Show Posts

This section allows you to view all posts made by this member. Note that you can only see posts made in areas you currently have access to.

Messages - Ronald Jetra

Pages: [1] 2

The outbreak of Coronavirus COVID-19 presents the tourism sector with a major and evolving challenge.
The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) has strengthened its collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO). The two UN agencies met in Geneva to further advance a coordinated response to COVID-19.
UNWTO calls for solid international leadership and for tourism to be included as a priority in future recovery efforts.
UNWTO also calls upon the sector and travelers to address this challenge with sound judgment and proportionate measures.
Tourism is currently one of the most affected sectors and UNWTO has revised its 2020 forecast for international arrivals and receipts, though emphasizes that such any predictions are likely to be further revised.
Against a backdrop of travel restrictions being introduced, UNWTO underscores the importance of international dialogue and cooperation and emphasizes the COVID-19 challenge also represents an opportunity to show how solidarity can go beyond borders.
The tourism sector, like no other economic activity with social impact, is based on interaction amongst people. UNWTO has been guiding the tourism sector’s response on several levels:

By cooperating closely with the World Health Organization (WHO), the lead UN agency for the management of this outbreak;
by ensuring with WHO that health measures are implemented in ways that minimize unnecessary impact on international travel and trade;
by standing in solidarity with affected countries; and
by emphasizing tourism’s proven resilience and by standing ready to support recovery.

UNWTO continues to coordinate closely with WHO and other United Nations agencies, and UNWTO’s Secretary-General Zurab Pololikashvili maintains regular contact with governments and tourism sector leaders.


Culinary Arts & Gastronomy / The History of Culinary Arts
« on: March 11, 2020, 12:49:08 PM »
The History of Culinary Arts

Cooking was once seen as either a hobby or a chore. Up till now, it is regarded as a highly skilled line of work within a multi-billion industry. Students taking up culinary arts are equipped with different levels of skills and knowledge, but they all share the same thing and that is the passion for cooking. You will never go further and study culinary arts if, in the first place, you don't have interest in cooking, now would you?

Food is the one thing that has always been and will continue to be a big part of our daily lives as a result of the family recipes that we carry with great care from many generations passed. For some, they learn new cuisines while others even go to culinary schools to perfect their skills and experience and obtain a degree in culinary arts. Knowing that everybody needs food is so much easy to understand, but aren't you interested to know as to when and where do the different types of taste, presentations and features of the food started? If you are, then lets us discover the history of culinary arts.

The history of culinary can be traced back in the 1800s when the very first cooking school in Boston was teaching the art of American cooking along with preparing the students to pass on their knowledge to others. The first cookbook ever published was written by Fannie Merrit Farmer in 1896, who also attended the Boston cooking school and whose book is still widely used as a reference and it remains in print at present.

The next phase in the history of culinary arts was taken through the television where in 1946 James Beard, who is also recognized as father of the American cuisine, held regular cooking classes on the art of American cooking. On the other hand, the French cuisine was brought to life in the American society by Julia Child in 1960s when, through the power of the radios, she entered all the kitchens nationwide.

Later on the history of culinary, the Culinary Institute of America (CIA) was founded and was the first culinary school to hold career-based courses on the art of cooking. Its first location was in the campus of Yale University in Connecticut, which was later moved in 1972 to New York. But before the CIA was established, those who wanted a career in culinary arts normally had to go through apprenticeships under seasoned chefs to gain on-the-job training. This learning method was a traditional course in Europe, but rather a challenging arrangement as organized apprenticeships were a quite new concept in the history of culinary arts in the US. However today, apprenticeships continue to offer an excellent culinary experience to aspiring chefs.


How the coronavirus may hit the tourism industry

According to the World Health Organisation, there have now been over 3,000 deaths associated with the coronavirus outbreak across the world. What may have been seen as a Chinese issue is now very much a global problem. A reflection of the fast pace of change has been the steep falls in global stock market indices linked to the spread of the virus.

This new development marks a significant change in sentiment and clearly shows the global potential of the virus to disrupt both global supply chains and the conduct of all other business outside of manufacturing. Ironically, the virus may have a greater negative short run impact on "globalisation" and the conduct of business than the protectionist sloganeering of "Trump" and the "Brexiteers".

A crisis can often focus attention on important issues and activities that generally go unnoticed when the world is functioning normally. The outbreak of the virus has put a clear focus on just how globalised and interconnected economic activity has become, particularly since the emergence of China and other emerging economies to world commerce since the 1980s.

From RTÉ Radio 1's News At One, Tourism Ireland's Niall Gibbons assesses the likely impact of the coronavirus on tourism events, including the St Patrick's Day festivities

The manufacture and distribution of products increasingly involves integrated supply chains that require inputs from many countries before final assembly and distribution. The recent collapse of supply chains associated with the closure of factories in China has already led to shortages of certain products across the world and has underscored the globalised nature of the international economy.

The spread of the virus has particularly focused attention on the globalised nature of international tourism and how the sector may be affected by the spread of the virus. The growth of international tourism has been one of the enduring and most significant forces driving the world economy since the 1950s. From a mere 25 million international tourism arrivals in 1950, the numbers reached 450 million in 1990 and then quickly exploded to 1 billion arrivals by 2010. By 2018, the number of arrivals had increased to 1.4 billion and is estimated by the United Nations World Tourism Organisation to account for $1.4 trillion and 7% of the value of world goods and services.

This phenomenal growth has been driven by various factors over the years, most particularly the growth of new technologies, new lifestyle trends associated with growing global prosperity and the advent of low cost airlines, which made international travel affordable for the masses. The explosion of tourism numbers over the last 30 years can also be attributed to the emergence of the middle classes in the newly affluent and highly populated countries of the world such as China, Brazil and India.

