Daffodil International University

Faculty of Humanities and Social Science => English => Topic started by: Binoy on January 18, 2012, 02:33:46 PM

Title: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 18, 2012, 02:33:46 PM
Here you will get different English words: a word a day. The main word-entry is presented with Bangla and English meaning along with word-class label (e.g. noun, verb, adjective, adverb). Every entry is adequately exemplified with phrases/sentences (in italic). If a word has several meanings, they are numbered, treated separately. Lexical items derived from the main entry are also given with examples. Where available, synonyms (abbreviated as 'syn.') and antonyms (abbreviated as 'ant.') are provided. Necessary phrasal/ collocational/ idiomatic/ proverbial expressions can also be found. Where necessary, usage note has been annexed. Words selected here are of intermediate level in terms of difficulty. The entries will go through an alphabetic order. This is an opportunity to enrich your vocabulary. In a year you may add 365 words to your stock, multiplied by numerous derivations/conversions. Start your journey from here right now.
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Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 18, 2012, 02:36:06 PM
word-1 (18-01-2012)

abandon (verb) [syn. leave, quit]

1. চিরতরে ত্যাগ করা; to leave a place, thing or person forever
We had to abandon the car.
Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.
By the time the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.
They had to abandon their lands to the invading forces.
As a baby he'd been abandoned by his mother.
We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon ship.

2. থামিয়ে দেওয়া; বাদ দেওয়া; to stop doing an activity before you have finished it
They abandoned the journey because of rain.
The match was abandoned at half-time because of the poor weather conditions.
They had to abandon their attempt to climb the mountain.
The party has now abandoned its policy of unilateral disarmament.
She abandoned hope of any reconciliation.

derived word(s):

abandoned (adjective) পরিত্যাক্ত
an abandoned car / house
The child was found abandoned but unharmed.
An abandoned baby was found in a box on the hospital steps.

abandonment (noun) পরিত্যাগ
the government’s abandonment of its new economic policy
The abandonment of the island followed nuclear tests in the area.

phrasal/collocational/idiomatic/proverbial expressions:

noun phrase:
abandoned cottage
abandoned building
abandoned children
abandoned dog

infinitive phrase:
to abandon place
to abandon property
to abandon movie
to abandon music
to abandon band
to abandon team
to abandon effort
to abandon campaign
to abandon idea
to abandon theory
to abandon farming
to abandon searching

prepositional phrase:
with reckless abandon
with careless abandon
with wild abandon
with gay abandon

adjective phrase:
abandoned to the care of

phrasal verb:
abandon oneself to emotion
abandon oneself to despair

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: sushmita on January 18, 2012, 03:14:05 PM
Thank you, sir.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 18, 2012, 03:40:59 PM
Most welcome, Sush! Encourage your students to read the posts everyday. Their word power will increase in the way. They may also ask me any question as to the English words.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: sushmita on January 18, 2012, 03:55:18 PM
Yes Sir,

Thank you once again.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 19, 2012, 11:03:28 AM
word-2 (19-01-2012)

abbreviate (verb) [syn. shorten]
সংক্ষেপিত করা; to make a word shorter usually by using some initial letters or a phrase shorter by using only the first letters of each word
You can abbreviate ‘Daffodil International University’ as ‘DIU’.
'Compact Disc' is often abbreviated to 'CD'.
'Chief Executive Officer' is abbreviated as 'CEO'.

derived word(s):

abbreviated (adjective) সংক্ষেপিত
‘DIU’ is the abbreviated name of ‘Daffodil International University’.
'TV' is the abbreviated form of 'Television'.
Where appropriate, abbreviated forms are used.

abbreviation (noun) শব্দ-সংক্ষেপ; সংক্ষেপণ; সংক্ষিপ্ত রূপ [syn. acronym]
‘DIU’ is the abbreviation of ‘Daffodil International University’.
What’s the abbreviation for ‘Saint’?
'SAARC' is the abbreviation for 'South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation'.

Test you knowledge of abbreviation

Do you know the full forms of the following abbreviations?

VAT, TIN, CNG, UNDP, WB, IMF, ADB, gym, lab, memo
(See answer tomorrow and compare with yours)

Note: ‘Acronym’ is often thought to be a synonym for ‘abbreviation’, but there is a little difference between the two. Abbreviation is a broader term and acronym is a special kind of it. Acronym is that kind of abbreviation which consists of the first letters of each word in the name of something, pronounced as a word. For example: AIDS is an acronym for 'Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome'. So all acronyms are abbreviations but all abbreviations are not acronyms.
Do you find any acronym in the examples given above?
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nafrin on January 19, 2012, 11:18:37 AM
Nice try sir, thank you very much
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 19, 2012, 12:05:07 PM
Thanks Nujhat. Ask your students to follow the posts regularly. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Bhowmik on January 19, 2012, 01:05:40 PM
Very good posting sir,
It will help students learn a word with its classes.

Swapan Kumar Bhowmik
Dept. of English
Daffodil International University
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 19, 2012, 01:50:09 PM
Thanks Swapan. Give your feedback and also ask your students to read the posts regularly. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 20, 2012, 09:38:12 AM
word-3 (20-01-12)

abduct (verb) [syn. kidnap]
অপহরন করা; to force someone to go somewhere, often using threats or violence
The company director was abducted from his car by terrorists.
Every day, they abduct ordinary people, especially children.
Usually, criminals abduct children and put pressure on the head of a family.

derived word(s):

abduction (noun) অপহরন [syn. kidnapping]
There has been a series of abductions of young children from schools in the area.
He was charged with abduction.

abductor (noun) অপহরনকারী [syn. kidnapper]
She was tortured by her abductors.

abductee (noun) অপহৃত ব্যক্তি
The dead body of the abductee was found in the forest.

Answer of the last post (abbreviation):

VAT – Value Added Tax
TIN – Taxpayer Identification Number
CNG – Compressed Natural Gas
UNDP – United Nations Development Program
WB – World Bank
IMF – International Monetary Fund
ADB – Asian Development Bank
gym – gymnasium
lab – laboratory
memo – memorandum
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: ns.tonmoy on January 20, 2012, 09:40:19 PM
Thank you so much Sir for giving us a great chance to achieve this useful knowledge.  :)
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 21, 2012, 02:21:24 AM
Thanks Tonmoy. Follow it up regularly and enrich your vocabulary. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 21, 2012, 02:23:06 AM
word-4 (21-01-12)

abide (verb) [syn. live]
বাস করা বা থাকা; to live or stay somewhere
He abided in the wilderness for forty days.
May joy and peace abide in us all.

derived word(s):

abiding (adjective) [ant. unabiding]
দীর্ঘস্থায়ী; lasting for a long time
abiding beauty
abiding conflict
abiding faith/belief
abiding friendship
abiding failure/success
abiding infatuation/love
law abiding citizens
a matter of abiding interest
My abiding memory is of him watering his plants in the garden.
She says she had an abiding fondness for children even as a child.
Pakistan has an abiding fear of chaos and violence.

phrasal/collocational/idiomatic/proverbial expressions:

abide by sth
মেনে চলা; to accept or obey an agreement, decision or rule
to abide by requirements.
to abide by standards.
Students have to abide by the instructions of their teachers.
Competitors must abide by the judge's decision.
You’ll have to abide by the rules of the club.
We will abide by their decision.
It is difficult to abide by these stricter regulations.
We have always prided ourselves on abiding by our own principles.

can't abide sb/sth [syn. bear, stand]
সহ্য করতে না পারা; to dislike sb/sth
I can't abide her.
He couldn't abide laziness.
She can't abide coarseness and stupidity.
I can’t abide people with no sense of humour.
He couldn’t abide the thought of being cooped up in an office.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Real on January 21, 2012, 01:57:13 PM
Thanks Sir.....

Mehedi Hassan (Real)
19th Batch
Eng dept.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 21, 2012, 02:20:39 PM
Thanks Real. Keep your reading up and learn more and more words. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 22, 2012, 01:13:19 AM
word-5 (22-01-12)

ablaze   (adjective)  [syn. aflame, afire]

1 প্রজ্জ্বলিত; burning very strongly
The whole building was soon ablaze.
The house was ablaze, and the flames could be seen from miles around.

2 উজ্জ্বল; brightly lit or brightly coloured
The ballroom was ablaze with lights.
The field was ablaze with poppies and wild flowers.
The trees were ablaze with the colours of autumn.
There were lights still ablaze as they drove up to the house.
The sky above London was ablaze with a spectacular firework display.

3. আবেগে পূর্ণ; full of strong emotion or excitement:
He was aflame with desire.
Her face was ablaze with excitement.
He turned to her, his eyes ablaze with anger.

phrasal/collocational/idiomatic/proverbial expressions:

set ablaze
জ্বালিয়ে দেওয়া; set something on fire
Cars and buses were set ablaze during hartal.

Usage note: The word ‘ablaze’ is always used after verb and noun, and not before them.
Incorrect: the ablaze house
Correct: The house ablaze.
Correct: The house was ablaze.

Structural note: The word ‘ablaze’ is derived from the word ‘blaze’ which means fire. ‘Blaze’ is a noun and when the prefix ‘a’ is added, it becomes an adjective.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nafrin on January 22, 2012, 11:47:25 AM
nice post
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 22, 2012, 12:52:24 PM
Thanks Nujhat.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nafrin on January 23, 2012, 09:57:56 AM
waiting to get some more sir
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 23, 2012, 11:08:03 AM
Thanks Nujhat for your patience.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 23, 2012, 11:11:02 AM
word-6 (23-01-12)

abolish (verb) [syn. abate, abrogate, annihilate, annul, eradicate, cancel, destroy, repeal]
বাতিল করা; to end an activity or custom officially; do away with; put an end to
to abolish an organization
to abolish the centuries-old monarchy
This tax should be abolished.
I think bullfighting should be abolished.
National Service was abolished in Britain in 1962.
The government is planning to abolish subsidies to farmers.
It's hard to create new rules, but it's easy to abolish existing ones.

derived word(s):

abolition (noun) [syn. abatement, abrogation, annihilation, annulment, eradication, cancellation, destruction, repeal]
বাতিলকরন; the act of abolishing
the abolition of slavery
the abolition of the slave trade
the abolition of caning in school
the abolition of death penalty
the abolition of poverty
the abolition of serfdom
the eventual abolition of war

abolitionist (noun)
কোনোকিছু বাতিলকরনে সমর্থক; a person who supports the abolition of something
British and American abolitionists
She was respected by all true abolitionists.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: irina on January 23, 2012, 05:04:22 PM
I've found the attempt of Dr.Binoy sir is very inspirational for the learners.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Roni on January 23, 2012, 09:54:12 PM
Thank you Sir.........
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 24, 2012, 12:33:26 AM
Thanks Irina Mam for your encouraging comment.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 24, 2012, 12:36:34 AM
Thanks Roni. Read and learn. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 24, 2012, 12:39:48 AM
word-7 (24-01-12)

1. abrupt (adjective) 
হঠাত; sudden
an abrupt change/movement/halt/departure/exit/withdrawal
abrupt discontinuation of therapy.
Our conversation came to an abrupt end when teacher burst into the room.
The party came to rather an abrupt ending when parents came home.
The road ended in an abrupt slope down to the sea.
There was an abrupt fall in the sales figures following the bad publicity.
These policies have sent the construction industry into an abrupt nosedive.
He is liable to abrupt mood swings.
The abrupt announcement was made late Wednesday.
He made an abrupt sweeping motion with his hand.
Gradual steps should be taken to avert an abrupt crisis.
I cannot allow myself to hope again; the drop into failure is too abrupt.

2. abrupt (adjective) 
অবন্ধুত্বসুলভ; হঠকারী; unfriendly; brusque; curt; rude; gruff
an abrupt reply/answer
in an abrupt manner
abrupt with people who interfere.
He is sometimes very abrupt with clients.
She was very abrupt with me in our meeting.
For such an abrupt encounter, she looked incredibly relaxed and docile.

3.  abrupt
সঙ্গতিহীন; (of writing or speaking) jumping from one subject to another illogically; disconnected; lacking cohesion
abrupt prose style
I did not like his abrupt way of writing/speaking.
I am sorry to sound so abrupt in this e-mail, but clearly something is seriously missing.

derived word(s):

abruptly (adverb)
হঠাত করে; suddenly; রূঢ়ভাবে; rudely; সঙ্গতিহীনভাবে; disconectedly

abruptness (noun)
আকস্মিকতা; suddenness; রূঢ়তা; rudeness; সঙ্গতিহীনতা; disconectedness
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: masum1992 on January 24, 2012, 03:13:49 PM
thank you sir.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 24, 2012, 08:51:48 PM
Thanks a lot for reading A Word A Day.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 25, 2012, 10:14:44 AM
word-8 (25-01-12)

abscond (verb) [syn. escape, flee]
পলায়ন করা; to go away suddenly and secretly; to run away
He absconded with the company funds.
They abscond with their possessions.
Two prisoners absconded last night.
He absconded to avoid paying his bill.
He was absconding during the trial.
The salesman absconded with money and goods.
She absconded from boarding school with her boyfriend.

derived word(s):

absconder (noun)
পলাতক; one who absconds or flees
A 14 year-old absconder from a children's home
They absconded with £10 000 of the company's money.

Usage note: The word ‘abscond’ is usually used with the preposition ‘from’ or ‘with’, following it. That means somebody absconds from a place or absconds with something.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nafrin on January 25, 2012, 04:08:09 PM
ok sir I will
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 25, 2012, 06:00:39 PM
Thanks Nujhat. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 26, 2012, 10:45:18 AM
word-9 (26-01-12)

absorb (verb)
1 শুষে নেওয়া; to take in a liquid, gas or other substance from the surface or space around; to suck up
A sponge absorbs water.
Plants absorb carbon dioxide.
Towels absorb moisture.
The cream is easily absorbed into the skin.
Black walls absorb a lot of heat during the day.
The drug is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream.

2. ভিতরে নিয়ে নেওয়া; দখল করে নেওয়া; to take something in
The empire absorbed many small nations.
Our countryside is increasingly being absorbed by/into the large cities.
The surrounding small towns have been absorbed into the city.
The country simply cannot absorb this influx of refugees.
This job absorbs all of my time.

3 হৃদয়ঙ্গম করা; to take sth into the mind and learn or understand it
A lot of facts to absorb all at once
It's hard to absorb so much information.

4 মাত্রা কমিয়ে দেওয়া; to reduce the effect of a physical force, shock or change
The barrier absorbed the main impact of the crash.
This tennis racket absorbs shock on impact.

5 মগ্ন করা; to interest sb very much so that they pay no attention to anything else
a self-absorbed person
This work had absorbed him for several years.
Sumon was so absorbed in his book, he didn't even notice me come in.

derived word(s):

absorbable (adjective)
মিশে যায় এমন; able to be absorbed
absorbable gases / materials

absorbing (adjective)
চিত্তাকর্ষক; very interesting
an absorbing book / game
I read her last novel and found it very absorbing.

absorbed (adjective)
নিমগ্ন; engrossed
She seemed totally absorbed in her book.

absorbent (adjective)
শোষনক্ষম; able to take liquid in through the surface and to hold it
absorbent paper / cotton

absorption   (noun)
শোষন; মিশ্রন; মগ্নতা; the process of something being taken in
Some poisonous gases can enter the body by absorption through the skin.
Her absorption in her work is so great that she thinks about nothing else.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 27, 2012, 04:45:33 PM
word-10 (27-01-12)

abundant (adjective) [syn. plentiful, ample] [ant. scarce, insufficient]
প্রচুর; large in quantity or number
abundant vegetation
an abundant supply of food
abundant amenities for citizens
abundant sunshine and fresh air
abundant natural areas, peace and quiet
not abundant jobs in market
a region abundant in wildlife
Fish are abundant in the lake.
Documentation for this event is abundant.
We have abundant evidence to prove his guilt.
Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe.
Cheap consumer goods are abundant in this part of the world.
When abundant, the price of hilsa fish can fall as low Tk. 100 per piece.

derived word(s):

abundance (noun)
প্রাচুর্য; a large quantity that is more than enough
We had manpower in abundance.
There was an abundance of food at the wedding.

abundantly (adverb)
যথেষ্ট পরিমানে; in large quantities
The plant grows abundantly in woodland.
You've made your feelings abundantly clear.
She made her wishes abundantly clear.
Calcium is found most abundantly in milk.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 28, 2012, 08:08:26 PM
word-11 (28-01-12)

accommodate (verb)

1. থাকার বা রাখার জায়গা দেওয়া; to provide with a place to live or to be stored in
to accommodated safely
happily accommodated
The hotel can accommodate up to 500 guests.
New students may be accommodated in halls of residence.
There wasn't enough space to accommodate the files.
Over 70 minutes of music can be accommodated on one CD.
A new office block was built to accommodate the overflow of staff.

2. কারো প্রয়োজন মেটানো; to give what is needed to someone
an economic proposal that accommodates the interests of senior citizens
The new policies fail to accommodate the disabled.
We always try to accommodate our clients with financial assistance if necessary.
Our proposal tries to accommodate the special needs of minority groups.

3. খাপ খাওয়ানো; to change one’s behaviour to suit another person or new conditions
It is never easy to accommodate to social change.
I needed to accommodate to the new schedule.
Some find it hard to accommodate themselves to the new working conditions.

derived word(s):

Accommodation(s) (noun)  
থাকার বা অবস্থানের জায়গা; a place to live, work or stay in
rented / temporary / furnished accommodation
overnight / daytime accommodation
cheap / expensive accommodation.
Hotel accommodation is included in the price of your holiday.
The building plans include much needed new office accommodation.
First-class accommodation is available on all flights.
There is accommodation for your car behind the hotel.
We have first and second class accommodation on this flight.
The price includes travel and accommodation but meals are extra.
There's accommodation for about five hundred students on campus.
Sohel decided to seek out some information on accommodation in the area.
Hostels are usually provided as a stopgap until the families can be housed in permanent accommodation.
More and more travelers are looking for bed and breakfast accommodations in private homes.

accommodating (adjective)
সাহায্য করতে আগ্রহী; willing to help others
I'm sure she'll help you - she's always very accommodating.
He made a special effort to be accommodating.
The warden was always accommodating in allowing visitors in.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nafrin on January 29, 2012, 01:16:10 PM
what next sir we are waiting
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 29, 2012, 06:24:08 PM
Nujhat, you seem to be an amazingly patient reader. Thanks.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 29, 2012, 06:26:15 PM
word-12 (29-01-12)

accuse (verb)
দোষারোপ করা; to say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal or unkind
She accused him of lying.
Are you accusing me of lying?
He's been accused of robbery/murder.
The surgeon was accused of negligence.
The government was accused of incompetence.
"It wasn't my fault." "Don't worry, I'm not accusing you."

derived word(s):

accusation(s) (noun)
দোষারোপ; a statement saying that someone has done something wrong
accusations of corruption / cruelty / racism
You can't just make wild accusations like that!
He glared at me with an air of accusation.
What do you say to the accusation that you are unfriendly and unhelpful?
I don’t want to make an accusation until I have some proof.
No one believed her wild accusations against her husband.
He denied the accusation that he had ignored the problems.
There was a hint of accusation in her voice.

accusatory (adjective)
দোষারোপমূলক; suggesting that you think someone has done something bad
When he spoke his tone was accusatory.
She gave me an accusatory look.

accused (noun) [with ‘the’]
দোষী ব্যক্তি; the person(s) on trial in a court
The accused protested her innocence.
The accused was found innocent.
The accused were all found guilty.
All the accused have pleaded guilty.

accusing (adjective)
দোষ দিচ্ছে এমন; showing that you think sb has done sth wrong
an accusing glance/look/finger/tone
Her accusing eyes were fixed on him.

accusingly (adverb)
দোষ দিচ্ছে এমনভাবে; in an accusing manner
"Has this dog been fed today?" she asked accusingly.

phrasal/collocational/idiomatic/proverbial expressions:

stand accused of sth  
অভিযুক্ত হওয়া; being accused of doing something wrong
The government stands accused of eroding freedom of speech.
They stand accused of crimes against humanity.

Usage note: The verb ‘accuse’ is usually followed by a person and then a deed. That is the phrase is ‘accuse somebody of something’, for example: ‘to accuse the youth of murder/theft’.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 30, 2012, 02:56:34 PM
word-13 (30-01-12)

acknowledge (verb)
কোনোকিছু গ্রহন করা বা স্বীকার করা বা চিনতে পারা; to accept, admit or recognize something
a generally acknowledged fact
It is generally acknowledged to be true.
You must acknowledge the truth of her argument.
Historians generally acknowledge her as a genius in her field.
They refused to acknowledge the new government.
Please acknowledge receipt of this letter.
He didn't even acknowledge my presence.
The government won't even acknowledge the existence of the problem.
Always acknowledge your sources at the end of an essay.
The government has acknowledged that homelessness is a big problem.
It is widely acknowledged that the welfare system is under-resourced.
She acknowledged me with a quick bob of her head.
She refuses to acknowledge the need for reform.
The country acknowledged his claim to the throne.
He is widely acknowledged as the best player in the world.
All applications will be acknowledged.
Please acknowledge receipt of this letter.
I was standing right next to her, but she didn’t even acknowledge me.
I gratefully acknowledge financial support from several local businesses.

derived word(s):

acknowledgement(s) (noun)
ঋন বা প্রাপ্তি স্বীকার; চেনা; the act of acknowledging
We sent her a copy of the book in acknowledgment of her part in its creation.
I was sent a free copy in acknowledgement of my contribution.
I applied for four jobs, but I've only had one acknowledgment so far.
I didn’t receive an acknowledgement of my application.
This report is an acknowledgement of the size of the problem.
The flowers were a small acknowledgement of your kindness.
She gave me a smile of acknowledgement.

Usage note: The verb ‘acknowledgement’ is usually followed by the ‘ing’ form of verb. For example: She acknowledged having been at fault. It may also be followed by a that-clause. For example: She acknowledged that she had been at fault. I did not acknowledge that he had done anything wrong. In some constructions, it is followed by an object+to-infinitive. For example: She is usually acknowledged to be one of our best artists. He is widely acknowledged to be the best player in the world.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: sushmita on January 30, 2012, 05:04:00 PM
It's a very good way of learning word.I connect my students with this post.Most of them watch these words and are learning each day.

Thank you,Sir.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Antara11 on January 31, 2012, 11:58:53 AM
Dear sir

It an excellent way to help the students with their vocabulary.

Thank you for the effort.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 31, 2012, 01:52:45 PM
Thanks Sushmita and Antara for your favourable comments and actions.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on January 31, 2012, 03:55:16 PM
word-14 (31-01-12)

acquire (verb)
অর্জন করা বা আয়ত্বে নেওয়া; to gain or obtain something
He acquired the firm in 1978.
I was wearing a newly/recently acquired jacket.
I seem to have acquired two copies of this book.
During this period he acquired a reputation for being a womanizer.
As people grow older, their faces acquire more character.
She acquired the painting at a jumble sale for a sum of 25 dollars.
He acquired a reputation as an entertaining speaker.
She has acquired a good knowledge of English.
The company has just acquired new premises.

derived word(s):

acquisition (noun)
অর্জন বা আত্তীকরন; the act of acquiring
theories of child language acquisition
the acquisition of shares by employees
His latest acquisition is a racehorse.
The company has made acquisitions in several Asian countries.
The museum has been praised for its acquisition of ancient sculptures.
I like your earrings - are they a recent acquisition?

acquisitive (adjective)
জিনিসপত্র সংগ্রহে আগ্রহী; eager to possess and collect things
an acquisitive mind
We live in an acquisitive society which views success primarily in terms of material possessions.

phrasal/collocational/idiomatic/proverbial expressions:

an acquired taste
অর্জিত রুচি; something that one dislikes at first, but gradually learns to like
Olive is my acquired taste.
Abstract art is an acquired taste.

acquired character/characteristic (noun)
অর্জিত গুন বা বৈশিষ্ট্য; a change to a living thing that is not produced by genes but by livelihood
It is widely thought that acquired character is not inherited.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Gopa B. Caesar on January 31, 2012, 10:22:15 PM
It is simply more than "helpful" for learners to learn a word a day by following A WORD A DAY, I wish this post will keep mushrooming in the course of time.
Gopa B. Caesar
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 01, 2012, 10:38:59 AM
Thanks Gopa for your optimism. Advise your students to follow the posts. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: lima_diu on February 01, 2012, 11:11:57 AM
Dear Sir:

such a helpful topic & wish we will use it in our daily life.

thank you sir.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 01, 2012, 12:26:10 PM
word-15 (01-02-12)

acute (adjective)
1 মারাত্মক; ভয়াবহ; (situation) severe
the world’s acute environmental problems
Competition for jobs is acute.
She felt acute embarrassment/anxiety/concern at his behaviour.
The problem of poverty is particularly acute in rural areas.
There is an acute shortage of water.

2 তীব্র; (pain or illness) quickly becoming severe
acute abdominal pain
acute appendicitis

3. তীক্ষ্ম; (senses, intelligence) very good and accurate
acute eyesight/hearing
a woman of acute intelligence/judgement
Her judgement is acute.
Dogs have an acute sense of smell.
He is an acute observer of the social scene.

derived word(s):

acutely (adverb)
পুরোপুরি; completely; extremely; strongly
acutely embarrassed
I am acutely conscious of the difficulties we face.
Management is acutely aware of the resentment that their decision may cause.
Another scandal would be acutely embarrassing for the government.

acuteness (noun)
ভয়াবহতা; তীব্রতা; তীক্ষ্মতা; condition of being acute
acuteness of judgment
The acuteness of my hearing allows me to hear far buzzing of a fly.

phrasal/collocational/idiomatic/proverbial expressions:

acute angle (noun phrase) [ant. obtuse angle]
সূক্ষ্ম কোণ; describes an angle that is less than 90 degrees
Can you draw an acute angle?

acute accent (noun phrase)
শ্বাসাঘাত চিহ্ন; a sign written above a letter, showing how to pronounce it
There's an acute accent on the e in blé which is the French word for corn.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 01, 2012, 12:27:36 PM
Thanks Lima, for your encouraging comment. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 02, 2012, 09:10:15 PM
word-16 (02-02-12)

adhere (verb) [with ‘to]

1. লেগে থাকা; to stick firmly
A smooth, dry surface helps the tiles adhere to the wall.
Once in the bloodstream, the bacteria adhere to the surface of the red cells.

2. কোনোকিছু পালন বা মান্য করা; to continue to obey a rule or maintain a belief
She adhered to her principles/ideals throughout her life.
They failed to adhere to the terms of the agreement/treaty.
The translator has obviously adhered very strictly to the original text.
For ten months he adhered to a strict no-fat low-salt diet.
She adheres to teaching methods she learned over 30 years ago.

derived word(s):

adherence (noun)
মান্যতা; the act of adhering
strict adherence to the rules
He was noted for his strict adherence to the rules.

adherent/adhesive (adjective)
লেগে থাকে এমন; আঁঠালো; sticky
adhesive tape/paper
an adherent surface

adherent (noun)
কোনোকিছুর সমর্থক ব্যক্তি; a person who strongly supports a particular person or principle
She has long been an adherent of the Communist Party.

adhesive (noun)
আঁঠা; glue
You'll need a/some strong adhesive to mend that chair.

adhesion (noun)
লেগে থাকার ক্ষমতা; আঁঠালোভাব; the ability to stick
At this stage a resin is used with a high level of adhesion.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 03, 2012, 01:04:10 AM
word-17 (03-02-12)

admire (verb)
প্রশংসা করা; to respect and approve of someone or their behaviour
I really admire your enthusiasm.
I admired him for his determination.
We stood for a few moments, admiring the view.
You have to admire the way he handled the situation.
The school is widely admired for its excellent teaching.
I really admire people who can work in such difficult conditions.

admirable (adjective)
প্রশংসনীয়; deserving respect or approval
I think you showed admirable tact/restraint/self-control in your answer.
The police did an admirable job in keeping the fans calm.

admirably (adverb)
প্রশংসনীয়ভাবে; in a admirable way
I think she coped admirably with a very difficult situation.
He accomplished the job in an admirably short span of time.

admiration (noun)
প্রশংসা; when you admire someone or something
My admiration for that woman grows daily.
Mina deserves our admiration for her courage.
She has great admiration for her sister.

admirer (noun)
প্রশংসাকারী; someone who admires someone or something
She's got plenty of admirers.
The policy has few admirers.
He is a great admirer of Picasso’s early paintings.

admiring (adjective)
প্রশংসায় উন্মুখ; সপ্রশংস্য; showing admiration
She was getting lots of admiring looks/glances in her new red dress.
She was surrounded by a group of admiring photographers.

admiringly (adverb)
সপ্রশংস্যভাবে; in an admiring way
The people sitting opposite us were gazing admiringly at baby.

Some collocations with ‘admiration’:

mutual admiration
be worthy of admiration
feel/have admiration for somebody/something
express (your) admiration for/of somebody/something
have nothing but admiration for somebody/something
be full of/be filled with admiration for somebody/something
gasps/cries of admiration
watch/gaze/gasp in/with admiration
deserve/earn/gain/win (sb's) admiration
grudging/reluctant/sneaking admiration
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 04, 2012, 07:07:09 AM
word-18 (04-02-12)

adolescent (noun)
কিশোর; a young person who is developing into an adult
I'm looking after six adolescents for a week.
She doesn't understand the emotional problems of adolescents.
He looked uncomfortable, like a self-conscious adolescent who's gone to the wrong party.

adolescent (adjective)
কিশোরকালীন বা কিশোর বিষয়ক; 1 being or relating to an adolescent
an adolescent boy/girl
adolescent humour/behaviour
adolescent concerns/traumas/problems
A lot of adolescent girls suffer from low self-esteem.
It's sad to see a grown man acting in such an adolescent way.
He eventually outgrew his adolescent interest in war and guns.

adolescence (noun)
কৈশোর; the period of time in a person's life when they are developing into an adult
a troubled adolescence
yet another novel about the joys and sorrows of adolescence
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 05, 2012, 04:17:04 PM
word-19 (05-02-12)

adverse (adjective)
বিরূপ; having a negative or harmful effect on something
adverse change / circumstances / weather conditions
They have attracted strong adverse criticism.
They received a lot of adverse publicity about the changes.
This drug is known to have adverse side effects.
So far the drug is thought not to have any adverse effects.
It is clear that these violent films have an adverse effect on children.
The world record attempt was postponed due to adverse conditions.
Reactions to the proposal so far have been adverse, but we may convince people in time.

adversely (adverb)
বিরূপভাবে; in an adverse way
Her health was adversely affected by the climate.
A lot of companies have been adversely affected by the recession.

adversity (noun)
বিরূপতা; কঠিন অবস্থা; a difficult situation
courage in the face of adversity
He overcame many personal adversities.
She was always cheerful in adversity.
The road to happiness is paved with adversities.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 06, 2012, 07:34:35 PM
word-20 (06-02-12)

aesthetic/esthetic (adjective)

1 নন্দনতাত্ত্বিক; সৌন্দর্যবিষয়ক; relating to the enjoyment or study of beauty
an aesthetic appreciation of the landscape
The benefits of conservation are both financial and aesthetic.
The new building has little aesthetic value/appeal.

2 নান্দনিক; describes an object or a work of art that shows great beauty
The chair which is both aesthetic and functional
Their furniture was more aesthetic than functional.

derived word(s):

aesthetics/esthetics (noun)
নন্দনতত্ত্ব; সৌন্দর্যবিদ্যা; The students debated the aesthetics of the poems.
the formal study of art, especially in relation to the idea of beauty

aesthetically/esthetically (adverb)
নান্দনিকভাবে; in an aesthetic way
aesthetically pleasing colour combinations
I like objects to be both functional and aesthetically pleasing.

কলাকৈবল্যবাদ; the idea of art for art sake


the Aesthetic Movement কলাকৈবল্যবাদী আন্দোলন; a group of people in England in the 1880s who believed that art and literature had value in themselves rather than needing any moral purpose
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Razon Mahmood on February 07, 2012, 10:42:41 AM
Respected Sir,
I would like to thank you for posting the topic-A Word A Day. It is very useful. I really like the posts because those contain bangla meanings, collocations, phrases, idioms, examples etc.     

Yours' sincerely,
Rajon Mahmood
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: lima_diu on February 07, 2012, 12:01:49 PM
Dear Sir:
Congratulations for your admirable achievement to received 1st prize among all departments in 10th founding anniversary program.  Sir, you are very innovative & good thinker therefore you can achieve any success for yourself & department also. thank you.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nafrin on February 07, 2012, 04:09:16 PM
Sir, its a nice idea. can you suggest me specially for the student, how we inspire them to learn some different words more than common in use.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 07, 2012, 06:19:21 PM
Rajon, Lima and Nujhat, thanks for your encouragement.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 07, 2012, 08:25:16 PM
word-21 (07-02-12)

aggravate (verb)

1. বিরক্ত করা; to annoy someone
Stop aggravating me, will you!
She was aggravated by the constant questions.

