula-fed babies overall tend to spit up more, be constipated more, have more gas, be more colicky, have more intestinal illnesses, etc. Remember, too, that supplementation most always undermines your milk supply and may result in premature weaning.
Frequently Asked Questions about breastfeeding and gassy babies
Breastmilk is made from what passes into mom's blood, not what is in her stomach or digestive track. Below are a few common questions that moms have about breastfeeding and gassy babies.

Can drinking carbonated sodas cause gas in baby? No. For something to pass into your milk, it must first pass into your bloodstream. It's the carbonation in sodas, etc. that can cause gas in mom. The bubbles in a carbonated drink cannot pass into your milk and affect baby. If this could happen, you'd have carbonated blood and carbonated milk!

If mom is gassy, can that make baby gassy? No. Gas in mom's body cannot pass into breastmilk.

Popular treatments for gas in babies
For most babies, the number one most effective treatment for gas is TIME. Babies are born with an immature digestive system, and it needs time to mature. Until this happens, baby is likely to be gassy no matter what you do. Some babies "wake up" around 3-4 weeks to all the new GI sensations they are feeling and get really unhappy about it. If you cannot find an apparent cause for your baby's gassiness, he probably just needs a little more time to mature.

Gripe water, fennel tea or other herbal remedies
Herbal remedies have been used for gassy babies for a countless number of years. I prefer to avoid using herbal remedies for gas in young babies. Here are my reasons:

•In a healthy baby, anything other than breastmilk is more likely to cause problems rather than solve them.
•Giving baby substances other than breastmilk can alter the intestinal flora and reduce the protective qualities of exclusive breastfeeding, thus making baby more susceptable to illness and allergies.
•Many of these products contain mixtures of herbs or other substances, thus putting baby more at risk for adverse reactions. Some contain alcohol, so read labels very carefully.
•Most of these products have not been tested in infants for safety or effectiveness.
•It is more effective to look at treating the causes, rather than simply trying to treat the symptoms.
Note: Star anise has been associated with illness ranging from serious neurological effects, such as seizures, to vomiting, jitteriness and rapid eye movement.

Mint tea is sometimes used for gas and gas pains. Peppermint oil and tea can be dangerous if given directly to babies. Large amounts of peppermint or spearmint are known to decrease milk supply, and mint tea is traditionally used for decreasing milk supply - breastfeeding mothers should avoid drinking mint tea regularly or in large amounts.

Simethicone drops (Mylicon, Ovol)
This medication is considered quite safe, as it is not absorbed by the body. It breaks down bubbles of gas trapped in the stomach and the intestines. Whether this treatment is effective is a different story, however. In clinical trials, simethicone drops have been shown to be effective in reducing the total amount of gas passed. However, they have not been shown to be more effective than a placebo when the study focused on baby's total crying time and the severity of colic-like episodes.

•Garrison MM, Christakis DA. A Systematic Review of Treatment for Infant Colic. Pediatrics. 2000;106(1):184-190.
•Lucassen PL, et al. Effectiveness of treatments for infantile colic: systematic review. BMJ 1998 May 23;316(7144):1563-9.
•Metcalf TJ, Irons TG, Sher LD, Young PC. Simethicone in the treatment of infant colic: a randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial. Pediatrics 1994 Jul;94(1):29-34.
•Sferra TJ, Heitlinger LA. Gastrointestinal gas formation and infantile colic. Pediatr Clin North Am 1996 Apr;43(2):489-510.
•Simethicone Is No More Efficacious Than Placebo for Infant Colic from the Evidence-Based Pediatrics Web Site
•Pharmacology information on Simethicone from FamilyPracticeNotebook.com
•Colic by Prashant G Deshpande, MD
So, what does work? My baby is unhappy and I am too! We don't want to just wait it out.

•Look for causes for the gas- work on eliminating the cause rather than only trying to treat the symptoms.
•Try baby massage (especially tummy massage) and bicycling baby's legs.
•See Comforting the gassy baby from AskDrSears.com for more suggestions.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 02:19:40 PM
Your baby's skin is thinner, more fragile and less oily than an adult's. It also produces less melanin, the substance that helps ward off sunburn. It is less resistant to bacteria and harmful substances in the environment, especially if it is irritated. Babies also sweat less efficiently than the rest of us, so it is harder for them to maintain their inner body temperature. On the other hand, most babies are less likely to react to allergens.