The movement of such a massive number of people and the associated expenditure of such tourists (for leisure and business purposes) has a profound impact on national, regional and local economies across the world. Moreover, tourism activity often happens in places that industry finds unattractive as a location for investment. Spending by visitors on sporting and cultural events, shopping, accommodation, restaurants, visitor attractions and as business visitors at conferences, provides a massive stimulus to local economies and employment.

Such expenditure is vitally important in a country like Ireland and Failte Ireland estimates that foreign exchange earnings from international tourists amounted to €7.4 billion in 2018. Add in expenditure by domestic tourists and the overall value of the industry is in the region of €9.4 billion. As a result, any disruption to tourism activity can have a major impact on employment across the country.

The news that the virus had spread to Italy and to other countries in Europe has caused considerable anxiety for tourists, potential tourists and the wider tourism industry. Research from the Global Business Travel Association shows widespread business meeting cancellations and postponements are taking place worldwide. The International Air Transport Association has predicted that the coronavirus will reduce global airline revenue by $29.3 billion in 2020, arising from a contraction in global air demand. While this is the first such contraction since the global financial crisis of 2008 to 2009, it needs to be recognised that virtually 95% of this projected loss will be for Asia/Pacific carriers.

Increasing incidents of tourists having to be quarantined in apartment blocks and hotels has added considerably to anxiety and uncertainty. Google searches reveal a surge in enquiries related to insurance cover related to the virus if trips are cancelled. Potential tourists are more likely to adopt a "wait and see" approach before booking as the crisis unfolds. In Ireland, we have seen the virus cause the cancellation of the Ireland/Italy international rugby fixture in order to protect "public health". We may yet see curtailments around the St Patrick's Day festival.

As this crisis unfolds, our policymakers are faced with the predominant concern of protecting public health, yet must also be mindful how any decisions made will impact on business. Last week, the United Nations World Tourism Organisation and the World Health Organisation issued a joint statement which underlined "putting people and their well being first" and emphasised that the World Health Organisation "did not recommend any travel trade restriction based on the current information available". As of now this is the best advice to guide decision-making.

As information is relayed and decisions are made in relation to the spread of the virus, Irish policymakers would be wise to be cognisant of the interests of all stakeholders in tourism. For the last 70 years, the tourism sector has always rebounded quickly once a crisis has been averted so let's hope that our public health officials can soon contain this crisis.


Tourism's contribution to mutual understanding and respect between peoples and societies

1. The understanding and promotion of the ethical values common to humanity, with an attitude of tolerance and respect for the diversity of religious, philosophical and moral beliefs, are both the foundation and the consequence of responsible tourism; stakeholders in tourism development and tourists themselves should observe the social and cultural traditions and practices of all peoples, including those of minorities and indigenous peoples and to recognize their worth;

2. Tourism activities should be conducted in harmony with the attributes and traditions of the host regions and countries and in respect for their laws, practices and customs;

3. The host communities, on the one hand, and local professionals, on the other, should acquaint themselves with and respect the tourists who visit them and find out about their lifestyles, tastes and expectations; the education and training imparted to professionals contribute to a hospitable welcome;

4. It is the task of the public authorities to provide protection for tourists and visitors and their belongings; they must pay particular attention to the safety of foreign tourists owing to the particular vulnerability they may have; they should facilitate the introduction of specific means of information, prevention, security, insurance and assistance consistent with their needs; any attacks, assaults, kidnappings or threats against tourists or workers in the tourism industry, as well as the wilful destruction of tourism facilities or of elements of cultural or natural heritage should be severely condemned and punished in accordance with their respective national laws;

5. When travelling, tourists and visitors should not commit any criminal act or any act considered criminal by the laws of the country visited and abstain from any conduct felt to be offensive or injurious by the local populations, or likely to damage the local environment; they should refrain from all trafficking in illicit drugs, arms, antiques, protected species and products and substances that are dangerous or prohibited by national regulations;

6. Tourists and visitors have the responsibility to acquaint themselves, even before their departure, with the characteristics of the countries they are preparing to visit; they must be aware of the health and security risks inherent in any travel outside their usual environment and behave in such a way as to minimize those risks.


Air passenger departures set to hit 4.5b in 2019

The Star Online, Malaysia

Air travel passenger departures are projected to rise from 4.34 billion to 4.59 billion in 2019, according to new statistics released by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).

The world’s airlines expect a 10th straight year of profit next year, with a projected surplus of US$35.5bil (RM148.3bil), the association said.

Although IATA can foresee the potential risks posed in 2019 by trade friction and Britain’s exit from the European Union, the group said it is confident that the industry can improve on the expected US$32.3bil (RM135bil) profit for 2018.

The increase will be based on robust global economic growth and lower fuel prices, IATA said at its European headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

However, the growth rate for the airlines’ passenger business will slow from 6.5% to 6%, according to IATA.

Global air cargo business will also slow, IATA said, pointing to the “weak world trade environment impacted by increasing protectionism”.

Another potential obstacle on the horizon would be a Brexit without a Britain-EU agreement in place to regulate the divorce, the industry group said, warning of possible passenger delays at security and passport control.

“Speed in finalising arrangements is essential,” IATA director general Alexandre de Juniac told reporters.

De Juniac also warned governments that even slight increases in taxes or fuel prices could eat away at the slim profit margins of the airline industry, which supports nearly 66 million jobs.

“We are in a different league from Apple, for example, which makes US$400 (RM1,672) for every iPhone XS sold,” he said.


Tourism sector needs policy support to thrive: experts

Star Business Report

The tourism and hospitality sector of Bangladesh needs policy support from the government to boost its contribution to the economy, said sector people yesterday.

