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Topics - farzanamili

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Law / 10 Ways to Say 'I Love Me'
« on: October 10, 2013, 12:34:13 PM »

You've said it to your spouse, your mom, your best friend. Now how about uttering the three little magical words for yourself, for a change? Here's how you can bring about a sea change in the way you look at life.


1) Work out : Your body will thank you for it as you get older. Not just to lose a few inches and wriggle into those skinny fit jeans, but also for stronger bones and general well-being. If a workout routine is already part of your schedule, great going. Change it from time to time to maximize benefits.


2) Change the way you look: Get your hair cut/styled differently or dress up differently every now and then (sporty to feminine, desi to not-so-desi or vice-versa). Guilty of not having changed your hairdo or revamped your wardrobe for as long as you can remember? 


3) Kitchen queen : Cooking — not under pressure, that is — can be extremely therapeutic. Whether you’re the kind that enjoys experimenting or following recipes to the T, make a resolve to cook with fresh, wholesome ingredients. Cut out the preservatives and additives. What you eat is what you are.


4) Get back to an old hobby : Loved painting? Playing the guitar? Or good ol' reading till your eyes hurt? Embrace it again. Lump in the throat guaranteed.


5) Pick up a new one : Being open to learning can be the key to feeling and even looking younger than your years. Graphology or gardening, salsa dancing or singing, the world's your stage.


6) Be "young" again : Do the things that you associate with your younger days — whether it's playing hopscotch, indulging a finger painting session, going pub hopping, getting together for a musical jam session or just calling in sick at work and lolling around all day in bed.


7) Nurture life : Remember the "care for an egg like it's your baby" project we had to complete in school? It made us feel responsible for another "life". Those averse to/done with procreation could bring home a pet or a plant.


8) Talk to yourself : We live in noisy times — incessant cacophony thanks to the television, the telephone, traffic, people, et cetera. When was the last time you spoke to yourself without anyone around? Try it. It'll make you feel childlike and help you reconnect with yourself.


9) Listen to yourself: There are some things we can't share with everyone; most people have at least one secret that no one knows. Listen to yourself. Beats paying a shrink to do the same any way.


10) Cry : If you feel like it, that is. Bottled up emotions can be dangerously toxic. The sad part being the negative terms — weak, wimp, baby girl — associated with shedding tears. Few people really let you cry. Else have a good, long weep when you're by yourself.

Source: Proud to be a woman. April 18, 2011.10 Ways to Say 'I Love Me'. Available at: (Accessed 10 October, 2013)

Law / Motivational Quotes
« on: October 10, 2013, 12:16:51 PM »
We find lots of motivation in the form of status or picture in the social site 'Facebook', 'Twitter' and 'Google'. I would like to share those continuously to feed our brain with positive foods. I will be obliged if these sharing benefit us even to a small extent. :)

Life Science / Weight-loss battle!
« on: September 03, 2013, 12:27:10 PM »
 Everybody wants to lose weight and knows which foods should be avoided. But due to weakness towards those foods, we cannot reduce our weight. So our approach should be changed and we should take it as a challenge to win the battle.

The enemies for weight loss:

1. Fried foods-rice, chicken

2. Meat-specially beef, mutton

3. preference for rice than bread

4. Less intake of vegetables and fruits

5. Sweets- icecream, curd, cake, pastry

6. junk food- burger, pizza (comparatively sandwich is low calorie)

7. Soft-drinks
8. cheese

9. Less intake of water and natural lemon water or coconut water

10. Feeling hunger (psychological, not physical feeling)

11. Day sleep

12. Less home-works (Dependancy on maid-servant)

13. Less walking

14. Less exercises

Law / 'Human Rights Poster Presentation Competition' on 13th March,2013
« on: January 23, 2013, 03:45:13 PM »
 I am very glad to announce that department of Law of Daffodil International University is going to arrange 'Human Rights Poster Presentation Competition' on 13th March,Wednesday in the most probable venue of Teacher-Student lounge of 4th Floor. The teachers of various departments are most welcome to judge the posters and give their valuable marking.