2. খারাপ করা; to worsen something
Pollution can aggravate asthma.
Aging can aggravate a depression.
He was told that further play would aggravate the injury.
Military intervention will only aggravate the conflict even further.
Higher sea levels would aggravate storm surges or the impact of tsunamis.
Deflation across Asia would seriously aggravate the economic crisis.

Derived words:

aggravating (adjective)
বিরক্তিকর; annoying
I find him really aggravating.
She was an aggravating child.

aggravation (noun)
ঝামেলা; trouble or difficulty; worsening
I don’t need all this aggravation at work.
I've been getting a lot of aggravation at work recently.
I'd complain to the manager but it's not worth the aggro.
The drug may cause an aggravation of the condition.


aggravated assault (noun)
মারাত্মক আক্রমন; a serious, violent attack on someone

aggravated burglary (noun)
মারাত্মক চুরি; রাহাজানি; a crime that involves using a weapon or committing another crime while illegally entering a person's house
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 08, 2012, 07:13:17 PM
word-22 (08-02-12)

agony (noun)
যন্ত্রনা; extreme physical or mental pain or suffering
She lay there screaming in agony.
I was in an agony of suspense.
We've both suffered agonies of guilt over what happened.
Jack collapsed in agony on the floor.
It was agony not knowing where the children were.
She waited in an agony of suspense.
The worst agonies of the war were now beginning.
Tell me now! Don’t prolong the agony.

Derived words:

agonized (adjective)
যন্ত্রনাপূর্ণ; showing or feeling extreme physical or mental pain
agonized cries
We heard an agonized cry.
She gave him an agonized look.

agonizing (adjective)
1 যন্ত্রনাদায়ক; causing extreme physical or mental pain
an agonizing death
his father’s agonizing death
It was the most agonizing decision of her life.
She went through an agonizing few weeks waiting for the test results.
We are faced with an agonizing choice/decision/dilemma.

agonizingly (adverb)
যন্ত্রনাদায়কভাবে; in an agonizing way
an agonizingly slow process


agony column
পত্রিকায় পরামর্শ কলাম; the part of a magazine or newspaper where letters from readers about their personal problems are printed, together with advice about how to deal with them
She wrote into an agony column.

agony aunt পত্রিকায় পরামর্শদানকারী মহিলা; a person, usually a woman, who publicly gives advice to people with personal problems, especially in a regular magazine or newspaper article

agony uncle
পত্রিকায় পরামর্শদানকারী পুরুষ; a man who writes in a newspaper or magazine giving advice in reply to people’s letters about their personal problems

Phrasal verb:

agonize over/about sth
উদ্বেগের মধ্য দিয়ে যাওয়া; to spend time worrying about a difficult situation or problem
She agonized for days about whether she should take the job.
I spent days agonizing over whether to take the job or not.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 09, 2012, 04:29:21 PM
word-29 (09-02-12)

alarm (noun)

1. আতঙ্ক; fear and anxiety that something dangerous or unpleasant might happen
‘What have you done?’ Ellie cried in alarm.
I felt a growing sense of alarm when he did not return that night.
The doctor said there was no cause for alarm.
The birds flew off in alarm when the cat appeared.
The gun shot made the monkeys chatter in alarm.
It's all right, everybody - there's no need for alarm.
A bomb threat caused great alarm in the City this morning.

2 বিপদসংকেত; a warning of danger, typically a loud noise or flashing light
She decided to sound the alarm.
I hammered on all the doors to raise the alarm.
If there's any trouble, raise/sound the alarm by pulling the emergency cord.
The first two bomb alerts were false alarms, but the third was for real.
If the alarm sounds, leave the building immediately.
Quick, sound the alarm - there's a fire in the machine room!
I heard his alarm clock bleeping this morning.

3 সংকেত প্রদানকারী যন্ত্র; a device which makes a loud noise to warn of danger
a burglar/car/fire/smoke alarm
The cat set off the alarm.
A car alarm went off in the middle of the night.

alarm (verb)
আতঙ্ক তৈরি করা; to make sb anxious or afraid
I didn't want to alarm him by telling him that she was ill.
The captain knew there was an engine fault but didn’t want to alarm the passengers.

Derived words:

alarmed (adjective)
আতঙ্কিত; anxious or afraid that sth dangerous or unpleasant might happen
I was a bit alarmed at/by how much weight she'd lost.
I was alarmed to hear that she was coming.
I'm rather alarmed that we haven't heard anything.
She was alarmed at the prospect of travelling alone.

alarming (adjective)
আতঙ্কজনক; causing anxiety or fear
alarming news
an alarming increase in crime
The rainforests are disappearing at an alarming rate.
There has been an alarming rise in the rate of inflation.

alarmingly (adverb)
আতঙ্কজনকভাবে; in an alarming way
Prices have risen alarmingly.
Alarmingly, the hole in the ozone layer has doubled in size this year.

alarmist (adjective)
আতঙ্কপূর্ণ; causing unnecessary fear and anxiety
A spokesperson for the food industry said the TV program was alarmist.
The government has dismissed newspaper reports of 200 dead as being alarmist.

alarmist (noun)
আতঙ্কবাদী; someone who creates alarm
He is a suspected alarmist

Phrases and idioms:

alarm clock
জাগরনী ঘড়ি; a clock that one can set to ring at a particular time and wake one up
I set the alarm clock for 7 o’clock.
The alarm went off at 7 o’clock.

alarm call (noun)
জাগরনী ফোনকল বা প্রানির ডাক; a telephone call or animal cry to wake up or warn
Could I have an alarm call at 5.30 tomorrow, please?

raise the alarm
বিপদসংকের দেওয়া; to make people aware of the danger of something
A local doctor was the first to raise the alarm about this latest virus.

ring/sound alarm bells
বিপদসংকের দেওয়া; to worry with the sign that there may be a problem
The name rang alarm bells in her mind.

alarm bells ring/start ringing
বিপদসংকের বেজে ওঠা; start to feel worried and suspicious
Alarm bells rang in my mind when I saw him there.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: tanbir on February 09, 2012, 05:02:15 PM
Excellent initiation........
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 10, 2012, 11:26:54 PM
Tanbir sir, thanks a lot for your encouragement.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 10, 2012, 11:51:37 PM
Word-30 (10-02-12)

allege (verb)
সন্দেহবশত অভিযুক্ত করা; to state that someone has done something illegal or wrong without giving proof
The prosecution alleges (that) he was driving carelessly.
It is alleged that salesman mistreated the customers
The two men allege (that) the police forced them to make false confessions.
Mr Suman is alleged to have been at the centre of an international drugs ring.
It was alleged that Jalil had struck Rahim on the head.
The prosecution alleged that he lured the officer to his death by making an emergency call.
It has been alleged that the minister received a secret payoff from an arms dealer.
Campaigners now have compelling documentary evidence of the human rights abuses that they had been alleging for several years.
The woman alleges that her employers passed her over for promotion because she was pregnant.

alleged (adjective)
সন্দেহবশত অভিযুক্ত; suspected
the alleged attacker / victim / killer
the alleged attack / offence / incident
It took 15 years for the alleged criminals to prove their innocence.

allegedly (adverb)
সন্দেহজনকভাবে; suspectedly
crimes allegedly committed during the war
That's where he allegedly killed his wife.

allegation (noun) [syn. accusation]
প্রমানহীন অভিযোগ; a statement without proof which says that someone has done something wrong or illegal
to investigate/deny/withdraw an allegation
allegations of dishonesty against him
an allegation that he had been dishonest
Several newspapers made allegations of corruption in the city’s police department.
Several of his students have made allegations of professional misconduct about/against him.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 12, 2012, 12:13:23 AM
Word-31 (11-02-12)

altruism (noun) [syn. benevolence]
পরার্থপরতা; পরোপকার; willingness to do things which benefit other people, even if it results in disadvantage for the doer; unselfish concern
She's not known for her altruism.
Our corporate laws, for better or worse, do not reward altruism.

altruist (noun) [ant. egoist]
পরার্থপর বা পরোপকারী ব্যক্তি; a person who works for others’ benefits
He has the soul of an altruist.
I found him a devoted altruist.

altruistic (adjective) [syn. philanthropic]
পরার্থপর বা পরোপকারী; willing to work for others’ benefits
altruistic behavior/motives/people
I doubt her motives for donations are altruistic - she's probably looking for publicity.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 12, 2012, 10:56:01 AM
Word-32 (12-02-12)

amaze (verb)
বিস্মিত করা; to cause someone to be extremely surprised
Just the size of the place amazed her.
I was amazed by how well he looked.
It amazed her that he could be so calm at such a time.
It amazes me that she's got the energy for all those parties.
You've done all your homework in an hour? You amaze me.
What amazes me is how long she managed to hide it from us.
It never ceases to amaze me what some people will do for money.
It amazes me to think that Anna is now in charge of the company.
It amazes me how you can put up with living in such a dirty house.

Derived words:

amazed (adjective)
বিস্মিত; extremely surprised
an amazed silence
We were amazed by his generosity.
I'm amazed (that) she didn't complain.
She was amazed how little he had changed.
We were amazed to find that no one was hurt.
I was amazed to hear that Chris had won first prize.
I was amazed at her knowledge of French literature.
She was amazed at how calm she felt after the accident.
I was absolutely amazed when I heard he'd been promoted.
We were amazed to discover that we'd been at school together.
I was banging so loudly I’m amazed (that) they didn’t hear me.
The farmer was amazed to find 46 ancient gold coins inside the pot.

amazement (noun)
বিস্ময়; extreme surprise
She stared in amazement.
She looked at him in amazement.
To my amazement, he remembered me.
To my amazement, he ate the whole lot.

amazing (adjective)
বিস্ময়কর; extremely surprising
an amazing achievement/discovery/success/performance
That’s amazing, isn’t it?
What an amazing coincidence!
It’s amazing how quickly people adapt.
This stain remover really works - it's amazing!
It's amazing that no one else has applied for the job.
The amazing thing is that it was kept secret for so long.
It's amazing to think that the managing director is only 23.
The new theatre is going to cost an amazing amount of money.

amazingly (adverb)
বিস্ময়করভাবে; in an amazing way
Amazingly, no one noticed.
The food was amazingly good.
The meal was amazingly cheap.
Amazingly enough, no one else has applied for the job.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 13, 2012, 11:45:09 PM
Word-33 (13-02-12)

ambiguous (adjective)
দ্ব্যর্থক বা বহুঅর্থক; অনির্দিষ্ট; having more than one possible meaning
an ambiguous word/term/statement
Her account was deliberately ambiguous.
His role has always been ambiguous.
His reply to my question was somewhat ambiguous.
The wording of the agreement is ambiguous.
The government has been ambiguous on this issue.

Derived words:

ambiguously (adverb)
দ্ব্যর্থকভাবে; অনির্দিষ্টভাবে; in an ambiguous way
an ambiguously worded agreement
Some questions were badly or ambiguously worded.

ambiguity (noun)
দ্ব্যর্থকতা; অনির্দিষ্টতা; state of having multiple meanings
Write clear definitions in order to avoid ambiguity.
There were several inconsistencies and ambiguities in her speech.
You must understand the ambiguity of my position.
We wish to remove any ambiguity concerning our demands.
There are some ambiguities in the legislation.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 15, 2012, 12:03:15 AM
Word-34 (14-02-12)

amend (verb)
পরিবর্তন করা; to change the words of a text, typically a law or a legal document
MPs were urged to amend the law to prevent land grabbing.
In line 20, 'men' should be amended to 'people'.
He asked to see the amended version.
Until the constitution is amended, the president will act as the head of government.

Derived word:

amendment (noun)
পরিবর্তন; a change made to a text or law
a constitutional amendment
to introduce / propose / table an amendment
She made several minor amendments to her essay.
Parliament passed the bill without further amendment.
He insisted that the book did not need amendment.
I've made a few last-minute amendments to the article.
An amendment to the bill was agreed without a vote.
The 19th Amendment of the US Constitution gave women the right to vote.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 15, 2012, 09:11:28 PM
Word-35 (15-02-12)

amplify (verb)

তীব্রতা বৃদ্ধি করা; আওয়াজ বর্ধন করা; to increase sth in strength, especially sound
to amplify a guitar/an electric current/a signal
amplified music/guitar
a problem amplified by the fact that developing country markets are generally small
Amplify the sound somewhat.
Amplified signal will appear on the plate circuit.
A funeral can amplify the feelings of regret and loss for the relatives.

amplification (noun)
তীব্রতা বাড়ানো; আওয়াজ বর্ধন; বিস্তারিত বর্ণনা; intensify something with added sound or details
electronic amplification
She refused to amplify further.
You may need to amplify this point.
The horror lies in the violence itself, which needs no amplification.
electronic amplification Ç That comment needs some amplification.

amplifier (noun)
আওয়াজবর্ধক যন্ত্র; an electrical device which makes sounds louder
a 25 watt amplifier
hums and buzzes from the amplifier
The amplifier exploded in a fountain of sparks.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 16, 2012, 03:42:30 PM
Word-36 (16-02-12)

annoy (verb)
বিরক্ত করা বা রাগানো; to irritate or make someone angry
He swatted a fly that was annoying him.
I'm sorry - is my cough annoying you?
It annoys me to see him getting ahead of me.
It annoys me that she just expects us to help.
His constant joking was beginning to annoy her.
Tim really annoyed me in the meeting this morning.
I'm sure he says these things deliberately to annoy you.
It really annoys me when people forget to say thank you.
It really annoys me when people push in front of me like that.

Derived words:

annoyance (noun)
বিরক্তি; irritation
She stamped her foot in annoyance.
He could not conceal his annoyance at being interrupted.
Much to our annoyance, they decided not to come after all.
My aunt snorted in annoyance and marched off to find the manager.
A group of youths have been causing annoyance in the neighborhood.
One of the greatest annoyances was being bitten by mosquitoes every night.
I can understand your annoyance - I'd be furious if she ever treated me like that.
(Much) to our annoyance, we couldn't see anything from the back row of the theatre.
She couldn't suppress her annoyance when the food was returned to the kitchen uneaten.

annoyed (adjective)
বিরক্ত; irritated or angry
I was annoyed that they hadn’t turned up.
He was annoyed to find himself going red.
I was so annoyed with him for turning up late.
I was annoyed with myself for giving in so easily.
I bet she was annoyed at having to write it out again.
He was annoyed at the way she tried to take over the whole meeting.
She was annoyed to discover that her husband had taken her car keys.
He was beginning to get very annoyed with me about my carelessness.
My parents were rather annoyed (that) I hadn't told them about the accident.

annoying (adjective)
বিরক্তিকর; making you feel annoyed
He's got a really annoying laugh.
This interruption is very annoying.
I was annoyed to discover that I'd left my bag behind.
He's really annoyed with me for leaving without him.
What made me most annoyed was their selfish attitude.
Her most annoying habit was eating with her mouth open.
You're right to be annoyed - you've been treated very badly.
She was so annoyed she wouldn't even wave goodbye to us.
It's really annoying when a train is late and there's no explanation.

annoyingly (adverb)
বিরক্তিকরভাবে; in an annoying way
The salesperson talked to customer annoyingly.
Rather annoyingly, I'd just bought the hardback when the paperback edition came out.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 17, 2012, 12:06:14 AM
Word-37 (17-02-12)

anomaly (noun)
অসামঞ্জস্য; a situation, thing, or person, that is different from what is normal or expected
the many anomalies in the tax system
the reasons for this scientific anomaly.
the apparent anomaly that the workers are the poorest
If it happens once, it's an anomaly.
Extreme behavior exists, but it's the anomaly.
The increases we have now are not a natural anomaly.
One could say that you have experienced a statistical anomaly.
With his quiet nature, he was an anomaly in his exuberant family.
We take this anomaly for granted and ignore the real significance of it.
They film this astronomical anomaly as it runs through a variety of tricks.

Derived word:

anomalous (adjective)
অসামঞ্জস্যপূর্ণ; different from what is normal or expected
anomalous financial events
the anomalous tissue growth.
It looks fantastic, unexpected and anomalous.
He held an anomalous position in the art world.
Advanced forms of life may be anomalous in the universe.
She was too odd for disdain, too anomalous for comparisons.
The close friendship between these two men seems anomalous.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 18, 2012, 12:01:34 AM
Word-38 (18-02-12)

anonymous (adjective)

1. বেনামি; having no name
an anonymous donor
an anonymous letter
The money was donated by an anonymous benefactor.
He received an anonymous letter threatening to disclose the secret.
Police said an anonymous caller warned that a bomb was about to go off.
For reasons of personal safety, the informant wishes to remain anonymous.
Scholars have finally ascribed the anonymous play to Christopher Marlowe.

2 সাদামাটা; having no unusual or interesting features
long stretches of dull and anonymous countryside
an endless row of drab, anonymous houses
He has a rather anonymous face.

Derived words:

anonymously (adverb)
বেনামিভাবে; in an anonymous way
He wrote the letter anonymously.
The donation was made anonymously.
The book was published anonymously.

anonymity (noun)
বেনামিত্ব; when someone's name is not given or known
the anonymity of the city
the anonymity of the hotel decor
Names of people in the book were changed to preserve anonymity.
He agreed to give an interview on condition of anonymity.
The police have reassured witnesses that they will be guaranteed anonymity.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: asma alam on February 18, 2012, 08:55:45 AM
Thank you Binoy Sir for taking such an initiative. It will be helpful for all of us. I would request you Sir to discuss the use of some prepositional phrases along with the meaning of the words. In this case I want to mean those phrases which are usually used by us in our day to day life: such as; Annoyed at is used for something but annoyed with is used for somebody.

Thank you Sir,
Asma Alam
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 19, 2012, 12:25:12 AM
Thanks Asma Mam for your valuable suggestions. Where necessary, I must mention appropriate prepositions, which are usually obvious from the sentence examples. In other cases, they appear in phrasal verbs separately. To make them more explicit, I should like to give them in usage note.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 19, 2012, 12:57:56 AM
Word-38 (19-02-12)

antagonism (noun) [with ‘to/towards/between’]
শত্রুতা; বিদ্বেষ; বিরুদ্ধাচার; hostility, hate, or active opposition
the racial antagonisms in society
the antagonism towards neighboring states
the historic antagonisms between the countries of western Europe
The antagonism he felt to his old enemy was still very strong.
There's a history of antagonism between the two teams.

antagonist (noun) [ant. protagonist]
শত্রু; বিরুদ্ধাচারী ব্যক্তি; opponent; a person who is strongly opposed to something or someone
The antagonists in this dispute are quite unwilling to compromise.
With no strong antagonist, the plot is a bit tepid.
Corruption is to be called an antagonist of development.
She gradually reads her own resilience in the eyes of her antagonist.

antagonistic (adjective)
বিদ্বেষপূর্ণ; বিরুদ্ধাচারী; actively opposing to something or someone
He's extremely antagonistic towards all critics.
It ended up in pure antagonistic mudslinging.
Capitalism and socialism are mutually antagonistic.
He does not approve antagonistic points of view.
Many are quietly antagonistic to the idea.

antagonize/antagonise (verb)
কাউকে বিদ্বেষী করে তোলা; to make somebody feel angry with another person
Not wishing to antagonize her further, he said no more.
It's a very delicate situation and I've no wish to antagonize him.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 20, 2012, 05:33:54 PM
Word-39 (20-02-12)

anticipate (verb)
কোনোকিছু ঘটার প্রত্যাশা বা পূর্বানুমান করা; to imagine or expect that something will happen
We don't anticipate any trouble.
Our anticipated arrival time is 8.30.
I don’t anticipate it being a problem.
We don’t anticipate any major problems.
We anticipate that sales will rise next year.
Police are anticipating trouble at tonight's game.
It is anticipated that inflation will stabilize at 3%.
Try and anticipate what the interviewers will ask.
We don't anticipate any snags with the negotiations.
The holiday cost a lot more than we had anticipated.
They anticipate having several applicants for the job.
It's always best to anticipate a problem before it arises.
At this stage we can't really anticipate what will happen.
Are you anticipating a lot of people at the party tonight?
The anticipated inflation figure is lower than last month's.
The eagerly anticipated movie will be released next month.
The army anticipated the explosion by evacuating the town.
They anticipate that they will have several applicants for the job
They anticipate moving to bigger premises by the end of the year.
We had one or two difficulties along the way that we didn't anticipate.

anticipation (noun)
কোনোকিছু ঘটার প্রত্যাশা বা পূর্বানুমান; a feeling that something is going to happen in the near future
happy / eager / excited anticipation
The courtroom was filled with anticipation.
The audience waited in great anticipation, but nothing happened.
The city was filled with anticipation in the weeks before the festival.
The children jumped up and down in anticipation as the presents were produced.
After months of anticipation, the holiday was a bit of a disappointment actually.
He bought extra food in anticipation of more people coming than he’d invited.
We stood on the platform in anticipation, only to be told that the train was cancelled.
The postponement of the film's sequel has held cinema-goers in eager anticipation for several months.

anticipatory (adjective)
পূর্বপ্রস্তুতিমূলক বা প্রত্যাশামূলক; of, showing, or expressing anticipation
a fast anticipatory movement by the goalkeeper
The hangman noticed that the prisoner was panicking in the usual anticipatory


in anticipation of
কোনোকিছু ঘটার প্রত্যাশায় বা প্রস্তুতি হিসেবে; in expectation or preparation for something happening
She's even decorated the spare room in anticipation of your visit.
I brought money in anticipation of having to buy my lunch.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 21, 2012, 09:59:30 PM
Word-40 (21-02-12)

apology (noun)

1. ক্ষমা; an act of saying sorry (to somebody for something)
a letter of apology
to offer/make/demand/accept an apology
I think you owe me an apology.
You owe him an apology for what you said.
We received a letter of apology.
I have an apology to make to you - I'm afraid I opened your letter by mistake.
"Was he at all sorry for what he'd done?" "Oh he was full of apologies.
She wouldn't give in until she received a full apology.
He sent me some flowers by way of an apology.

2. কোনোকিছুর সমর্থনে ব্যাখ্যা; a formal explanation or defence of a belief or system
His book was seen as an apology for the war.

Derived words:

apologetic (adjective)
ক্ষমাশীল; expressing regret about having caused someone inconvenience or unhappiness
‘Sorry,’ she said, with an apologetic smile.
He was apoplectic with rage at the decision.
They were very apologetic about the trouble they’d caused.
I hope he was suitably apologetic for breaking your glasses.
She was so apologetic about forgetting my birthday it was almost embarrassing.

apologetically (adverb)
ক্ষমাশীলভাবে; in an apologetic way
‘I’m sorry I’m late,’ he murmured apologetically.
She offered us her burnt cakes and smiled apologetically.

apologist (noun)
কোনো মত বা আদর্শের সমর্থক; a person who supports a particular belief or political system
communism and its apologists
There are few apologists for the old system.

apologize/apologise (verb)
ক্ষমা প্রার্থনা করা; to tell someone that you are sorry for
Why should I apologize?
Go and apologize to her.
We apologize for the late departure of this flight.
We apologize for any inconvenience caused.
She apologized profusely for having to leave early.


(someone’s) apologies
সভায় উপস্থিত থাকতে পারবে না বলে দুঃখ প্রকাশ করা; a message politely informing that one cannot be present at a meeting
She made her apologies and left early.
The vice-chair has sent his apologies - he's abroad at present.
Apologies were received from them.

be an apology for sth  
কোনোকিছুর খারাপ দৃষ্টান্ত হওয়া; to be an extremely bad example of something
You're not coming out because you're tired? That's an apology for an excuse!

make one’s apologies for sth
দুঃখ প্রকাশ করা; to say that one is sorry for something
I made my apologies and left.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 22, 2012, 11:45:33 PM
Word-41 (22-02-12)

appraise (verb)
মূল্যায়ন করা; to examine someone or something in order to judge their qualities, success or needs
an appraising glance/look
She stepped back to appraise her workmanship.
His eyes coolly appraised the young woman before him.
Managers must appraise all staff.
The ring was appraised at $40, 000.
At the end of each teaching practice, trainee teachers are asked to appraise their own performance.
In co-operation with other professionals, social workers will appraise the individual's needs.
He coolly appraised the situation, deciding which person would be most likely to succeed.

Derived words:

appraisal (noun)
মূল্যায়ন; judgment of qualities, success or needs
staff/performance appraisal
I have my appraisal today.
She was honest in her appraisal of her team’s chances.
He had read many detailed critical appraisals of her work.
Many companies operate regular job appraisals, often on an annual basis.
The newspaper gave an editorial appraisal of the government's achievements of the past year.

appraiser (noun)
যে মূল্যায়ন করে;  a person who appraises someone or something
He is reputed as a good job appraiser.

appraisee (noun)
যে মূল্যায়িত হয়; a person who is being appraised
His name has not been included in the appraisee list.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 23, 2012, 04:30:17 PM
Word-42 (23-02-12)

apprehend (verb)

1. কাউকে ধরা বা গ্রেপ্তার করা; to catch or arrest someone
The police apprehended the burglars.
The law enforcers finally apprehended the killer.

2. কোনোকিছু বোঝা; to understand something
I could not apprehend what the speaker said.
The lecture was apprehended well by the students.

3. আশঙ্কা করা; to expect with anxiety, suspicion, or fear
to apprehend violence
We did not apprehend any such accident.

Derived words:

apprehension (noun)
2. ধরা বা গ্রেপ্তার; the act of apprehending
Apprehension of the leader sparked violence in the country.
Both the army and the police were involved in the apprehension of the terrorists.

2. বোঝা; the state of understanding
Full apprehension of the codes
Apprehension of the text needs profound knowledge on the subject.

3. আশঙ্কা; anxiety, worry or fear that sth unpleasant may happen
It's normal to feel a little apprehension before starting a new job.
There is some apprehension in the office about who the new director will be.
There is growing apprehension that fighting will begin again.
He watched the election results with some apprehension.

apprehensive (adjective) […about/of sth; …that]
আশঙ্কাপুর্ণ; worried or anxious that sth unpleasant may happen
an apprehensive face/glance/look
I'm a bit apprehensive about tomorrow's meeting.
You have no reason to be apprehensive of the future.
I was a little apprehensive about the effects of what I had said.
She was deeply apprehensive that something might go wrong.
I've invited a lot of people to the party, but I'm a bit apprehensive that no one will come.

apprehensively (adverb)
আশঙ্কাপুর্ণভাবে; in an apprehensive way
They looked at each other apprehensively.
They left the room apprehensively.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 24, 2012, 12:27:29 AM
Word-43 (24-02-12)

archeology/archaeology   (noun)
প্রত্নতত্ত্ব; the study of cultures of the past by examining the remains of buildings and objects found in the ground
industrial archeology
aerial photography has revolutionized the study of archeology.

Derived words:

archeological/archaeological  (adjective)
প্রত্নতাত্ত্বিক; concerning archeology
archeological excavation/dig/evidence
an area/site of archeological interest

archeologist/archaeologist  (noun)
প্রত্নতাত্ত্বিক বা প্রত্নতত্ত্ববিদ; a person who studies archaeology
He is a famous archeologist
Archeologists are collecting evidence for their claims.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 25, 2012, 05:11:20 PM
Word-44 (25-02-12)

architect (noun)
স্থপতি; a person whose job is to design buildings planning of ideas
She is a highly recommended architect.
He is probably the best known living architect.
After years of study, Tarek is now a fully-fledged architect.
The architect showed us the house plans that she had drawn up.
Luis Kahn is the architect of the Parliament Building of Bangladesh.
The architects have made imaginative use of glass and transparent plastic.
He was one of the principal architects of the revolution.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is the architect of the independence of Bangladesh.

Derived words:

architecture (noun)
স্থাপত্য; 1 the art and science of designing and making buildings
to study architecture
Roman architecture
This is a prime example of 1930s architecture.
I like the clean-cut shapes of classical architecture.
The town's modern architecture is very well integrated with the old.
Modernist architecture tries to conquer nature instead of working with it.
Almost every visitor to Edinburgh is seduced by its splendid architecture.

architectural (adjective)
স্থাপত্যবিষয়ক; relating to architecture
architectural features
architectural drawings/plans
a building of architectural interest
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 26, 2012, 09:48:09 PM
Word-45 (26-02-12)

arrears (noun)
বকেয়া টাকা; money that is owed and should already have been paid
rent/mortgage/tax arrears
interest paid in arrears
The arrears rates are only tiny.
The president of our board is in arrears on his maintenance.
Interest on arrears would not be considered for this calculation.
British regulators have fined executives for misreporting figures on loan arrears.


in arrears
বকেয়া পড়েছে এমন; situation in which money should have been paid in the past
My account is badly in arrears.
We’re two months in arrears with the rent.
They are in arrears on/with their mortgage payments.

get/fall into arrears
বকেয়া পড়া; to be late in paying money that you owe:
They fell into arrears on their mortgage repayments.
If you fall into arrears with these payments, the consequences are bad.
Getting into rent arrears can be distressing and you can end up losing your home.

Note: The noun 'arrears' ends with ‘s’ (plural marker), but it can be used as a singular or plural noun. For example: The arrears has/have been too heavy by now.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 27, 2012, 10:57:22 AM
Word-46 (27-02-12)

ascend (verb) [… to sth] [ant. descend]
আরোহন করা বা উঁচুতে ওঠা; to climb, rise or move up
Mist ascended from the valley.
The air became colder as we ascended.
The path started to ascend more steeply.
He ascended to the peak of sporting achievement.
Her heart was thumping as she ascended the stairs.
They slowly ascended the steep path up the mountain.
He eventually ascended to the position of chief executive.
The divers have begun to ascend to the surface of the water.
There's a long flight of steps ascending to the cathedral doors.

Derived words:

ascent/ascension (noun)
আরোহন বা উঁচুতে ওঠা; the act of ascending
her ascension to the throne
the first ascent of Mount Everest
The rocket steepened its ascent.
We struggled up the slippery ascent.
The cart began its gradual ascent up the hill.
His ascent to power was rapid and unexpected.
She made her first successful ascent of Everest last year.

ascendancy/ascendency (noun) [… over sb/sth]
শক্তিমত্তা বা সফলতা; a position of power, strength or success
moral/intellectual ascendancy
The opposition party was in the ascendancy.
They are in danger of losing their political ascendancy.
Supporters of the proposal are currently in the ascendancy over its opponents.

ascending (adjective)
বর্ধনশীল; increasing in size or value
I shall list my objections to the plan in ascending order of importance.


ascend the throne  
সিংহাসনে আরোহন করা; to become queen or king
Queen Elizabeth ascended the throne after the death of her father.

in the ascendant
ক্রমাগত সফলতা বা শক্তি অর্জন করছে এমন; increasingly successful or powerful
He's very much in the ascendant in Hollywood.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 28, 2012, 03:03:22 PM
Word-47 (28-02-12)

aspire (verb) [… to]
তীব্রভাবে আকাঙ্ক্ষা করা; to have a strong desire to achieve or to become sth
She aspired to a scientific career.
He aspired to be their next leader.
As a child, he aspired to be a great writer.
Few people who aspire to fame ever achieve it.

Derived words:

aspiring (adjective)
উচ্চাকাঙ্ক্ষী; wanting strongly to achieve a position of importance
an aspiring actor/politician/writer
Aspiring musicians need hours of practice every day.
He came from an aspiring working-class background.

aspirant (noun) [… to/for sth]
উচ্চাকাঙ্ক্ষী ব্যক্তি; a person with a strong desire to achieve a position of importance
an aspirant to the throne
aspirants to the title of world champion

aspiration (noun) [… for sth / … to do sth]
তীব্র আকাঙ্ক্ষা;  a strong desire to have or do sth
I didn’t realize you had political aspirations.
He has never had any aspiration to earn a lot of money.
I've never had any political aspirations.
It's a story about the lives and aspirations of poor Bangladeshi immigrants.

aspirational (adjective)
তীব্র আকাঙ্ক্ষামূলক;  wanting very much to improve one’s social status
Trendy attires have become aspirational status symbols, especially among the young.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on February 29, 2012, 03:45:25 PM
Word-48 (29-02-12)

atone (verb) [… for sth]
প্রায়শ্চিত্ত করা; to do something that shows that someone is sorry for something wrong
to atone for a crime
You have to atone for this sin.
The country's leader has expressed a wish to atone for his actions in the past.

Derived word:

atonement (noun)
প্রায়শ্চিত্ত; the act of atoning
to make atonement for his sins
Yom Kippur, the Jewish day of atonement
He said that young hooligans should do community service as atonement for their crimes.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 01, 2012, 03:26:50 PM
Word-49 (01-03-12)

audacious (adjective)
উদ্ধত; showing a willingness to take risks or offend people
an audacious decision
an audacious remark/suggestion
He described the plan as ambitious and audacious.