“We are ready to provide world-class hospitality and tourism facilities. We need policy support from the government,” said HM Hakim Ali, chairperson of the Bangladesh International Hotel Association (BIHA).

He said people have no idea about the contribution of the sector – it broadens the country's image globally.

His comments were backed by Masud A Khan, chairman of the Better Bangladesh Foundation (BBF).

“At least 13 people directly benefit from a tourist, so it is too easy to calculate the contribution of the sector.”

They spoke on the first day of the “Food and Hospitality Bangladesh Expo 2019” at the International Convention City Bashundhara in the capital. The BIHA and the Wem Bangladesh Limited jointly organised the three-day event.

The tourism and hospitality sector directly and indirectly accounts for 8.5 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP), according to sector players.

The sector has huge potential to flourish along with other sectors, they said. Ali said only the private sector can bring significant change to the tourism sector through food and hospitality.

He gave the example of Thailand and Nepal where the major revenue for the governments comes from the tourism sector.

According to Ali, global chains of hotels are eying the Bangladesh market and are operating five-star hotels in the country. “This indicates that the country has good opportunity to grow the sector.”  BBF's Khan suggested the government be more liberal about the sector to attract foreign tourists.

Land Minister Saifuzza-man Chowdhury, who inaugurated the exposition, said: “Without the private sector, the tourism sector will not advance in Bangladesh. The sector can unfold the natural beauty of Bangladesh through hospitality and food.”

Akhtaruz Zaman Khan Kabir, chairman of the Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation, and Mohd Noor Ali, managing director of Unique Group, were also present. Around 70 exhibitors from seven countries including India, Thailand, Malaysia, China, Italy, Spain and Bangladesh are taking part in the fair.

Stay updated on the go with The Daily Star Android & iOS News App. Click here to download it for your device.



Meet the 52 Places Traveler for 2019

“I’m ready to embrace all the uncertainty that comes with an opportunity like this and see where it takes me.”
Last year, for the first time, we sent one intrepid traveler, Jada Yuan, to all 52 destinations on our Places to Go list. This year, we decided to do it again. Once again, we got applicants from around the world and from a variety of backgrounds (meet some of them here). After weeks of assessing them, we settled on a handful of finalists. From that group, we chose Sebastian Modak, one of our finalists from last year, and a journalist with an impressive background and résumé. Just weeks before he sets off to his first destination — Puerto Rico, which took the No. 1 spot on the list this year — we asked him some questions about himself and the trip ahead.

So, how does it feel to be the 52 Places Traveler for 2019?

In a word: surreal. It’s a lot of emotions at once — gratitude, excitement, anxiety — but mostly I’m still finding it hard to wrap my head around it concretely. I’m starting to think the sheer scope of what I’m doing won’t hit me until I make landfall in the first destination and start reporting. Luckily, data scientists at the travel aggregator Kayak have helped us sketch out an itinerary for the year in advance — as they did last year for Jada — so I have some sense of what the structure of my year looks like. That said, this trip wouldn’t be nearly as interesting if I knew exactly what to expect, right? I’m ready to embrace all the uncertainty that comes with an opportunity like this and see where it takes me.

Have you been following Jada Yuan, our 2018 Traveler? Anything in particular you’ve picked up from her dispatches?

I’ve read every one. It’s been a real pleasure following along and I know I’ve got some big, well-worn shoes to fill. My favorite moments from Jada’s dispatches were the interactions that, on the surface, may seem everyday, but in actuality tell much bigger stories about a place: a night out in Kigali, a meal in La Paz, a haphazardly assembled trip-planning committee in China built out of nothing but the kindness of strangers. Those stories get at the heart of why we travel. I’m hoping to bring the same openness and down-for-anything attitude that led Jada to those moments.
In a couple of ways, you have a background uniquely suited to this gig.

I do feel like I’ve been working toward doing something like this my whole life. I was born in the United States to a Colombian mother and an Indian father, but we left for Hong Kong when I was 2 years old and continued to move every few years. My brothers and I didn’t really grow up with the concept of “home,” because we understood every place was temporary. It made travel the only real constant in our lives. January marks five years in New York City, though, and that puts it in a joint first-place spot for the longest I’ve stayed anywhere — tied with Indonesia and India.

For me, travel is all about immersing yourself in the unfamiliar, and embracing the feeling of humility that comes with that: There’s always something to learn from someone else, from somewhere else. That’s what made me choose a career in multimedia storytelling. I was a Fulbright-mtvU fellow in Botswana, where I spent a year documenting the local hip-hop scene. I was a producer on an MTV series that looked at the role of the arts in protest movements around the world. Most recently, I was an editor and then a staff writer at Condé Nast Traveler, where I was often sent on assignment to find and report stories that resonate with a global and globally curious audience. I think the thread that connects all of these experiences is an insatiable sense of wonder at the world around me.
You’ll be starting your journey in Puerto Rico, which took the No. 1 spot on the list. Have you been?

I haven’t been, but I’ve wanted to — in part thanks to some of the island’s cultural exports that show up in New York, where I live: heaping portions of arroz con gandules and the sounds of hip-hop duo Calle 13, for example. I can’t think of a better time to finally make the trip. Working in travel journalism, I’ve seen and reported on how natural disasters can devastate economies, not just in their immediate aftermaths, but for months or years.

As has been the case in the wake of Hurricane Maria, tourism is often one of the hardest hit sectors. But I’ve heard about how resilient the people of Puerto Rico have been in the face of not only hurricanes, but economic and political crises as well. I can’t wait to try the island’s coffee at its source and follow the sound of rolling bomba drums to a countryside dance party. But, most of all, I’m looking forward to meeting the people whose perseverance has made Puerto Rico the No. 1 slot this year, just a year and a half after tragedy.
Is there a destination on the list you are most looking forward to?