Prize will be given to the 1st, 2nd and 3rd winner. Others will get consolation prizes.

With Thanks

Mirza Farzana Iqbal
Conductor of the program
Dept. of Law,
Daffodil International University.

Law / Strength of women should be the first priority!
« on: January 12, 2013, 01:11:02 PM »
From the early ages, society establishes the nature of women in its own way. Various poets, dramatists described women as flowers,moon...etc. as if softness is the necessary characteristic of a woman.The strength of women were never recognized positively. For this social thought structure, oppression on women is increasing day by day and because of lack of strength, these problems become difficult to solve. Most of the people tell that education will create awareness which will prevent oppression. I participated in a channel program in Channel 24 where we were talking about the situation of women in the society and how to develop it. There I emphasised on the word 'Strength' as I believe that only education cannot mitigate this problem in Bangladesh as we could not ensure education for 100% women. If we focus on 'Education', how will we ensure the safety of uneducated women? Don't they have right to be free from oppression? Therefore, 'Strength' should be the essential characteristic of a woman, whether educated or uneducated, she has to protest and fight for her dignity in the family and the society. It was told ' Cowards die many times' why women will be subject-matter for imagination of men leaving herself in deadly condition??? Even in Islam, it was told that 'Do not talk softly with the guys who are not permitted',means who is not husband,son,father, father-in-law. Again Islam did not allow men anywhere to oppress women....ruling for right path and oppressing is not the same thing, most of the time,male oppressors show the excuse of islam which is the clear anti-islamic notion and they cannot be true muslims.

Law / Rule of Law-traditional & modern concept
« on: October 18, 2011, 03:29:37 PM »
Rule of law is one of the basic principles of the English Constitution. It is accepted in the Constitution of U.S.A, India, Bangladesh etc. Though Sir Edward Coke was the originator of this concept, but Dicey developed this theory. Now it is popularly known as Dicey's theory of Rule of Law. It is also known as the Traditional concept of rule of law.

According to Dicey, this doctrine has three meanings:
i) Supremacy of Law
ii) Equality before law
iii) Predominance of legal spirit

 Rule of law in this sense means the absolute supremacy of regular law as opposed to the influence of arbitrary power or wide discretionary power. Dicey says, “Wherever there is discretion, there is room for arbitrariness and that in a republic no less than under a monarchy discretionary authority on the part of the Government must mean insecurity for legal freedom on the part of its subjects.”

EQUALITY BEFORE LAW: Dicey states that there must be equality before the law or the equal subjection of all classes to the ordinary law of the land administered by the ordinary law courts. According to him, there should not be any extra-ordinary tribunals or special courts for officers of the Government and other authorities.

PREDOMINANCE OF LEGAL SPIRIT:Dicey emphasized the role of the courts of law as guarantors of liberty & suggested that the rights would be more secured if they were enforceable in the courts of law than by mere declaration of those rights in a document.

Dicey’s theory of rule of law was never accepted fully even in his days. Many scholars criticized his theory.   However Davis gives seven principal meanings of the term “Rule of Law” which is known as Modern concept of Rule of Law. These are as follows:
i)   Maintenance of Law & order
ii)   Existence of fixed rules
iii)   Elimination of discretion where it is not necessary
iv)   Following due process of law or fairness
v)   Observance of the principles of natural justice
vi)   Preference for Judges and ordinary courts of law to executive authorities & administrative tribunals
vii)   Judicial review of administrative actions.