Derived words:

audaciously (adverb)
উদ্ধতভাবে; in an audacious way
He acted audaciously in that situation.
Teachers were irritated by his audaciously bad behavior.

audacity (noun)  [+ to infinitive]
ঔদ্ধত্য; state of being audacious
He had the audacity to say I was too fat.
He had the audacity to blame me for his mistake.
It took a lot of audacity to stand up and criticize the chairman.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 02, 2012, 09:04:44 PM
Word-50 (02-03-12)

audio (adjective) [before noun]
শব্দ বা শ্রুতি; connected with sound that is recorded
an audio cassette/tape/signal
an audiobook

Derived words:

audio-visual (adjective) [before noun]
শ্রুতিদর্শনমূলক; describes something that involves hearing and seeing
audio-visual equipment/aids/software

audio-lingual (adjective)
শ্রুতিভাষিক; relating to a method of language teaching that teaches speaking and listening rather than reading or writing
We were taught English in audio-lingual method.

audiology (noun)
শ্রুতিবিজ্ঞান; the science and medicine that deals with the sense of hearing
He studied audiology in a medical college.

audible (adjective) [ant. inaudible]
শ্রবনযোগ্য; able to be heard
She gave an audible sigh of relief.
Her voice was barely audible above the noise.
The lecturer spoke so quietly that he was scarcely audible at the back of the hall.

audibly (adverb)
শ্রবনযোগ্যভাবে; in an audible way
He spoke audibly in the hall.

auditory (adjective)
শ্রুতিমূলক; of or about hearing
auditory stimuli/phonetics
It's an artificial device which stimulates the auditory areas of the brain.

audience (noun)

1. শ্রোতামণ্ডলী; group of people gathered in one place to watch or listen to something
an audience of 10,000
TV/cinema/movie audience(s)
She lectures to audiences all over the world.
The audience was/were clapping for 10 minutes.
The debate was televised in front of a live audience.
The audience was/were clearly delighted with the performance.
The secret to public speaking is to get the audience on your side.
The magic show had a lot of audience participation.
An audience of millions watched the wedding on TV.
The play shocked audiences when it was first performed.
The audience clapped and cheered when she stood up to speak.
The target audience for this advertisement was mainly teenagers.
She announced the winner of the competition to an excited audience.
She is a confident and practiced speaker who always impresses her audience.

2. পাঠক; readers
Her latest book should appeal to a large audience.
His book reached an even wider audience when it was made into a movie.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: ishaquemijee on March 03, 2012, 08:39:35 AM
Useful knowledge sharing, thanks.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 03, 2012, 12:41:52 PM
Thanks for the good comment. Best wishes!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 03, 2012, 01:06:20 PM
Word-51 (03-03-12)

baffle (verb)
হতভম্ব করা; to confuse sb completely
His comment baffles me.
I’m baffled why she hasn’t called.
Many computer terms can baffle the users.
The vastness of creation baffles imagination.
The new findings baffle the scholars in the field.
She was completely baffled by his strange behavior.
Economic statistics bemuse and baffle in equal measure.
Tareq is notorious for its power to baffle the rational mind.
He was baffled by the technical language of the instructions.
Dark matter, the substance no one has ever seen, continues to baffle cosmologists.
To baffle opponents, grandmasters create new, unexpected openings not found in chess literature.

bafflement (noun)
হতভম্ব অবস্থা; state of being baffled
His reaction was one of bafflement.
The comment came completely to his bafflement.

baffling (adjective)
হতভম্বকর; having the effect of bafflement
I found what he was saying completely baffling.
It is baffling to find him engaged in such silly argument.

baffled (adjective)
হতভম্ব বা হতবিহ্বল; extremely confused
a baffled look
The science fiction left me baffled.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 04, 2012, 02:36:05 PM
Word-52 (04-03-12)

banal (adjective) [syn. trite, mundane]
তুচ্ছ; ordinary and uninteresting
banal pop songs
Their interest is just banal.
Background music need not be banal.
The architecture is, for the most part, banal.
He just sat there making banal remarks all evening.
The session turned sometimes raucous, sometimes banal.
The script is freighted with a mighty load of banal incidents.
Only a banal solution to the mystery spoils an otherwise engrossing read.

Derived word:

banality (noun)
তুচ্ছতা; the state of being banal
the banality of everyday business
the banality of modern city life
His words are full of banality.
They exchanged banalities for a couple of minutes.
We sat around the dinner table exchanging banalities.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 05, 2012, 12:19:53 PM
Word-53 (05-03-12)

barbaric/barbarous (adjective)
বর্বর/বর্বরোচিত; extremely cruel and unpleasant
a barbaric act/custom/ritual
barbaric acts of violence
The way these animals are killed is barbaric.
She found the idea of killing animals for pleasure barbaric.
the barbarous treatment of these prisoners of war
His murder was an outrageous and barbarous act.
How can they forgive such barbarous behavior?

Derived words:

barbarically (adverb)
বর্বরোচিতভাবে; in a barbaric way
barbarically committed crimes against humanity
The kidnappers treated with the person barbarically.

barbarism/barbarity (noun)
বর্বরতা; extremely cruel and unpleasant behavior
the barbarism of battle
He witnessed some appalling acts of barbarism during the war.
This barbarity must cease!
The dictatorship has been responsible for countless barbarities.

barbarian (noun)
আশিক্ষিত ও অসংস্কৃত লোক; বর্বর ব্যক্তি; a person with little education who has no interest in art and culture
You the little wretched barbarian!
How can you call those barbarians your friends?

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: jas_fluidm on March 05, 2012, 03:25:51 PM
Important post for all
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nusrat-diu on March 06, 2012, 01:17:14 PM
Sir, it's a great way to learn new words. I'll tell my students to follow the link. Thanks for your initiative.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 06, 2012, 04:42:28 PM
Thanks Nusrat and others for nice cooperation. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 06, 2012, 05:47:53 PM
Word-54 (06-03-12)

bargain (noun) [with somebody]

1. পারস্পরিক সহযোগিতার চুক্তি বা মতৈক্য; an agreement between two or more people to do sth for each other
Finally the two sides struck a bargain.
"I'll tidy the kitchen if you clean the car." "OK, it's a bargain."
The management and employees eventually struck/made a bargain.
He and his partner had made a bargain to tell each other everything.
I’ve done what I promised and I expect you to keep your side of the bargain.

2. কম মূল্যের পন্য; something on sale at a lower price than its true value
The car was a bargain at that price.
This coat was half-price - a real bargain.
I picked up a few good bargains in the sale.
The airline regularly offers last-minute bookings at bargain prices.

bargain (verb) [with sb about/over/for sth]
দর কষাকষি করা; to argue for an agreement
He said he wasn’t prepared to bargain.
Unions bargain with employers for better rates of pay each year.
I realized that by trying to gain security I had bargained away my freedom.
In the market dealers were bargaining with growers over the price of coffee.

bargaining (noun)
দামদর নিয়ে আলাপ-আলোচনা; discussion of prices, conditions, etc. to reach an agreement that is acceptable; negotiation
wage bargaining
After much hard bargaining we reached an agreement.
Exporters are in a strong bargaining position at the moment.

Phrases and idioms:

in(to) the bargain
অতিরিক্ত তথ্য; in addition to other facts previously mentioned
Volunteers learn a lot and enjoy themselves into the bargain.
He's intelligent, witty, a loving husband, and an excellent cook into the bargain.

bargain for/on sth
আশা বা অনুমান করা; to expect or be prepared for something
We hadn't bargained on such a long wait.
I hadn’t bargained on them being here.
I didn’t bargain on finding them here as well.
We hadn’t bargained for this sudden change in the weather.
The strength of the opposition was rather more than she'd bargained for.
When he agreed to answer a few questions, he got more than he bargained for.

bargain sth away
বিনিময়ে কিছু না নিয়ে ছেড়ে দেওয়া; to give sth away and not get sth of equal value in return
They felt that their leaders had bargained away their freedom.

bargaining power
কোনোকিছু পাওয়ার ক্ষমতা; the ability of a person or group to get what they want
Rising unemployment has diminished the bargaining power of people with jobs.

bargain hunter
সস্তা জিনিসের অনুসন্ধানকারী; a person who is looking for cheap goods
He is a real bargain hunter.
The sales had started and the bargain hunters were out in force.

bargain basement
জাহাজে সস্তায় নিনিসপত্র বিক্রয়ের কক্ষ; an underground room in a shop where items are sold at reduced prices
bargain-basement facilities
Jalal manages to buy all his clothes at bargain-basement prices.

bargaining chip
বিনিময় পন্য; something which someone wants in lieu of something else
Missiles were used as a bargaining chip in negotiations for economic aid.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 07, 2012, 04:09:24 PM
Word-55 (07-03-12)

behold (verb)
দেখা; to see or look at
Her face was a joy to behold.
The scene was a wonder to behold.
They beheld a bright star shining in the sky.
These images are simply wonderful to behold.
The new bridge is an incredible sight to behold.
The freelance economy is an amazing thing to behold.
Behold a few glimpses of the amazing stuff they're doing.

Derived word:

beholder (noun)
দর্শক; one who sees sth
Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
I was a mere beholder of the incident.
Everything on earth is observed by the divine beholder.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: jas_fluidm on March 07, 2012, 07:57:14 PM
Cleave means separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument and also come or be in close contact with; stick or hold together.
Surprisingly it's both meaning are antonyms of each other.
related words are cling, split, adhere, stick. 
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 08, 2012, 01:44:37 PM
Yes, it is true. The word 'cleave' has two opposite meanings. As a single word, cleave means to divide or separate. In phrase 'cleave to something' it means to hold or stick to something. But the second use is mostly literary and rare. There are some other words in English like this. One is 'dust'. As a noun it means the powder of dry dust. But as a verb it means to remove dust from something as well as to put dust on something. How interesting!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 08, 2012, 03:47:11 PM
Word-56 (08-03-12)

bewilder (verb)
হতবুদ্ধি করা; to confuse, puzzle or perplex
These shifting attitudes bewilder me.
The instructions completely bewildered me.
There was enough smoke in the air to bewilder anyone.
She was totally bewildered by his sudden change of mood.
Together they manage to excite and bewilder practically all concerned.

Derived words:

bewildered (adjective)
হতভম্ব; confused
A bewildered man
bewildered public mind
He turned around, with a bewildered look on his face.
Arriving in a strange city at night, I felt alone and bewildered.

bewildering (adjective)
হতবুদ্ধিকর; confusing and difficult to understand
There is a bewildering variety of software available.
The college offers a bewildering range/array of courses.
He gave me directions to his house, but I found them utterly bewildering.

bewilderingly (adverb)
হতবুদ্ধিকরভাবে; in a bewildering way
A bewilderingly mischievous smile
The question is bewilderingly difficult.
All the houses looked bewilderingly similar.

bewilderment (noun)
হতবুদ্ধিকর অবস্থা; confusion
a situation of bewilderment
I looked at the starry sky in bewilderment.
As he walked through the door, she stared at him in utter bewilderment.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: sethy on March 09, 2012, 04:42:01 PM
Very good effort. Your effort help us to know the new word. I think it is helpful for all. Thanks
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 09, 2012, 10:26:53 PM
Thanks Sethy, for your encourating comment. The more we learn new words, the more we become confident in using English. Good luck!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 09, 2012, 10:56:48 PM
Word-57 (09-03-12)

bias (noun) [sb/sth towards/against/in favour of sb/sth]

1. পক্ষপাত; (undue) preference towards something
accusations of political bias in news
The course has a strong practical bias.
She showed a scientific bias at an early age.
The government has accused the media of bias.
There was clear evidence of a strong bias against her.
Reporters must be impartial and not show political bias.
Some institutions still have a strong bias against women.
The radio station was said to have a strong left-wing bias.
There was a clear racial bias in the selection of candidates.
The teacher seems to have a bias towards the girls in her class.
Employers must consider all candidates impartially and without bias.
This is a clear example of the bias found in historical accounts of the war.
There has been a slight bias in favor of employing foreign graduates in the company.
Have you noticed any bias in the reporting of Bangladesh situation in the international media?

2. কাপড়ে কোনাকুনি দিক; a direction at an angle across the threads of woven material
bias-cut cloth
The skirt is cut on the bias.
The dresses in his new winter collection are all cut on the bias.

Derived words:

bias (verb)
পক্ষপাতিত্ব করা; to unfairly influence somebody’s opinions or decisions
The newspapers have biased people against her.
The judge ruled that the information should be withheld on the grounds that it would bias the jury against the accused.

biased/biassed (adjective) [ant. unbiased]
পক্ষপাতদুষ্ট; showing an unreasonable like or dislike for a person based on personal opinions
a biased jury/witness
biased information/sources/press reports
a school biased towards music and art
A teacher cannot afford to be biased in his/her assessment.
The newspapers gave a very biased report of the meeting.
I think she's beautiful but then I'm biased since she's my daughter.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 10, 2012, 09:22:14 PM
Word-58 (10-03-12)

bigot (noun)
অন্ধবিশ্বাসী ব্যক্তি; a person who has strong, unreasonable beliefs and who thinks that anyone who does not have the same beliefs is wrong
a religious/racial/political bigot
Anyone can be a bigot, in any context.
It is a big shame to be a bigot these days.
He was known to be a loud-mouthed, opinionated bigot.
Many of his political opponents consider him a racist bigot.
Obviously this writer is just another arrogant bigot full of himself.

Derived words:

bigoted (adjective)
অন্ধবিশ্বাসী; showing strong, unreasonable beliefs or opinions and a refusal to change them
a bigoted person/thought
bigoted comments/views/ideas
She wrote her bigoted notions for the rest of us to read.
The actions of a bigoted policemen should not be taken as representative.
She's so bigoted that she refuses to accept anyone who doesn't think like her.

bigotry (noun)
অন্ধবিশ্বাস; the state of feeling, or the act of expressing, strong, unreasonable beliefs or opinions
religious/racial/political bigotry
We laughed at his bigotry.
A world without bigotry will be a world of peace.
His bigotry irritated his friends and family members.
She recognized that all forms of bigotry and discrimination are equally wrong.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 12, 2012, 12:32:16 AM
Word-59 (11-03-12)

biography (noun)
জীবনী; the life story of a person written by someone else
The biography was a bit of a rush job.
The biography is an attempt to uncover the inner man.
He wrote a biography of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Her biography revealed that she was not as rich as everyone thought.
This biography offers a few glimpses of his life before he became famous.
The biography is woven from the many accounts which exist of things she did.

Derived words:

biographer (noun)
জীবনীকার; a person who writes biography
Boswell was Dr Johnson's biographer.
A biographer should be truthful to facts.
The president has decided to appoint a biographer to write on his life.

biographical (adjective)
জীবনীমূলক; relating to biography
a biographical sketch of William Shakespeare
The film is based on his biological accounts.
I need some biographical information for records.
There was a biographical note about the author on the back of the book.

আত্মজীবনী; life story written by a person himself
An autobiography of a famous writer
In his old age, he has decided to write his autobiography.
His autobiography was published after his death.

Note: Biography of a person is written by someone else while autobiography is written by the person himself.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 12, 2012, 06:18:47 PM
Word-60 (12-03-12)

blaze (verb)

তীব্রভাবে জ্বলা বা আলোক ছড়ানো; to burn brightly and strongly
The garden blazed with color.
He rushed back into the blazing house.
A huge fire was blazing in the fireplace.
Isaac's eyes suddenly blazed with anger.
The sun was blazing down that afternoon.
The sun blazed down from a clear blue sky.
Firefighters are still trying to control the blaze.
The fire crews had problems fighting the blaze.
Within minutes the whole building was blazing.
Firefighters took action immediately to stop the blaze spreading.

Derived words:

blaze (noun)
প্রজ্জ্বলন বা দীপ্তি; a large strong fire
the bright blaze of the sun
a blaze of lights in the city centre
Five people died in the blaze.
Dry wood makes a good blaze.
The gardens are a blaze of colour.
They got married in a blaze of publicity.
Firefighters took two hours to control the blaze.

blazing (adjective)
প্রজ্জ্বলিত বা প্রচণ্ড; very bright, hot, powerful or fierce
blazing heat
a blazing hot day
We quickly grew tired in the blazing sunshine.
They used to have some blazing rows over money.
She had a blazing row with Manik and stormed out of the house.

ablaze (adjective) [after verb]
জ্বলন্ত বা উজ্জ্বল; burning
The ballroom was ablaze with lights.
The field was ablaze with poppies and wild flowers.
The house was ablaze and the flames could be seen for miles around.


blaze up
জ্বলে ওঠা বা রেগে যাওয়া; to suddenly start burning or become very angry
The furnace suddenly blazed up.
He just blazed up to see his opponent.

blaze away [about gun]
গুলি ছোড়া; to fire continuous
Blaze away right now!
In the distance machine guns were blazing.

blaze with sth [about eye]
রাগান্বিত দেখানো; look extremely angry
Her eyes were blazing with fury.
His face was blazing with excitement.

blaze sth across/all over sth [about news or information]
ব্যপকভাবে জানানো; to make widely known
The media blazed the news across the country.
The story was blazed all over the daily papers.

blaze a trail
সর্বপ্রথম কিছু করা; to do something that has never been done before
Elvis Presley blazed a trail in pop music.
The department is blazing a trail in the field of laser surgery.

a blaze of sth
শক্তিশালী বা লক্ষ্যযোগ্য কোনোকিছু; something that has a sudden very powerful or noticeable effect
a blaze of glory
a blaze of anger/passion/hate
The garden is a blaze of color in autumn.
His book was launched in a blaze of publicity.

go to blazes  
কাউকে বেরিয়ে যেতে বলা; used to tell someone to go away
Go to blazes!
Thanks to your stupidity, why don’t you go to blazes?

like blazes
খুব কঠোর বা দ্রুত; very hard; very fast
He has worked like blazes.
He has accomplished the task like blazes.

what the blazes...?  
রাগের প্রকাশ ঘটাতে বলা হয়; used to give force to something you feel angry about
What the blazes have you done?
What the blazes did he do that for?
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 13, 2012, 02:38:03 PM
Word-61 (13-03-12)

bleak (adjective)

1 ঠাণ্ডা ও অপ্রীতিকর; (of weather) cold and unpleasant
a bleak winter’s day
a bleak rainy morning
a bleak desolate landscape
How bleak the weather is!
The house stands on a bleak, windswept moor.

2 ভবিষ্যতের আশাহীন; (of situation) offering little hope for the future
a bleak outlook/prospect
The economic outlook is bleak.
The medical prognosis was bleak.
The future looks bleak for the fishing industry.

bleakly (adverb)
আলোহীনভাবে বা আশাহীনভাবে; in a gloomy way
bleakly lit corridors
‘There seems no hope,’ she said bleakly.

bleakness (noun)
আলোহীনতা বা আশাহীনতা; the state of being bleak
His expression was full of bleakness
I can foresee the bleakness of your future.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: towfiq on March 13, 2012, 05:04:43 PM
Thank you, Sir.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 14, 2012, 09:58:21 AM
Word-62 (14-03-12)

blend (verb) [blend A with B / blend A and B / blend with sth / blend together]
মিশানো বা মিশে যাওয়া;  to mix
Blend together the eggs, sugar and flour.
Blend the ingredients into a smooth paste.
The cushions blend well with the color of the carpet.
Blend the flour with the milk to make a smooth paste.
Oil does not blend with water.
Oil and water do not blend.
The old and new buildings blend together perfectly.
Their music blends traditional and modern styles.

Derived words:

blend (noun)
মিশ্রন;  a mixture of different things or styles
a blend of youth and experience
a rich blend of the finest coffee beans
The juice is a blend of orange and grape.
Their music is a blend of jazz and African rhythms.
Is this made of pure wool or a wool blend of some sort?
Her new album is a refreshing blend of contemporary and traditional songs.
The building's design is an interesting blend of traditionalism and modernism.

blended (adjective)
মিশ্রিত;  containing two or more different types
blended juice/tea

blender (noun)
মিশ্রন করার যন্ত্রবিশেষ; an electric machine used for breaking and mixing foods
This blender does not work well.
I have to buy a new blender.


blend in/blend into sth
অন্য কিছুর সঙ্গে মিশে যাওয়া; to look or seem the same as surrounding people or things
We tried to blend into the crowd.
They have adopted local customs and tried to blend in with the community.
Choose curtains that blend in with your decor.
The thieves soon blended in with the crowd and got away.

blend sth in
মেশানো; (cooking) to add another substance and mix it in with the others
Beat the butter and sugar; then blend in the egg.

blended family
মিশ্র পরিবার; a family that consists of two people and their children from their own relationship and from previous ones
He lives in a blended family.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Mustafizur rRhman on March 14, 2012, 02:31:08 PM
A good lesson indeed.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 16, 2012, 09:07:18 PM
Thanks a lot for the encouraging comment.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 16, 2012, 09:24:35 PM
Word-63 (15-03-12)

blight (noun)

1 গাছের এক ধরনের রোগ; a disease that damages and kills plants
potato blight
These trees have been affected with blight.
The farmers tried to save plants from blight but in vain.

2 ক্ষতিকর বা ধ্বংসাত্মক কোনোকিছু; something which spoils or has a very bad effect on something, often for a long time
urban/rural blight
His arrival cast a blight on the wedding day.
His death cast a blight on the whole of that year.

blight (verb)
ক্ষতি বা ধ্বংস করা; to spoil something
an area blighted by unemployment
His career has been blighted by injuries.
A broken leg blighted her chances of winning the championship.

blighter (noun)
বিরক্তিকর কোনো ব্যক্তি; a man or child, especially an annoying one
the wretched blighter
If only I could catch and punish the blighter!
The little blighters next door have trampled all over my flowers again.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 16, 2012, 09:56:37 PM
Word-64 (16-03-12)

blunder (noun)
ভুল; a stupid or careless mistake
to make a terrible blunder
a series of political blunders
He said that the tax was a major political blunder.
I made a bit of a blunder by getting his name wrong.

Derived words:

blunder (verb)
ভুল করা; to make a mistake, usually because of lack of care or thought
The government had blundered in its handling of the affair.
Police blundered by not releasing more details about the case to focus public interest.

blundering (adjective)
ভুল করে এমন; tending to commit mistake
a blundering student
You blundering idiot! What do you think you're doing?

blunderer (noun)
ভুল করে এমন ব্যক্তি; one who blunders
What a blunderer I am!
Don’t be such a blunderer.

blunderbuss (noun)
ছররা গুলির বন্দুক; an old-fashioned gun with a wide mouth that shoots a lot of small metal balls
He inherited this blunderbuss from his father.
They preserved the blunderbuss in the family museum.


blunder about/around
এখানে সেখানে ঘুরে বেড়ানো; to move around in an awkward way
He was helplessly blundering around at night.

blunder into sth
ভুল করে কোথাও এসে পড়া; to be somewhere because one is awkward or not able to see
I blundered into the village in the darkness.

blunder onto
কোনোকিছু ভুলবশত চালিয়ে যাওয়া; continue doing sth in a careless or stupid way
Stop blundering onto the next course of action.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 17, 2012, 11:13:49 PM
Word-65 (17-03-12)

boost (verb)
কোনোকিছু উন্নত বা বৃদ্ধি করা; to improve or increase something
to boost exports/profits
to boost sb’s confidence/morale
The movie helped boost her screen career.
I tried to boost his ego by praising his cooking.
Vitamin supplements can give your immune system a boost.
Share prices were boosted by reports of the President's recovery.
The theatre managed to boost its audiences by cutting ticket prices.
An immediate interest cut might give a small boost to the economy.
The publicity generated by the court case has given a welcome boost to our sales.

Derived words:

boost (noun)
কোনোকিছুর উন্নতি বা বৃদ্ধি; improvement or increase in something
a boost in car sales
a great/tremendous/welcome boost
He gave her a boost over the fence.
Passing my driving test was such a boost to my confidence.
The tax cuts will give a much needed boost to the economy.
Winning the competition was a wonderful boost for her morale.
The lowering of interest rates will give a much-needed boost to the economy.

booster (noun)
যা কোনোকিছু উন্নত বা বৃদ্ধি করা; something which improves or increases something
a confidence/morale booster.
a rocket booster
a polio/tetanus booster


booster seat/cushion
শিশুদের বসার আসন যা উঁচু করা যায়; a seat for a young child, usually used in a car, that raises him or her to a higher level
There is no booster seat in his car.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 18, 2012, 03:13:51 PM
Word-66 (18-03-12)

brag (verb) [syn. boast] [brag to sb about/of sth; brag that]
দম্ভ করা; to speak too proudly about what one owns or has done
He bragged to his friends about the crime.
They bragged that their team had never been beaten.
She's always bragging about how much money she earns.

Derived word:

braggart (noun)
দাম্ভিক লোক; a person who brags
I hate that braggart.
Don’t talk like a braggart.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 19, 2012, 12:11:33 PM
Word-67 (19-03-12)

breach (noun) [breach of sth]

1. ভঙ্গ বা অমান্যকরন; an act of breaking a law, promise, agreement or relationship
a breach of contract/copyright/warranty
a breach of confidence/trust
a breach of security
a breach in Into-Pak relations
They are in breach of Article 119.
He was sued for breach of contract.
There have been serious security breaches.
Their attempts made a breach of/in our agreement.

2. গর্ত বা ছিদ্র; hole or opening
A cannon ball had made a breach in their castle walls.
They escaped through a breach in the wire fence.

breach (verb)

1. ভঙ্গ বা অমান্য করা; to break a law, promise, agreement or relationship
The government is accused of breaching the terms of the treaty.
They breached the agreement they had made with their employer.

2. গর্ত বা ছিদ্র করা; to make an opening in a wall or fence
The dam had been breached.
Their defenses were easily breached.


breach of the peace  
অশান্ত অবস্থা; illegal noisy or violent behavior in a public place
The mayor was concerned with the breach of the peace in the city.

be in breach of sth  
নিয়মের সঙ্গে অসামঞ্জস্যপূর্ণ; to be breaking a particular law or rule
The hall was in breach of the Health and Safety Act for having no fire doors.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 20, 2012, 05:37:19 PM
Word-68 (20-03-12)

breeze (noun)
1. মৃদুমন্দ বাতাস; a light and pleasant wind
a warm/cool breeze
a sea breeze
A light breeze was blowing.
The breeze rippled the water.
There's quite a fresh breeze today.
She let the gentle breeze cool her face.
Flags flapped in the breeze above their tents.
The sudden breeze made the candles blow out.
The flowers were gently swaying in the breeze.
A light breeze stirred the leaves lying on the path.

2. সহজসাধ্য বিষয়; something which is easy to achieve
You won't have any problems with the entrance test - it's an absolute breeze.

breeze (verb)
1. সহজভাবে হাঁটা; to walk somewhere quickly and confidently
He just breezed in and asked me to help.
She breezed in as if she'd only been away a day instead of a year.

2. কোনোকিছু সহজে করা; to do sth successfully and easily [with adverb or preposition, e.g. ‘breeze through’] 
He breezed through the tests.
She breezed through the song as though she'd been singing it for years.
In 1985 he breezed to victory with 78% of the vote.

breezy (adjective)
1. হালকা হাওয়াযুক্ত; with light wind
the breezy east coast
What a moonlit breezy night!
It was a breezy day, just right for sailing.

2. আত্মবিশ্বাসী; confident
You’re very bright and breezy today!
He had the breezy manner of a salesman.

breezily (adverb)
আত্মবিশ্বাসীভাবে; confidently
‘Hi folks,’ he said breezily.

Note: The word ‘breeze’ must not confused with the word ‘bridge,’ which means ‘structure over water body’ and whose pronunciation is also different.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 21, 2012, 02:40:45 PM
Word-69 (21-03-12)

brief (adjective)
সংক্ষিপ্ত; short (time, words or clothes)
a brief meeting/conversation
a brief pause/silence
a brief description/summary/account
a brief skirt
Please be brief.
Mozart’s life was brief.
For a few brief weeks we were very happy.
His acceptance speech was mercifully brief.
She was wearing a rather brief skirt, as I recall.
I had a brief look at her report before the meeting.
It'll only be a brief visit because we really haven't much time.
The company issued a brief statement about yesterday's accident.
After a brief spell/stint in the army, he started working as a teacher.

Derived words:

brief (verb) [on/about sth]
নির্দেশনা বা তথ্য দেওয়া; to give someone instructions or information about what they should do or say
We will brief you in time.
The officer briefed her on what to expect.
I expect to be kept fully briefed at all times.
We had already been briefed about/on what the job would entail.

brief (noun)
নির্দেশনা বা তথ্য; a set of instructions or information
to prepare/produce a brief for sb
to stick to your brief
I haven’t got the brief from them yet.
It wasn’t part of his brief to speak to the press.
I was given the brief of reorganizing the department.
It was my brief to make sure that the facts were set down accurately.

briefly (adverb)
সংক্ষেপে; in a brief way
He had spoken to her only briefly.
We chatted briefly about the weather.
Let me tell you briefly what happened.
Briefly, the company needs to cut its expenditure.

briefing (noun)
তথ্যবিবরনী; information that is given to someone just before they do something
a press briefing
a briefing session/paper
Captain Trent gave his men a full briefing.
We had to attend a briefing once a month.
They received (a) thorough briefing before they left the country.

briefs (noun)
পোষাক বিশেষ; a piece of underwear worn by men or women, covering the area between the waist and the tops of the legs
cotton briefs
a pair of briefs
He has worn white briefs under his shirt.

brevity (noun)
সংক্ষিপ্ততা; using only a few words or lasting only a short time
His essays are models of clarity and brevity.
Brevity is, in almost everything, a virtue.

Compound word:

briefcase (noun)
ছোট ব্যাগ বিশেষ; a rectangular case, used especially for carrying business documents
This briefcase is not so heavy.
There are important documents in the briefcase.


in brief (noun)
সংক্ষেপে; in a few words, without details
In brief, the meeting was a disaster.
Now the rest of the news in brief.
In brief, the meeting was successful.
"So you didn't enjoy the party then." "In brief, no."

hold no brief for sb/sth
সমর্থন না করা; to not support or be in favor of sb/sth
I hold no brief for either side in this war.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 22, 2012, 05:19:57 PM
Word-70 (22-03-12)

brim (noun)

1. পাত্রের ওপরের প্রান্ত; the very top edge of a container [often in phrase: ‘to the brim’]
two water glasses, filled to the brim
He filled the jug to the brim.
She poured the cream until it reached the brim.
She passed him the mug, filled/full to the brim with hot black coffee.

2. টুপির নিম্নপ্রান্ত; the bottom part of a hat that sticks out all round
His hat has a wide brim.
The brim of his hat is decorated small pieces of cloths.

Derived words:

brim (verb) [syn. overflow]
কানায় কানায় পূর্ণ হওয়া; to become full of something, especially a liquid
Tears brimmed in her eyes.
Her eyes brimmed with tears.
Her heart was brimming over with happiness.
The team was brimming with confidence before the game.
Her eyes brimmed with tears when she heard that he was alive.

brimful (adjective) [brimful of sth]
কানায় কানায় পূর্ণ; completely full of something
a jug brimful of cream
She’s certainly brimful of energy.
This year's Cannes film festival is brimful of wonderful surprises.


প্রান্তযুক্ত; with a brim
a narrow-brimmed hat
She wore a wide-brimmed hat.

Compound word:

brimstone (noun)
রাসায়নিক পদার্থ সালফার; the chemical sulphur
fumes of brimstone
Brimstone is used in medicine and industry.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 25, 2012, 02:06:30 PM
Word-71 (23-03-12)

brisk (adjective)
দ্রুত; quick
a brisk walk/run
a brisk wind/breeze
to set off at a brisk pace
Ice-cream vendors were doing a brisk trade.
He set a brisk pace and we struggled to keep up.
Her tone on the telephone was brisk and businesslike.

Derived words:

briskly (adverb)
দ্রুত বা দ্রুততার সাথে; quickly
She walked briskly into town.
Beat the eggs whites briskly until soft peaks form.
"Let's get it over with," he said briskly.
His tone became brisk and businesslike.

briskness (noun)
দ্রুততা; state of being brisk
the briskness of seasonal trade
The briskness of his walk caught our attention.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 25, 2012, 02:44:17 PM
Word-72 (24-03-12)

bruise (noun)
চামড়ায় কাটাছেড়ার দাগ; ক্ষত; injury mark on skin
cuts and bruises
to be covered in bruises
His arms and back were covered in bruises.
She had a few cuts and bruises but nothing serious.
One or two of the peaches had bruises on them.