There’s nothing I’m not excited about, but I think Iran takes the top spot. More than any other place on the list, or even in the world, Iran is somewhere that I’ve only ever been able to look at from afar, through the lens of scary newspaper headlines. I’ve found that there’s often a huge gap between the everyday lived experience of people on the ground and the country as we understand it through geopolitics. I’m ready for any preconceptions I have to be totally shattered, and I’m excited to share my experience with New York Times readers.

What do you think will be the biggest challenges for this job?

I know the hardest part of this trip is going to be the abrupt end to any stability or normalcy I’ve created over the past few years. To say “see you in a year” to my (unconscionably supportive) partner, my friends and the routines I’ve developed here in New York is going to hurt. I also know I have to recognize the immense privilege I’ve been given and channel that sense of unmooring and the inevitable loneliness that will set in from time to time into motivation to keep going, keep learning, and keep telling stories. If past travels are anything to go by, you often find on-the-go support networks in the most unlikely of places.

How are you preparing for the trip, practically and emotionally?

I’ve found myself zeroing in on really small, likely inconsequential things. Do I finally give up on my sentimentality around physical books and buy a Kindle? (Probably.) Will I even have time to read books? (Probably not.) I get that a versatile pair of shoes is going to be important and I should probably start researching that, but “how many pairs of socks do I bring?” I think it’s in part a way for me to avoid the larger existential questions, but I also think it’s a good approach. I’m starting small and then gradually working my way up, because I know “where am I?” is going to be the question I end up asking the most.


Economic, Social impact / Tourism Economic Impact
« on: October 03, 2018, 10:59:48 AM »
Tourism Economic Impact

The economic importance of tourism to a destination is commonly underappreciated and extends well beyond core hospitality and transportation sectors. Tourism Economics offers a solution to destination marketing organizations (DMOs) and to industry associations that marries rigorous methodology and compelling communication to raise the profile of tourism as an economic engine.

Our approach combines visitor survey and industry data to provide maximum credibility and to ensure no component of tourism activity is overlooked.

Tourism Economics' impact models also capture the critical secondary benefits to the tourism supply chain and the economic gains through the local spending of tourism wages.

This provides a comprehensive view of tourism-generated sales, production, employment, wages, and taxes. But the best research is only as good as its communication. Our clients enjoy a presentation style of clear and compelling narrative, charts, tables, and maps. In this way, the message of tourism's importance is clearly conveyed and our clients' objectives are realized.

Our staff has completed nearly one hundred tourism economic impact studies for cities, states, regions, and countries across the world. We have also assessed the impacts of particular sectors such as aviation, film, and cruising.

Our team possesses particular experience developing Tourism Satellite Accounts (TSAs) as ratified by the UN as the global standard for measuring the economic value of tourism. Our staff has implemented Tourism Satellite Account research for over two-dozen clients over the past decade, significantly raising the profile and understanding of tourism's role in the economy.

Source :

Community Based Tourism / Community based tourism
« on: October 03, 2018, 10:46:10 AM »
Community based tourism

Tourism is no longer a dirty word in Mae Klang Luang, a small village in the Dol Inthanon National Park in northern Thailand and a couple of hours drive from the city of Chiang Mai. In the past, Thailand’s tourists – numbering some 13 million a year – had little interest in such places with their modest clusters of bamboo and thatch homes set on gentle slopes among rice fields. Instead, they piled into the beach resorts of the south, forged to succour the dreams of stressed out westerners. Thailand is good at providing such respite, but it is not so good at nurturing a tourism that benefits the many Thais who have seen their traditions and communities overrun by hordes of hedonists.

What a handful of Thai villages – and Mae Klang Luang is one of them – are now offering is quite the opposite of mass tourism. Community-based tourism is where visitors stay in local homes, have a glimpse into traditional life, and, most importantly, where management and benefits remain with the community. This means that villagers are properly paid, their culture is respected, and decisions about what the tourists do and see remains with the villagers. No longer, as used to happen in Mae Klang Luang, do tourists arrive unannounced, ask for drugs, show no respect, gawp at the villagers, and depart leaving garbage but no money. Instead, a radical shift in the balance of power means that tourism now benefits the village while the visitors glimpse the ways of local people. There is a hike through the forest learning about the use of plants, a visit to the village organic garden and the fish farm, sipping cups of freshly roasted coffee (fairly traded to the Chang Mai Starbucks, say the villagers), and, of course there is plentiful food, and the hospitality of a village family for a night’s sleep. There is even a small museum full of household equipment and old tools. Even in Mae Klang Luang plastic is replacing terracotta and bamboo and Som Sak, one of the key villagers behind the tourism initiative, knows that the village must hold on to its heritage.

Indeed, at Mae Klang Luang, tourism has replaced a negative dependency on poppy-growing and the degradation of the forests. As Som Sak said: “If tourism is one part of our economy we can save the forest. It is sustainable.” Essentially, tourism has become a tool for development. It is a way for the village’s rice-growers, organic flower farmers and foresters to become decision-makers and to continue their lives in a sustainable way.

The same positive reaction to tourism has also been gathering momentum in the often over-exploited fishing communities of Thailand’s south. In Koh Yao Noi, for example, one villager recognised how tourism could strengthen their culture. “The sea is normal to us,” he said, “but interesting to tourists. In the past we didn’t see it as important but taking visitors fishing makes us see things differently. Our tourism is not what you get from a hotel, but our service is from the heart.”