Law / Important legal terms of Jurisprudence.
« on: October 13, 2011, 12:48:47 PM »
Res nullius-things without owner

Stare decisis-following case decisions

Per incuriam-through want of care

Sub-silentio-not fully argued

Sententia legis-intention of the legislature

Litera scripta-according to letter

Ratio decidendi-reason of the decision

Obiter Dictum- what the Judge said unwantedly

Opinio necessitatis-ethical conviction that there is an authority behind the custom
Injuria-legal injury or wrong

Damnum-mere loss

Damnum sine injuria-detriment without legal injury

Right in rem-a right available against the whole world

Right in personam-a right available against a particular individual only

Dominum-the right of full ownership in property

Animus possidendi-intent to appropriate to oneself, the exclusive use of the thing possessed
Corpus-actual present exclusion of all alien interference with the thing possessed

De facto-factual or actual

De jure-legally

Mens rea-guilty mind


Chose in action-actionable claim

Occupatio-occupation of a thing belonging to nobody as yet

Derelicts-things willfully abandoned

Faculty Forum / Are we maintaining our self-respect inside workplace?
« on: October 13, 2011, 11:29:17 AM »
It is a matter of great regret that some of faculty members do not use faculty room for university works. Rather they gossip too much & others feel disturb by their actions. All faculty members are respected persons.We all should behave equitably so that others cannot be disturbed to perform his responsibilities. Ensuring healthy working environment is very important for everybody's creative works. Our Chairman Sir is trying his best to maintain quality of our University & we are misusing that by our random,care-free behaviour.Often we say that we are not doing job for ever in this university.But that should not be meant that we can avoid our moral duty to maintain professionalism inside office. If authority give some attention in this respect,we all will be benefitted as this is also place of developing our quality.We should know that it is office,not home. If we have cordial relation with another colleague,we can maintain that outside campus.We should not do any odd-looking or excess cordiality inside faculty room which destroys professional tranquility & destroys our personality in front of other teachers,students & administrative officials. When we,faculty members are not conscious about our self-respect,how can we tell our students to have it??? Would you please,think about it?

You need to know / Some important information about earth-quake
« on: October 08, 2011, 01:45:31 PM »
 বিশ্বের প্রতি পাঁচটি ভূমিকম্পের মধ্যে চারটি সংঘটিত হয় প্রশান্ত মহাসাগরের তীরবর্তী এলাকাগুলোতে। এলাকাটিকে ডাকা হয় প্যাসিফিক রিং অব ফায়ার নামে।
 এযাবৎ সবচেয়ে বড়মাত্রার ভূমিকম্পটি সংঘটিত হয়েছিল ১৯৬০ সালের ২২ মে চিলিতে। এতে প্রায় ছয় হাজার মানুষ হতাহত হয়। রিখটার স্কেলে ভূমিকম্পের মাত্রা ছিল ৯ দশমিক ৫।
 অনুমান করা হয়, প্রতিবছর প্রায় পাঁচ লাখ শনাক্তযোগ্য ভূমিকম্প সংঘটিত হয়। এর মধ্যে প্রায় এক লাখ অনুভব করা যায় এবং অন্তত ১০০টি মানুষের ক্ষতির কারণ হয়।
 বেশির ভাগ ভূমিকম্প সংঘটিত হয় ভূপৃষ্ঠের ৮০ কিলোমিটার গভীর এলাকার মধ্যে।
 সর্বপ্রথম খ্রিষ্টপূর্ব ১৮৩১ সালে চীনের শেংডং প্রদেশে ভূমিকম্প রেকর্ড করা হয়। কিন্তু পূর্ণাঙ্গ তথ্যসহ ভূমিকম্প রেকর্ড করা হয় খ্রিষ্টপূর্ব ৭৮০ সালে জু শাসনামলে।
 ভূমিকম্পের প্রকৃত কারণ সর্বপ্রথম ব্যাখ্যা করেন ব্রিটিশ প্রকৌশলী জন মিশেল, ১৭৬০ সালে।
 ভূ-অভ্যন্তরের টেকটোনিক প্লেটগুলোর পারস্পরিক ঘর্ষণের ফলে ভূমিকম্পের সৃষ্টি হয়।