Derived words:

bruise (verb)
ছিলা বা ছিলে যাওয়া; ক্ষত করা; to develope a bruise or to cause someone to have a bruise
Strawberries bruise easily.
How did you bruise your arm?
Bananas and other soft fruits bruise easily.
She had slipped and badly bruised her face.

bruised (adjective)
ক্ষতবিক্ষত; having bruises
bruised fruit
a bruised shoulder/knee/elbow
She was badly bruised but otherwise unhurt.
Divorce generally leaves both partners feeling rather bruised.
He suffered badly bruised ribs in the crash.

bruising (noun)
ক্ষত; bruises
internal bruising
The bruising should soon become less painful.
She suffered severe bruising, but no bones were broken.

bruising (adjective)
কঠিন বা রূঢ়; difficult and unpleasant, making one feel tired or weak
a bruising meeting/experience
I had a bruising encounter with my ex-husband last week.

bruiser (noun)
ষণ্ডা; a big, strong, rough man
Avoid that bruiser altogether.
He's an ugly bruiser - I wouldn't like to meet him down a dark alley!


to bruise ego
মানসিকভাবে আহত করা; to affect someone mentally, giving a feeling of being less important
a bruised ego
It certainly bruised his ego.
Their ego was badly bruised by the defeat.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 25, 2012, 03:36:12 PM
Word-73 (25-03-12)

brutal (adjective)
পাশবিক; cruel, violent and completely without feelings
a brutal dictator
a brutal attack/murder/rape/killing
The rebel army behaved in a brutal fashion.
She wrote a thriller about a brutal serial killer.
This was a particularly brutal and cowardly attack.
The assault was premeditated and particularly brutal.
With brutal honesty she told him she did not love him.
She spoke with brutal honesty - I was too old for the job.
He was imprisoned in 1945 for the brutal murder of a 12-year old girl.
He had presided over a brutal regime in which thousands of people had 'disappeared'.

Derived words:

brutally (adverb)
পাশবিকভাবে; The old man had been brutally attacked/murdered.
He was brutally assaulted.
Let me be brutally frank about this.
To be brutally honest/frank, you look fat in that dress.

brutality (noun)
পাশবিকতা; the brutalities of war
police brutality
the brutalities of war
They were depressed to see so much brutality towards prisoners.

brutalize/brutalise (verb)
পাশবিক আচরন করা; to treat someone in a cruel and violent way
soldiers brutalized by war
The police in that country routinely brutalize prisoners.

brute (noun)
1.  পাষণ্ড ব্যক্তি; a rough and sometimes violent man
His father was a drunken brute.
Take your hands off me, you brute!
In the end she used brute force to push him out.
You’ve forgotten my birthday again, you brute!

2. বড় পশু; an animal, especially a large one
Your dog's an ugly brute, isn't it?
The oldest elephant was lame, poor brute.

brute (adjective) [before noun]
1. শারীরিক; involving physical strength only and not thought or intelligence
brute force/strength

2. মৌলিক ও অপ্রীতিকর; basic and unpleasant
the brute facts of inequality

brutish (adjective)
পাশবিক; rough, unpleasant and often violent
It has been said that life is often 'nasty, brutish, and short'.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 27, 2012, 01:44:32 PM
Word-74 (26-03-12)

bubble (noun)

1 বুদবুদ; a ball of air in a liquid
soap bubbles
a bubble of oxygen
blowing bubbles into water through a straw
The drink makes nice bubbles.
The children like to have bubbles in their bath.
As water begins to boil, bubbles rise ever faster to the surface.

2 সাময়িক অর্থনৈতিক সমৃদ্ধি; a temporary period of very successful economic performance
Japan's economic bubble
At the time the telecoms bubble was at its height.

3. আবেগের উচ্ছ্বাস; a small amount of a feeling that sb wants to express
a bubble of laughter/hope/enthusiasm

Derived/converted words:

bubble (verb)
বুদবুদ তৈরি করা বা হওয়া; to form or produce bubbles
I could hear the soup bubbling away.
Add the white wine and let it bubble up.
A stream came bubbling between the stones.
The water in the pan was beginning to bubble.
We could hear the porridge bubbling away in the pot.

bubbly (adjective)

1. বুদবুদপূর্ণ; full of bubbles
The fish was swimming in bubbly water.

2. চপল; full of energy and enthusiasm
She is a lovely bubbly girl.


the bubble bursts
হঠাত সুখের সময় শেষ হওয়া; If the bubble bursts, a very happy, pleasant or successful time suddenly ends
He made millions before the dot.com bubble burst.
When the bubble finally burst, hundreds of people lost their jobs.

bubble over with sth
আবেগে উচ্ছ্বসিত হওয়া; to be very excited with emotion
the anger that bubbled in his mind
Laughter bubbled up inside him.
She was bubbling over with excitement/enthusiasm.

bubble under (the radar)
শীঘ্রই সফল হবে এমন; going to be successful or popular soon
Here are two records that are bubbling under.

bubble and squeak
আলু ও বাঁধাকপির ঘন্ট; a food made from cooked potato and cabbage
I like this bubble and squeak so much.

bubble bath
প্রচুর ফেনা হয় এমন সাবান অথবা তাতে গোছল; a special liquid soap which makes a lot of bubbles or a bath with it
She took a bubble bath at night.

bubble gum
ফোলানো যায় এমন চুয়িং গাম; chewing gum that one can blow into the shape of a bubble
The children like bubble gum.

প্রিন্টিং পদ্ধতিবিশেষ; a fast method of printing, in which the ink is directed electronically onto the paper
a bubble-jet printer

bubble wrap
বুদবুদযুক্ত প্লাস্টিক মোড়কবিশেষ; a sheet of plastic bubbles that is used for wrapping items in order to protect them
The parcel was posted in bubble wrap.

bubble pack [also ‘blister pack’]
প্যাকেটবিশেষ; a pack in which small goods, such as tablets, are sold, with each individual item in its own separate plastic or foil section on a piece of card
The tablets will be found in drugstores in bubble pack.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 27, 2012, 02:40:05 PM
Word-75 (27-03-12)

bulk (noun)

1. বড় আকারের কোনোকিছু; something or someone that is very large
He got his bulk out of the room.
She heaved her large bulk out of the chair.

2. বড় আকার বা পরিমান; large size or mass
It was a document of surprising bulk.
Despite its bulk and weight, the car is extremely fast.

Derived word:

bulky (adjective)
আকারে বড়; too big and taking up too much space
bulky equipment
Bulky items will be collected separately.
His bulky figure appeared at the door.


in bulk
প্রচুর পরিমানে; in large amounts
It’s cheaper to buy in bulk.
The office buys paper in bulk to keep down costs.

the bulk of
অধিকাংশ; most of
The bulk of the population lives in cities.
In fact, the bulk of the book is taken up with criticizing other works.

to bulk large  
ব্যাপকভাবে থাকা; to be present and important
Crowds bulked large in the rally.
Fears of his death bulked large in her thoughts.

to bulk buy
প্রচুর পরিমানে কেনা; to buy in large amounts
We find it cheaper to bulk buy foods.

a bulk order
প্রচুর পরিমানে কেনার অর্ডার; an order for a large number of similar items
We gave a bulk order for paper.

to bulk sth out/up
কোনোকিছু বড় বা মোটা করা; to make something bigger or thicker by adding something
I added some potatoes to the stew to bulk it out.

জাহাজ বা বিমানে বিভক্তিদেয়াল; a wall which divides the inside of a ship or aircraft
They were sitting and talking near the bulkhead.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 28, 2012, 02:55:23 PM
Word-76 (28-03-12)

buoy (noun)
বয়া; a floating object on the top of the sea, which is used for directing ships and warning them of possible danger
Where is the buoy around here?
Take a right turn where you see the buoy.

Derived/converted words:

buoy (verb) [+ ‘up’]

1. কাউকে ডুবে যাওয়া থেকে রক্ষা করা; to prevent someone or something from sinking
The very salty water buoyed her (up) as she swam.
The object was buoyed up by the gas formed inside.

2. কাউকে সুখের অনুভূতি বা আত্মবিশ্বাস দেওয়া; to make sb feel cheerful or confident
She was buoyed (up) by the warm reception her audience gave her.
Buoyed by their win yesterday the team feel confident of further success.

3. দ্রব্যমূল্য উঁচু বা গ্রহনযোগ্য মাত্রায় রাখা; to keep prices at a high or acceptable level
House prices have been buoyed (up) in the area by the possibility of a new factory opening.

buoyancy (noun)

1. ভেসে থাকার ক্ষমতা; প্লবতা; the ability to float
a buoyancy aid
We tested the boat for its buoyancy.

2. প্রতিকুল অবস্থায় সুখী হওয়ার ক্ষমতা; an ability to stay happy despite having difficulties
a mood of buoyancy
He was a man of remarkable buoyancy.

3. সফল অর্থনৈতিক কর্মাবস্থা; the state of successful economic activities
the buoyancy of the market

buoyant (adjective)

1. ভেসে থাকতে বা ভাসিয়ে রাখতে সক্ষম; floating, able to float or able to keep things floating:
The boat bobbed like a cork on the waves: light and buoyant.
Salt water is more buoyant than fresh water.

2. আনন্দিত; cheerful
They were all in buoyant mood.
After reading the letter he was in a buoyant mood.

3. সফল অর্থনৈতিক কর্মপূর্ণ; tending to increase or stay at a high level, usually showing financial success
a buoyant economy/market
buoyant sales/prices
a buoyant demand for homes

buoyantly (adverb)
উল্লসিতভাবে; in a buoyant way
He was acting buoyantly.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 29, 2012, 03:30:53 PM
Word-77 (29-03-12)

butcher   (noun)

1. কসাই; a person who sells meat in a shop
He is a butcher in the local market.
The butcher prepared a rack of beef.
The butcher hacked off a large chunk of meat.

2. মাংসের দোকান; (UK also butcher's) a shop where butchers work
a halal butcher
Our local butcher is closing down.
He owns the butcher’s in the main street.

3. হত্যাকারী বা ঘাতক; someone who murders a lot of people, especially in a cruel way
He works a hired butcher in the city.
He is that butcher who killed the chairman.

Derived/converted words:

butcher (verb)

1. পশু জবাই করা; to cut an animal into pieces of meat
He butchered meat for sale.

2. মানুষ হত্যা করা; to kill someone in a very violent way
The gang butchered the kidnapped boy.

3. কোনোকিছু নষ্ট করা; to spoil sth by doing it very badly
The script was good, but those guys butchered it.

butchery (noun)

1 মাংস কাটা; the preparation of meat for sale
His butchery is finished for the day.

2 নিষ্ঠুর হত্যা; cruel killing
His butchery of the woman stunned people.


have a butcher's  
তাকানো; to look at something
Let's have a butcher's at your present, then.

butcher’s block
যে কাঠের ওপর রেখে মাংস কাটা হয়; a thick block of wood on which a butcher cuts meat, also used in kitchens as a surface for cutting food on
I need to buy a butcher’s block to prepare meat.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nature on March 30, 2012, 01:28:13 AM
Good post that help to learn English.

Pace: Single step in walking or running.

Pact: Agreement or treaty.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: goodboy on March 30, 2012, 09:45:31 PM
What a great portal to learn a word very vastly & descriptively!!!!! Really this is extraordinary.

Thank you sir!!! I'll try my best to be regular & contribute in it.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nature on March 31, 2012, 12:12:53 AM
Bask: Sunshine or Lie in the warmth.

Betoken: Show by sings.

Bleak: Pale or colourless.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 31, 2012, 08:55:10 PM
Thanks for all your interest in English vocabulary.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on March 31, 2012, 11:10:01 PM
Word-78 (30-03-12)

calamity (noun) [syn. disaster]
দুর্যোগ; an event that causes great damage to people’s lives, property, etc.
A series of calamities ruined them.
Flood and other natural calamities affect the economy of Bangladesh.

Derived words:

calamitous (adjective) [syn. disastrous]
প্রলয়ংকরী; causing great damage to people’s lives, property, etc.
His death had calamitous effect on the family.

calamitously (adverb)
দুর্যোগপূর্ণভাবে; in a calamitous way
Flood appears calamitously in the country every year.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 01, 2012, 12:01:47 AM
Word-79 (31-03-12)

callous (adjective)
অনুভূতিহীন; not caring about other people’s feelings or suffering
a callous killer/attitude/act
a callous disregard for the feelings of others
It might sound callous, but I don't care if he's homeless.

Derived words:

callously (adverb)
অনুভূতিহীনভাবে; in a callous way
He behaved callously with us.

callousness (noun)
অনুভূতিহীনতা; state of being callous
His callousness bored us.

calloused (adjective)
শক্ত বা খসখসে; (skin) made rough and hard, usually by hard work:
calloused hands
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 02, 2012, 05:52:52 PM
Word-80 (01-04-12)

candid (adjective)
অমায়িক; truthful and honest
a candid statement/interview
The two presidents have had candid talks about the current crisis.
To be candid with you, I think you're making a dreadful mistake.

Derived words:

candidly (adverb)
অমায়িকভাবে; in a candid way
We behaved candidly with the guests.
He talked with me candidly.

candor/candour (noun)
অমায়িকতা; the quality of being truthful and honest
“I don’t trust him,” he said, in a rare moment of candour.
"We really don't know what to do about it," she said with surprising candour.


candid photograph
না জানিয়ে তোলা ছবি; a candid photograph is one that is taken without the person in it knowing that they are being photographed
It is a candid photograph which was taken while he was walking.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 02, 2012, 06:02:26 PM
Word-81 (02-04-12)

cannibal (noun)
নরখাদক; a person who eats human flesh, or an animal which eats the flesh of animals of its own type
a tribe of cannibals
He is a cannibal coming from the jungle of Africa.

Derived words:

cannibalism (noun)
নরখাদকতা; practice of being cannibal
to practise cannibalism
Cannibalism has decreased with the spread of education.

cannibalistic (adjective)
নরখাদকতাপূর্ণ; full of cannibalism
There is still cannibalistic practice among some tribes.

cannibalize/cannibalise (verb)
এক গাড়ির যন্ত্র দিয়ে আরেক গাড়ি ঠিক করা; to take parts from a machine or vehicle in order to make or repair another machine or vehicle
He bought an old engine and cannibalized it for spare parts.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: shamsi on April 03, 2012, 03:52:45 PM
Dear Sir:

Its a very smart step of increasing students' vocabulary.And I must appreciate your idea of providing the words' meaning in both Bangla and English.I am also going through the pages for checking out my own vocabulary as well.

Thanking you.

Shamsi Ara HUda
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 03, 2012, 03:55:57 PM
Word-82 (03-04-12)

canny (adjective) [syn. clever]
1. বুদ্ধিমান; thinking quickly and cleverly, especially in business or financial matters
a canny move
a canny politician
These salesmen are a canny lot.

2. ভালো বা মনোরম; good or pleasant
a canny lad
It was a canny arrangement.

Derived/converted words:

cannily (adverb)
বুদ্ধি সহকারে; in a canny way
He sorted out the problem cannily.

uncanny (adjective) [syn. weird]
অদ্ভূত; strange or mysterious; difficult or impossible to explain
an uncanny resemblance
I had an uncanny feeling I was being watched.
It was uncanny really, almost as if she knew what I was thinking.

uncannily adverb
অদ্ভূতভাবে; in an uncanny way
He looked uncannily like someone I knew.
Her predictions turned out to be uncannily accurate.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 04, 2012, 05:25:10 PM
Word-83 (04-04-12)

capacity (noun)
1. ধারন বা উতপাদন ক্ষমতা; the total amount that can be contained or produced
a fuel tank with a capacity of 50 litres
The hall was filled to capacity.
They played to a capacity crowd.
The theatre has a seating capacity of 2,000.
The larger cars have bigger capacity engines.
All our factories are working at full capacity.
The stadium has a seating capacity of 50,000.
The generators each have a capacity of 1000 kilowatts.
We are running below capacity because of cancelled orders.
The game was watched by a capacity crowd/audience of 50,000.
The arms purchase will increase military capacity by 25% over the next five years.

2. বোঝার ক্ষমতা; ability to understand or to do sth [capacity for sth/for doing sth; capacity to do sth]
intellectual capacity
your capacity to enjoy life
She has a great capacity for hard work.
She has an enormous capacity for hard work.
It seems to be beyond his capacity to follow simple instructions.
Limited resources are restricting our capacity for developing new products.
The stroke left him unable to speak, but his mental capacity wasn't affected.
Do you think it's within his capacity to do the job without making a mess of it?

3. পদ বা পদবী; a particular position or job
acting in her capacity as manager
In his capacity as secretary, he regularly attends meetings.
We are simply involved in an advisory capacity on the project.
She was speaking in her capacity as a novelist, rather than as a television presenter.

capacious (adjective)
প্রশস্ত; অনেক জায়গা আছে এমন; able to contain a lot; having lots of space
a capacious pocket/handbag/room/yard

diminished capacity (noun)  [also ‘diminished responsibility’]
মানসিক অক্ষমতা; the condition in which someone's mental state, etc. causes them not to be in full control of their actions
The accused pleaded not guilty on grounds of diminished responsibility.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 05, 2012, 06:03:31 PM
Word-84 (05-04-12)

caprice (noun) [syn. whim]
খামখেয়াল; a sudden change in attitude or behavior for no obvious reason
She is a girl of caprice.
This luxurious palace was built to satisfy the caprice of one man.

Derived words:

capricious (adjective)
খামখেয়ালী; unpredictable or changable
a capricious child/climate
He was a cruel and capricious tyrant.

capriciously (adverb)
খামখেয়ালীভাবে; in a capricious way
She acted capriciously that time.
He answered the questions capriciously.

capriciousness (noun)
খামখেয়ালীপনা; state of being capricious
Her capriciousness cannot be treated.
The boss is notorious for his capriciousness.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 07, 2012, 04:44:54 PM
Word-85 (06-04-12)

capsize (verb)
উলটে দেওয়া বা যাওয়া; to turn over in the water
The boat capsized.
They capsized the boat.
A huge wave capsized the yacht.
When the boat capsized we were trapped underneath it.
It can sail smoothly for years, but capsize suddenly in rough seas.
The wind caused ten fishermen to fall into the sea, and their boat to capsize.
The yacht started to capsize immediately as water poured into the damaged hull.

Note: The word ‘capsize’ has no relationship with its apparent parts ‘cap’ and ‘size’. It has to be taken as a single word with a different meaning.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 07, 2012, 05:12:26 PM
Word-86 (07-04-12)

captive (noun)
যুদ্ধবন্দি বা আটক ব্যক্তি; a person who is kept as a prisoner, especially in a war
He is the captive of his own fears.
When the town was recaptured, we found soldiers who had been captives for several years.

Derived/converted words:

captive (adjective)
আটক/আবদ্ধ; kept as a prisoner or in a confined space; unable to escape; confined
captive soldiers/animals/breeding
a captive shop/mine.
They were taken captive by masked gunmen.

captivity (noun)
আটকাবস্থা বা বন্দিদশা; the state of being kept as a prisoner or in a confined space
The bird had escaped from captivity.
He was held in captivity for three years.
All the hostages, when released from captivity, looked remarkably fit and well.
Animals bred in captivity would probably not survive if they were released into the wild.

captivate (verb) [syn. enchant]
মোহমুগ্ধ করা; to hold the attention of someone by being very attractive and interesting
The children were captivated by her stories.
With her beauty and charm, she captivated film audiences everywhere.

captivating  (adjective) [syn. enchanting]
অত্যন্ত আকর্ষনীয়; very attractive and interesting
a captivating performance
He found her captivating.


hold/take sb captive
কাউকে আটক বা বন্দি করা; to keep someone as a prisoner or make someone a prisoner
The terrorists were holding several British diplomats captive.

captive audience
এক জায়গায় জমা হওয়া লোক; a group of people who listen to or watch someone or something because they cannot leave
A salesman loves to have a captive audience.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 08, 2012, 06:09:31 PM
Word-87 (08-04-12)

carnival (noun)
জাকজমকপূর্ণ অনুষ্ঠান; a festival that involves music and dancing in the streets, for which people wear brightly coloured clothes
the carnival in Dhaka
a carnival atmosphere
this summer’s carnival of sport
There is a local carnival every year.
There's a real carnival atmosphere in the streets.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 09, 2012, 03:08:20 PM
Word-88 (09-04-12)

carnivore (noun)
মাংসাশী প্রানী; an animal that eats meat
a list of carnivores
Lions and tigers are carnivores.
Many carnivores were lost from the jungle.
I did mostly vegetarian food but put a couple of meat dishes out for the carnivores.
He is an aggressive carnivore in his career.

carnivorous (adjective)
মাংসাশী; flesh-eating
carnivorous animal/plant/fish
a carnivorous diet/lunch
A dog is a carnivorous animal.
Dhaka is a carnivorous meat-eating town.
Many carnivorous animals devour their prey alive.
Carnivorous plants chomp down on insects in unusual ways.
I am trying to be veg in a predominantly carnivorous environment.
Like other wasps, they are carnivorous and can be notoriously aggressive.
The farming of carnivorous fish also involves the use of feed made from other fish species caught in the wild.

Note: The suffix ‘vore’ means ‘one that eats’. It may be added with other words or word-parts. Examples are: ‘herbivore’ (তৃনভোজী প্রানী) (animal that eats plant), ‘insectivore’ (পতঙ্গভুক) (animal that eats insect), ‘omnivore’ (সর্বভুক) (animal that eats everything).
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 10, 2012, 03:32:24 PM
Word-89 (10-04-12)

carpenter (noun)
কাঠমিস্ত্রী; a person whose job is making and repairing wooden objects and structures
a carpenter’s bench
an old carpenter / a modern carpenter
the best carpenter in the locality
He was a carpenter by trade.
He wishes to be a carpenter in future.

carpentry (noun)
কাঠের কাজ; the work of making and repairing wooden objects
She knows carpentry so well.
He has a great skill of carpentry.
The object is a nice piece of carpentry.
Carpentry is now a respectable profession in the country.
He was in the second year of his apprenticeship as a carpenter.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 11, 2012, 05:30:19 PM
Word-90 (11-04-12)

cartography (noun)
মানচিত্রবিদ্যা; the science or art of making or drawing maps
a library of cartography
computer-assisted cartography
He is learning cartography from an institution.
The shop is dedicated to cartography and travel.
His cartography was most scientific and accurate.
Huntington's cartography was drawn with a sharp pencil.
Cartography has been instrumental to geography throughout the ages.
The map is part of an effort to bring the tools of cartography to indigenous cultures.
Stunning images from space draw visual links between real-world scenes and cartography.

cartographer (noun)
মানচিত্র অঙ্কনকারী; someone who makes or draws maps
He is a famous cartographer.
Have you ever met that cartographer?
The cartographer has developed an online travel map.
He presents himself as a cartographer of the imagination.
In this wilderness adventure a cartographer went into the place to make some maps.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nature on April 12, 2012, 12:08:43 AM
Accent: (Noun): Particular.
Acuity: (Noun) : Sharpness.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 12, 2012, 05:56:49 PM
Word-91 (12-04-12)

catastrophe (noun) [syn. disaster]
বিপর্যয়; a sudden event that causes many people to suffer; a bad situation
They were warned of the ecological catastrophe to come.
The emigration of scientists is a catastrophe for the country.
Early warnings of rising water levels prevented another major catastrophe.
The attempt to expand the business was a catastrophe for the firm.
We’ve had a few catastrophes with the food for the party.
The expulsion of thousands of people represents a humanitarian catastrophe.

catastrophic (adjective) [syn. disastrous]
বিপর্যয়কর; bringing catastrophe
catastrophic effects/losses/results
a catastrophic illness
An unchecked increase in the use of fossil fuels could have catastrophic results for the planet.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: 710000757 on April 13, 2012, 12:53:43 AM
Thanks a lot sir
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 15, 2012, 06:23:09 PM
You are most welcome!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 15, 2012, 06:36:53 PM
Word-92 (13-04-12)

cascade (noun)

1 ঝর্না; ছোট জলপ্রপাত; a small waterfall
a cascade in the rock
a cascade of rainwater

2 বড় পরিমানে ঝুলন্ত বা পতনশীল কোনোকিছু; a large amount of something which hangs down
A cascade of golden hair fell down his back.
Her hair tumbled in a cascade down her back.
He crashed to the ground in a cascade of oil cans.

cascade (verb) [usually + adverb or preposition]
ব্যাপকভাবে পড়া; to fall in large amounts
Water cascaded down the mountainside.
Blonde hair cascaded over her shoulders.
Coins cascaded from/out of the fruit machine.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 16, 2012, 03:09:17 PM
Word-93 (14-04-12)

category (noun) [syn. class]
প্রকার বা শ্রেনি; a type, or a group of things having some features that are the same
These students fall into a different category.
The results can be divided into three main categories.
There are three categories of accommodation - standard, executive and deluxe.

Derived words:

categorize/categorise [+ sb/sth as sth] [syn. classify]
প্রকারবদ্ধ বা শ্রেনিবদ্ধ করা; to put people or things into groups with the same features
Participants were categorized according to age.
His latest work cannot be categorized as either a novel or an autobiography.
The books are categorized into beginner and advanced.
I would categorize this as a very early example of Mughal art.

categorization/categorisation (noun)
প্রকারবদ্ধকরন বা শ্রেনিবদ্ধকরন; the act of categorizing
You categorization seems to be erroneous.
What is the rationale of such categorization?

categorical (adjective)
স্পষ্ট বা নিশ্চিত; without any doubt or possibility of being changed; certain
a categorical statement/reply/assurance
to make a categorical statement
to give a categorical assurance

categorically (adverb)
স্পষ্টভাবে বা নিশ্চিতভাবে; in a categorical way
He categorically stated his stance.
He categorically rejected our offer.
He categorically refused to take part in the project.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 16, 2012, 03:29:01 PM
Word-94 (15-04-12)

cater (verb)
খাদ্য সরবরাহ করা; to provide food and drinks for a social event
Who catered your party?
Who will be catering the reunion?  
Which firm will be catering at the picnic?
Most of our work now involves catering for weddings.
I'm catering for twelve on Sunday, all the family are coming.

Derived words:

caterer (noun)
খাদ্য সরবরাহকারী; a person or company whose job is to provide food and drinks
Can we rely on that caterer?
The company has reputation in the city as a caterer.

catering (noun)
খাদ্য সরবরাহ; the work of providing food and drinks for meetings or social events
a high-class catering company
Who did the catering for your son’s wedding?


cater for sb/sth
চাহিদা অনুযায়ী সরবরাহ করা; to provide the things that a particular person or situation needs or wants
The class caters for all ability ranges.
The club caters for children between the ages of 4 and 12.

cater to sb/sth
অপ্রয়োজনীয় চাহিদা মেটানো; to satisfy a need, especially an unpopular or generally unacceptable need
This legislation simply caters to racism.
They only publish novels which cater to the mass-market.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 16, 2012, 03:59:50 PM
Word-95 (16-04-12)

cease (verb)
থামা বা থামানো; to stop happening or existing; to stop sth from happening or existing
You never cease to amaze me!
The company ceased trading in June.
They voted to cease strike action immediately.
Whether the protests will cease remains to be seen.
Welfare payments cease as soon as an individual starts a job.
The company has decided to cease all UK operations after this year.

Derived/converted words:

cease/cessation (noun)
বিরতি; ending or stopping
without cease / at cease
Bangladesh called for an immediate cessation of hostilities.
The leaders have called for a total cessation of the bombing campaign.

ceaseless (adjective) [syn. constant, interminable]
বিরতিহীন; not stopping; seeming to have no end
her ceaseless crying for help
I am amazed by his ceaseless efforts to solve the problem.

ceaselessly (adverb)
বিরতিহীনভাবে; in a ceaseless way
ceaselessly irritating
He tried ceaselessly to solve the problem.

ceasefire (noun) [syn. truce]
যুদ্ধবিরতি; a time when enemies agree to stop fighting
to declare a ceasefire
a call for an immediate ceasefire
Observers have reported serious violations of the ceasefire.


Wonders never cease.  
বিস্ময়ের অন্ত নেই; an expression of surprise used when something unusual or unexpected happens
Laila actually managed to get up before five o'clock. Wonders never cease!
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: sethy on April 16, 2012, 04:05:58 PM
Natty (adjective) = dapper/ quick and skilful
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 17, 2012, 12:38:28 PM
Thanks for your input.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 17, 2012, 12:38:47 PM
Word-96 (17-04-12)

ceremony (noun)
অনুষ্ঠান; শিষ্টাচার; a public or religious occasion; very formal and polite behaviour
an awards/opening ceremony
a wedding/marriage/graduation ceremony
I handed her my letter of resignation without ceremony.
She arrived at the airport without the pomp and ceremony.

Derived words:

ceremonial (adjective)
আনুষ্ঠানিক; relating to or used in a ceremony
ceremonial occasions/duties
a ceremonial sword/dress

ceremonial (noun)
আনুষ্ঠানিকতা; the system of rules and traditions that states how things should be done at a ceremony or formal occasion
a pleasing ceremonial
The visit was conducted with all due ceremonial.

ceremonially (adverb)
আনুষ্ঠানিকভাবে; in a ceremonial way
a ceremonially significant event
He ceremonially spoke in the rally.

ceremonious (adjective)
শিষ্টাচারমূলক; describes behavior that is very or too formal or polite
a ceremonious speech
His ceremonious dealing of the matter pleased all.

ceremoniously (adverb)
শিষ্টাচারমূলকভাবে; in a ceremonious way
He spoke ceremoniously on the occasion.
He shook hands ceremoniously with each of his supporters as they arrived.


stand on ceremony
আনুষ্টানিক আচরন করা; to behave formally
Please don’t stand on ceremony with me.

without ceremony
অনানুষ্ঠানিকভাবে; in a very rough or informal way
He found himself pushed without ceremony out of the house.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 18, 2012, 06:46:07 PM
Word-97 (18-04-12)

chaos (noun)
বিশৃঙ্খলা; a state of total confusion and lack of order
economic/political/domestic chaos
The house was in chaos after the party.
Snow and ice have caused chaos on the roads.
Our house is in complete chaos at the moment.
Heavy snow has caused total chaos on the roads.
We muddled up the name labels and chaos ensued.
Police are reporting traffic chaos on the motorways.
There was chaos in the theatre when the bomb went off.
Computer failure has created chaos in the passport office.
Ever since our secretary walked out, the office has been in a state of total/utter chaos.

Derived words:

chaotic (adjective)
বিশৃঙ্খল; in a state of chaos
The traffic in the city is chaotic in the rush hour.
He's a chaotic sort of a person - always trying to do twenty things at once.
The house is a bit chaotic at the moment - we've got all these extra people staying and we're still decorating.

chaotically (adverb)
বিশৃঙ্খলভাবে; in a chaotic way
chaotically disturbing
The meeting ended chaotically.


chaos theory
বিশৃঙ্খলা তত্ত্ব; the study of a group of connected things that are very sensitive so that small changes in conditions affect them very much
A frequent metaphor for one aspect of chaos theory is called the Butterfly Effect - butterflies flapping their wings in Dhaka affect the weather in Chittagong.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 19, 2012, 01:40:26 PM
Word-98 (19-04-12)

chatter (verb)

1. বকবক করা; to talk for a long time about things that are not important [+ away/on; +to sb; +about sth]
They chattered away happily for a while.
He chattered on about nothing in particular.
She spent the morning chattering away to her friends.
The children chattered to each other excitedly about the next day’s events.

2. কিচিরমিচির করা; If animals chatter, they make quick repeated noises
The gun shot made the monkeys chatter in alarm.

3. ঠকঠক করা; If your teeth chatter, they knock together repeatedly because you are very cold or frightened
I could hardly talk, my teeth were chattering so much.

chatter (noun)

1. বকবকানি; conversation about things that are not important
idle chatter
I can't concentrate with Ann's constant chatter.
Juli’s constant chatter was beginning to annoy him.

2. কিচিরমিচির শব্দ; the quick repeated noises that some animals make
the chatter of monkeys
He could hear the chatter of birds in the trees overhead.

3. ঠকঠক শব্দ; a series of short sounds made by things knocking together
the chatter of teeth


chatterbox (noun)
বাঁচাল লোক; a person, especially a child, who talks a lot
Your sister is a real chatterbox!

the chattering classes
মতামত প্রদানকারী লোকজন; the people in society who like to give their opinions on political or social issues
He belongs to the chattering classes.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on April 26, 2012, 05:36:34 PM
Word-99 (20-04-12)

cheery (adjective) [syn. cheerful]
উতফুল্ল; bright and happy
a cheery remark / smile / wave
He left with a cheery ‘See you again soon’.
She walked in with a cheery "Good morning!"
He gave us a cheery wave as we drove past.

cheerily (adverb) [syn. cheerfully]
উতফুল্লভাবে; in a cheery way
She greeted cheerily.
He waved cheerily at the audience.

cheeriness (noun) [syn. cheerfulness]
উতফুল্লতা; state of being cheery
His cheeriness made me happy.
Her smile increased his cheeriness.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 01, 2012, 09:48:56 PM
Word-100 (21-04-12)

cherish (verb)

1 যত্ন নেওয়া; to love, protect and care for someone or something
Children need to be cherished.
Although I cherish my children, I do allow them their independence.
Her most cherished possession is a letter from her husband.
Freedom of speech is a cherished right in this country.

2 মনে রাখা; to keep an idea, a hope or a pleasant feeling in mind for a long time
I cherish the memories of the time we spent together.
Do you still cherish the feeling of your first meeting with her?