In the first few weeks after birth, your baby will retain some of your hormones. As a result, several minor skin conditions can result which will usually disappear fairly quickly. In addition, there are a few other skin conditions that are common during childhood which are normal and, most often, easily managed:

Heat rash: Small pink pimples, often across the body. This condition results from high heat and humidity and undeveloped sweat glands. Do not overdress baby or overheat room, keep clothing loose and cleanse and dry skin thoroughly.
Infant acne: Pink spots on the face. When infants are born, they still retain their mother's hormones for a short time and, as a result, infant acne can occur. This usually goes away on its own in the first few weeks. If not, talk to your health care professional.
Cradle cap: Crusty patches on scalp. Overactive glands in your baby's scalp can cause cradle cap. Wipe gently with baby oil, leave on a few minutes, shampoo with baby shampoo, then use baby brush or comb
Chafing: When there is friction between baby's clothing and skin, or where areas of skin rub together, chafing can result. Remove or minimize anything that is tight or rubs against the skin, like rubber pants or straps. Cleanse, rinse and dry skin thoroughly, then apply cornstarch baby powder, lotion or cream
Eczema: Red, irritating, scaly skin. Atopic dermatitis or eczema is a genetically determined common skin condition. Clean and dry skin thoroughly. Talk to your pediatrician or health care professional; you may want to try sensitive-skin products especially designed for babies.

Johnson & Johnson

Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 02:26:32 PM
Excess Oil Causes Cradle Cap
Cradle cap can show up during baby's first or second month, and usually clears up within the first year. Also called seborrheic dermatitis, cradle cap is caused by excess oil and shows up as a scaly, waxy, red rash on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelids, the sides of the nose, or behind the ears. Your pediatrician will recommend the best treatment for cradle cap, which may include a special shampoo, baby oil, or certain creams and lotions.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 02:32:06 PM
Infant Skin Doesn't Need Powdering
Babies can inhale the very fine grains of talcum powder, which could cause lung problems. So it's best to avoid using talcum powder on your infant. A corn starch-based powder is considered safer. But yeast, which can cause diaper rash, feeds on corn starch. So to protect baby skin, you're better off skipping the powder.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 03:55:56 PM
Newborn Skin: White Bumps (Milia)
As many as one in two newborns get the little white bumps known as milia. Appearing usually on the nose and face, they're caused by skin flakes blocking oil glands. Milia are sometimes called "baby acne," but baby acne is related to hormonal changes. In this case, baby skin care is easy: As baby's glands open up over the course of a few days or weeks, the bumps usually disappear, and need no treatment.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 04:20:45 PM
Laundry Tips for Baby Skin Care
Avoiding skin rashes will keep your baby smiling and happy: Use a gentle detergent to wash everything that touches your infant's skin, from bedding and blankets, to towels and even your own clothes. You'll cut down on the likelihood of baby developing irritated or itchy skin.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 04:22:27 PM
Infant Sunburn
The sun may feel great, but it could be exposing your baby's skin to the risk of damaging sunburn. Avoid baby skin problems by protecting from sunburn: keep your infant out of direct sunlight during the first six months of life. Later, use a strong baby sunscreen, hats, and umbrellas. For mild infant sunburn apply a cool cloth to baby's skin for 10-15 minutes a few times daily. For more severe sunburn, call your child's pediatrician.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 04:41:47 PM
Baby Sunscreen
Apply sunscreen to the areas of baby's skin that can't be covered by clothes. You can also use zinc oxide on baby's nose, ears, and lips. Cover the rest of your baby's skin in clothes and a wide-brimmed hat. Sunglasses protect children's eyes from harmful rays.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 04:43:16 PM
Baby Yeast Infections
Yeast infections often appear after your baby has had a round of antibiotics, and show up differently depending on where they are on your baby's skin. Thrush appears on the tongue and mouth, and looks like dried milk, while a yeast diaper rash is bright red, often with small red pimples at the rash edges. Talk to your pediatrician: Thrush is treated with an anti-yeast liquid medicine, while an anti-fungal cream is used for a yeast diaper rash.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 04:47:40 PM
Avoiding Skin Problems at Bath Time
Remember, newborn skin is soft and sensitive. Keep baby's skin hydrated by bathing in warm water for only three to five minutes. Apply a baby lotion or moisturizer immediately after bath while skin is still wet, and then pat dry instead of rubbing.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on June 19, 2011, 04:48:37 PM
Baby Skin Care Products
Shopping for baby skin care products? Less is more. Look for items without dyes, fragrance, phthalates and parabens -- all of which could cause skin irritation. When in doubt, talk to your pediatrician to see if a product is appropriate for newborn skin.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on August 02, 2011, 03:50:19 PM
All-Natural Cold & Cough Remedies

Concerns about the safety of over-the-counter cold medicines for children have left many parents searching for alternative remedies for children's cold and cough symptoms.