Be a Leader / Millionnaire from the state of homeless!
« on: October 08, 2011, 01:40:46 PM »
তুরস্কে ছন্নছাড়া জীবন ছিল হুসেইন ওজারের। মা-বাবার বিচ্ছেদের পর হয়ে পড়েন গৃহহীন। কিছুদিন ঠাঁই নিয়েছেন গণশৌচাগারে। সেখান থেকেই ছোটখাটো কাজ শুরু। একসময় ভাগ্য অন্বেষণে পাড়ি জমান লন্ডনে। কঠোর পরিশ্রমে তিনি আজ সফল একজন রেস্তোরাঁ ব্যবসায়ী। কপর্দকহীন থেকে কোটিপতি।
কেবল লন্ডনেই ওজারের এখন ওজার ও সোফরা নামে চার-চারটি রেস্তোরাঁ। বিখ্যাত রেস্তোরাঁর তালিকা প্রস্তুতকারী মিশেলিন গাইডেও উঠেছে তাঁর নাম। সর্বশেষ সেরা উদ্যোক্তা হিসেবে এ বছরের ওয়ার্ল্ড ফুড অ্যাওয়ার্ড পেয়েছেন ওজার। ওজারের মুখেই শুনুন তাঁর সেই জীবনের সেই গল্প।
‘সবার অনাদরের পাত্র ছিলাম আমি। খুব ছোট থাকতেই মা-বাবার বিচ্ছেদ হয়। তাঁরা আবার বিয়ে করায় আমার যাওয়ার কোনো জায়গা থাকল না। তাই দাদা-দাদির কাছে কেটেছে আমার ছোটবেলাটা।’ বললেন ওজার।
এর পরের কয়েকটি বছর ওজার আত্মীয়-স্বজনের বাড়িতে আশ্রয় খুঁজেছেন। কিন্তু ১১ বছর বয়সে একেবারেই গৃহহীন হয়ে পড়েন। তখন গণশৌচাগার ছাড়া আরও কোথাও আশ্রয় নেওয়ার জায়গা ছিল না তার। ওজার বললেন, ‘সেখানে থেকেই আমি ফেরি করে কিছু জিনিস বিক্রি করতাম। এতে সামান্য রুটি কিনতে পারলেও প্রায় সময়ই না খেয়ে থাকতাম। এরপর একটি পানশালায় কাজ নিই। সেখানে সিগারেটের ছাইদানি পরিষ্কার করা এবং তাদের জন্য খাবার এনে দেওয়াই ছিল আমার কাজ। এর বিনিময়ে তারা আমাকে খাবার দিত। তখন ভাবতাম আমি তো ধনী হয়ে গেছি। ওই কয়েকটি বছর ছিল আমার জীবনে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ।’
এর পরের কয়েকটি বছর রেস্তোরাঁয় কাজ করেছেন ওজার। দিনে কাজ আর রাতে ইংরেজিতে কথা বলার চর্চা করতেন। একপর্যায়ে নতুন জীবনের আশায় পাড়ি জমান যুক্তরাজ্যে। প্রথম দিকের কয়েক বছর একটি কাবাবের দোকানে কাজ করে কাটিয়েছেন। কিছু টাকা জমিয়ে সেখানে প্রথম একটি রেস্তোরাঁ চালু করেন। এরপর আর পেছন ফিরে তাকাতে হয়নি তাকে। তিনি এখন কোটিপতি রেস্তোরাঁ ব্যবসায়ী।
জীবনের শুরুতে কঠিন বাস্তবতার মুখোমুখি হলেও অতীত নিয়ে ত্যক্ত-বিরক্ত নন ওজার। নতুন এ পুরস্কারকে তিনি তাঁর মায়ের নামে উত্সর্গ করেছেন। শ্রদ্ধাভরে মাকে স্মরণ করে ওজার বলেন, ‘আমার মনে হয়, স্বর্গবাসী মা সবকিছু দেখছেন এবং আমার জন্য তিনি গর্ববোধ করছেন।’
ওজার রেস্তোরাঁর রিজেন্ট স্ট্রিট শাখাটি দেখাশোনা করেন তাঁর সত্ভাই ডেভিড। তিনি বলেন, ‘তিনি (ওজার) খুবই কঠিন চরিত্রের একজন মানুষ। তিনি সব কিছুই নিখুঁত চান। খাবার হতে হবে ভালো। আর ক্রেতাকেও রাখতে হবে সন্তুষ্ট। অন্যথায় বিপদে পড়তে হয়।’ ডেভিড বললেন, ‘প্রতিটি খাবারের টেবিলে ওজারের মোবাইল ফোন নম্বর লেখা আছে। কোনো ক্রেতা খাবার কিংবা সেবায় অসন্তুষ্ট হলে তিনি সরাসরি ওজারকে ফোন করতে পারেন। আর এতে বিপদ নিশ্চিত।’ রয়টার্স।