What is happening in Thailand is a completely new approach. But such positive results do not happen by accident. Progress in Mae Klang Luang and Koh Yao Noi was made possible through a radical partnership between tour operators, both local and international, and the communities themselves, initiated by a small Thai NGO called the Community-based Tourism Initiative (CBTI). Their work creates an important model, and one that provides a power base for the hosts: as Peter Richards, a CBTI worker, said: “Villages are not products – they are being empowered by the process.” It also nurtures a fruitful relationship for the tour operators – and a fascinating holiday for the tourists. CBTI is also responding to what a small but growing body of holidaymakers want. As one tour operator who works with the CBTI told some community leaders: “Our guests are looking to discover your way of life, not a prefab additional or one that you think they might want. They could go to a theme park for that.”

New role for consumers
Community-based tourism is just one of a number of terms used to describe holidays that benefit both the traveller and the destination. Hard and fast definitions may not exist but the words “green”, “responsible”, “fair trade”, “positive” or “ethical” tourism (“ecotourism” is another term but now often associated with greenwash and limited to environmental concerns) are all about treading lightly on people’s homes and cultures, about a positive interaction between guests and host countries, and about an awareness of our impact on the well-being of the places where we take our holiday. Essentially, such holidays seek to minimise the negative impacts of tourism and maximise the benefits to hosts.

Sometimes this might sound sanctimonious or a bit po-faced. Those who use the phrase politically correct to denigrate such experiences like to sneer at the terms “ethical” or “responsible” tourism. Critics say that those who promote ethical tourism are snobbish elitists, who are idealising some pristine age before Tuscany, Barbados, or “that little place in Kerala” had been “ruined” by “ordinary people”. The implications are that the holidaymakers who try to be ethical are holier than thou and that their holidays are not really holidays at all but some sort of wearisome social-work project disguised as pleasure.

This could not be further from the truth. Holidays such as those at Mae Klang Luang are as much fun, and can provide as much excitement and wonder as any other sort of holiday. As the website says: “If you travel for relaxation, fulfilment, discovery, adventure and to learn – rather than simply to tick off ‘places and things’ then responsible travel is for you.” Responsible tourists can make a difference by getting closer to local cultures and environments and by involving local people.

Travelling to benefit the destination as well as the traveller has become a talking point. The growing crisis of climate change has focussed our attention on the environment and the damage we do our planet and its peoples. It also makes us reflect on what we as individuals could and should be doing about it. That’s not looking backwards. That represents the cutting edge of thinking. While the travel pages of newspapers have been slow to pick up on this, they no longer ignore the debate. Travel articles about “green” skiing, about the problematic growth of golf courses or whether it’s acceptable to swim with dolphins now crop up more regularly, at least in the “broadsheet” newspapers. As the Observer newspaper commented: “Go on holiday and save the world may sound like a title of a Ben Elton sketch, but the idea seems to be catching on.” Such articles at least sow the seeds of the idea that tourism is a human rights issue.

A brand-new role for consumers in the tourism market has emerged from three trends: first, there is a thirst for different and more “exciting” holidays; second, there is a growing realisation of the negative impacts of tourism – its clod-hopping footprints in other people’s homes in the deserts, forests, sea-shores, mountains of the world, and, thirdly, of course is climate change. These moods have come together to build a demand for a new type of holiday encapsulated perhaps in the “slow travel” movement, which emphasises the pleasures of the train over the plane, the reflective moment rather than instant gratification.

However, the ideas behind ethical tourism are also part of something broader – a global consumer movement, which is strengthening as people flex their muscles and make conscious choices about how they spend their holiday money and why. These ideas may be strengthened as economic recession and climate change trigger unprecedented naval-gazing into the choices we have to make for a sustainable future. At the same time there is also evidence of a change in business practices, evidence that some companies are beginning to embrace a “social good” element in their policy thinking. These ideas are, too, filtering down to the tourist industry.

The fair trade movement is a pioneer of this; it is proof that there is a new wave of people power that can provide producers in developing countries with a fair share of the returns from the sale of their produce. Just as more consumers are choosing fairly traded coffee or bananas because they know that such a purchase supports a small coffee grower or banana farmer rather than a multi-national company, so they are beginning to seek a “fair trade” type of holiday.

While fair trade products benefit the producers on the ground so fair trade tourism maximises the benefits to the host countries and their workers. The fact that you can now not only read about “fair trade”, “responsible” holidays or “ethical” holidays but also go on something approximating one shows how far tourism is changing for the good.

Source :

Emissions from tourism, mostly by domestic travellers, were highest in the United States, China, Germany and India, according to a review of 160 nations led by the University of Sydney and published in the journal Nature Climate Change.

Tourism, including flights, hotels, food and even the production of souvenirs, emitted the equivalent of 4.5 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide in 2013, the most recent data available, or 8 percent of all man-made greenhouse gases, up from 3.9 billion in 2009, it said.

That was far above many previous estimates, using narrower definitions, that tourism accounts for just 2.5 to 3.0 percent of world emissions, it said.

And on current trends, the trillion-dollar tourism industry will emit 6.5 billion tonnes of carbon emissions by 2025, the review said, making it one of the fastest-growing source of the planet-warming gases that governments are trying to cut.

Flights were the biggest single contributor, according to the study by scientists in Australia, Taiwan and Indonesia.

"We recommend flying less and staying Earth-bound where possible, e.g. use public transport," co-author Arunima Malik of the University of Sydney told Reuters in an email.

Lead author Manfred Lenzen said plane tickets would have to be far more expensive to reflect the harm caused by greenhouse gas emissions from burning jet fuel.