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 01, 2012, 10:17:07 PM
Word-101 (22-04-12)

chomp/champ (verb) [syn. ‘bite’, ‘munch’] [+ on / through]
শব্দ করে চিবানো; to eat food noisily
He was chomping away on a bar of chocolate.
There she sat, happily chomping her breakfast.
He chomped his way through two hot dogs.
She was chomping away on the bread.


to chomp/champ at the bit
অস্থির হওয়া; to be eager to do something
You might be chomping at the bit to hear the result.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 02, 2012, 05:26:46 PM
Word-102 (23-04-12)

chronology (noun)
ঘটনাক্রম; সময়ক্রম; the order in which a series of events happened
a chronology of Mozart’s life
I'm not sure of the chronology of events.
Historians seem to have confused the chronology of these events.

chronological (adjective)
সময়ক্রমিক; maintaining chronology
Give me the dates in chronological order.
The facts you presented are not chronological.

chronologically (adverb)
সময়ানুসারে; in a chronological way
Chronologically ordered descriptions
Narrate the events chronologically.

chronological age [ant. mental age]
সময়গত বয়স; the number of years a person has lived as opposed to their level of physical, mental or emotional development
His mental age is much greater than his chronological age.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 02, 2012, 05:45:40 PM
Word-103 (24-04-12)

chunk (noun)
খণ্ড বা অংশ; a roughly cut lump; a part of something, especially a large part
a chunk of cheese/meat
pineapple/tuna chunks
a chunk of text
a substantial chunk of our profits
I’ve already written a fair chunk of the article.
Three hours is quite a chunk out of my working day.

chunky (adjective)

1 মোটা ও ভারি; (clothes or jewellery) thick and heavy; made of large pieces
a chunky sweater
a chunky necklace / gold bracelet
chunky marmalade

2  গাটাগোট্টা; (person) short and heavy
a chunky man sitting on the chair
I don’t like that nasty chunky guy.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 02, 2012, 06:04:10 PM
Word-104 (25-04-12)

clasp (verb)
আঁকড়ে বা জড়িয়ে ধরা; আটকে দেওয়া; to hold someone or something firmly in hands or arms
They clasped hands.
He clasped her to him.
She clasped her son in her arms.
She clasped the children in her arms.
I stood there, clasping the door handle.
She clasped the bracelet around her wrist.
He leaned forward, his hands clasped tightly together.
He was clasping the vase tightly, terrified of dropping it.
Lie on your back, clasp your knees and pull them down towards your chest.

clasp (noun)

1. মুষ্ঠি বা বেষ্টনি; a tight hold with your hand or arms
He took her hand in his firm warm clasp.
She held the child's hand in a firm clasp as they crossed the road.

2. আংটা; a small metal device which is used to fasten a belt, bag or a piece of jewellery
the clasp of a necklace / handbag
The clasp of the bag is out of order.

clasp knife
চাকুবিশেষ; a knife with one or more folding blades
I have to buy a new clasp knife from the store.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: tanbir on May 03, 2012, 09:47:52 AM
Excellent ........
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 03, 2012, 05:52:55 PM
Thanks for your encouragement.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 03, 2012, 06:05:20 PM
Word-105 (26-04-12)

clatter (verb)
খটাং খটাং শব্দ করা; to make continuous loud noises by hitting hard objects against each other
Her cup clattered in the saucer.
He dropped the knife and it clattered on the stone floor.
Don't clatter the dishes - you'll wake the baby up.
He was clattering away on his old typewriter.
The cart clattered over the cobbles.
She heard him clattering around downstairs.

clatter (noun)
খটাং খটাং শব্দ; continuous loud noises made by hitting hard objects against each other
the clatter of horses' hoofs
the clatter of dishes in the kitchen
I was disturbed by the clatter of stones outside.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 03, 2012, 06:30:24 PM
Word-106 (27-04-12)

clog (verb)  [+ up/with sth; + sth up/with]
বদ্ধ/বন্ধ করা বা হওয়া;  to block sth or to become blocked
Tears clogged her throat.
Leaves are clogging (up) the drain.
The roads are clogged with holiday traffic.
The narrow streets were clogged with traffic.
Within a few years the pipes began to clog up.
Eating too much fat causes your arteries to clog (up).

clog (noun)
জুতাবিশেষ; a shoe that is made of wood and a leather
I’ll buy a new pair of clog from the store.

clogged (adjective)
আবদ্ধ বা বন্ধ; blocked
clogged pipes/drains
They are trying to clear the clogged passage.

clog dance
ক্লগ জুতা পায়ে নৃত্য; a dance that is performed by people wearing clogs
I witnessed a show of clog dance performed by the tribal people.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 03, 2012, 06:44:27 PM
Word-107 (28-04-12)

clout (verb)
হাত বা ভারি কিছু দিয়ে আঘাত করা; to hit someone or something with the hand or with a heavy object
He clouted the table with a hammer.
Kalam clouted me smartly across the side of the head.

clout (noun)
আঘাত বা ঝাকি; a blow with the hand or a hard object
I gave him a clout while he was sleeping.
If the photocopier stops working, just give it a clout.

clout (noun)
শক্তি বা প্রভাব; power and influence over other people or events
political/financial clout
I knew his opinion carried a lot of clout with them.
The queen may have privilege but she has no real political clout.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 04, 2012, 05:18:54 PM
Word-108 (29-04-12)

clown (noun)
ভাঁড়; an entertainer who wears amusing clothes, or someone who behaves foolishly
He acts as a clown in the circus party.
He is no more than a clown.
Rubel was always the class clown.
What do those clowns in the government think they are doing?

clown (verb) [around]
ভাঁড়ামি করা;  to act stupidly, often to make other people laugh
Don’t clown like that.
He made a grimace and clowned around.

clownish (adjective)
ভাঁড়ামিপূর্ণ;  like a clown; silly
Please stop you clownish activity.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 04, 2012, 05:31:16 PM
Word-109 (30-04-12)

cluster (noun)
একই জিনিসের সমারোহ; গুচ্ছ; a group of things of the same type that grow or appear close together
a cluster of stars
a cluster of spectators
a little cluster of houses
a consonant cluster
The plant bears its flowers in clusters.
Have a look at the cluster of galaxies in this photograph.
There was a cluster of fans around him, asking for autographs.

cluster (verb) [+ together/around]
একত্রে সমবেত হওয়া; জড়ো হওয়া; to come together in a small group or groups
The children clustered together in the corner of the room.
The doctors clustered anxiously around his bed.
People clustered around the noticeboard to read the exam results.

cluster bomb
গুচ্ছ বোমা; an explosive device which throws out smaller bombs when it explodes
During the war, Iraq was attached by cluster bomb.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 04, 2012, 05:43:43 PM
Word-110 (01-05-12)

coarse (adjective)
মোটা; স্থূল; রুক্ষ; রুঢ়; rough; rude and offensive
coarse hands/linen
a coarse joke
coarse language
coarse sand/salt/hair
coarse manners/laughter

coarsely (adverb)
স্থূলভাবে; রুঢ়ভাবে; in a coarse way
coarsely chopped onions
He laughed coarsely at her.

coarseness (noun)
স্থূলতা; রুঢ়তা; the state of being coarse
The coarseness of his joke distracted my mind.
She can't abide coarseness and stupidity.

Note: The word ‘coarse’ must not be confused with the word ‘course’ which means ‘path’ or ‘academic subject’.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 05, 2012, 08:08:20 PM
Word-111 (02-05-12)

coerce (verb) [+ sb into sth / into doing sth]
জোর করে কিছু করানো; to persuade someone forcefully to do something which they are unwilling to do
They were coerced into negotiating a settlement.
The court heard that the six defendants had been coerced into making a confession.

coercion (noun)
বলপ্রয়োগ; the action of making sb do sth that they do not want to do, using force
He claimed he had only acted under coercion.
He claimed the police had used coercion to illegally obtain the statement.

coercive (adjective)
বলপ্রয়োগজাত;  using force to persuade people to do things which they are unwilling to do
coercive measures/tactics
The president relied on the coercive powers of the military.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 05, 2012, 08:12:24 PM
Word-112 (03-05-12)

cognitive (adjective)
বৌদ্ধিক; connected with thinking or conscious mental processes
Some of her cognitive functions have been impaired.
cognitive behaviour/development
cognitive therapy/psychology

cognition (noun)
বৌদ্ধিকতা; the process by which knowledge and understanding is developed in the mind
a book on human learning, memory and cognition
Recently the author identified four unique aspects of human cognition.


cognitive psychology
বৌদ্ধিক মনস্তত্ত্ব; the study of how people think
She is studying cognitive psychology in a university.

cognitive therapy
বৌদ্ধিক চিকিতসা; a form of treatment used to change someone's habitual patterns of thinking when these thoughts are damaging that person
She used cognitive therapy on her client to try to inhibit those negative thoughts.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 05, 2012, 08:13:58 PM
Word-113 (04-05-12)

collide (verb) [+ with sth/sb; over sth] [syn. crash]
সংঘর্ষে আসা; (especially of moving objects) to hit something violently
The two vans collided at the crossroads.
It was predicted that a comet would collide with one of the planets.
The car and the van collided head-on in thick fog.
The car collided head-on with the van.
As he fell, his head collided with the table.
They regularly collide over policy decisions.

collision (noun) [+ with sb/sth; between/of A and B]

1. সংঘর্ষ; hitting each other with force;
a mid-air collision
a head-on collision
a collision between two trains
The cyclist was in collision with a bus.
His car was in collision with a motorbike.
Selim was injured in a collision with another player.
There has been a collision on the southbound stretch of the motorway.
Two drivers were killed in a head-on collision between a car and a taxi last night.

2. সংঘাত; তীব্র মতানৈক্য; strong disagreement
There was a collision of interests/opinions.
a collision between two opposing points of view
In his work we see the collision of two different traditions.


be on a collision course
সংঘাতে লিপ্ত;  in a situation of serious disagreement or fight
I was on a collision course with my boss over the sales figures.
All attempts at diplomacy have broken down and the two states now appear to be on a collision course.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 06, 2012, 09:36:03 PM
Word-114 (05-05-12)

comet (noun)
ধুমকেতু; a mass of ice and dust that moves around the sun and looks like a bright star with a tail
It sparkled and did not move, so it couldn't be a comet.
The planet was hit by a comet.
The moon and a comet was on a collision course.
Scientists say the excess heavy nitrogen could have come from a comet.
Halley's Comet is visible from Earth every 75 to 76 years.
Comets in space are really marvelous things to observe.
Give me some more facts about comet.
Provide me with a list of famous comets.
He ran towards me like a comet.
Nazrul appeared in the scene of Bangla literature like a comet.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 06, 2012, 09:51:38 PM
Word-115 (06-05-12)

commence (verb)  [+ ing form of verb]
শুরু করা বা হওয়া; to begin or start
We will commence building work in August of next year.
Shall we let the meeting commence, gentlemen?
The meeting is scheduled to commence at noon.
She commenced her medical career in 1956.
The day commenced with a welcome from the principal.
I will be on leave during the week commencing 15 February.
Unfortunately, he commenced speaking before all the guests had finished eating.

commencement (noun)
1. শুরু; the beginning of something
the commencement of the financial year
Would passengers please put out cigarettes before the commencement of the flight?

2 ডিগ্রি প্রদান অনুষ্ঠান; a ceremony at which students formally receive their degrees; graduation
She is going to attend the commencement next month.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 06, 2012, 10:10:51 PM
Word-116 (07-05-12)

commend (verb) [+ sb for sth / for doing sth; + sb on sth / on doing sth]
1. প্রশংসা করা; to praise sb/sth, especially publicly
The judge commended her for/on her bravery.
For a low-budget film, it has much to commend it.
It says on the back cover of the book 'highly commended'.
She was commended on her handling of the situation.
His measures were highly commended by the authorities.

2. সুপারিশ করা; to recommend [sb/sth to sb]
The movie has little to commend it.
She is an excellent worker and I commend her to you without reservation.

commendable (adjective)
প্রশংসনীয়; deserving praise
commendable efforts/behaviour/bravery
Her honesty is really commendable.

commendably (adverb)
প্রশংসনীয়ভাবে; in a commendable way
a commendably courageous act
The designs are commendably innovative.

commendation (noun)
1. প্রশংসা; formal praise
an act of great commendation
Several of the firefighters received commendation for their bravery.

2. সম্মান; an honour such as a prize given to someone for something admirable
a commendation for bravery
He was very proud when his daughter received a commendation for her achievement.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 09, 2012, 02:23:25 PM
Word-117 (08-05-12)

commute   (verb)
1. যাতায়াত বা গমনাগমন করা; to make the same journey regularly between work and home
It's exhausting commuting from Uttara to Motijheel every day.
She commutes from Gazipur to Dhaka every day.
He spent that year commuting between Dhaka and Narayanganj.
I live within commuting distance of Chittagong.
People are prepared to commute long distances if they are desperate for work.

2. অদলবদল করা; to change one thing into another
People used to believe that you could commute base metals into gold.

3. পরিশোধ পদ্ধতি পরিবর্তন করা; to exchange one type of payment for a different type
I think I'll commute my life insurance into an annuity.

4. অপেক্ষাকৃত লঘু শাস্তি নির্ধারণ করা; to change a punishment to one that is less severe
Her sentence was commuted from death to life imprisonment.

commute (noun)
যাতায়াত বা গমনাগমন; the act of commuting
half an hour commute into Old Dhaka
It's at least an hour's commute to work.
I have only a short commute to work.

commuter (noun)
যাতায়াতকারী; someone who regularly travels between work and home
a commuter train
the commuter belt
The train was packed with commuters.

commutation (noun)
1. লঘু শাস্তি নির্ধারণ; the act of making a punishment less severe
a commutation of the death sentence to life imprisonment
His execution became certain when the state board refused his request for commutation.

2. পরিশোধ পদ্ধতি পরিবর্তন করা; replacing one method of payment with another
The commutation from yearly to monthly premium was effective from June.

commuter train (noun)
স্বল্প দূরত্বে যাতায়াতের ট্রেন; a train service especially for people travelling between home and work
There are regular commuter trains between Dhaka and Narayanganj.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 09, 2012, 05:09:10 PM
Word-118 (09-05-12)

compel (verb)  [+ to infinitive]
1. বাধ্য করা; to force someone to do something
As a school boy, he was compelled to wear uniform.
The new circumstances compelled a change in policy.
The law can compel fathers to make regular payments for their children.
Last year ill health compelled his retirement.

2. বিশেষ প্রতিক্রিয়া জাগানো; to produce particular reaction
Over the years her work has compelled universal admiration and trust.
He spoke with an authority that compelled the attention of the whole crowd.

compelling (adjective)
1. খুব জোরালো; very strong
compelling evidence
a compelling need/desire
It's a fairly compelling argument for going.
There is no compelling reason to believe him.

2. দারুণ উত্তেজনাকর ও মজাদার; very exciting and interesting
a compelling story
I found the whole film very compelling.
Her latest book makes compelling reading.

compelled (adjective)  [+ to infinitive]
বাধ্য; forced in some way
He felt compelled to report the incident.
I feel compelled to write and tell you how much I enjoyed your book.

compulsion (noun)  [+ to infinitive]
বাধ্যবাধকতা; a force that makes one do something
He seems to be driven by some kind of inner compulsion.
We were under no compulsion to attend.
Don't feel under any compulsion to take me with you.
You are under no compulsion to pay immediately.
There are no compulsions on students to attend classes.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 10, 2012, 02:06:38 PM
Word-119 (10-05-12)

compensate (verb) [+ for sth]
1. আর্থিক ক্ষতিপূরণ দেওয়া; to pay someone money in exchange for something that has been lost or damaged or for some inconvenience
Victims of the crash will be compensated for their injuries.
Her lawyer say she should be compensated for the suffering she had been caused.

2. ক্ষতি পুষিয়ে দেওয়া; to provide sth good to balance or reduce the bad effects of damage, loss, etc.
Nothing can compensate for the loss of a loved one.
Nothing will ever compensate for his lost childhood.
His enthusiasm more than compensates for his lack of experience.
I took her swimming to compensate for having missed out on the cinema.
We were late and I was driving fast to compensate.

compensation (noun) [+ for sth]
1. আর্থিক ক্ষতিপূরণ; money that is paid to someone in exchange for something that has been lost or damaged or for some inconvenience
a compensation claim/package
to claim/award/receive compensation
to pay compensation for injuries at work
to receive Tk. 1,00,000 in compensation.
You should seek compensation for the loss.
She received Tk. 4,00,000 in compensation for a lost eye.

2. ক্ষতি পোষানো; something that makes you feel better when you have suffered something bad
I have to spend three months of the year away from home, but there are compensations like the chance to meet new people.
Free food was no compensation for a very boring evening.
I wish I were young again, but getting older has its compensations.

compensatory (adjective)
ক্ষতিপূরণমূলক; relating to compensation
He received a compensatory payment of Tk. 2,00,000.
He was awarded $3 million in compensatory damages.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 10, 2012, 02:34:11 PM
Word-120 (11-05-12)

competence/competency (noun) [ant. incompetence] [+ in sth; + in doing sth]
1. দক্ষতা; the ability to do something well
managerial competencies
Her competence as a teacher is unquestionable.
He reached a reasonable level of competence in his English.
The syllabus lists the knowledge and competences required at this level.

2. ক্ষমতা; the power that a court, an organization or a person has to deal with sth
outside one’s area of competence
The judge has to act within the competence of the court.

competent (adjective) [ant. incompetent]
1. দক্ষ; able to do something well
a competent secretary/horse-rider/cook
He’s very competent in his work.
Make sure the firm is competent to carry out the work.
I wouldn't say he was brilliant but he is competent at his job.

2. ক্ষমতাবান; having the power to decide sth
a competent source
The case was referred to a competent authority.

competently (adverb)
দক্ষতার সাথে; in a competent way
to perform competently
I thought she played the role very competently.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 13, 2012, 04:16:03 PM
Word-121 (12-05-12)

comply (verb) [+ with sth]
নিয়ম মেনে চলা; to act according to an order or a rule
They refused to comply with the UN resolution.
There are serious penalties for failure to comply with the regulations.
He's been ordered to have the dog destroyed because it's dangerous, but he refuses to comply.

compliance (noun)
1. নিয়মানুবর্তিতা; obeying an order or rule
It is the job of the inspectors to enforce compliance with the regulations.
The company said that it had always acted in compliance with environmental laws.
Some procedures must be followed to ensure full compliance with the law.
Safety measures were carried out in compliance with the building regulations.

2. অন্য লোকের কথা বেশি শোনা; too much willingness to agree with other people
her ridiculous compliance
It's his compliance that amazes me.

compliant (adjective)
1. নিয়মানুবর্তি; in agreement with a set of rules
computer software that is Windows 2000 compliant
He is always compliant with his wife.

2. অন্য লোকের কথা বেশি শোনে এমন; too willing to agree with other people
a compliant child
Harun is less compliant with his parents’ wishes now.
We should not be producing compliant students who do not dare to criticize.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 13, 2012, 04:34:11 PM
Word-122 (13-05-12)

comprehend (verb)
কোনোকিছু পুরোপুরি বোঝা; to understand something completely
I fail to comprehend their attitude.
I'll never comprehend why she did what she did.
He doesn't seem to comprehend the scale of the problem
He stood staring at the dead body, unable to comprehend.
I don't think he fully comprehends that she won't be here to help him.
She could not comprehend how someone would risk people’s lives in that way.
The infinite distances of space are too great for the human mind to comprehend.

comprehensible (adjective) [ant. incomprehensible]
বোধগম্য; able to be understood
easily/readily comprehensible to the average reader
It's written in clear, comprehensible English.
Her writing is barely comprehensible to me.

comprehensibly (adverb)
বোধগম্যভাবে; in a comprehensible way
a comprehensibly well-written essay
It is comprehensibly a good argument.

comprehensibility (noun)
বোধগম্যতা; the state of being comprehensible
a low comprehensibility
The comprehensibility of his language was questioned.

comprehension (noun)
1. বোঝার ক্ষমতা; the ability to understand completely and be aware of a situation, facts, etc
speech and comprehension
She had no comprehension of what was involved.
He has no comprehension of the size of the problem.
His behaviour was completely beyond comprehension.
How she manages to fit so much into a working day is beyond my comprehension.

2. বোধগম্যতার পরীক্ষা; a test to find out how well students understand written or spoken language
a reading comprehension
a listening comprehension
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 14, 2012, 06:06:04 PM
Word-123 (14-05-12)

conceal (verb) [+ sb/sth from sb/sth]
গোপন করা বা লুকানো; to hide something
The listening device was concealed in a pen.
I tried to conceal my surprise when she told me her age.
It was said that the police concealed vital evidence.
Is there something you're concealing from me?
The paintings were concealed beneath a thick layer of plaster.
For a long time his death was concealed from her.
Tim could barely conceal his disappointment.
She sat down to conceal the fact that she was trembling.

concealed (adjective)
গোপনকৃত বা লুক্কায়িত; hidden
The room had concealed lighting.
Her intensions were ill-concealed.
He was carrying a concealed weapon.
The robbery had been recorded on a concealed security camera.

concealment (noun)
গোপনকরন বা লুকানো; the act of hiding sth; the state of being hidden
the concealment of crime
the concealment of evidence/facts/weapons
Many animals rely on concealment for protection.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 15, 2012, 04:55:18 PM
Word-124 (15-05-12)

condolence (noun)
শোক; শোকপ্রকাশ; sympathy and sadness for the family or close friends of a person who has recently died, or an expression of this, especially in written form
a letter of condolence
to give/offer/express your condolences
Our condolences go to his wife and family.
Dignitaries from all over the world came to offer their condolences.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 16, 2012, 04:02:17 PM
Word-125 (16-05-12)

confine (verb) [+ sb/sth to sth]
1. সীমায়িত করা; to limit an activity, person or problem in some way
The work will not be confined to the Mirpur area.
Please confine your use of the telephone to business calls.
Let's confine our discussion to the matter in question, please!
I will confine myself to looking at the period from 1900 to 1916.
By closing the infected farms we're hoping to confine the disease to the north of the region.

2. সীমিত জায়গায় আটকে রাখা; to keep someone in an enclosed place, often by force [+ sb/sth in sth]
Keep the dog confined in a suitable travelling cage.
Here the river is confined in a narrow channel.
The soldiers concerned were confined to barracks.
The hostages had been confined for so long that they couldn't cope with the outside world.

Derived words:

confined (adjective) (of a space or an area)
ছোট ও বদ্ধ; small and surrounded by walls or sides
It is cruel to keep animals in confined spaces.
The prisoners were kept in a confined area where they huddled.

confinement (noun)
1. আটকাবস্থা; when a person or animal is kept somewhere, usually by force
her confinement to a wheelchair
years of confinement as a political prisoner
She spent most of those years under house arrest or close confinement.

2. সন্তান জন্মদান; the time when a woman gives birth to a baby
the expected date of confinement
a hospital / home confinement

confines (noun)
পরিসীমা; the outer limits of something
the confines of family life
the narrow confines of a religious life
within/beyond the confines of the city
It is beyond the confines of human knowledge.


be confined to somewhere/sth (to bed, a wheelchair, etc.)
বিশেষ জায়গায় থাকা; to be in a particular place
She was confined to bed with the flu.
He was confined to a wheelchair after the accident.
This attitude seems to be confined to the upper classes.
We know that the illness is not confined to any one group in society.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 24, 2012, 07:02:24 PM
Word-126 (17-05-12)

confluence [noun]

1. মোহনা; the place where two rivers flow together and become one larger river
the confluence of Padma and Meghna
strong current at the confluence
We rowed through the confluence.

2. দুটো জিনিসের এক হওয়া বা সম্মিলন; of two or more things becoming one
a confluence of social factors
confluence of ideas
Information technology is promoting a culture of confluence.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 24, 2012, 07:26:52 PM
Word-127 (18-05-12)

confront (verb)
মোকাবেলা করা; সংঘাতে লিপ্ত হওয়া; to face, meet or deal with a difficult situation or person
the economic problems confronting the country
She knew that she had to confront her fears.
This was the first time he had confronted an armed robber.
The government found itself confronted by massive opposition.
As she left the court, she was confronted by angry crowds who tried to block her way.
It's an issue we'll have to confront at some point, no matter how unpleasant it is.

confrontation (noun) [+ with sb; + between A and B]
সংঘাত; a fight or argument
confrontation between employers and unions
She wanted to avoid another confrontation with her father.
She actually enjoys confrontation, whereas I prefer a quiet life.
There were violent confrontations between police and demonstrators.

confrontational (adjective)
সংঘাতমূলক; relating to confrontation
her confrontational attitude
confrontational politics of Bangladesh
He's got a rather aggressive, confrontational manner.


confront sb with sb/sth কাউকে কঠিন কিছুর মুখোমুখি করানো; to make sb face or deal with an unpleasant or difficult person or situation
He confronted her with a choice between her career or their relationship.
I know it's her that made the error, but I don't want to confront her with it in case she breaks down.

be confronted with sth
কোনোকিছুর মুখোমুখি হওয়া; to have sth in front of one that he/she has to deal with or react to
Most people when confronted with a horse will pat it.
I thought I would remain calm, but when I was confronted with the TV camera, I became very nervous.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 24, 2012, 07:49:42 PM
Word-128 (19-05-12)

conquer (verb)
1. জয় করা; to take control or possession of foreign land, or a group of people, by force
conquered peoples / races / territories
The Normans conquered England in 1066.
The English were conquered by the Normans in 1066.
The Spanish conquered the New World in the 16th century.
The world champion conquered yet another challenger last night.
The team members were greeted like conquering heroes.
The band is now setting out to conquer the world.

2. সমস্যা বা ভয় উতড়ানো; to deal with or successfully fight against a problem or an unreasonable fear
Mount Everest was conquered in 1953.
The only way to conquer a fear is to face it.
He has finally conquered his fear of spiders.
It may be many years before this dreadful disease is conquered.

conqueror  (noun)
বিজয়ী; someone who has conquered a country or its people
Babur was a great conqueror.
William the Conqueror (= King William I of England)

conquest  (noun)
বিজয়; when someone conquers a country, area or situation
the conquest of Bengal by Lord Clive.
the Norman Conquest of England in 1066
the Spanish conquests in South America
the conquest of inflation
The conquest of cancer will save a lot lives on earth.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 24, 2012, 08:31:20 PM
Word-129 (20-05-12)

conscious  (adjective) [ant. unconscious]
1. সচেতন; be conscious of sth/sb to be aware of the existence or presence of a particular thing or person
The tooth doesn't exactly hurt, but I'm conscious of it all the time.
He gradually became conscious (of the fact) that everyone else was wearing a suit.
I think she's very conscious of being the only person in the office who didn't have a university education.
She’s very conscious of the problems involved.
He became acutely conscious of having failed his parents.
I was vaguely conscious that I was being watched.

2. চেতন; জাগ্রত; awake, thinking and aware of what is happening around you
He's still conscious but he's fairly badly injured.
They've brought her out of the operating theatre, but she's not fully conscious yet.
"Can I speak to Irin, please?" "She's still in bed. I'll just go and see if she's conscious yet."
A patient who is not fully conscious should never be left alone.

3. ইচ্ছাকৃত; determined and intentional
to make a conscious decision
a conscious act of cruelty
He's obviously making a conscious effort to be nice to me at the moment.
It wasn't a conscious decision to lose weight; it just happened.
I made a conscious effort to get there on time.

consciousness (noun)
1. সচেতনতা; awareness
his consciousness of the challenge facing him
her newly-developed political consciousness
Her consciousness that she's different makes her feel uneasy.
Working in an unemployment office had helped to raise his political consciousness.

2. চেতনা; state of being awake
I can’t remember any more—I must have lost consciousness.
She did not regain consciousness and died the next day.
He lost consciousness after his accident and never recovered/regained it.

consciously (adverb)
সচেতনভাবে; in a conscious way
He consciously did it.
I don't think she's consciously rude to people - it's just her manner.
Consciously or unconsciously, you made a choice.


-conscious (adjective)
-সচেতন; used after nouns and adverbs to mean 'aware of and worried about a particular thing', or thinking that something is important'
fashion-conscious teenagers
the quality-conscious consumer
He's never been especially politically conscious.
They have become increasingly health-conscious.


consciousness raising
সচেতনতা বৃদ্ধি; the attempt to increase people's knowledge of and interest in social and political matters
They launched a campaign for awareness raising about the dangers of smoking.

stream of consciousness
চেতনা-স্রোত; a continuous flow of ideas, thoughts, and feelings, as they are experienced by a person; a style of writing that expresses this without using the usual methods of description and conversation
His stories show the traces of stream of consciousness.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 26, 2012, 04:04:47 PM
Word-130 (21-05-12)

consent (noun) [+ to something]
সম্মতি; permission or agreement
to refuse / withhold your consent
They can't publish your name without your consent.
You can only come on the trip if your parents give their consent.
Children under 16 cannot give consent to medical treatment.
The written consent of a parent is required.
He is charged with taking a car without the owner’s consent.
By mutual consent they didn’t go out.

consent (verb)
সম্মতি দেওয়া; to agree to do something, or to allow someone to do something
Very reluctantly, I've consented to lend her my car.
Her father would not consent to her marriage.
When she told them what she intended, they readily consented.
He reluctantly consented to his daughter’s marriage.
She finally consented to answer our questions.


by common consent
অধিকাংশের মতে; most people agree
Her latest film, by common consent, is her best yet.
She was chosen as leader by common consent.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 26, 2012, 04:34:17 PM
Word-131 (22-05-12)

conservative (adjective)
1. রক্ষনশীল; against change; tending to like the old or traditional things
a conservative person/society/outlook
the conservative views of his parents
Older people tend to be conservative and a bit suspicious of any supposed advances.
Her style of dress was never conservative.
He's a very conservative dresser and likes to wear like his father!
At a conservative estimate, he’ll be earning Tk. 50,00,000.

2. হিসাবে বাস্তবের চেয়ে কম; (of an estimate) lower than what is probably the real amount or number
At a conservative estimate, he’ll be earning Tk. 50,00,000.
If I said there were three million unemployed, that would be a conservative estimate.

conservatively (adverb)
রক্ষনশীলভাবে; in a conservative way
a conservatively arranged party
I dress more conservatively for the office.

conservatism (noun)
রক্ষনশীলতা; state of being conservative
the innate conservatism of older people
I do not like the conservatism of their family.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 26, 2012, 04:59:08 PM
Word-132 (23-05-12)

console (verb) [syn. comfort]
সান্ত্বনা দেওয়া; to give comfort or sympathy to sb who is unhappy or disappointed
He tried to console her, but she kept saying it was all her own fault.
I tried to console her with a box of chocolates.
I was consoling Liza on her being separate from family.
Nothing could console him when his wife died.
She put a consoling arm around his shoulders.
Console yourself with the thought that you did your best.
I didn’t like lying but I consoled myself that it was for a good cause.
‘Never mind,’ Amrita consoled him.

consolation (noun)
সান্ত্বনা দেওয়া; a thing that makes one feel better when one is unhappy or disappointed
a few words of consolation
If it's (of) any consolation (to you), you're not the only one he was rude to.
I didn't know what to say - I just offered a few words of consolation.
If it’s any consolation, she didn’t get the job, either.
The children were a great consolation to him when his wife died.

consolatory (adjective)
সান্ত্বনামূলক; intended to make sb who is unhappy or disappointed feel better
a consolatory remark
My pains lessened a bit with their consolatory behaviour.

consolation prize
সান্ত্বনা পুরস্কার;  a small prize given to someone who has taken part in a competition, but who has not won
He got a consolatory prize in the competition.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 26, 2012, 05:44:49 PM
Word-133 (24-05-12)

conspire (verb) [+ with sb; + against sb; + together]
ষড়যন্ত্র করা; to secretly plan with other people to do sth illegal or harmful
He felt that his colleagues were conspiring together to remove him from his job.
As girls, the sisters used to conspire with each other against their brother.
They were accused of conspiring against the king.
They deny conspiring together to smuggle drugs.
She admitted conspiring with her lover to murder her husband.

conspiracy (noun)
ষড়যন্ত্র;  when people secretly plan together to do something bad or illegal
a conspiracy to overthrow the government
conspiracies against the president
a conspiracy of silence
They were charged with conspiracy to murder.
The three men are accused of conspiracy.
She has been charged with conspiracy to murder.
I think there was a conspiracy to keep me out of the committee.

conspiratorial (adjective)
ষড়যন্ত্রমূলক; connected with, or like, a conspiracy
They exchanged conspiratorial glances.
‘I know you understand,’ he said and gave a conspiratorial wink.

conspiratorially (adverb)
ষড়যন্ত্রমূলকভাবে; in a conspiratorial way
She heard them whispering conspiratorially in the bedroom.

conspirator (noun)
ষড়যন্ত্রকারী;  someone who conspires with other people to do something
The government suspects him to be a conspirator.


conspire against sth / conspire to do sth
বিপদ ঘনিয়ে আসছে মনে হওয়া; (of events) to seem to work together to make sth bad happen
Circumstances had conspired against them.
Everything conspired to make her life a misery.
The weather had conspired to ruin their day out.

conspiracy theory
ষড়যন্ত্র তত্ত্ব;  the belief that a secret conspiracy is responsible for a particular event
People do not believe the conspiracy theory that the government stresses.

conspiracy theorist
ষড়যন্ত্র তাত্ত্বিক;  someone who believes in a conspiracy theory
He is a conspiracy theorist and writes on it frequently.

conspiracy of silence
গোপনতা চুক্তি; a general agreement to keep silent about a subject for the purpose of secrecy
They have adopted a conspiracy of silence.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 27, 2012, 05:07:44 PM
Word-134 (25-05-12)

constant (adjective)
1. অবিরাম, অবিরত বা সার্বক্ষনিক; happening all the time or repeatedly
constant interruptions
a constant stream of visitors all day
machines that are in constant use
Babies need constant attention.
This entrance is in constant use.
He's in constant trouble with the police.

