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Messages - Munni

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Real Estate / Re: Knowledge
« on: October 18, 2014, 12:55:51 PM »
Informative Post.

Liver / Fatty Liver Disease
« on: October 18, 2014, 12:43:47 PM »
Some fat in the liver is normal. But if fat makes up more than 5%-10% of the weight of your liver, you may have alcoholic or nonalcoholic liver disease. In some cases, these diseases can lead to serious complications.

Alcoholic Liver Disease (ALD)


More than 15 million people in the U.S. abuse or overuse alcohol. Almost all of them -- 90%-100% -- develop fatty livers.

Fatty liver can occur after drinking moderate or large amounts of alcohol. It can even occur after a short period of heavy drinking (acute alcoholic liver disease).

Genetics or heredity (what is passed down from parent to child) plays a role in alcoholic liver disease in two ways: It may influence how much alcohol you consume and your likelihood of developing alcoholism. And, it may also affect levels of liver enzymes involved in the breakdown (metabolism) of alcohol.

Other factors that may influence your chances of developing alcoholic fatty liver disease include:

    Hepatitis C (which can lead to liver inflammation)
    An overload of iron

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)


Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is now the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the U.S. Some people with excess fat in the liver simply have what's called a fatty liver. Although this is not normal, it is not serious if it doesn't lead to inflammation or damage.

Others have what's called nonalcoholic steatohepatisis (NASH). Although it is similar to alcoholic liver disease, people with this type of fatty liver disease drink little or no alcohol. NASH can lead to permanent liver damage. The liver may enlarge and, over time, liver cells may be replaced by scar tissue. This is called cirrhosis. The liver can't work right and you may develop liver failure, liver cancer, and liver-related death. NASH is one of the leading causes of cirrhosis.

Both types of NAFLD are becoming more common. Up to 20% of adults may have either fatty liver or NASH. And more than 6 million children have one of these conditions, which are most common in Asian and Hispanic children. Recent evidence indicates that NAFLD increases the risk of heart disease in children who are overweight or obese.
Causes of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)


The cause of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is not clear. Certain factors tend to increase risk, but in some cases, no risk factors show up. However, NAFLD tends to run in families. It also shows up most often in people who are middle-aged and overweight or obese. These people often have high cholesterol or triglycerides and diabetes or prediabetes (insulin resistance), as well.

Thanks for sharing.

আমরা ওজন কমানোর জন্য কত কিছুই না করি। যারা সত্যি সত্যি ওজন কমিয়ে স্লিম ফিগার পেতে চান, তারা একবার শেষ চেষ্টা করে দেখবেন নাকি? মাত্র ৭দিনে ওজন কমবে ৬পাউন্ড!

শুধু যা করতে হবে:

চিনি নয় মধু
মিষ্টি খাবার আমাদের অনেকেরই দারুণ প্রিয়। আর সব মিষ্টি খাবার তৈরির মূল উপকরণ চিনি। অন্য কিছুতে না হলেও প্রতিদিনের সকাল বিকেল চায়ে তো সবারই চিনি চাই। সব মিষ্টি খাবারই আমরা খেতে পারি, তবে চিনির পরিবর্তে ব্যবহার করুন প্রাকৃতিক মধু।

দিনের শুরু
দিনের শুরু করুন একগ্লাস হালকা গরম পানিতে এক চা চামচ মধু মিলিয়ে পান করে। ও বন্ধুরা আরও ভালো ফল পেতে চাইলে, দিনটি শেষও করুন একইভাবে। মানে ঘুমাতে যাওয়ার আধাঘণ্টা আগে আরেক গ্লাস পানীয়।

সবজি, সালাদ, ফল
প্রতিদিনের খাবারে চাল বা আটার তৈরি খাবারের পরিমাণ কমিয়ে যোগ করুন প্রচুর সবজি, সালাদ আর ফল।