"If I flew from Melbourne to the UK return, I would pay at least an additional A$205 ($150) to offset my emissions; for a return trip between Sydney and Brisbane, about A$18 extra," he wrote in a news release.

Almost 200 nations are meeting in Bonn this week to write a "rule book" for the 2015 Paris Agreement, which seeks to slash greenhouse gas emissions to avert more heat waves, downpours, droughts and extinctions.

Patricia Espinosa, head of the UN Climate Change Secretariat hosting the talks, said the tourism industry itself was making "good progress" to clean up.

"A lot of what the industry is selling depends on the preservation and conservation and the protection of the environment," she told a news conference.

The study added up all emissions from tourism but did not try to compare how a holiday compared with staying at home, where people also emit greenhouse gases, through everything from heating to commuting.

($1 = 1.3339 Australian dollars)


উত্তর, পশ্চিম ও দক্ষিণ—তিন দিকে বঙ্গোপসাগর আর পূর্বে কুতুবদিয়া চ্যানেল। মধ্যিখানে প্রায় ২১৫ বর্গকিলোমিটার এলাকা নিয়ে সাগরের বুকে ভেসে থাকা একটি দ্বীপ—কুতুবদিয়া।

কুতুবদিয়া কক্সবাজার জেলায়। এখানে গেলে দেখা মিলবে, বাংলাদেশের একমাত্র উইন্ড মিলের। বায়ু থেকে তৈরি হয় বিদ্যুৎ। জায়গাটা দেখার লোভ সামলাতে পারলাম না। চেপে বসলাম ঢাকা-কক্সবাজারের বাসে।

চকরিয়ার বড়ইতলী মোড়ে নামলাম। বাজার থেকে ডানের রাস্তা মগনাম ঘাটের দিকে গেছে। সিএনজি অটোরিকশায় করে প্রায় ৩০ মিনিটে চলে গেলাম ঘাটে। মগনামা ঘাট থেকেই দেখা যায় দূরের আবছা কুতুবদিয়া। ঘাট থেকে দ্বীপে যাওয়ার জন্য কিছুক্ষণ পরপর ইঞ্জিন নৌকা আর স্পিডবোট রয়েছে। উঠে বসলাম ইঞ্জিন নৌকায়, কুতুবদিয়া চ্যানেল পাড়ি দিয়ে বড়ঘোপ ঘাটে যেতে সময় লাগল প্রায় ৩০ মিনিট।
১৯১৭ সালে কুতুবদিয়া থানা গঠিত হয় এবং ১৯৮৩ সালে থানাকে উপজেলায় রূপান্তর করা হয়। যাতায়াতব্যবস্থা ভালো। রাস্তা পাকা। চলাচলের জন্য আছে ব্যাটারি রিকশা, টেম্পো এমনকি ফোর হুইল গাড়িও। সব রকম দোকানপাটও রয়েছে। পানি একটু বেশি লবণাক্ত এখানে। তাই ইতিউতি অসংখ্য লবণের ঘের।

বড়ঘোপ বাজারে ‘সমুদ্র বিলাস’—এই একটাই ভালো হোটেল। যার একদম পাশেই সাগর। ঘাট থেকে রাসরি হোটেলে যাওয়ার জন্য রিকশা পাওয়া যায়। বাজারে বেশ কয়েকটা খাবার হোটেল আছে। দুপুরে খাওয়া ও বিশ্রামপর্ব শেষে চলে গেলাম সাগরপাড়ে।

তেমন পরিচিতি না থাকার কারণেই স্থানীয় লোকজন ছাড়া তেমন পর্যটক চোখে পড়ে না। পাশেই অসাধারণ ঝাউবন। ঝাউবনের ভেতরটা মন ভালো করে দেওয়া পরিবেশ। সেখানে বেশ কিছুক্ষণ ঘুরে রাওনা দিলাম উইন্ড মিলের দিকে। সাগরের সঙ্গেই দাঁড়িয়ে আছে বিশাল এক-একটা পাখা। ইংরেজি L অক্ষরের মতো অনেক জায়গা নিয়ে বসানো পাখাগুলো। এর একটা অংশ একদম সাগরের পাড় ঘেঁষে দাঁড়িয়ে আছে। উইন্ড মিল পশ্চিম দিকে হওয়ার কারণে সাগরে সূর্যাস্তের দৃশ্যটা ছিল দারুণ।
কুতুবদিয়ায় আরও আছে বাতিঘর। প্রথম বাতিঘরটি বানানো হয়েছিল ব্রিটিশ আমলে। সেটি সাগরে ডুবে যাওয়ার পর নতুন করে বানানো হয়েছে আরেকটি। দেখতে মোবাইল ফোনের টাওয়ারের মতন। দূর থেকেই দেখতে হয়—‘জনসাধারণের প্রবেশ নিষেধ’। বড়ঘোপ বাজার থেকে রিকশায় যেতে সময় লাগে প্রায় ৪০ মিনিট। এ ছাড়া ঘুরে আসতে পারবেন কুতুব আউলিয়ার মাজার কুতুবাগ। পুরো দ্বীপটাকে ব্যাটারিচালিত রিকশা দিয়ে ঘুরে দেখা যায়। সময় লাগবে প্রায় আড়াই ঘণ্টার মতন। তবে ঘোরাঘুরির পর্বটা সন্ধ্যার আগেই শেষ করা ভালো। বিদ্যুৎ বলতে দিনের বেলায় সৌর আর রাতে জেনারেটর। এলাকার মানুষের ব্যবসা মূলত লবণ আর শুঁটকি ঘিরে। কম দামে ভালো শুঁটকি পাওয়া যায় এখানে।