2. একই রকম; staying the same; fixed
travelling at a constant speed of 50 m.p.h.
It has kept up a fairly constant velocity.
The fridge keeps food at a constant temperature.

3. একই পরিমান; a particular number or amount that never changes
You have to calculate taking this constant into account.

4. বাধ্যগত; (a companion or friend) loyal
He is my constant friend.

constantly (adverb)
অবিরামভাবে; all the time or frequently or repeatedly
Fashion is constantly changing.
Heat the sauce, stirring constantly.
He's constantly changing his mind.
She has the television on constantly.

constancy (noun)
1. একই অবস্থা; সার্বক্ষনিকতা; the quality of staying the same and not changing
the quality of staying the same and not changing
I am surprised by the constancy of his mind.
Never doubt the constancy of my love for you.

2. বিশ্বস্ততা; the quality of being faithful
He admired her courage and constancy.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 27, 2012, 05:23:19 PM
Word-135 (26-05-12)

contaminate (verb) [+ sth with sth] [syn. adulterate; pollute]
দূষিত করা; to spoil the purity of something or make it poisonous
The drinking water has become contaminated with lead.
Much of the coast has been contaminated by nuclear waste.
The food which had been contaminated was destroyed.
They were accused of contaminating the minds of our young people.

contaminant (noun)
দূষণকারী পদার্থ; a substance that spoils the purity of something or makes it poisonous
Filters do not remove all contaminants from water.
Make sure that all equipment is clean and free of contaminants.

contaminated (adjective)
দূষিত; polluted
contaminated blood / food / soil
The infection was probably caused by swimming in water contaminated with sewage.

contamination (noun)
দূষণ; pollution
radioactive contamination
The water supply is being tested for contamination.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 27, 2012, 05:48:04 PM
Word-136 (27-05-12)

contemplate (verb)
1. চিন্তা বা বিবেচনা করা; to think or consider;
I have never contemplated living abroad.
The thought of war is too awful to contemplate.
I can’t contemplate what it would be like to be alone.

2. দীর্ঘক্ষণ গভীরভাবে চিন্তা করা; অনুধ্যান করা; to think deeply about sth for a long time 
I'm contemplating going abroad for a year.
You're not contemplating a change of job, are you?
It's too awful/horrific/dangerous to contemplate.

contemplation (noun)
গভীর চিন্তন; অনুধ্যান; the act of thinking deeply about sth
a few moments of quiet contemplation
a life of prayer and contemplation
He sat there deep in contemplation.
She was staring out over the lake, lost in contemplation.
The nuns have an hour for silent contemplation every morning.
She turned from her contemplation of the photograph.
By 1613 even more desperate measures were in contemplation.

contemplative (adjective)
অনুধ্যানমূলক; thinking quietly and seriously about sth
the contemplative life
She was in contemplative mood.
Her mood was calm and contemplative.

contemplatively (adverb)
অনুধ্যানমূলকভাবে; in a contemplative way
He found the solution contemplatively.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 30, 2012, 06:40:37 PM
Word-137 (28-05-12)

contemporary (adjective) [+ with sb/sth]
1. সমসাময়িক; belonging to the same time
We have no contemporary account of the battle.
He was contemporary with the poet Nazrul.
Almost all of the contemporary accounts of the event have been lost.
Most of the writers he was contemporary with were interested in the same subjects.

2. আধুনিক; belonging to the present time; modern
life in contemporary Britain
contemporary fiction / music / dance
She is not interested in contemporary art.

contemporary (noun)
1. উল্লিখিত সময়ের; someone living during the same period as someone else
Was he a contemporary of Shakespeare's?
She and I were contemporaries at college.

2. সমবয়সী; a person who is of the same age
She didn't mix with her contemporaries, prefering the company of older people.
He was a contemporary of Freud and may have known him.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Md. Fouad Hossain Sarker on May 30, 2012, 06:50:10 PM
It is a good effort to enlarge our knowledge. Thank you sir.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 30, 2012, 06:51:49 PM
Word-138 (29-05-12)

cope (verb) [+ with sth]
জটিল পরিস্থিতি সামলানো; to deal successfully with a difficult situation
I got to the stage where I wasn’t coping any more.
He wasn’t able to cope with the stresses and strains of the job.
Desert plants are adapted to cope with extreme heat.
It must be difficult to cope with three small children and a job.
The tyres on my car don't cope very well on wet roads.
He had so much pressure on him in his job that eventually he just couldn't cope.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 30, 2012, 06:53:28 PM
Thanks Fouad Sir for your encouragement.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 31, 2012, 05:09:28 PM
Word-139 (30-05-12)

cordial (adjective)
1. আন্তরিক; friendly and pleasant
a cordial atmosphere / meeting / relationship
a cordial smile/greeting/welcome/reception
Relations between the two leaders are said to be cordial.

2. জোরালো বা তীব্র; (of a feeling, especially dislike) strong
cordial liking
The two statesmen are known to have a cordial dislike for each other.

cordial (noun)
মিষ্টি পানীয়বিশেষ; a sweet fruit-based drink to which water is usually added
blackcurrant cordial
Take a glass of cordial.

cordially (adverb)
1. আন্তরিকভাবে; in a cordial way
I was received cordially by them.
He was cordially welcomed to a celebration.
You are cordially invited to attend our annual wine-tasting evening.

2. জোরালো বা তীব্রভাবে; strongly
They cordially detest each other.
On a personal level, they came to be cordially disliked.

cordiality (noun)
আন্তরিকতা; state of being cordial
I am so pleased with his cordiality.
I was greeted with a show of cordiality.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on May 31, 2012, 05:35:17 PM
Word-140 (31-05-12)

coronation (noun)
অভিষেক; a ceremony at which a person is made king or queen
coronation venue/time
coronation of a monarch/king/queen
You'll see his gorgeous coronation outfits.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on June 02, 2012, 12:00:43 PM
Word-141 (01-06-12)

courage (noun) [syn. bravery; boldness]
সাহস; the ability to do sth dangerous, or to face pain or opposition, without showing fear
moral / physical courage
courage in the face of danger
He showed great courage and determination.
I haven’t yet plucked up the courage to ask her.
People should have the courage to stand up for their beliefs.
It took me ages to summon/pluck up the courage to ask for a promotion.
They showed great courage when they found out about their baby's disability.

courageous (adjective)
সাহসী; having or showing courage
It was a courageous decision to resign in protest at the company's pollution record.
It was courageous of her to challenge the managing director's decision.

courageously (adverb)
সাহসিকতার সাথে; in a courageous way
a courageously committed act
He faced all dangers courageously.


have the courage of your convictions
নিজের বিশ্বাসে অটল থাকা; to be brave and confident enough to do what you believe in
Although many of his policies were unpopular, he had the courage of his convictions to see them through.

take courage (from sth)
কোনোকিছু থেকে উতসাহ পাওয়া; to begin to feel happier and more confident because of sth
He took courage from his success in hotel business.

take your courage in both hands
সাহস সঞ্চয় করা; to make yourself do sth that you are afraid of
Taking her courage in both hands, she opened the door and walked in.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on June 02, 2012, 12:31:26 PM
Word-142 (02-06-12)

crawl (verb)
1. হামাগুড়ি দেওয়া; to move forward on hands and knees, with body close to the ground
The child crawled across the floor.
The injured soldier crawled to safety.
The lorry crawled noisily up the hill.
Megan has just learned to crawl.
Our baby is just starting to crawl.
A man was crawling away from the burning wreckage.
There’s a spider crawling up your leg.

2. খোশামুদি করা; to try hard to please in order to get an advantage
I don't like people who crawl.
She’s always crawling to the boss.
He crawled to the group leader because he wanted a promotion.

3. কোনোকিছু অতি ধীরে চলা; to move forward very slowly
The traffic was crawling along.
The weeks crawled by.

crawl (noun)
1. হামাগুড়ি; a very slow speed
The traffic slowed to a crawl.
Traffic moved forward at a crawl.

2. সাঁতারবিশেষ; a style of swimming in which you move your arms over your head and kick with straight legs
a swimmer doing the crawl
She became champion in the crawl competition.

crawler (noun)
1.  হামাগুড়ি দেওয়া শিশু; a baby who has not yet learned to walk
The baby is only a crawler.

2. আস্তে চলে এমন কোনোকিছু; something that crawls, such as a slow-moving vehicle
I don’t want to ride on that crawler.

3. খোশামোদকারী; a person who tries hard to please others in order to get an advantage
I hate that crawler in the office.

Phrases and idioms:

crawl back (to sb)
ভুল স্বীকার করা; to admit that you were wrong and ask someone for forgiveness
Don't come crawling back to me when she throws you out!

be crawling with sth
গিজগিজ করা; to be completely covered with or full of a particular type of thing
Her hair was crawling with lice.
The kitchen floor was crawling with ants.
The place was crawling with journalists.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: puspo on June 04, 2012, 03:57:55 PM

Thanks Sir........it will helps our vocabulary power.

Jannatul Ferdous
22nd (B)
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on June 04, 2012, 04:27:53 PM
Thank you very much. Go on enriching your vocabulary. It will be useful for your life.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on June 04, 2012, 04:58:35 PM
Word-143 (03-06-12)

cripple (noun)
পঙ্গু লোক; a person who cannot use their arms or legs in a normal way
He is a cripple and cannot walk without a crutches.
The girl is an emotional cripple.

cripple (verb) [syn. disable]
1. পঙ্গু করে দেওয়া; to injure someone so that they are unable to walk or move properly
to be crippled with arthritis
He was crippled by polio as a child.

2. ভয়ানক ক্ষতি করা; to cause serious damage to someone or something, making them weak and ineffective
a country crippled by war
The pilot tried to land his crippled plane.

crippled (adjective)
পঙ্গু; seriously damaged
Will she be crippled for life?
I feel pity for the crippled person.

crippling (adjective)
ভয়ানক ক্ষতিকর; damaging seriously
crippling debts
a crippling disease
A crippling attack of malaria kept him in bed for months.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on June 04, 2012, 05:12:06 PM
Word-144 (04-06-12)

crucial (adjective)
অত্যন্ত গুরুত্বপূর্ণ বা দরকারী; চরম বা চূরান্ত; extremely important or necessary
a crucial factor / issue / decision / question
topics of crucial importance
Winning this contract is crucial to the success of the company.
The next few weeks are going to be crucial.
It is crucial that we get this right.
Parents play a crucial role in preparing their child for school.
He wasn’t there at the crucial moment.
Her work has been crucial to the project's success.
It is crucial that the problem is tackled immediately.

crucially (adverb)
চরম বা চূরান্তভাবে; in a crucial way
crucially important
Your approval is crucially necessary.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on June 10, 2012, 04:35:34 PM
Word-145 (05-06-12)

crude (adjective)
1. সরল-সাধারণ; simple and not skilfully done or made
a crude device/weapon
a crude drawing of a face
The constructed a crude shelter from branches.
The boxes were used as a crude table and chairs.
The M.P.'s speech was dismissed by her opponents as crude electioneering.
In crude terms, the causes of mental illness seem to be of three main kinds.

2. রুক্ষ্ণ; rude and offensive
a crude remark/comment/jokes/language

3. অপ্রক্রিয়াজাত; unrefined
crude oil/metal

crudely (adverb)
সাদামাটাভাবে; রুক্ষ্ণভাবে; in a crude way
a crudely made bomb
a crudely drawn ship
To put it crudely, the poor are going without food so that the rich can drive cars.

crudeness/crudity (noun)
সাদামাটাভাব; রুক্ষ্ণতা; the fact of being crude; an example of sth crude
the novel’s structural crudities
The crudity of her language shocked him.
Despite the crudity of their methods and equipment, the experiment was a considerable success.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on June 10, 2012, 05:14:14 PM
Word-146 (06-06-12)

curiosity (noun) [+ about sth; + to do sth]
1. কৌতূহল; a strong desire to know about sth
intellectual curiosity
a certain curiosity to see what would happen next
Children show curiosity about everything.
The letter wasn’t addressed to me but I opened it out of curiosity.
His answer did not satisfy my curiosity at all.
Sufia’s curiosity was aroused by the mysterious phone call.
‘Why do you ask?’ ‘Oh, just idle curiosity’.
to arouse/excite/satisfy someone's curiosity
I'm burning with curiosity - you must tell me who's won!
She decided to call her friend out of curiosity.

2. কৌতূহল বা আগ্রহের বিষয়; something that is interesting because it is rare and unusual
The museum is full of historical curiosities.
Cars like mine are curiosities nowadays.
I kept this old pot for its curiosity value.

curious (adjective) [+ about sth; + to do sth]
1. কৌতূহলী; interested in learning about people or things around you
I was curious to know what would happen next.
Babies are curious about everything around them.
"Why did you ask?" "I was just curious."

2. অদ্ভূত; strange and unusual; peculiar
There was a curious-looking man standing outside.
A curious thing happened to me yesterday.
They were very curious about the people who lived upstairs.
I was curious to find out what she had said.
Everyone was curious as to why Mark was leaving.
He is such a curious boy, always asking questions.
There was a curious mixture of people in the audience.
It was a curious feeling, as though we were floating on air.
It was curious that she didn’t tell anyone.
It's curious (that) Billal hasn't phoned when he promised he would.

curiously (adverb)
1. কৌতূহলীভাবে; in a curious way
The baby looked at me curiously.
‘Are you really an artist?’ Sara asked curiously.

2. অদ্ভূতভাবে; in a curious way
She behaved with me strangely.
His clothes were curiously old-fashioned.
Curiously, there didn't seem to be a bank in the town.
Curiously enough, a year later exactly the same thing happened again.


Curiosity killed the cat
অতি কৌতূহল বিপদ ডেকে আনে; said to warn someone not to ask too many questions about something
Don’t be too curious about it; curiosity killed the cat.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Mashud on June 21, 2012, 03:32:33 PM
thanks a lot for your collection.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on June 30, 2012, 01:10:51 PM
Thanks a lot for the encouraging comment.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on June 30, 2012, 01:42:48 PM
Word-147 (07-06-12)

curl (noun)
1. কোঁকড়া চুল; a small bunch of hair that forms a curved or round shape
tight/loose curls
Her hair fell in curls over her shoulders.
Her hair was a mass of curls.
The baby had dark eyes and dark curls.
His hair had a natural curl.

2. বাঁকানো কোনো কিছু; something wavy or curved
a curl of smoke
a contemptuous curl of the lip
Curls of smoke were rising from the chimney.
Decorate the cake with curls of chocolate.

curl (verb)
কুঁকড়ে যাওয়া বা দেওয়া; বাঁকানো; to form or make sth form into a curved shape
His hair curls naturally.
Does your hair curl naturally, or is it permed?
The cat curled into a ball and went to sleep.
She curled her legs up under her.
A new baby will automatically curl its fingers round any object it touches.

curly (adjective)
কোঁকড়ানো বা বাঁকা; having curls or a curved shape
He has blond curly hair.
These pigs all have curly tails.

curler (noun)
চুল কোঁকড়ানোর যন্ত্র; a small plastic tube that you wind hair around to make it curl
She has bought a new curler recently.

Phrases and idioms:

curl up 
1. গুটিয়ে যাওয়া; to sit or lie in a position with your arms and legs close to your body
She curled up on the sofa to watch TV.
She curled up and closed her eyes.

2. বেঁকে যাওয়া; If something flat, such as paper, curls up, the edges start to curve up.
The paper started to shrivel and curl up in the heat.

curl up and die 
অত্যন্ত লজ্জিত হওয়া; to feel very ashamed and sorry
I just wanted to curl up and die when I spilt coffee on their new carpet!

curl your lip
ঠোঁট বাঁকানো; to show by an upward movement of one side of your mouth that you feel no respect for something or someone
Her lip curled at what he said.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 01, 2012, 04:39:53 PM
Word-148 (08-06-12)

curtail (verb)
কোনোকিছু ছোট বা সংক্ষিপ্ত করা; to reduce or limit something, or to make it last shorter
to curtail your holiday/spending
The last government severely curtailed trade union rights.
Spending on books has been severely curtailed.
The lecture was curtailed by the fire alarm going off.

curtailment (noun)
হ্রস্বকরণ; the act of curtailing
the curtailment of civil liberties
The curtailment of their rights caused tumult in the office.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 01, 2012, 04:54:00 PM
Word-149 (09-06-12)

dainty (adjective)
ছোট ও সুন্দর; small and graceful
dainty feet
a dainty porcelain cup
She was a small, dainty child, unlike her sister who was large and had big feet.
We were given tea, and some dainty little cakes.
She took a dainty little bite of the apple.

daintily (adverb)
সুন্দরভাবে; in a dainty way
She blew her nose as daintily as possible.
She skipped daintily down the street, holding her father's hand.
He handed round a plate of tiny sandwiches, daintily arranged in rings.

daintiness (noun)
সৌন্দর্য; state of being dainty
The daintiness of her eyes amazed me.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 02, 2012, 01:25:15 PM
Word-145 (10-06-12)

dandruff (noun)
খুশকি; very small pieces of dead skin, seen as a white dust in a person’s hair
flecks of dandruff
anti-dandruff shampoo
Her hair is full of dandruff.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 02, 2012, 01:42:32 PM
Word-146 (11-06-12)

dangle (verb)
1. ঝোলা; to hang or swing freely or loosely
Loose electric wires were dangling from the wall.
He dangled the puppet in front of the children.
Gold charms dangled from her bracelet.
A single light bulb dangled from the ceiling.
He sat on the edge with his legs dangling over the side.

2. ঝোলানো; to hold sth so that it hangs or swings freely:
She dangled her car keys nervously as she spoke.

3. লোভ দেখানো; to offer someone something that they want in order to persuade them to do something
I've tried dangling all sorts of offers before him/in front of him to get him to work harder at school, but nothing works.

dangly (adjective)
ঝুলন্ত; hanging loosely
dangly earrings

Phrases and idioms:

keep/leave sb dangling
কাউকে অনিশ্চিত অবস্থায় রাখা বা ঝুলিয়ে রাখা; to keep sb in an uncertain state by not telling them sth that they want to know
She kept him dangling for a week before making her decision.

dangle sth before / in front of sb
নাকে মূলা ঝুলানো; to offer sb sth good in order to persuade them to do sth
He dangled the money in front of me to get it done quickly.

dangling participle
(ব্যাকরণে) বিচ্ছিন্ন বিশেষণজাতীয় উপাদান; (grammar) a participle that relates to a noun that is not mentioned
While walking home, my phone rang. (Correct: While I was walking home, my phone rang.)
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 02, 2012, 01:57:59 PM
Word-147 (12-06-12)

daunt (verb)
ভীত বা নিরুতসাহিত করা; to make someone feel slightly frightened or worried about their ability to achieve something; to discourage
She was not at all daunted by the size of the problem.
She was a brave woman but she felt daunted by the task ahead.

daunting (adjective)
ভীতিকর বা নিরুতসাহমূলক;  intimidating or discouraging
She has the daunting task of cooking for 20 people every day.
Starting a new job can be a daunting prospect.
In spite of unification, the country was still faced with the daunting prospect of overcoming four decades of division.

dauntless (adjective)
অকুতোভয়; showing determination and a lack of fear
dauntless mind/character
In spite of the scale of the famine, the relief workers struggled on with dauntless optimism and commitment.


nothing daunted
নিরুতসাহিত নয়; not discouraged
Nothing daunted, the people set about rebuilding their homes.
She was rejected the first time she applied to the university, but, nothing daunted, reapplied the following year and was accepted.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 05, 2012, 01:11:26 PM
Word-148 (13-06-12)

dazzle (verb)
1. আলো দিয়ে চোখ ধাঁধিয়ে দেওয়া; If light dazzles you, it makes you unable to see for a short time
I was dazzled by the sunlight.
He was momentarily dazzled by the strong sunlight.

2. মুগ্ধ করা; বিমোহিত করা; If you are dazzled by someone or something, you think they are extremely good and exciting
I was dazzled by his charm and good looks.
He was dazzled by the warmth of her smile.

dazzle (noun)
1. আলোর উজ্জ্বলতা; the quality that bright light has that stops you from seeing clearly
the dazzle of the sun
They sang and danced in that dazzle.

2. তাক লাগিয়ে দেওয়া কোনো বস্তু বা গুণ; a thing or quality that impresses you but may prevent you from understanding or thinking clearly
the dazzle of her beauty
His face radiated dazzle.

dazzling (adjective)
1. চোখ ধাঁধানো আলো; A dazzling light is so bright that you cannot see for a short time after looking at it
a dazzling white light

2. মুগ্ধকর; বিমোহিতকারী; extremely attractive or exciting
dazzling good looks
a dazzling smile
a dazzling performance
a dazzling display of oriental dance

dazzlingly (adverb)
উজ্জ্বলভাবে; in a dazzling way
a dazzlingly inventive author
She was dazzlingly beautiful.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 05, 2012, 01:37:32 PM
Word-149 (14-06-12)

deceive (verb) [sb into doing sth]
প্রতারণা করা; to persuade someone that something false is the truth; to keep the truth hidden from someone for your own advantage; to trick
Her husband had been deceiving her for years.
She deceived him into handing over all his savings.
The company deceived customers by selling old computers as new ones.
The sound of the door closing deceived me into thinking they had gone out.
Unless my eyes deceive me, that’s his wife.


deceiver (noun)
প্রতারণাকারী; someone who deceives people
Don’t believe him; he is a deceiver.

deception (noun)
প্রতারণা; act of deceiving
He was found guilty of obtaining money by deception.

deceit (noun)
সত্য গোপন; (an act of) keeping the truth hidden, especially to get an advantage
He was accused of lies and deceit.
Everyone was involved in this web of deceit.
Their marriage was an illusion and a deceit.
The story is about theft, fraud and deceit on an incredible scale.
When the newspapers published the full story, all his earlier deceits were revealed.

deceitful (adjective)
প্রতারণামূলক; full of deceit
deceitful behaviour

deceitfully (adverb)
প্রতারণামূলকভাবে; in a deceitful way
He behaved with us deceitfully.

deceitfulness (noun)
প্রতারণা; state of deceit
He will suffer for his deceitfulness


deceive yourself
সত্য গ্রহন না করা; to refuse to accept the truth
She thinks he'll come back, but she's deceiving herself.
You’re deceiving yourself if you think he’ll change his mind.

Are my eyes deceiving me?
চোখের দেখা বিশ্বাস করতে না পারা; something you say when you cannot believe what you see
Is that snow in May, or are my eyes deceiving me?
Is he Harun, or my deceiving me?

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 05, 2012, 01:51:52 PM
Word-150 (15-06-12)

decline (verb)
নিচে নামা; পড়ে যাওয়া; to gradually become less, worse, or lower
Her health was declining rapidly.
Support for the party continues to decline.
The number of tourists to the resort declined by 10% last year.
His interest in the project declined after his wife died.
The party's popularity has declined in the opinion polls.
The land declines sharply away from the house.

decline (noun) [+ in sth / of sth]
পতন; when something becomes less in amount, importance, quality or strength
industrial decline
urban / economic decline
a rapid / sharp / gradual decline
a decline in the number of unemployed
The company reported a small decline in its profits.
An increase in cars has resulted in the decline of public transport.
The town fell into (a) decline after the mine closed.
Industry in Britain has been in decline since the 1970s.
Home cooking seems to be on the/in decline.
She seemed to be recovering and then she went into a decline.

decline (verb)
প্রত্যাখ্যান করা; to refuse
to decline an invitation
He declined my offer.
I invited him to the meeting but he declined.
They declined to tell me how they had got my address.
I offered to give them a lift but they declined.
Their spokesman declined to comment on the allegations.


sb's declining years
জীবনের বার্ধক্যের কাল; the last years of someone's life
He became very forgetful in his declining years.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 07, 2012, 05:53:58 PM
Word-151 (16-06-12)

decompose (verb) [syn. decay, rot]
1. পঁচে যাওয়া; to be destroyed gradually by natural chemical processes
a decomposed body
a decomposing corpse
As the waste materials decompose, they produce methane gas.
The body must have been decomposing for several weeks.

2.  টুকরো টুকরো করে ভেঙ্গে ফেলা বা যাওয়া; to break, or to break something, into smaller parts [+ sth into sth]
Microbes decompose organic waste into a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide.
As the chemical was applied, the object decomposed into smaller parts.

decomposition (noun)
পঁচন; process of decomposing
the decomposition of organic waste
The corpse was in an advanced stage of decomposition.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 07, 2012, 06:16:03 PM
Word-152 (17-06-12)

deform (verb)
আকৃতি নষ্ট করা বা বিকৃত করা; to spoil the usual and true shape of something
Age deforms the spine.
The disease had deformed his face.

deformed (adjective)
বিকৃত; with a shape that has not developed normally
deformed hands
She was born with deformed hands.

deformation (noun)
বিকৃতি; the process or result of changing and spoiling the normal shape of sth
The deformation of the bones was caused by poor diet.

deformity (noun)
আকৃতিতে খুঁত; when a part of the body has not developed in the normal way or with the normal shape
Drugs taken during pregnancy may cause physical deformity in babies.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 07, 2012, 07:34:44 PM
Word-153 (18-06-12)

deft (adjective)
দক্ষ; skilful, clever or quick
deft hands / fingers / footwork
He finished off the painting with a few deft strokes of the brush.
Her movements were deft and quick.
She answered the journalist's questions with a deft touch.
He's very deft at handling awkward situations.

deftly (adverb)
দক্ষতার সাথে; in a deft way
He deftly caught the ball.
I threw her a towel which she deftly caught.
They deftly avoided answering my questions.

deftness (noun)
দক্ষতা; state of being deft
deftness of her fingers
His deftness in this task is praiseworthy.

Note: The word ‘deft’ must not be confused with the word ‘daft’ which means foolish, for example, ‘a daft idea’.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 08, 2012, 04:54:19 PM
Word-154 (18-06-12)

degenerate (verb)
অধপতন বা অবক্ষয় বা খারাপ হওয়া; to become worse in quality
Her health degenerated quickly.
The march degenerated into a riot.
Educational standards are degenerating year by year because of a lack of funds.
What was intended as a peaceful demonstration rapidly degenerated into violence.

degenerate (adjective)
অধপতিত বা অবক্ষয়ী; having low standards of behaviour
a degenerate young man
a degenerate popular culture

degenerate (noun)
অধপতিত বা নষ্ট ব্যক্তি; someone with low standards of behaviour
They're just moral degenerates with no sense of decency.

degeneration (noun)
অবক্ষয়; অধপতন; the process by which something gets worse
social / moral degeneration
Intensive farming in the area has caused severe degeneration of the land.
There has been a gradual degeneration of the judicial system in the last few years.
High blood pressure can cause degeneration of the heart muscles.

degenerative (adjective)
(রোগ) খারাপের দিকে যাচ্ছে এমন; (of an illness) getting or likely to get worse as time passes
a degenerative disease/condition
degenerative diseases such as arthritis
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 08, 2012, 05:06:28 PM
Word-155 (19-06-12)

delicate (adjective)
কোমল; ভঙ্গুর; সূক্ষ্ণ; সুন্দর; দক্ষ; pleasantly soft or light; not strong
a rose with a delicate scent
a delicate shade of pink
delicate china teacups
the delicate ecological balance of the rainforest
a cool wash cycle for delicate fabrics
a delicate child / constitution
his delicate hands
the delicate mechanisms of a clock
I admired your delicate handling of the situation.
a delicate problem
a delicate fragrance / flavour
a river scene painted in delicate watercolours
The delicate surgical operation took five hours.
The eye is one of the most delicate organs of the body.
Babies have very delicate skin.
We chose a delicate floral pattern for our bedroom curtains.

delicacy (noun)
কোমলতা বা সূক্ষ্ণতা; state of being delicate
This region produces wines of great delicacy.
Try to comprehend the delicacy of the affair.

delicately (adverb)
কোমলভাবে বা সূক্ষ্ণভাবে; in a delicate way
delicately balanced flavours
The pudding was delicately flavoured with vanilla.
He stepped delicately over the broken glass.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 08, 2012, 05:13:57 PM
Word-156 (20-06-12)

delicious (adjective)
1. সুন্দর স্বাদ বা গন্ধযুক্ত; having a very pleasant taste or smell
a delicious cake
The delicious smell of freshly-made coffee came from the kitchen.
This wine is delicious.
Who cooked this? It’s delicious.

2. অতিশয় উপভোগ্য; extremely pleasant or enjoyable
I've got some delicious gossip.

deliciously (adverb)
1. সুস্বাদু বা সুগন্ধযুক্ত উপায়ে; with a very pleasant taste or smell
a deliciously garlicky potato cake

2. অতিশয় উপভোগ্যভাবে; very pleasantly
As she dived into the pool, the water felt deliciously cool on her skin.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 09, 2012, 12:54:46 PM
Word-157 (21-06-12)

delight (noun)
1. আনন্দ; great pleasure, satisfaction or happiness
a feeling of sheer / pure delight
The children squealed with delight when they saw the puppy.
She won the game easily, to the delight of all her fans.
He takes (great) delight in proving others wrong.
I read your letter with great delight.
He seems to take great delight in teasing his sister.
The children squealed in delight when they saw all the presents under the Christmas tree.

2. এমন কিছু যা আনন্দ দেয়; something that gives you great pleasure
the delights of living in the country
This guitar is a delight to play.
My sister's little boy is a real delight.

delight (verb)
আনন্দ দেওয়া; to give someone great pleasure or satisfaction
Peter's success at college delighted his family.
This news will delight his fans all over the world.

delighted (adjective)
আনন্দিত; very pleased
a delighted smile
a delighted audience
I’d be absolutely delighted to come.
I was delighted that you could stay.
She was delighted by / at the news of the wedding.
I was delighted with my presents.
We're delighted with our new house.
I was delighted at/by your news.
I'm absolutely delighted that you can come.
We'd be delighted to come to dinner on Friday.

delightedly (adverb)
আনন্দিতভাবে; in a delighted way
a delightedly smiling face
He talked to me delightedly.

delightful (adjective)
আনন্দজনক; very pleasant, attractive or enjoyable
a delightful child
a delightful book / restaurant / town
Our new neighbours are delightful.
Thank you for a delightful evening.

delightfully (adverb)
আনন্দজনকভাবে; in a delightful way
a delightfully pleasant atmosphere
The baby danced around delightfully.


the delights of sth
কোনোকিছুর আনন্দ; the pleasures of something
We're just discovering the delights of being retired.

delight in sth
কোনোকিছু থেকে আনন্দ পাওয়া; to get a lot of pleasure from something, especially something unpleasant
Some people delight in the misfortunes of others.
My brother always delights in telling me when I make a mistake.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 09, 2012, 01:08:50 PM
Word-158 (22-06-12)

despair (noun)
নৈরাশ্য; the feeling of having lost all hope
a mood/sense of despair
She uttered a cry of despair.
A deep sense of despair overwhelmed him.
He gave up the struggle in despair.
One harsh word would send her into the depths of despair.
Eventually, driven to despair, he threw himself under a train.
They're in (the depths of) despair over/about the money they've lost.
To her teacher's despair, Nicole never does the work that she's told to do.
Their fourth year without rain drove many farmers to (= caused them to feel) despair.

despair (verb)
নৈরাশ্য অনুভব করা; to feel despair about something or someone
Don't despair! We'll find a way out!
We’ll think of a way out of this.
They’d almost despaired of ever having children.
I despair of him; he can’t keep a job for more than six months.
I despair at/over the policies of this government.
They began to despair of ever being rescued.

despairing (adjective)
নৈরাশ্যজনক; full of despair
a despairing glance/cry/look/sigh
With every day that passed he became ever more despairing.

despairingly (adverb)
নৈরাশ্যজনকভাবে; in a despairing way
She looked despairingly at the mess.
He rubbed his hand despairingly over his face.


be the despair of sb
কারো জন্য নৈরাশ্যজনক পরিস্থিতি সৃষ্টি করা; to cause someone such difficulties that they do not know how to deal with you
My handwriting was the despair of my teachers.
He's the despair of his parents because he shows no interest in getting a job.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: nadir-diu on July 09, 2012, 03:24:01 PM
Very helpful post
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 09, 2012, 04:15:33 PM
Word-159 (23-06-12)

detain  (verb)
1. আটকে রাখা; to force someone officially to stay in a place
He has been detained as a suspect.
He has been detained by the police for further questioning.
Several of the injured were detained overnight in hospital.
detained at His/Her Majesty's pleasure (=kept in prison for as long as the authorities felt necessary)

2. কাউকে দেরি করিয়ে দেওয়া; to delay someone for a short length of time
I'm sorry I'm late—I was unavoidably detained.
He’ll be late; he’s been detained at a meeting.

detainee (noun)
আটক ব্যক্তি; a person who has been officially ordered to stay in a prison or similar place, especially for political reasons
a political detainee
He remained there as a detainee for six months.

detention (noun)
1. আটকাবস্থা; when someone is officially detained
a detention camp
police powers of arrest and detention
allegations of torture and detention without trial
a sentence of 12 months' detention in a young offender institution
Concern has been expressed about the death in detention of a number of political prisoners.