খাবারের তালিকা ছোট করতে গিয়ে লক্ষ্য রাখতে হবে প্রতিদিন‌ই যেন পরিমিত পরিমাণে থাকে গ্রিল ফিস- চামড়া ছাড়া মুরগির মাংস আর ডিম।
দূরে থাকুন
খুব পছন্দের ফাস্টফুড, চিপস, দোকানের কেনা মিষ্টি, কোমল পানীয় এক সপ্তাহ না খেয়েই দেখেন। আচ্ছা, আলু ভর্তা-ভাজি যাই হোক দূরে থাকুন।

আসলে প্রতিদিন আমরা যে খাবারগুলো খাই তা ঠিকভাবে হজমে সাহায্য করে এই মধু পানীয়। যে জন্য শরীরে নতুন করে মেদ জমতে পারে না। আর দ্রুতই জমে থাকা বাড়তি মেদও শরীর থেকে বেরিয়ে যায়।

Useful Post.

Cartoon / Father Of Animation
« on: October 14, 2014, 11:28:03 AM »
“Animation should be an art…what you fellows have done with it is making it into a trade..not an art, but a trade…bad luck”

Winsor McCay

“Father of the Animated Cartoon”

Thus Winsor McCay, father of the animated cartoon, pronounced the doom of the very industry he had inadvertently helped create.

From 1911-1921 McCay nursed animation from a simple camera trick to full blown character animation that would take 20 years to be surpassed. McCay animated his film almost single-handed; from inception to execution each cartoon was his and his alone. He took the time to make this film unique artistic visions, sometimes spending more than a year to make a single five minute cartoon. But the burgeoning world of cinema could not wait so long for so little, and so the modern animation was no longer the work of one man, it was a streamlined,assembly line process in the best Henry Ford tradition. But was the art of the animated cartoon, depends on the trade’s sake? That, of course depends,   on the  studios themselves.

Through the year several institutions have proven McCay’s prophecy at least partly false; indeed, without such positive collaborations of talent the art of animation would not have advanced to the level of sophistication it enjoys today. But who exactly was it “bad luck” for: the art, or the artists themselves?

Even before McCay had shown the world the true potential of the animated cartoon in his landmark film “Gertie the Dinosaur” (1914), the first animation studio were already around, trying to exploit the medium for what they could. Raoul Barre opened the first animation house in 1913, and within five years a new industry was born as more and more studios began to pop up around the New York metropolitan area.

Arguably the most successful and certainly the most influential of these early studios was the John Bray Studio. Bray created the first successful cartoon series  Col. Heeza Liar, in 1914. Future studio heads Max Fleischer and Walter Lantz honed their skills here. But the studio’s drawing onto clear pieces of celluloid and then photographing them in succession on a single painted background was invented by Bray employee Earl Hurd in late 1914. In the first of what was to be many such incidents, the studio swallowed all the credit and most of the revenue for it’s underling’s contribution to the art from. Hurd lent his patent to boss John Bray, who charged royalties for other studios to use the process…an understandable business practice. Yet from an artistic standpoint this was as if Picasso had demanded exclusive rights to Cubism. It was a relatively moot point, however; the patent expired in 1932 and was not renewed. The only real loser, it seems, was Earl Hurd.

Like Hurd, Otto Messmer was another studio employee who never got due credit for his innovations. But whereas Hurd’s contribution to animation was a technical one. Messmer’s was an artistic creation that is still recognized the world over 80 years after it’s inception. Otta Messmer was employed by the Pat Sullivan Studio in 1916.Three years later he created Felix the Cat; it was a milestone in the development of animation as an art form. Not since Gertie the Dinosaur had a cartoon character exhibited such a degree of personality animation as Felix’s brooding, ponderous walk. Indeed, Messmer probably would have take the secret to his grave had not animation historian John Cane-maker tracked him down in 1976 (the revelation produced quite a stir in animation circle…twenty years later the story was lampooned on an episode of “The Simpsons”).

Informative post.

Thyroid / Do thyroid problems make it harder to get pregnant?
« on: August 14, 2014, 10:21:19 AM »
The miracle of life brings joy to many expecting parents when they welcome a new child into the world. But for some couples who try to conceive, they find the going may not be as easy as it is for others. There are a host of diseases or conditions that can impede a woman's ability to get pregnant. One of these is an improperly functioning thyroid gland.