So we see that if we can be hard-working & honest about our aim,Almighty will help us to achieve our goal. Often common people give excuses of many problems,but only few gets success who don't care problems,instead they proceed on irrespective of problems! So

Common Forum / Why do we shout?
« on: October 02, 2011, 03:29:27 PM »
'Why do we shout in anger?' A saint asked his disciples, 'Why do we shout in anger? Why do people shout at each other when they are upset?'

His disciples thought for a while, one of them said, 'Because we lose our calm, we shout for that.'

'But, why do you shout when the other person is just next to you?' asked the saint. 'Isn't it possible to speak to him or her with a soft voice? Why do you shout at a person when you're angry?'

Disciples gave some other answers but none satisfied the saint.

Finally he explained, 'When two people are angry at each other, their hearts distance a lot. To cover that distance they must shout to be able to hear each other. The angrier they are, the stronger they will have to shout to hear each other through that great distance.'

Then the saint asked, 'What happens when two people fall in love? They don't shout at each other but talk softly, why? Because their hearts are very close. The distance between them is very small...'

The saint continued, 'When they love each other even more, what happens? They do not speak, only whisper and they get even closer to each other in their love. Finally they even need not whisper, they only look at each other and that's all. That is how close two
people are when they love each other.

'MORAL' said the saint:

'When you argue, do not let your hearts get distant, do not say words that distance each other more, else there will come a day when the distance is so great that you will not find the path to return!'

Allah: My belief / We are not alone! Allah is with us!
« on: October 02, 2011, 03:23:07 PM »
An Amazing Story: '. . A teenage girl about 17 had gone to visit some friends one evening and time passed quickly as each shared their various experiences of the past year. She ended up staying longer than planned, and had to walk home alone. She wasn’t afraid because it was a small town and she lived only a few blocks away. As she walked along under the tall elm trees, Diane asked God to keep her... safe ...from harm and danger. When she reached the alley, which was a short cut to her house, she decided to take it. However, halfway down the alley she noticed a man standing at the end as though he was waiting for her. She became uneasy and began to pray, asking for God’s protection. Instantly a comforting feeling of quietness and security wrapped round her, she felt as though someone was walking with her. When she reached the end of the alley, she walked right past the man and arrived home safely. The following day, she read in the newspaper that a young girl had been raped in the same alley just twenty minutes after she had been there. Feeling overwhelmed by this tragedy and the fact that it could have been her, she began to weep. Thanking the Lord for her safety and to help this young woman, she decided to go to the police station. She felt she could recognize the man, so she told them her story. The police asked her if she would be willing to look at a lineup to see if she could identify him. She agreed and immediately pointed out the man she had seen in the alley the night before. When the man was told he had been identified, he immediately broke down and confessed. The officer thanked Diane for her bravery and asked if there was anything they could do for her. She asked if they would ask the man one question. Diane was curious as to why he had not attacked her. When the policeman asked him, he answered, “Because she wasn’t alone. She had two tall men walking on either side of her.” Amazingly, whether we believe or not, we’re never alone. Allah is with us & he will help us if we pray to him!