রাতে থাকার ইচ্ছা না থাকলে সন্ধ্যার মধ্যেই ঘাটে পৌঁছাতে হবে। শেষ ট্রলার সন্ধ্যা সাতটায় ছাড়ে। সাগর এখন শান্ত। তবে ঝড়-বৃষ্টির সময় উত্তাল সাগরে কুতুবদিয়া যাওয়াটা একটু ঝুঁকিপূর্ণ।

যেভাবে যাবেন

ঢাকা-কক্সবাজারের বাসে করে গিয়ে চকরিয়ার বুড়াইতলী মোড়ে নামতে হবে। সেখান থেকে মগনামা ঘাট (সিএনজি রিজার্ভ ২৫০ টাকা, ভাগাভাগি করেও যাওয়া যায়),

ইঞ্জিন নৌকায় ২০ টাকা

জনপ্রতি ভাড়ায় কুতুবদিয়া। দ্বীপে ব্যাটারি রিকশায় দরদাম করে ওঠা ভালো। টেম্পো

আছে আরও কম খরচে ঘুরে দেখার জন্য। ফিরে আসার একই রাস্তা।

এ ছাড়া বড়ঘোপ বাজার থেকে প্রতিদিন সকালে বড় ট্রলারে গভীর সমুদ্র দিয়ে চট্টগ্রাম পর্যন্ত যাওয়া যায়, সময় লাগে প্রায় পাঁচ ঘণ্টা।



CEMS Global says at the opening of expos on health tourism
Date May 04, 2018

There are some countries which largely depend on Bangladesh for medical tourists and selling health service related equipment, experts said yesterday.

To cash in on the growing demand from Bangladesh's rising mid-income people, some hospitals of India, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia have either opened their liaison offices or hooked clients through their consultants in Bangladesh, they said.

They were addressing the opening of three exhibitions—11th Meditex Bangladesh, International Health Tourism and Services Expo and 4th Bangladesh Clinical Lab Expo— organised by CEMS Global at International Convention City Bashundhara.

“On an average 1,000 Bangladeshis go to India daily to take treatment,” Padam Vanish, director of Indian consultancy firm VAP Global, said after opening the shows. Some 120 companies from 18 countries, including Japan, Korea, Germany, China, Taiwan, Italy and France, have set up 170 stalls in the fairs.

Most of the people have no idea about the hospitals and doctors they need to meet in India for treatment, Vanish said.
“For this reason, we opened an office in Dhaka three months ago to provide Bangladeshis with information.”

“On an average 100 people visit our Dhaka office every day to know about hospitals and doctors in India,” Vanish said.

VAP Global has already established connections with around 80 hospitals in India, where it refers patients and talks on behalf of them, he said.

Apollo Hospitals of India has opened its local office in Dhaka to provide services to Bangladeshi patients who want to go to its medical institute in Chennai.

Noerita Mahmood Farin, customer relationship officer of Health Connect at Apollo Hospitals India, said around 150 patients come to their office everyday to get information about treatment and appointment of physicians in India.

A recent report on health services found that one in every three foreign patients in Indian hospitals hailed from Bangladesh.

Rahbar A Anwar, managing director of NCH Consumer Healthcare Ltd, said Bangladeshis going to Malaysia for treatment is a new trend.

“Now Malaysia gets on an average 10,000 medical tourists every year,” said Anwar. He claimed medical cost in Malaysia is quite cheaper than that of Thailand and Singapore.

Mid-income people prefer India and higher mid-income people prefer Thailand and Singapore, he said.

Earlier, Zahid Maleque, state minister for health and family welfare, asked doctors, hospitals and lab owners to stop harassing patients in the name of diagnosis.

“I request medical businesses to reduce costs and make it reasonable for all,” he said.

The state minister said private hospitals should import sophisticated medical equipment to identify diseases correctly and ensure quality treatment.

The opening ceremony was presided over by Mehrun N Islam, managing director of CEMS Global. Lawmaker Salima Begum and Priti Chakrabarty, director of the Federation of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce and Industry, were also present.


Netrokona tourist spots are China Matir Pahar, Royailabari Fort, Birishiri, Hawor and much more. The place is also famous for the Aboriginal community.

Netrokona District Information
Netrokona ( নেত্রকোনা ) is a district under Mymensingh Division. It is in the Northern part of Bangladesh, Near the Himalayan border. It was turned into a district in 1984. Netrokona Pouroshaba (Main City ) consists of 9 wards and 33 mahallas.   There are four rivers in Netrokona. They are Kangsha, Dhala, Magra, and Teorkhali.


There are 10 Upazilas in this district. They are Atpara, Barhatta, Durgapur, Kalmakanda, Kendua, Khaliajuri, Madan, Mohanganj, Netrokona Sadar, and Purbadhala. Durgapur Upazila, near the Indian border.


The district is bounded by Kishoreganj district on the south, the Meghalaya state of India on the north,  Sunamganj district on the east and Mymensingh district on the west.

List of Top Netrokona tourist spots

Netrokona Sadar Upazila

1. White Clay Field of Bijoypur,
2. Ranikong Mission
3. Tomb of Hazrat Shah Sultan Kamruddin Rumi (R) at Madanpur


1. Three domed Saramushia-Haripur Mosque (Mughal period),
2. Remnants of Roy Bari (zamindar) of Rameshwarpur
3. Buddhist Math at Krishnapur of Atpara

Kalmakanda Upazila

1. Tomb of Monai Shah at village Battala
2. Tombs of seven Freedom Fighters’ at Lengura
3. Landscape of Gobindrapur Hill

Baarhatta Upazila

1. Twin Pond at village Amghail Pirijpur,
2. Deva Mandir at Singdha,
3. dilapidated building at Saoudpur (Mughal period).