2. স্কুলে আটকে রেখে শাস্তি; the punishment of being kept at school for a time after other students have gone home
She's had four detentions this term.
They can’t give me (a) detention for this.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 09, 2012, 04:32:12 PM
Nadir Bhai,
Thank you very much for your encouragement.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 10, 2012, 02:26:29 PM
Word-160 (24-06-12)

detect (verb)
চিহ্নিত করা; to discover or notice sth, especially sth that is not easy to see, hear, etc
an instrument that can detect small amounts of radiation
Some sounds cannot be detected by the human ear.
Financial experts have detected signs that the economy is beginning to improve.
The tests are designed to detect the disease early.
Do I detect a note of criticism?
High levels of lead were detected in the atmosphere.
Radar equipment is used to detect enemy aircraft.

detectable (adjective)
লক্ষযোগ্য; possible to be detected
The noise is barely detectable by the human ear.
There has been no detectable change in the patient's condition.

detection (noun)
চিহ্নিতকরন; the process of detecting sth; the fact of being detected
crime prevention and detection
bomb detection
a low/high crime detection rate
a virus detection software
Last year the detection rate for car theft was just 13%.
Many problems, however, escape detection.
Early detection of cancers is vitally important.
Early detection of the cancer improves the chances of successful treatment.

detector (noun)
চিহ্নিতকরন যন্ত্র; a device used to find particular substances or things, or measure their level
a metal/smoke detector
a detector hidden behind the screen

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 10, 2012, 02:42:51 PM
Word-161 (25-06-12)

diction (noun)
1. শব্দ উচ্চারণ; the manner in which words are pronounced
clear diction
It is very helpful for a language teacher to have good diction.

2. শব্দচয়ন; the choice and use of words in literature
a formal diction
The writer’s diction is esoteric.

dictionary (noun)
1. অভিধান; শব্দকোষ; a book that gives a list of the words of a language in alphabetical order and explains what they mean
an old French dictionary
a Bangla-English dictionary
a bilingual/monolingual dictionary
To check how a word is spelt, look it up in a dictionary.

2. তথ্য অভিধান; a book which gives information about a particular subject
a biographical/science dictionary
a dictionary of mathematics
a dictionary of quotations

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 10, 2012, 02:53:34 PM
Word-162 (26-06-12)

dire (adjective)

1. মারাত্মক; very serious or extreme
living in dire poverty
dire warnings / threats
Such action may have dire consequences.
We’re in dire need of your help.
The firm is in dire straits and may go bankrupt.
These people are in dire need of help.
He gave a dire warning that an earthquake was imminent.
This decision will have dire consequences for local people.

2. খুব বাজে; very bad
The acting was dire.
I think that play is dire!

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 11, 2012, 01:21:31 PM
Word-163 (27-06-12)

disable (verb)
1. পঙ্গু বা অক্ষম করে দেওয়া; to injure or affect sb permanently so that, for example, they cannot walk or cannot use a part of their body
a disabling condition
She was disabled in the accident.
He was disabled in a plane crash.

2. অকার্যকর করা; to make sth unable to work so that it cannot be used
These guns will destroy or disable any incoming missile.
Disable the alarm system and then enter the building.
The burglars gained entry to the building after disabling the alarm.

disabled (adjective)
1. প্রতিবন্ধী; unable to use a part of your body completely or easily because of a physical condition, illness, injury, etc.
physically / mentally disabled
severely disabled
He was born disabled.
facilities for disabled people
The accident left him severely disabled.

the disabled (plural noun)
প্রতিবন্ধী লোকজন; people who are disabled
caring for the sick, elderly and disabled
It is often very difficult for the disabled to find jobs.

disabling (adjective)
অক্ষম করে দেয় এমন; able to disable
a disabling illness
It was a disabling blow to my mind.

disability (noun)
প্রতিবন্ধীত্ব; বিকলাঙ্গতা; an illness, injury or condition that makes it difficult for someone to do the things that other people do
a physical/learning disability
She is deaf, but refuses to let her disability prevent her from doing what she wants to do.
Trying to change attitudes to disability is an uphill struggle.

Note: The word ‘disabled’ is often used as a synonym of ‘handicapped’. ‘Disabled’ is the most generally accepted term to refer to people with a permanent illness or injury that makes it difficult for them to use part of their body completely or easily. ‘Handicapped’ is slightly old-fashioned and many people now think it is offensive. People also now prefer to use the word disability rather than handicap. The expression ‘disabled people’ is often preferred to ‘the disabled’ because it sounds more personal. ‘Disabled’ and ‘disability’ can be used with other words to talk about a mental condition: ‘mentally disabled’, ‘learning disabilities’. If somebody’s ability to hear, speak or see has been damaged but not destroyed completely, they have ‘impaired hearing / speech / sight / vision’). They can be described as ‘visually / hearing impaired’ or ‘partially sighted’: The museum has special facilities for blind and partially sighted visitors.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 11, 2012, 01:35:51 PM
Word-164 (28-06-12)

disappoint (verb)
হতাশ করা; to fail to satisfy someone or their hopes, desires, etc.; to cause someone to feel unhappy
Her decision to cancel the concert is bound to disappoint her fans.
I hate to disappoint you, but I’m just not interested.
The movie had disappointed her.
His latest novel does not disappoint.
I'm sorry to disappoint you, but I'm afraid I can't come after all.
We don't want to disappoint the fans.

disappointed (adjective) [syn. upset]
হতাশ; unhappy because someone or something was not as good as you hoped or expected, or because something did not happen
They were bitterly disappointed at the result of the game.
I was disappointed by the quality of the milk.
I’m disappointed in you—I really thought I could trust you!
I was very disappointed with myself.
He was disappointed to see she wasn’t at the party.
I’m disappointed (that) it was sold out.
She was disappointed not to be chosen.
We were deeply disappointed at/about the result.
His parents were bitterly disappointed in/with him.
She was disappointed (that) they hadn't phoned.
He was disappointed to find they'd already gone.
If you're expecting Dad to let you borrow his car, you're going to be sorely disappointed.

disappointing (adjective)
হতাশাজনক; making you feel disappointed
a disappointing result / performance
What a disappointing result!
The response to our advertisement has been somewhat disappointing.
The outcome of the court case was disappointing for the family involved.

disappointingly (adverb)
হতাশাজনকভেবে; in a disappointing way
The team played very disappointingly.
The room was disappointingly small.

disappointment (noun)
1. হতাশা; the feeling of being disappointed
Book early to avoid disappointment.
To my (great) disappointment, he decided to leave.
Book early for the show to avoid disappointment.
To our great disappointment, it rained every day of the trip.
He found it difficult to hide his disappointment when she didn’t arrive.

2. হতাশাজনক কোনো কিছু; something or someone that is not what you were hoping it would be
The party turned out to be a huge disappointment.
I'm afraid I've been rather a disappointment to my parents.
a bitter / major disappointment
That new restaurant was a big disappointment.
I always felt I was a disappointment to my father.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 11, 2012, 01:50:10 PM
Word-165 (29-06-12)

disaster (noun)
1. বিপর্যয়; (an event which results in) great harm, damage or death, or serious difficulty
an air disaster
environmental disasters
a natural disaster
financial disaster
The evening was a complete disaster.
Losing your job doesn’t have to be such a disaster.
Disaster struck when the wheel came off.
Letting her organize the party is a recipe for disaster
Thousands died in the disaster.
An inquiry was ordered into the recent rail disaster.
It would be a disaster for me if I lost my job.
This is one of the worst natural disasters ever to befall the area.
Heavy and prolonged rain can spell disaster for many plants.
Everything was going smoothly until suddenly disaster struck.

disastrous (adjective)
বিপর্যয়কর; extremely bad or unsuccessful
a disastrous harvest / fire / result
Such a war would be disastrous for the country.
His first attempt was disastrous.
This decision will have a disastrous impact on foreign policy.
Lowering interest rates could have disastrous consequences for the economy.

disastrously (adverb)
বিপর্যয়করভাবে; in a disastrous way
Things began to go disastrously wrong.
How could everything go so disastrously wrong?


disaster area
1. দুর্ঘটনার স্থান; a place where a very serious accident, such as an earthquake, has happened
The minister has visited the disaster area.

2. অপরিচ্ছন্ন জায়গা; an extremely untidy, dirty or badly organized place
After the party, the house was a complete disaster area.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 12, 2012, 06:29:19 PM
Word-166 (30-06-12)

disburse (verb)
অর্থ প্রদান বা বিতরণ করা; to pay out money, usually from an amount that has been collected for a particular purpose
disbursing authority
disbursing money among the flood-affected people
When will the money be disbursed?
The local authorities annually disburse Tk. 10 crores on arts projects.

disbursement (noun)
অর্থ প্রদান বা বিতরণ করা;  the act of disbursing money
aid disbursements
the disbursement of funds
disbursement scandal
The disbursement of money was not according to the rules.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 12, 2012, 06:43:40 PM
Word-167 (01-07-12)

discard (verb)
পরিত্যাগ করা বা ফেলে দেওয়া; to throw something away or get rid of it because you no longer want or need it
Discarded food containers and bottles littered the streets.
The room was littered with discarded newspapers.
He had discarded his jacket because of the heat.
10% of the data was discarded as unreliable
She could now discard all thought of promotion.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 12, 2012, 07:03:55 PM
Word-168 (02-07-12)

disciple (noun)
ভক্ত বা শিষ্য; a person who believes in the ideas and principles of someone famous and tries to live the way they do or did
an ardent disciple of the prime minister
a disciple of the poet Shamsur Rahman.

the Disciples (plural noun)
যিশু খ্রিষ্টের বারো জন শিষা; the twelve men who followed Jesus Christ during his life
He is reading to know more about the Disciples.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 14, 2012, 03:17:50 PM
Word-169 (03-07-12)

disclose (verb) [syn. reveal]
প্রকাশ করা; to make something known publicly, or to show something that was hidden
The spokesman refused to disclose details to the press.
The report discloses that human error was to blame for the accident.
It was disclosed that two women were being interviewed by the police.
Several companies have disclosed profits of over Tk. 10 crores.
The police have disclosed that two officers are under internal investigation.

disclosure (noun)
প্রকাশ; the act of disclosing
The door swung open, disclosing a long dark passage.
Any public disclosure of this information would be very damaging to the company.
The newspaper made damaging disclosures of management incompetence.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 14, 2012, 03:30:23 PM
Word-170 (04-07-12)

disconnect (verb)
1. সংযোগ বিচ্ছিন্ন করা; to unfasten something, especially to break the connection between a supply of electricity, gas, water, etc. and a device or piece of equipment
We were suddenly disconnected.
I keep getting disconnected when I’m online.
My computer crashes every time I disconnect from the Internet.
First, disconnect the boiler from the water mains.
You may be disconnected if you do not pay the bill.
The lace had become disconnected from the boot.
Never try to mend a broken machine without disconnecting it from the electricity supply.

disconnection (noun)
বিচ্ছিন্নতা; state of being disconnected
virtual disconnection
A week of disconnection made me worried.

disconnected (adjective)
বিচ্ছিন্ন; not related to or connected with the things or people around; not connected in a logical order
disconnected images / thoughts / ideas
I felt disconnected from the world around me.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 14, 2012, 03:40:39 PM
Word-171 (05-07-12)

discontent (also discontentment) (noun) [syn. dissatisfaction]
অসন্তুষ্টি বা অতৃপ্তি; a feeling of wanting better treatment or an improved situation
Discontent among junior ranks was rapidly spreading.
There was widespread discontent at/about/over/with the plan.
There is widespread discontent among the staff at the proposed changes to pay and conditions.
One cannot be happy with discontentment.

discontented (adjective)
অসন্তুষ্ট বা অতৃপ্ত; dissatisfied
a discontented boy
I felt discontented after I had failed to achieve it.

discontentedly (adverb)
অসন্তুষ্টভাবে বা অতৃপ্তভাবে; in a discontented way
She quit the job discontentedly.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 15, 2012, 06:43:36 PM
Word-172 (06-07-12)

disdain (noun)
ঘৃণা বা অবজ্ঞা করা; when you dislike someone or something and think that they do not deserve your interest or respect
to treat sb with disdain
a disdain for the law
He regards the political process with disdain.

disdain (verb)
ঘৃণা বা অবজ্ঞা; to feel disdain for someone or something
She disdained his offer of help.
The older musicians disdain the new, rock-influenced music.

disdainful (adjective)
ঘৃণা বা অবজ্ঞাপূর্ণ; full of distain
a disdainful expression
She’s always been disdainful of people who haven’t been to college.

disdainfully (adverb)
ঘৃণা বা অবজ্ঞাপূর্ণভাবে; in a disdainful way
He disdainfully rejected my proposal.


disdain to do sth
কোনোকিছু অবজ্ঞাবশত এড়িয়ে চলা; to refuse to do something because you feel too important to do it
He disdained to turn to his son for advice.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 15, 2012, 06:59:31 PM
Word-173 (07-07-12)

disguise (verb)
1. ছদ্মবেশ ধারন করা; to change your appearance so that people cannot recognize you
The hijackers were heavily disguised.
She disguised herself as a boy.
They got in disguised as security guards.
He disguised himself by shaving his head and wearing a false beard.
Minor skin imperfections can usually be disguised with a spot of make-up.
We tried to disguise the fact that it was just a school hall by putting up coloured lights and balloons.

2. মত বা অনুভূতি গোপন করা; to hide an opinion, a feeling, etc
I couldn't disguise my disappointment.
She made no attempt to disguise her surprise.
It was a thinly disguised attack on the President.
She couldn’t disguise the fact that she felt uncomfortable.

disguise (noun)
ছদ্মবেশ; the art of changing your appearance so that people do not recognize you or a thing that disguises someone
He is a master of disguise.
She wore glasses and a wig as a disguise.
He put on a large hat and glasses as a disguise and hoped no one would recognise him. (figurative) A vote for the Liberal Democrats is just a Labour vote in disguise.

disguised (adjective)
ছদ্মবেশী; having an appearance that hides the true form
He gives a thinly disguised account of his own early teaching experiences.
In Shakespeare's play 'Twelfth Night', Duke Orsino falls in love with the disguised Viola.


in disguise
ছদ্মবেশে; If people, objects or activities are in disguise, they appear to be something which they are not, especially intentionally
The star travelled in disguise.
She usually goes out in disguise to avoid being bothered by the public.
He claims that most Western aid to the Third World is just colonialism in disguise.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 15, 2012, 07:22:24 PM
Word-174 (08-07-12)

disgust (noun) [+ at / with / for]
বিরক্তি; strong feeling of disapproval and dislike at a situation or person's behaviour, etc
She walked away in disgust.
The idea fills me with disgust.
I can only feel disgust for these criminals.
Much to my disgust, they refused to help.
She wrinkled her nose in disgust at the smell.
We are demonstrating to show our anger and disgust at the treatment of refugees.
He resigned from the committee in disgust at the corruption.
Beresford, much to his disgust, was fined for illegal parking.
She expressed her disgust at the programme by writing a letter of complaint.

disgust (verb)
বিরক্ত করা; to make you feel extreme dislike or disapproval
Doesn't all this violence on TV disgust you?
The level of violence in the film really disgusted me.

disgusted (adjective)
বিরক্ত; feeling extreme dislike or disapproval of something
I was disgusted at / by the sight.
I'm totally disgusted with your behaviour.
She was disgusted at the way they treated their children.
He was disgusted to see such awful living conditions.
I was disgusted with myself for eating so much.

disgustedly (adverb)
বিরক্ত সহকারে; in a disgusted way
‘This champagne is warm!’, he said disgustedly.

disgusting (adjective)
বিরক্তিকর; extremely unpleasant or unacceptable
What a disgusting smell!
His language is disgusting.
The kitchen was in a disgusting state when she left.
It's disgusting that there are no schools or hospitals for these people.
Passengers were kept for hours in a disgusting waiting room.
I think it’s disgusting that they’re closing the local hospital.

disgustingly (adverb)
বিরক্তিকরভাবে; in a disgusting way
disgustingly dirty
He seemed disgustingly snobbish.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 16, 2012, 06:29:17 PM
Word-175 (09-07-12)

dismay (noun)
বিষন্নতা; হতাশা; a feeling of unhappiness and disappointment
He looked at her in dismay.
Aid workers were filled with dismay by the appalling conditions.
The supporters watched in/with dismay as their team lost 6-0.
She discovered, to her dismay, that she scored lowest in the examination.
She could not hide her dismay at the result.
To her dismay, her name was not on the list.
The news has been greeted with dismay by local business leaders.

dismay (verb)
বিষন্ন বা হতাশ করা; to give a feeling of unhappiness and disappointment
Their reaction dismayed him.

dismayed (adjective)
হতাশ; unhappy and disappointed
I was dismayed to discover that he'd lied.
He was dismayed at the change in his old friend.
The suggestion was greeted by a dismayed silence.
They were dismayed to find that the ferry had already left.

dismal (adjective)
বিষন্ন; আশাহীন; খুব খারাপ; নিম্নমানের; অদক্ষ; sad and without hope; very bad
dismal expression / conditions / surroundings
The acting was dismal, wasn't it?
What dismal weather!
The singer gave a dismal performance of some old songs.
Their recent attempt to increase sales has been a dismal failure.

dismally (adverb)
বিষন্নভাবে; বাজেভাবে; in a dismal way
I tried not to laugh but failed dismally.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 16, 2012, 06:34:08 PM
Word-176 (10-07-12)

dismantle (verb)
1. ভেঙে টুকরা করা; to take a machine apart or to come apart into separate pieces
I had to dismantle the engine in order to repair it.
The steel mill was dismantled piece by piece.
She dismantled the washing machine to see what the problem was, but couldn't put it back together again.
The good thing about the bike is that it dismantles if you want to put it in the back of the car.

2. বাতিল বা ধ্বংস করা to get rid of a system or organization, usually over a period of time
The government was in the process of dismantling the state-owned industries.
Unions accuse the government of dismantling the National Health Service.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 16, 2012, 06:46:31 PM
Word-177 (11-07-12)

disorder (noun)
1. বিশৃঙ্খলা; a state of untidiness or lack of organization
His financial affairs were in complete disorder.
The room was in a state of disorder.
The whole office was in a state of disorder.
The opposition party have been in such disorder for so long that they pose no real threat to the present government.

2. অসুস্থতা; an illness of the mind or body
a blood / bowel disorder
eating disorders
He was suffering from some form of psychiatric disorder.
The family have a history of mental disorder.

3. গোলযোগ; violent behaviour of large groups of people
an outbreak of rioting and public disorder
The trial was kept secret because of the risk of public disorder.

disorderly (adjective)
1. বিশৃঙ্খল; full of disorder
newspapers in a disorderly pile by the door
It's a disorderly sort of a house with books and papers lying around everywhere.

2. গোলযোগপূর্ণ; full of disorder
disorderly conduct
They were arrested for being drunk and disorderly.
The police feared that the crowd were becoming disorderly and so they moved in with horses.

disordered (adjective)
1. বিশৃঙ্খল; showing a lack of order or control
disordered hair
a disordered state

2. অসুস্থ; suffering from a mental or physical disorder:
emotionally disordered children
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 17, 2012, 12:54:50 PM
Word-178 (12-07-12)

disparate (adjective)
ভিন্ন; different in every way
a disparate group of individuals
The two cultures were so utterly disparate that she found it hard to adapt from one to the other.

disparity (noun)
অসাম্য; a lack of equality and similarity, especially in a way that is not fair
the wide disparity between men and women
the growing disparity between rich and poor

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 17, 2012, 01:05:42 PM
Word-179 (13-07-12)

dispel (verb)
ভয়, সন্দেহ, ভুল ধারনা ইত্যাদি দূর করা; to remove fears, doubts and false ideas, usually by proving them wrong or unnecessary
His speech dispelled any fears about his health.
I'd like to start the speech by dispelling a few rumours that have been spreading recently.
They did do much to dispel that belief.
Science has not managed to dispel the aurora's mysteries.
He dispels the long-accepted view that writing about music is a uniquely difficult task.
It was important for me to dispel any doubt about the authenticity of the students' questions.
They work to dispel myths and misperceptions about various groups.
First dispel rumors and misinformation and get to the facts.
Try to dispel it by providing as much information as possible, positive and negative.
The hole in the grid attracted the attention it sought to dispel.
Use the past to find inspiration to dispel resignation, deference and demoralization.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 17, 2012, 01:20:50 PM
Word-180 (14-07-12)

disperse (verb)
ছড়িয়ে দেওয়া; ছত্রভঙ্গ করা; to scatter or move away over a large area, or to make something do this
When the rain came down the crowds started to disperse.
Police dispersed the crowd that had gathered.
The fog began to disperse.
The crowd dispersed quickly.
Police dispersed the protesters with tear gas.
The seeds are dispersed by the wind.

dispersal / dispersion (noun)
ছড়ানো; ছড়িয়ে পড়া; the process of sending sb/sth in different directions; the process of spreading sth over a wide area
police trained in crowd dispersal
the dispersal of seeds
They adopted the strategy of diffusion and dispersion.
The winds on which their dispersion relies are fickle.
Dispersion is no protection against a determined genocide.
The transport and dispersion of air pollutants in the ambient air are influenced by many complex factors.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 18, 2012, 01:46:54 PM
Word-181 (15-07-12)

dispute (noun) [+ between A and B; + over / about sth]
বিবাদ; তর্ক; an argument or a disagreement between two people or groups countries
a bitter/long-running dispute
a border dispute
industrial / pay disputes
a pay/legal/trade dispute
the latest dispute over fishing rights
The union is in dispute with management over working hours.
The matter was settled beyond dispute by the court judgment.
They have been unable to settle/resolve the dispute over working conditions.
The unions are in dispute with management over pay.

dispute (verb)
বিবাদ বা তর্ক করা; to disagree with something that someone says
to dispute a decision / claim
These figures have been disputed.
The family wanted to dispute the will.
No one is disputing that there is a problem.
Few would dispute his status as the finest artist of the period.
The circumstances of her death have been hotly disputed.
I don't dispute (that) Lucas' films are entertaining, but they haven't got much depth.

disputed (adjective)
বিতর্কিত; causing dispute
a disputed border/goal
disputed territory
The issue remains hotly disputed.

disputable (adjective)
অনিশ্চিত; not certain
It's claimed that they produce the best athletes in the world but I think that's disputable.

disputation (noun)
মতানৈক্য; disagreement
The meeting ended in disputation.

disputatious (adjective)
তর্কপ্রিয়; loving argument
He's a disputatious young man.


beyond (all) dispute
তর্কের উর্ধে; certainly
He is beyond all dispute the finest actor in Hollywood today.

in dispute
সন্দেহপূর্ণ;  being doubted
The cause of the accident was still in dispute.
I don't think her ability is in dispute, what I question is her attitude.

open to dispute
অনিশ্চিত;  not certain
His theories are open to dispute.
He says it's the best musical equipment you can buy, but I think that's open to dispute.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 18, 2012, 01:56:02 PM
Word-182 (16-07-12)

disrespect (noun) [+ for / to sb/sth]
অশ্রদ্ধা; lack of respect
a disrespect for authority
disrespect for the law / the dead
No disrespect intended sir. It was just a joke.

disrespectful (adjective)
অশ্রদ্ধাশীল; full of disrespect
disrespectful behaviour

disrespectfully (adverb)
অশ্রদ্ধাশীলভাবে; in a disrespectful way
He disrespectfully rejected my proposal.


no disrespect to sb
অশ্রদ্ধা করার জন্য নয়; শ্রদ্ধা রেখেই বলছি; used before you criticize someone in order not to sound rude
No disrespect to Julie, but this department worked perfectly well before she started here.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 18, 2012, 02:11:35 PM
Word-183 (17-07-12)

disrupt (verb)
বিঘ্ন সৃষ্টি করা; to make it difficult for sth to continue in the normal way
Demonstrators succeeded in disrupting the meeting.
Bus services will be disrupted tomorrow because of the bridge closure.
A heavy fall of snow had disrupted the city's transport system.
The meeting was disrupted by a group of protesters who shouted and threw fruit at the speaker.

disruption (noun)
বিঘ্ন; hindrance
disruptions to rail services
The strike caused serious disruptions.
We aim to help you move house with minimum disruption to yourself.
The accident on the main road through town is causing widespread disruption for motorists.

disruptive (adjective)
বিঘ্ন সৃষ্টিকারী;  causing trouble and therefore stopping something from continuing as usual
She had a disruptive influence on the rest of the class.
His teacher described him as a noisy, disruptive influence in class.

disruptively (adverb)
বিঘ্নকরভাবে; in a disruptive way
He talked in the meeting disruptively from time to time.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 21, 2012, 04:59:23 PM
Word-184 (18-07-12)

disseminate (verb)
ছড়িয়ে দেওয়া; বিস্তার করা; to spread information, knowledge etc. so that it reaches many people
Their findings have been widely disseminated.
One of the organization's aims is to disseminate information about the disease.

dissemination (noun)
ছড়ানো বা বিস্তার; the act of disseminating
the dissemination of information
The dissemination of the secret message worried people.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 21, 2012, 05:07:46 PM
Word-185 (19-07-12)

distort (verb)
বিকৃত করা; to change something from its usual, original, natural or intended meaning, condition or shape
a fairground mirror that distorts your shape
The loudspeaker seemed to distort his voice.
Newspapers are often guilty of distorting the truth.
My original statement has been completely distorted by the media.

distorted (adjective)
বিকৃত; changed in a bad way
His face was distorted in agony.
This report gives a somewhat distorted impression of what actually happened.
The music just gets distorted when you play it so loud.
The article gave a distorted picture of his childhood.

distortion (noun)
বিকৃতি; the act of distorting
distortion of history 
a gross distortion of the facts
modern alloys that are resistant to wear and distortion

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 21, 2012, 05:23:16 PM
Word-186 (20-07-12)

distract (verb) [+ sb/sth from sth]
মনোযোগ নষ্ট করা; to make someone stop giving their attention to something
Don't distract her from her studies.
He tried to distract attention from his own illegal activities.
You’re distracting me from my work.
Don’t talk to her—she’s very easily distracted.
It was another attempt to distract attention from the truth.

distracting (adjective)
মনোযোগে বিঘ্ন সৃষ্টিকারী; diverting attention
distracting thoughts
a distracting noise
Please turn your music down - it's very distracting.

distraction (noun)
মনোযোগে বিঘ্ন সৃষ্টিকারী কোনোকিছু; মনোযোগ বিনষ্টি; উদ্বেগ; something that diverts attention or the process of diversion of attention
cinema audiences looking for distraction
I can turn the television off if you find it a distraction.
I find it hard to work at home because there are too many distractions.
The children are driving me to distraction today.
His lessons bore me to distraction.
That dreadful noise is driving me to distraction.

distracted (adjective)
উদ্বিগ্ন; অমোযোদী; nervous, anxious or confused because you are worried about something
Gill seems rather distracted at the moment - I think she's worried about her exams.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 25, 2012, 01:20:45 PM
Word-187 (21-07-12)

distress (noun)
উদ্বেগ, যন্ত্রনা বা কষ্ট; a feeling of extreme worry, sadness or pain
a distress signal
economic / financial distress
The way she had been treated at work had caused her extreme emotional distress.
Many of the horses were showing signs of distress at the end of the race.
Six people were rescued by helicopter from a fishing boat in distress.
It is a rule of the sea to help another boat in distress.

distress (verb)
উদ্বেগ, যন্ত্রনা বা কষ্ট দেওয়া; to make someone feel very upset or worried
I hope I haven't distressed you with all these personal questions.
She was deeply distressed by the news of his death.
It was clear that the letter had deeply distressed her.
Don’t distress yourself.

distressed (adjective)
যন্ত্রনাক্লিষ্ট; full of distress
He was too distressed and confused to answer their questions.
The government is taking steps to stimulate business development in (economically) distressed areas.

distressing / distressful (adjective)
যন্ত্রনাকর বা যন্ত্রনাদায়ক; making one feel extremely upset
The television reports about the famine were particularly distressing.
It was deeply distressing for him to see his wife in such pain.

distressingly (adverb)
যন্ত্রনাকরভাবে; in a distressing or distressful way
He was behaving with me distressingly.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 25, 2012, 01:30:01 PM
Word-188 (22-07-12)

diverge (verb) [ant. converge] [+ from]
পৃথক হওয়া বা ভিন্নদিকে যাওয়া; to separate and go in different directions
to diverge from the norm
He diverged from established procedure.
Opinions diverge greatly on this issue.
The parallel lines appear to diverge.
Many species have diverged from a single ancestor.
The coastal road diverges from the freeway just north of Santa Monica.
We went through school and college together, but then our paths diverged.
They walked along the road together until they reached the village, but then their paths diverged.
Although the two organizations have worked together for many years, their objectives have diverged recently.

divergence (noun)
ভিন্নতা; difference
a wide divergence of opinion
The divergence between the incomes of the rich and the poor countries seems to be increasing.
Recently published figures show a divergence from previous trends.

divergent (adjective)
ভিন্ন; different
divergent paths / opinions
They hold widely divergent opinions on controversial issues like abortion.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 25, 2012, 01:34:12 PM
Word-189 (23-07-12)

divulge (verb)
গোপন কথা প্রকাশ করা; to make something secret known [syn. reveal]
Journalists do not divulge their sources.
Police refused to divulge the identity of the suspect.
The managing director refused to divulge how much she earned.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 28, 2012, 03:50:17 PM
Word-190 (24-07-12)

dizzy (adjective) [syn. giddy]
1. মাথা ঘোরানো অনুভূতি; feeling as if everything is spinning around you and that you are not able to balance
Climbing so high made me feel dizzy.
I suffer from dizzy spells.
Going without sleep for a long time makes me feel dizzy and light-headed.
I felt quite dizzy with excitement as I went up to collect the award.

2.  দ্রুত ও বিভ্রান্তিকর; confusing and very fast
the dizzy descent from the summit
the dizzy pace of life in Hong Kong
Who could have predicted the dizzy pace of change in the country?

3. বোকা; silly or stupid
a dizzy blonde
In the film, she played the part of a dizzy shopkeeper.

dizzily / dizzyingly (adverb)
মাথা ঘুরিয়ে দেয় এমনভাবে; in a dizzy way or a way that makes you feel dizzy
The skyscrapers towered dizzily above us.

dizziness (noun)
মাথা ঘোরা; a state of dizzy feeling
The dizziness forced him to consult a doctor.

dizzying (adjective)
মাথা ঘুরিয়ে দেয় এমন;  causing you to feel dizzy
a dizzying display of acrobatics
The dizzying pace of political change in the country caught many people by surprise.


the dizzy heights of sth 
গুরুত্বপূর্ণ অবস্থান; a very important position
Do you think Tess will reach the dizzy heights of Senior Editor before she's 30?
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 28, 2012, 03:59:08 PM
Word-191 (25-07-12)

doleful (adjective) [syn. mournful]
খুব বিষন্ন; very sad
a doleful expression / face / song
a doleful looking man

dolefully (adverb)
খুব বিষন্নভাবে; in a doleful way
He looked at me dolefully.
She sang the song dolefully.

dolorous (adjective)
বিষাদময়; sad, or causing sadness or emotional suffering
Their dolorous acting moved the audience.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 28, 2012, 04:07:46 PM
Word-192 (26-07-12)

doodle (verb)
আঁকিবুকি করা;  to draw pictures or patterns while thinking about something else or when you are bored
She'd doodled all over her textbooks.
I often doodle when I’m on the phone.

doodle (noun)
আঁকিবুকি; the act of doodling
He is engaged in his doodle.
The doodle gave her much pleasure.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 29, 2012, 12:37:01 PM
Word-193 (27-07-12)

douse (verb)

1. ভিজিয়ে দেওয়া; to make something or someone wet by throwing a lot of liquid over them
The car was doused in petrol and set alight.
We watched as demonstrators doused a car in/with petrol and set it alight.