Faculty Forum / Inspirational quotes for teachers
« on: September 29, 2011, 02:08:09 PM »
1. "Ideal teachers are those who use themselves as bridges over which they invite their students to cross, then having facilitated their crossing, joyfully collapse, encouraging them to create bridges of their own." -- Nikos Kazantzakis 

Be a Leader / Great man- Nelson Mandela!
« on: September 27, 2011, 03:29:30 PM »
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela ( born on 18 July 1918) served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, and was the first South African president to be elected in a fully representative democratic election. Before his presidency, Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist, and the leader of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC). In 1962 he was arrested and convicted of sabotage and other charges, and sentenced to life in prison. Mandela served 27 years in prison, spending many of these years on Robben Island. Following his release from prison on 11 February 1990, Mandela led his party in the negotiations that led to multi-racial democracy in 1994. As president from 1994 to 1999, he frequently gave priority to reconciliation, while introducing policies aimed at combating poverty and inequality in South Africa.

In South Africa, Mandela is often known as Madiba or as tata. Mandela has received more than 250 awards over four decades, including the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize.

Source: Wikipedia

Pharmacy / 9 energy-boosting foods
« on: September 27, 2011, 03:09:00 PM »
When your energy is low, it's tempting to give in to cravings for caffeine and sugar – anything to help get you through the day. Instead, choose foods that are rich in protein or fiber to give your body the fuel it needs to keep going. Here are ten of our favorites.


At just 78 calories and 6 grams of protein, the egg is a protein powerhouse. And it's loaded with other nutrients as well, especially in the yolks, says Jonny Bowden, author of The 150 Most Effective Ways to Boost Your Energy. "People avoid the yolk because they're worried about cholesterol, but egg yolks contain choline, which is critical for memory."


Loaded with stress-reducing B vitamins and soluble fiber, oatmeal is the perfect choice for an energy boost. Dietary fiber fills you up without weighing you down, keeps blood sugar levels in check, and helps prevent the overwhelming desire to snooze come 3 p.m. Add a few nutrient-rich berries on top, and you've got the snack of champions.


 "Not only are fiber-rich apples an excellent choice for a mid-afternoon snack, they're also disease-fighting powerhouses," says Pamela Nisevich, sports nutrition consultant at Swim, Bike, Run, Eat! What's more, apples contain boron, a mineral that helps keep you alert.


Pumpkin is loaded with potassium, which helps your heart and muscles function better, says Bowden. Plus, it's packed with fiber (which helps stabilize blood sugar levels) and vitamin A (which helps keep your immune system strong enough to fight off energy-draining infections). Add canned pumpkin to rice for a quick, healthy risotto.


How many other foods help protect your heart, boost brainpower, and make you feel happy to boot? Salmon is packed with vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 essential fatty acids which research suggests can boost your mood. Plus, it’s lower in fat and calories than most other protein sources.


While peanuts are high in calories, they're also more filling than other foods, and they naturally curb your calorie intake throughout the day. A study published in the International Journal of Obesity found that when people consumed 500 calories of peanuts daily for 19 weeks, their resting metabolic rate increased by 11 percent – even without added exercise.

Trail Mix

"Trail mix is quite possibly the world's perfect energy booster," says Nisevich. "It's packed with enough carbs and protein to get you up the trail or over the mountain." To avoid added sugar and fat, make your own mix with nutrient-rich dried cranberries or apricots and heart-healthy nuts like pistachios and almonds.


These quick-cooking legumes are a great source of soluble fiber, which gives you steady, slow-burning energy while stabilizing your blood sugar.  That fiber – along with folate and magnesium – also helps protect your heart. Finally, lentils are a healthy source of iron, a nutrient you need more of when you're pregnant or lactating. Serve them with whole grains for a complete protein – meaning it contains all nine essential amino acids.


Yogurt boasts higher concentrations of protein, calcium, and vitamin D than milk. Plus many brands of yogurt have live active cultures, which can aid digestion. Try organic or Greek yogurt since it's less likely to be loaded with artificial ingredients, sugar, and preservatives.


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