1. Birishiri
2. Ancient mosque at village Maskandha (Sultanate period)
3. Palace of Maharaja at Susang Durgapur
4. Monument of Tonka Movement
5. Garo Hill
6. Kamala Rani Dighi

Khaliajuri Upazila

1. পাচঁহাট জামে মসজিদ
2. খণকা সাহেবের মাজার

Kendua Upazila

1. Roailbari Jalal Mosque
2. Ancient Fort (Roailbari union)
3. Kali Mandir and Dighi at Danachapuri
4. Jafarpur Khoaj Mosque

Madan Upazila

1. Mosque built in Mughal period (Chandgaon Union)
2. Tomb of Bura Pir

Mohanganj Upazila

1. Ancient fort at village Betham (Sultan Alauddin Hussain Shah period)
2. Shekher Bari Mosque (Hussain Shah period)
3. Daulatpur Temple (876 BS)

How to go
Name of the main bus terminal is Mahakhali from Dhaka. Buses are available from morning to night. There is train communication with Dhaka from Kamlapur railway station. There is no airport in this district.

Hotels are very cheap in here. Government people are usually using circuit house.


Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / CHERRAPUNJI TOURISM
« on: April 30, 2018, 12:15:47 PM »
Cherrapunji in Meghalaya is one of the wettest places on the planet and the only place in India to receive rain throughout the year. The town of Cherrapunji is nestled in the East Khasi Hills about 50 km southwest of the state’s capital, Shillong. Cherrapunji, also known as Sohra or Churra, means ‘the land of oranges’. The cliffs of Cherrapunji also offer stunning views of the plains of Bangladesh.

ALSO SEE Shillong to Cherrapunji: How to reach Cherrapunji from Shillong

While the debate about the wettest place on earth is an ongoing one, Mawsynram, also in Meghalaya, is known to receive higher rainfall than Cherrapunji. Cherrapunji itself receives a staggering 11,777 mm of rainfall annually. Monsoon clouds which blow inland from the Bay of Bengal are stopped from moving further by the ridges of Cherrapunji. The town receives both south-west and north-east monsoon. Despite receiving excess rain, the town faces acute water shortage and the locals have to travel great distances to get fresh water. The relentless rain causes soil erosion which has denuded the land of Cherrapunji and the surrounding valleys.
Cherrapunji is famous for its living root bridges, a result of bio-engineering practiced by the locals. The bridges can bear 50 people at a time and are spectacular to watch (though the one-of-its-kind double-decker root bridge requires at least a few hours of trekking).

ALSO READ These 9 places in India will let you fulfill your dream of touching clouds!

Cherrapunji in general is a good place for trekking. The most popular trekking route is the one that leads to the Double Decker Living Root bridge in Nongriat village. It is advisable to hire a guide for your treks.

Other activities you can do in Cherrapunji are river canyoning from Nongthymmai to Mynteng steel rope bridge, rock climbing and camping.

Cherrapunji offers several options for accommodation. From guest houses with basic amenities, resorts that offer better facilities, cottages, to homestays… you will be spoilt for choice.

Pork rice is a Khasi specialty that must be sampled in Cherrapunji. Eateries that sell pork and other red meat abound in the town. Sohra Pulao which is rice cooked with oil and vegetables but without spices should not be missed.

Cherrapunji also serves the typical fare that influenced by north Indian and Assamese flavors since it hosts several tourists from Guwahati and Delhi.

The average minimum and maximum temperature of Cherrapunji is as given below. The best time to visit Cherrapunji is also specified.

 MONTH   BEST TIME   MIN. TEMP (°C)             MAX. TEMP (°C)
January                                         8                             13 (Green Marked Months are suitable visiting time)
February                                 6                             13
March                                     0                                     14
April                                       10                             10
May                                       10                             13

June                                  13                             16
July                                  12                             15
August                          12                             16
September          9                                     14
October                               13                             16
November                               13                             16
December                                8                             13


Events of DIU / Seminar on Culinary Arts and Live Cooking Show
« on: July 23, 2016, 11:42:30 AM »
The department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Daffodil International University arranged a seminar on Culinary Arts and Live Cooking Show in Cooperation with Tony Khan Culinary Institute & Hotel Management (TKCI) on 21st July 2016 at DIU Auditorium. Mr. Tony Khan, International Celebrity Chef & President of TKCI was the chief guest of the seminar and also the mentor of the live cooking show.
The Seminar was chaired by Prof. Rafiqul Islam, Dean, Faculty of Business & Economics, DIU. Mr. Mahbub Parvez, Head, department of Tourism & Hospitality Management, DIU delivered a welcome speech on the seminar.
Mr. Hamidul Haque Khan, Treasurer, Prof. Dr. Engr. A.K.M Fazlul Haque, Registrar, Professor A.M.M. Hamidur Rahman, Dean, Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, Mst. Khadijatul Kobra, Lecturer,  Mr. Jahid Bin Kashem, Lecturer, Mr. Madhusudan Das, Lecturer, department of Tourism & Hospitality Management, Daffodil International University,  were present there.
Students learnt a lot about the Culinary Arts and Science including hygiene of the food, place and body. They also learnt the difference between a chef and a cook. Mr. Tony Khan prepared several types of juices and fruit salads and answered the questions asked by the students. Overall it was a fantastic session for the students to learn about culinary arts & science.
Finally Mr. Nazrul Islam, Manager, HR, PR. & admin of TKCI and Prof. Rafiqul Islam Dean, Faculty of B & E, DIU gave vote of thanks to all.
This seminar was organized by Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, DIU in cooperation with Tony Khan Culinary Institute & Hotel Management.

Pages: [1] 2