2. আগুন নিভানো; to stop a fire or light from burning or shining, especially by putting water on it or by covering it with something
dousing the burning hut
The firefighters have at last doused the fire.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 29, 2012, 12:44:40 PM
Word-194 (28-07-12)

dowry (noun)
যৌতুক; an amount of money or property which a woman's parents give to the man she marries
a dowry of two lakh taka
The family is dead against dowry.
Dowry is a great curse in Bengali society.
The woman was tortured as her parents could not pay the dowry.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on July 29, 2012, 12:57:38 PM
Word-195 (29-07-12)

doze (verb)
অল্প সময়ের জন্য ঘুমানো; to sleep lightly for a short time
My cat likes dozing in front of the fire.

doze (noun)
অল্প সময়ের জন্য ঘুম; a short light sleep
He's just having a little doze on the settee.

dozy (adjective)
ক্লান্ত ও তন্দ্রালু; tired and wanting to sleep
Drinking a beer at lunchtime makes me feel dozy all afternoon.

dozily (adverb)
তন্দ্রালুভাবে; in a dozy way
He finished his dinner dozily.


doze off
দিনের বেলা ঘুমানো; to go to sleep, especially during the day
The office was so hot I nearly dozed off at my desk.
She dozed off in front of the fire.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 02, 2012, 03:09:21 PM
Word-196 (30-07-12)

drab (adjective)
বিরক্তিকর; সাদামাটা; boring, especially in appearance; lacking colour and excitement
a cold drab little office
drab women, dressed in brown and white
I feel so drab in this grey uniform.
She walked through the city centre with its drab, grey buildings and felt depressed.

drabness (noun)
বিরক্তিকর বা সাদামাটা ভাব; the state of being drab
the drabness of her performance
It's the unrelieved drabness of big industrial cities that depresses me.


in dribs and drabs
একটু একটু করে; in small amounts, a few at a time
The charity was coming in dribs and drabs.
She paid me in dribs and drabs, not all at once.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 02, 2012, 03:31:25 PM
Word-197 (31-07-12)

dread (verb)
ভয় পাওয়া; আশঙ্কা করা; to be very afraid of sth; to fear that sth bad is going to happen:
I dread being sick.
She dreads her husband finding out.
I'm dreading having to meet his parents.
This was the moment he had been dreading.
He's dreading his driving test - he's sure he's going to fail.
I dread to think what would happen if there really was a fire here.

dread (noun)
ভয় বা আশঙ্কা; a strong feeling of fear or worry
She has an irrational dread of hospitals.
I live in dread of bumping into her in the street.
The prospect of growing old fills me with dread.
My greatest dread is that my parents will find out.
The prospect of working full-time fills me with dread.
The committee members live in dread of anything that may cause a scandal.

dreaded (adjective)
ভীতিকর; causing fear
The dreaded moment had finally arrived.
I've got my dreaded cousin coming to stay!
Did I hear the dreaded word ‘homework’?

dreadful (adjective)
ভয়ঙ্কর; বাজে; very bad, of very low quality, or shocking and very sad
a dreadful accident
How dreadful!
Jinat looked dreadful.
What dreadful weather!
What a dreadful thing to say!
They suffered dreadful injuries.
It’s dreadful the way they treat their staff.
The food was bad and the service was dreadful.
I was beginning to think I'd made a dreadful mistake.
The news report was so dreadful that I just had to switch it off.
She’s making a dreadful mess of things.
I’m afraid there’s been a dreadful mistake.

dreadfully (adverb)
ভয়ঙ্করভাবে; in an extreme way
I’m dreadfully sorry.
I miss you dreadfully.
She behaved dreadfully.
He was dreadfully upset.
I'm dreadfully sorry - I really am.
They suffered dreadfully during the war.


dread to think
চিন্তা করতে ভয় পাওয়া; used to say that you do not want to think about something because it is too worrying
I dread to think what would happen if he was left to cope on his own.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 02, 2012, 03:40:25 PM
Word-198 (01-08-12)

dreary (adjective)
নীরস; boring and making you feel unhappy
a dreary film
a dreary little town
a dreary winter’s day
a long and dreary journey on the train
She had spent another dreary day in the office.

drearily (adverb)
নীরসভাবে; in a dreary way
a drearily composed song
She talked with him drearily.

dreariness (noun)
নীরসভাব; the state of being dreary
the dreariness of his dress
I was bored by the dreariness of his speech.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 05, 2012, 01:36:56 PM
Word-199 (02-08-12)

drift (verb)
ভেসে চলা; to move slowly, especially as a result of outside forces, with no control over direction
to drift / flow downstream
Clouds drifted across the sky.
The empty boat drifted out to sea.
A mist drifted in from the marshes.
Her gaze drifted around the room.
The logs are drifted downstream to the mill.
No one noticed that the boat had begun to drift out to sea.
The crowd drifted away from the scene of the accident.
After the band stopped playing, people drifted away in twos and threes.
(figurative) The talk drifted aimlessly from one subject to another.

drift (noun)
1. লোকজনের স্থানান্তর; a slow steady movement from one place to another
continuous drift
a population drift away from rural areas

2.  পরিস্থিতির পরিবর্তন; a general development or change in a situation
attempts to halt the drift towards war
The downward drift in copper prices looks set to continue.

3. তুষারের স্তুপ; a pile of snow or something similar, formed by the wind
The snow lay in deep drifts.
The road was blocked by deep drifts of snow.

4. সাধারন অর্থ; the general meaning without the details
My German isn’t very good, but I got the drift of what she said.
The general drift of the article was that society doesn't value older people.

drifter (noun)
ভেসে চলা লোক; someone who moves from one place to another or from one job to another without any real purpose
He has been a careless throughout his life.


driftnet (noun)
বড় মাছধরা জাল; a very large fishing net which hangs in the sea from devices floating on the surface
They are fishing in the sea with a driftnet.

driftwood (noun)
ভাসমান কাঠ; wood which is floating on the sea or brought onto the beach by the sea
He caught the driftnet and remained afloat.


drift with the tide 
উদ্দেশ্যহীনভাবে চলা; তাল মেলানো; to agree with other people and not make your own decisions
I didn’t intend to be a teacher—I just drifted into it.
He hasn’t decided what to do yet—he’s just drifting.
The conversation drifted onto politics.

catch/get sb's drift 
অর্থ বুঝতে পারা; to understand the general meaning of what someone is saying
Do you catch my drift?
I could not get your drift.
She's married, but she doesn't act as if she is, if you get my drift.

drift apart
সম্পর্ক হালকা হয়ে আসা; If two people drift apart, they gradually become less friendly and their relationship ends.
As children we were very close, but as we grew up we just drifted apart.

drift off / in / into
ধীরে ধীরে ঘুমানো বা অচেতন হওয়া; to gradually start to sleep be unconscious
Finally she drifted into sleep.
I didn’t hear the storm. I must have drifted off by then.
I couldn't help drifting off in the middle of that lecture - it was so boring!
The injured man tried to speak but soon drifted into unconsciousness.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 05, 2012, 01:52:22 PM
Word-200 (03-08-12)

drizzle (noun)
1. গুড়িগুড়ি বৃষ্টি; rain in very small light drops
Tomorrow will be cloudy with outbreaks of rain and drizzle.

2. ছিটা; pouring
Serve the pasta hot with a drizzle of olive oil.

drizzle (verb)
1. গুড়িগুড়ি বৃষ্টি হওয়া; to rain in very small light drops
It's been drizzling all day.

2. ছিটিয়ে দেওয়া; to pour liquid slowly over something, especially in a thin line or in small drops
Drizzle the syrup over the warm cake.

drizzly (adjective)
হালকা বৃষ্টিযুক্ত; having drizzle
a drizzly morning
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 05, 2012, 02:02:47 PM
Word-201 (04-08-12)

droop (verb)
1. বাঁকা হওয়া বা ঝুলে পড়া; to bend or hang down heavily
The flowers were drooping in the heat.
I can see you're tired because your eyelids have started to droop.
She was so tired, her eyelids were beginning to droop.

2. বিষন্ন হওয়া; to become sad or depressed
Our spirits drooped when we heard the news.
Their spirits drooped and they felt helpless.

drooping (adjective)
বাঁকা বা নোয়ানো; bending or hanging down heavily
drooping branches
Bloodhounds have drooping eyes and floppy ears.

droopy (adjective)
ঝুলে পড়া; in a drooping condition
He had a long droopy moustache.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 06, 2012, 05:15:52 PM
Word-202 (05-08-12)

drought (noun)
খরা; a long period when there is little or no rain
two years of severe drought
one of the worst droughts on record
This year a drought has ruined the crops.
Drought in summer is a common phenomenon in Bangladesh.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 06, 2012, 05:26:26 PM
Word-203 (06-08-12)

drowse (verb)
হালকা ঘুমানো বা ঝিমানো; to be in a light sleep or almost asleep
The old man was drowsing under a tree.

drowsy (adjective)
তন্দ্রালু; being in a state between sleeping and being awake; sleepy
a drowsy afternoon in the sunshine
The tablets may make you feel drowsy.
The room is so warm it's making me feel drowsy.

drowsily (adverb)
তন্দ্রালুভাবে; in a drowsy way
a drowsily cozy atmosphere
He answered drowsily.

drowsiness (noun)
ঘুম ঘুম ভাব বা তন্দ্রাভাব; drowsy condition
The drugs tend to cause drowsiness.
Seasickness tablets often cause drowsiness.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 14, 2012, 03:09:09 PM
Word-204 (07-08-12)

dwarf (noun)
বেঁটে; a person who is much smaller than the usual size; in stories for children, a creature like a little man with magical powers
He feels ashamed of being a dwarf.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarves

dwarf (adjective)
ছোট; very small
dwarf conifers
You can grow dwarf plants in pots on the patio.

dwarf (verb)
খাটো করা; If one thing dwarfs another, it makes it seem small by comparison
The new skyscraper will dwarf all those near it.
This new crisis may well dwarf most that have gone before.
The old houses were dwarfed by the huge new tower blocks.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 14, 2012, 03:21:31 PM
Word-205 (08-08-12)

dwell (verb)
বসবাস করা; to live in a place or in a particular way
She dwelt in remote parts of Asia for many years.
For ten years she dwelled among the nomads of North America.

dweller (noun)
বাসিন্দা; a person who lives in a city, town, cave, etc.
city/town/cave/apartment dwellers

dwelling (noun)
আবাস; a house or place to live in
The development will consist of 66 dwellings and a number of offices.
There is an estimated shortfall of some five million dwellings across the country.

dwelling (adjective)
বসবাসের জন্য; meant to be lived
a dwelling house/place


dwell on sth
চিন্তা করা বা বলা; to think or talk a lot about sth, especially sth it would be better to forget
So you made a mistake, but there’s no need to dwell on it.
In his speech, he dwelt on the plight of the sick and the hungry.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 14, 2012, 03:27:52 PM
Word-206 (07-08-12)

dwindle (verb)
কমে যাওয়া; to become smaller in size or amount, or fewer in number
Support for the party has dwindled away to nothing.
Membership of the club has dwindled from 70 to 20.
The community has dwindled to a tenth of its former size in the last two years.
Her hopes of success in the race dwindled last night as the weather became worse.

dwindling (adjective)
কমে যাচ্ছে এমন; becoming gradually less or smaller
dwindling audiences
dwindling numbers/supplies

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 25, 2012, 01:00:30 PM
Word-207 (08-08-12)

dynamics (noun)
1. গতিশক্তি; forces that produce movement
This software is used for modelling atmospheric dynamics.

2. গতিশীলতা; forces or processes that produce change inside a group or system
group dynamics
the dynamics of political change
The fight for the leadership gave a fascinating insight into the group's dynamics.

3.  গতিবিদ্যা; the scientific study of the forces that produce movement
fluid dynamics
He took a test in dynamics.

dynamic (adjective)
1. গতিশীল; having a lot of energy and a strong personality
a dynamic force
a dynamic personality

2. পরিবর্তনশীল; always changing and making progress
a dynamic situation

dynamically (adverb)
গতিশীলভাবে; in a dynamic way
dynamically stable

dynamism (noun)
উদ্দীপনা; energy and enthusiasm to make new things happen or to make things succeed
The measure caused dynamism in their activities.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 25, 2012, 01:11:14 PM
Word-208 (09-08-12)

dynasty (noun)
রাজবংশ; a series of rulers or leaders who are all from the same family, or a period when a country is ruled by them
The Mogul dynasty ruled over India for centuries.
the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty
the Bangabandhu-Hasina dynasty
There was peace and prosperity in Bengal during Pal dynasty.

dynastic (adjective)
রাজবংশগত; of dynasty
dynastic history
his dynastic pride

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 25, 2012, 01:24:59 PM
Word-209 (10-08-12)

dysentery (noun)
আমাশয়; an infection of the bowels that causes severe diarrhoea with loss of blood
a symptom of dysentery
He is suffering from dysentery for three days.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 27, 2012, 11:12:45 AM
Word-210 (11-08-12)

eager (adjective)  [+ to do sth / for sth]
আগ্রহী; wanting very much to do or have something, especially something interesting or enjoyable
the children's eager faces
eager crowds outside the stadium
She sounded very eager to meet you.
They crowded round the spokesperson, eager for any news.
She is eager for her parents' approval.
Everyone in the class seemed eager to learn.
They’re eager to please her.

eagerly (adverb)
আগ্রহ সহকারে; in an eager way
an eagerly awaited announcement
the band’s eagerly awaited new CD
They are eagerly waiting outside.

eagerness (noun)
আগ্রহ; state of being eager
I couldn’t hide my eagerness to get back home.
In their eagerness to find a solution, they have overlooked certain difficulties.


eager beaver
a person who is willing to work very hard
Jamal is always busy with computer; he is a eager beaver.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 27, 2012, 11:30:45 AM
Word-211 (12-08-12)

earnest (adjective)
আন্তরিক; very serious and sincere
an earnest young man
Despite her earnest efforts, she could not find a job.
He was a very earnest young man.

earnestly (adverb)
আন্তরিকভাবে; in an earnest manner
I earnest request you to help me.

earnestness (noun)
আন্তরিকতা; state of being earnest
He lacks earnestness in his efforts.


in deadly earnest
অত্যন্ত আন্তরিক; completely serious
These fanatics are in deadly earnest when they say they want to destroy all forms of government.
You may laugh but I’m in deadly earnest.

in earnest
অধিকতর আন্তরিক ও উদ্দীপনাপূর্ণ; more seriously and with more force or effort than before
The work on the house will begin in earnest on Monday.
The election campaign has begun in earnest.
I could tell she spoke in earnest.
I thought he was joking - I didn't realize he was in earnest.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 27, 2012, 02:28:39 PM
Word-211 (12-08-12)

eccentric (adjective)
অদ্ভূত, অস্বাভাবিক, পাগলাটে; strange or unusual, sometimes in an amusing way
eccentric behaviour / clothes
an eccentric aunt

eccentric (noun)
অদ্ভূত, অস্বাভাবিক, পাগলাটে লোক; a strange or unusual person
My mother's a bit of an eccentric.
Most people considered him a harmless eccentric.

eccentrically (adverb)
অদ্ভূত বা অস্বাভাবিকভাবে; in an eccentric way
He reacted to my words eccentrically.

eccentricity (noun)
অদ্ভূত বা অস্বাভাবিক ভাব; the state of being eccentric or an eccentric action
Her eccentricities get stranger by the day.
As a teacher, she had a reputation for eccentricity.
Anik was noted for the eccentricity of his clothes.
We all have our little eccentricities.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 28, 2012, 10:20:58 AM
Word-212 (13-08-12)

ecology (noun)
প্রাকৃতিক পরিবেশ বা প্রতিবেশ; the relationships between the air, land, water, animals, plants, etc., usually of a particular area, or the scientific study of this
plant / animal / human ecology
the ecology movement
Oil pollution could damage the fragile ecology of the coral reefs.
The oil spill caused terrible damage to the fragile ecology of the coast.
She hopes to study ecology at college.

ecological (adjective)
পরিবেশগত; relating to ecology or the environment
an ecological disaster
the ecological movement
We risk upsetting the ecological balance of the area.
The destruction of the rain forests is an ecological disaster.

ecologically (adverb)
পরিবেশগতভাবে; in an ecological way
The system is both practical and ecologically sound.
It's an ecologically friendly/sound means of transportation.

ecologist (noun)
পরিবেশবিজ্ঞানী; an expert in ecology
Mr Aslam is a noted ecologist.


ecosystem (noun)
পরিবেশ-ব্যবস্থা; all the living things in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment
Pollution can have disastrous effects on the delicately balanced ecosystem.

ecotourism (noun)
পরিবেশ-পর্যটন; the business of organizing holidays to places that people do not usually visit in a way which helps local people and does not damage the environment
Bangladesh has immense possibilities in ecotourism.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 28, 2012, 12:53:24 PM
Word-213 (14-08-12)

efficient (adjective)
দক্ষ বা কার্যকর; working or operating quickly and effectively in an organized way
an efficient secretary
efficient heating equipment
the efficient use of energy
fuel-efficient cars
As we get older, our bodies become less efficient at burning up calories.
The city's transport system is one of the most efficient in Europe.
We need someone really efficient who can organize the office and make it run smoothly.

efficiently (adverb)
দক্ষতার সাথে;  in an efficient way
a very efficiently organized event
She runs the business very efficiently.

efficiency (noun)
দক্ষতা; the quality of doing sth well with no waste of time or money
improvements in efficiency at the factory
I was impressed by the efficiency with which she handled the crisis.
What is so impressive about their society is the efficiency of the public services.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on August 28, 2012, 01:10:22 PM
Word-214 (15-08-12)

elaborate (adjective) [syn. detailed]
বিস্তারিত; containing a lot of careful detail or many detailed parts
elaborate designs
an elaborate computer system
She had prepared a very elaborate meal.
You want a plain blouse to go with that skirt - nothing too elaborate.
They're making the most elaborate preparations for the wedding.
He came out with such an elaborate excuse that I didn't quite believe him.

elaborately (adverb)
বিস্তারিতভাবে; in an elaborate way
an elaborately decorated room
It was the most elaborately decorated cake - all sugar flowers and bows.

elaborate (verb) [+ on / upon sth]
বিস্তারিত আলোচনা করা; to add more information or to explain or describe sth in a more detailed way
He said he was resigning but did not elaborate on his reasons.
She went on to elaborate her argument.
The minister said he was resigning, but refused to elaborate on his reasons for doing so.
In his plays he takes simple traditional tales and elaborates them.

elaboration (noun)
বিস্তারিত বর্ণনা; the act of explaining something
This point needs greater elaboration.
The importance of the plan needs no further elaboration.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 02, 2012, 10:05:43 AM
Word-215 (16-08-12)

elated (adjective)
উল্লসিত; extremely happy and excited, often because something has happened or been achieved
They were elated at the result.
I was elated by the prospect of the new job ahead.
The prince was reported to be elated at/by the birth of his new daughter.

elation (noun)
উল্লাস; a state of extreme happiness or excitement
His elation knows no bound.
I do not find any word to express my elation.
There's a sense of elation at having completed a race of such length.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 02, 2012, 10:19:50 AM
Word-216 (17-08-12)

elegant (adjective)
1. মনোহর বা আকর্ষণীয়; graceful and attractive in appearance or behaviour
an elegant woman
a very elegant suit / dress / room / restaurant
She was tall and elegant.

2. উতকৃষ্ট; (of a plan or an idea) clever but simple
an elegant idea
an elegant solution to the problem

elegantly (adverb)
সুন্দরভাবে; in an elegant way
elegantly dressed
She walked elegantly down the pavement.

elegance (noun)
উতকর্ষ; state of being elegant
It was her natural elegance that struck me.
the elegance of her clothes
She dresses with casual elegance.
His writing combines elegance and wit.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 02, 2012, 10:26:09 AM
Word-217 (18-08-12)

elegy (noun)
শোকগাথা; a sad poem or song, especially remembering someone who has died or something in the past
He has written an elegy in memory of his father’s death.
Gray's 'Elegy in a Country Churchyard' is a famous English poem.

elegiac (adjective)
শোকগাথাবিষয়ক;  relating to an elegy
an elegiac couplet

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 03, 2012, 01:58:54 PM
Word-218 (19-08-12)

eligible (adjective) [+ for sth / to do sth]
1. যোগ্য; having the necessary qualities or fulfilling the necessary conditions
Are you eligible for early retirement/maternity leave?
You might be eligible for a grant.
Only people over 18 are eligible to vote.
When are you eligible to vote in your country?
Only those over 70 are eligible for the special payment.

2. বিবাহযোগ্য; of someone who is not married and is desirable as a marriage partner, especially because they are rich and attractive
I can think of several eligible bachelors of my acquaintance.

eligibility (noun)
যোগ্যতা; I'll have to check her eligibility to take part.
The eligibility rules prevent under-18s being in the team.
The eligibility criteria for recruitment should be changed.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 03, 2012, 02:20:10 PM
Word-219 (20-08-12)

eloquent (adjective)
বক্তব্যে স্পষ্ট; giving a clear, strong message
She made an eloquent appeal for action.
The pictures were an eloquent reminder of the power of the volcano.

eloquently (adverb)
স্পষ্টভাবে; in an eloquent way
He explained eloquently.
She spoke eloquently on the subject.
His face expressed his grief more eloquently than any words.

eloquence (noun)
বক্তব্যে স্পষ্টতা; state of being eloquent
a speech of passionate eloquence
the eloquence of his smile
She was renowned for her eloquence and beauty.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 03, 2012, 02:40:08 PM
Word-220 (21-08-12)

embarrass (verb)
বিব্রত করা; to cause someone to feel anxious or uncomfortable
Her questions about my private life embarrassed me.
It embarrassed her to meet strange men in the corridor at night.
You're embarrassing him with your compliments!
I didn't want to embarrass her in front of her friends.
The speech was deliberately designed to embarrass the prime minister.

embarrassed (adjective)
বিব্রত;  feeling ashamed or shy
She felt embarrassed about undressing in front of the doctor.
I was too embarrassed to admit that I was scared.
She’s embarrassed about her height.
He felt embarrassed at being the centre of attention.
Some women are too embarrassed to consult their doctor about the problem.
Her remark was followed by an embarrassed silence.
I’ve never felt so embarrassed in my life!

embarrassing (adjective)
বিব্রতকর;  making you feel embarrassed
an embarrassing mistake / question / situation
It can be embarrassing for children to tell complete strangers about such incidents.
It was so embarrassing having to sing in public.
It's embarrassing to be caught telling a lie.
The report is likely to prove highly embarrassing to the government.

embarrassingly (adverb)
বিব্রতকরভাবে;  in an embarrassing way
an embarrassingly poor performance/loud voice
The play was embarrassingly bad.

embarrassment (noun)
বিব্রতকর অবস্থা;  when you feel embarrassed, or something that makes you feel embarrassed
She blushed with embarrassment.
My parents are an embarrassment to me!
I nearly died of embarrassment when he said that.
I’m glad you offered—it saved me the embarrassment of having to ask.
Much to her embarrassment she realized that everybody had been listening to her singing.
Her resignation will be a severe embarrassment to the party.

an embarrassment of riches 
প্রাচুর্যের বিব্রম্বনা;   so many good things or people that it is impossible to decide which of them you want
He grew up in an embarrassment of riches.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 04, 2012, 01:48:02 PM
Word-221 (22-08-12)

embrace (noun)
আলিঙ্গন; the act of holding somebody with arms as a sign of love or friendship
the country’s eager embrace of modern technology
He held her in a warm embrace.
There were tears and embraces as they said goodbye.

embrace (verb)
1.আলিঙ্গন করা; to hold somebody with arms as a sign of love or friendship
She saw them embrace on the station platform.
He leant over to embrace the child.
They embraced and promised to keep in touch.
She embraced her son warmly.

2. সাদরে গ্রহণ করা; to accept something enthusiastically
to embrace democracy / feminism / Islam
This was an opportunity that he would embrace.

3. অন্তর্ভুক্ত করা; to include something, often as one of a number of things
The talks embraced a wide range of issues.
Linguistics embraces a diverse range of subjects such as phonetics and stylistics.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 04, 2012, 02:05:00 PM
Word-221 (22-08-12)

emerge (verb)
1. উদয় হওয়া; বেরিয়ে আসা; to appear by coming out of something
The swimmer emerged from the lake.
She emerged from the forest.
She finally emerged from her room at noon.
We emerged into bright sunlight.
No new evidence emerged during the investigation.
It emerged that the company was going to be sold.
After the elections opposition groups began to emerge.
He emerged as a key figure in the campaign
She emerged from the scandal with her reputation intact.

emergence (noun)
আবির্ভাব বা উদ্ভব; the process of appearing
the island’s emergence from the sea 3 000 years ago
the emergence of new technologies
The emergence of small Japanese cars in the 1970s challenged the US and European manufacturers.

emerging (adjective)
উদীয়মান; starting to exist
the emerging markets of South Asia
Western governments should be giving more aid to the emerging democracies of the Third World.

emergent (adjective)
নতুন ও বর্ধমান; new and still developing
emergent nations / states / economies / markets
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 04, 2012, 02:26:08 PM
Word-222 (23-08-12)

empire (noun)
সাম্রাজ্জ; a group of countries ruled by a single person, government or country
the Roman Empire
the Mughal Empire

empire (noun)
বিশাল ব্যবসা বা প্রতিষ্ঠান;  a very large and important business or organization
a business empire
The company has grown from one small shop to a multi-million-pound empire.

imperial (adjective)
সাম্রাজ্জবিষয়ক;;  connected with an empire
he imperial family / palace / army / grandeur
imperial power / expansion
Imperial China
Britain's imperial past

imperialism (noun)
সাম্রাজ্জবাদ; a system in which a country rules other countries, sometimes having used force to obtain power over them
the age of imperialism
Roman imperialism
cultural  imperialism
She accused the United States of economic imperialism.

imperialist (adjective)
সাম্রাজ্জবাদী; when a country dominates others
an imperialist power
an imperialist power
imperialist ambitions

imperialist (noun)
সাম্রাজ্জবাদী ব্যক্তি; someone who supports imperialism
He is out and out an imperialist.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 06, 2012, 04:41:12 PM
Word-223 (24-08-12)

enclose (verb)
1. ঘিরে রাখা; to surround
The yard had been enclosed with iron railings.
The land was enclosed in the seventeenth century.
The park that encloses the monument has recently been enlarged.
Low hedges enclosed the flower beds.
She felt his arms enclose her.
(figurative) All translated words should be enclosed in brackets.

2.  সংযুক্ত করা; to send something in the same envelope or parcel as something else
Please return the completed form, enclosing a recent photograph.
Please enclose a curriculum vitae with your letter of application.

enclosed (adjective)
1. আবদ্ধ;  surrounded by walls, objects or structures
He doesn't like enclosed spaces.
Do not use this substance in an enclosed space.

2.  সংযুক্ত; sent to someone in an envelope with a letter
The enclosed card is for Julia.
Please find enclosed a cheque in settlement of your invoice.
Please complete the enclosed application form.
Please find enclosed a cheque for Tk. 50,000.

enclosure (noun)
1. ঘেরা বা আবদ্ধ স্থান; an enclosed area
the members' enclosure
a wildlife enclosure

2.  ঘের; the act of placing a fence or wall around a piece of land
the enclosure of common land in the seventeenth century
An early example of privatization was the enclosure of public land for use by wealthy landlords.

3. সংযুক্তি; something that is put in the same envelope or parcel as something else
She gave other necessary papers in enclosure.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 06, 2012, 04:55:28 PM
Word-224 (25-08-12)

encourage (verb)
উতসাহ দেওয়া; to give sb support, courage or hope
We were encouraged to learn foreign languages at school.
The council is encouraging the development of the property for both employment and recreation.
They've always encouraged me in everything I've wanted to do.
My parents have always encouraged me in my choice of career.
We were greatly encouraged by the positive response of the public.
Banks actively encourage people to borrow money.
They claim that some computer games encourage violent behaviour in young children.
Music and lighting are used to encourage shoppers to buy more.
She felt encouraged by their promise of support.

encouraging (adjective)
উতসাহমূলক; making you feel more confidence or hope
There was a lot of positive feedback which was very encouraging.
This month’s unemployment figures are not very encouraging.
You could try being a little more encouraging!

encouragingly (adverb)
উতসাহমূলকভাবে; in an encouraging way
to smile encouragingly
The attendance was encouragingly high.
My mother smiled encouragingly at me as I went up on stage.

encouragement (noun)
উতসাহ; the act of encouraging or word of encouraging
Children need lots of encouragement from their parents.
I could never have achieved this without the encouragement of my husband and family.
The armed forces are now giving positive encouragement to applications from Asians and black people.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 08, 2012, 12:33:36 PM
Word-225 (26-08-12)

endure (verb)
1. সহ্য করা; to suffer something difficult, unpleasant or painful
a love that endures all things and never fails
They had to endure a long wait before the case came to trial.
She could not endure the thought of parting.
The pain was almost too great to endure.
He can’t endure being defeated.
He can’t endure to be defeated.
We had to endure a nine-hour delay at the airport.
She's already had to endure three painful operations on her leg.

2. টিকে থাকা; to continue to exist for a long time
a success that will endure
The political system established in 1400 endured until about 1650.

endurable (adjective)
সহ্য করার মতো; in a state to endure
I felt that life was no longer endurable.

endurance (noun)
সহ্যক্ষমতা; the ability to keep doing something difficult, unpleasant or painful for a long time
powers of endurance
He showed remarkable endurance throughout his illness.
They were humiliated beyond endurance.
This event tests both physical and mental endurance.
The party turned out to be more of an endurance test than a pleasure.
Running a marathon is a test of human endurance.
The pain was bad beyond endurance.

enduring (adjective)
টেকসই; existing for a long time
enduring memories
the enduring appeal of cartoons
What is the reason for the game’s enduring appeal?
I shall be left with many enduring memories of the time I spent in India.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 08, 2012, 01:13:00 PM
Word-226 (27-08-12)

enhance (verb)
বাড়ানো; to improve the quality, amount or strength of something
enhanced efficiency
the skilled use of make-up to enhance your best features
This is an opportunity to enhance the reputation of the company.
These scandals will not enhance the organization's reputation.
Several athletes tested positive for illegal performance-enhancing drugs.

enhancement (noun)
বর্ধন; the act of enhancing
equipment for the enhancement of sound quality
software enhancements

enhancer (noun)
বর্ধক; something which is used to improve the quality of something.
flavour enhancers
Music can be a mood enhancer.
I don't like to use artificial flavour enhancers in my cooking.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 08, 2012, 01:18:34 PM
Word-227 (28-08-12)

enigma (noun)
প্রহেলিকা; something that is mysterious and seems impossible to understand completely
She is a bit of an enigma.
The newspapers were full of stories about the enigma of Lord Lucan's disappearance.

enigmatic (adjective)
প্রহেলিকাপূর্ণ;  mysterious and impossible to understand completely
The Mona Lisa has a famously enigmatic smile.
He left an enigmatic message on my answering machine.

enigmatically (adverb)
প্রহেলিকাপূর্ণভাবে; in an enigmatic way
"Who was that?" "Just a man I know," she said enigmatically.
Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 10, 2012, 04:34:30 PM
Word-228 (29-08-12)

enemy (noun)
শত্রু; someone or something that tries to oppose and harm
He has a lot of enemies in the company.
After just one day, she had already made an enemy of her manager.
It is rare to find a prominent politician with few political enemies.
The state has a duty to protect its citizens against external enemies.
Birds are the natural enemies of many insect pests
He's made a few enemies in this company.
political enemies
The enemy had succeeded in stopping our supplies from getting through.
an attack by enemy aircraft
The enemy was / were forced to retreat.
enemy forces / aircraft / territory
behind enemy lines
Familiarity is the enemy of desire.
Poverty and ignorance are the enemies of progress.

enmity (noun)
শত্রুতা; a feeling of hate
She denied any personal enmity towards him.
Bitter historical enmities underlie the present violence.
the traditional problem of the enmity between Protestants and Catholics
personal enmities and political conflicts
Her action earned her the enmity of two or three colleagues.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: Binoy on September 10, 2012, 05:02:17 PM
Word-228 (29-08-12)

enormous (adjective)
বিশাল; extremely large
an enormous car/house/dog
an enormous amount of time
enormous interest
He earns an enormous salary.
You've been an enormous help.
The problems facing the President are enormous.

enormously (adverb)
বিশালভাবে; extremely or very much
enormously rich / powerful / grateful
The price of wine varies enormously depending on where it comes from.
She was looking forward to the meeting enormously.
She worked enormously hard on the project.
The show was enormously popular.

enormity (noun)
বিশালত্ব;  very great size or importance
the enormity of the task
People are still coming to terms with the enormity of the disaster.
The full enormity of the crime has not yet been revealed.
I don't think you really realize the enormity of the problem.

Title: Re: A Word A Day
Post by: shyful on October 01, 2012, 10:29:40 AM
Dear Sir,

Its really an  excellent idea/effort  to enrich vocabulary.