Popular over-the-counter cold and cough remedies for infants have been withdrawn from the market after the FDA warned in January 2008 against giving those types of medicines to children younger than 2 because of the possibility of serious harm or death.

While the FDA is considering whether to change the guidelines for children ages 2 to 11, the Consumer Healthcare Products Association in October 2008 said they would voluntarily change the labels on cough and cold medications to say they should not be used in children younger than 4. An FDA advisory panel made a similar recommendation in October 2008, saying that nonprescription cold medicines should not be given to children ages 2 to 5.

The nonprescription remedies include antihistamines for runny noses, decongestants for stuffy noses, cough suppressants, and expectorants for loosening mucus to relieve congestion.

Children get six to 10 colds a year on average, according to the National Institutes of Health. And as surely as children get the sniffles, parents want to ease their symptoms.

The bad news for parents: No home remedies or cold medicines will make a cold go away faster; they usually run their course in seven to 10 days. At best, some medicines will relieve symptoms. But even that is in question, says Sheela R. Geraghty, MD, an assistant professor of pediatrics at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Ohio. She recommends fluids, reducing fever to make a child comfortable, and keeping noses suctioned so babies can eat comfortably.

“To be honest with you, that’s about it,” Geraghty says. “Time is what helps with colds.”

For more specific guidance on soothing coughs and other cold symptoms, WebMD talked to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the FDA, Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, Geraghty, Rachel Dodge, MD, MPH, a pediatrician with Johns Hopkins Children’s Center in Baltimore, and Joyce Allers, RN, clinical program manager of the School Health Program at Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta. Here are their suggestions:

Make sure children stay hydrated, and give them what they’re accustomed to drinking. For babies, stick to breast milk or formula for those younger than 6 months. An oral electrolyte solution designed for infants, such as Pedialyte, also can be given. Don’t give straight water to babies younger than 6 months; their kidneys can’t process it correctly and an electrolyte imbalance may occur.

For children older than 12 months, try water, diluted juice, and milk.

Sometimes parents hear that they shouldn’t give milk because it promotes mucus building. That’s an old wives’ tale with no scientific evidence to back it up, Geraghty says. It’s especially important for babies to continue drinking breast milk or formula.

Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on August 02, 2011, 03:51:40 PM
Give a half-teaspoon of honey to children ages 2 to 5; 1 teaspoon to children ages 6 to 11; and 2 teaspoons to those 12 and older, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends. Do not give honey to babies younger than 1 because of the risk of infant botulism.

Smoke can irritate already inflamed airways. Don’t smoke in a home with children, advice that extends beyond cold season. While children have colds, keep them away from smoke from other sources, too, such as grills and wood-burning fires.

If the coughing is so severe that it keeps a child from sleeping, or if the cough lasts beyond 10 days, discuss it with a doctor.

Scratchy Throat
Soft foods such as puddings, Popsicles, chicken soup, gelatin desserts, and ice cream can feel good to a scratchy throat, Allers says. If a child doesn’t feel like eating their usual diet, try some of these foods.

Saline nasal drops can help relieve congestion, especially in an infant’s small nasal passages. Because babies breathe through their noses and not their mouths, breaking up nasal congestion can make it easier to breathe, allowing a baby to nurse or drink from a bottle more comfortably.

Place a few of the salt water drops in each nostril to thin mucus, wait at least 60 seconds, then use a blue bulb syringe to gently remove discharge. For infants, try this before feeding.

Saline drops or spray also can relieve stuffy noses in older children. Have children wait 60 seconds after using the spray before gently blowing their noses.

Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: nusrat-diu on August 02, 2011, 03:56:01 PM
When to Call a Doctor
A child is so weak and tired he doesn’t respond well.
A child doesn’t play for at least a few minutes in a four-hour period while he is awake.
If a child complains of a tight feeling in his chest, or that his chest hurts.
If, after seeing a doctor, a child starts wheezing or having more difficulty breathing.
If an infant can’t be calmed by methods that usually work, like singing, rocking, or giving a pacifier.
A child tugs at her ear or shows sign of ear pain.
Fever of 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher in a child 3 months or younger.
Fever for more than three days in an older baby or child.
If the child appears dehydrated. For babies younger than 12 months, that means a dry diaper after six to eight hours. For older children, that means no urination for more than eight hours. No tears when crying, sunken eyes, and dry lips are also indicators of dehydration.
A child has bloody mucus or saliva.
Title: Re: Baby Health Issue
Post by: tushar_200727 on August 29, 2011, 12:23:25 PM
thank you M'am for this topic. It'll be very helpful to us.