The thyroid gland is a small organ located in the lower front of the neck. It and other glands in the body make up the endocrine system, which creates, stores and releases hormones, our chemical messengers for certain cellular action [source: PubMed Health].

The thyroid makes two important hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones regulate a person's metabolism, the body's process of using energy. Metabolism affects practically every function of the human body [source: NEMDIS].

The function of the thyroid can affect a woman's ability to ovulate, thus making it harder to get pregnant. When the thyroid gland either produces too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or too little (hypothyroidism), it can interrupt a woman's natural menstrual cycle. This in turn affects her ovulation cycle and can impede her ability to get pregnant [source: Mayo Clinic].

It can be difficult for a woman struggling to get pregnant, especially if she feels frustrated about her situation. But infertility is a serious medical condition, one that impacts around 7.3 million women in the U.S. That's close to 12 percent of women in their child-bearing years [source: ASRM].

But with medical advances, there is a silver lining for women who are having difficulty getting pregnant. In roughly 85 to 90 percent of infertility cases, surgery or medication reverse the condition [source: ASRM]. For women diagnosed with improper thyroid function, medication can be prescribed to help the thyroid gland bring itself into balance.

Thyroid / Pregnancy and Thyroid Disease
« on: August 14, 2014, 09:56:33 AM »
How does pregnancy normally affect thyroid function?
Two pregnancy-related hormones—human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and estrogen—cause increased thyroid hormone levels in the blood. Made by the placenta, hCG is similar to TSH and mildly stimulates the thyroid to produce more thyroid hormone. Increased estrogen produces higher levels of thyroid-binding globulin, also known as thyroxine-binding globulin, a protein that transports thyroid hormone in the blood.

These normal hormonal changes can sometimes make thyroid function tests during pregnancy difficult to interpret.

Thyroid hormone is critical to normal development of the baby’s brain and nervous system. During the first trimester, the fetus depends on the mother’s supply of thyroid hormone, which comes through the placenta. At around 12 weeks, the baby’s thyroid begins to function on its own.

The thyroid enlarges slightly in healthy women during pregnancy, but not enough to be detected by a physical exam. A noticeably enlarged thyroid can be a sign of thyroid disease and should be evaluated. Thyroid problems can be difficult to diagnose in pregnancy due to higher levels of thyroid hormone in the blood, increased thyroid size, fatigue, and other symptoms common to both pregnancy and thyroid disorders.


What causes hyperthyroidism in pregnancy?

Hyperthyroidism in pregnancy is usually caused by Graves’ disease and occurs in about one of every 500 pregnancies.1 Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder. Normally, the immune system protects people from infection by identifying and destroying bacteria, viruses, and other potentially harmful foreign substances. But in autoimmune diseases, the immune system attacks the body’s own cells and organs.

With Graves’ disease, the immune system makes an antibody called thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI), sometimes called TSH receptor antibody, which mimics TSH and causes the thyroid to make too much thyroid hormone. In some people with Graves’ disease, this antibody is also associated with eye problems such as irritation, bulging, and puffiness.

Although Graves’ disease may first appear during pregnancy, a woman with preexisting Graves’ disease could actually see an improvement in her symptoms in her second and third trimesters. Remission—a disappearance of signs and symptoms—of Graves’ disease in later pregnancy may result from the general suppression of the immune system that occurs during pregnancy. The disease usually worsens again in the first few months after delivery. Pregnant women with Graves’ disease should be monitored monthly.

How is hyperthyroidism in pregnancy diagnosed?

Health care providers diagnose hyperthyroidism in pregnant women by reviewing symptoms and doing blood tests to measure TSH, T3, and T4 levels.

Some symptoms of hyperthyroidism are common features in normal pregnancies, including increased heart rate, heat intolerance, and fatigue.

Other symptoms are more closely associated with hyperthyroidism: rapid and irregular heartbeat, a slight tremor, unexplained weight loss or failure to have normal pregnancy weight gain, and the severe nausea and vomiting associated with hyperemesis gravidarum.

A blood test involves drawing blood at a health care provider’s office or commercial facility and sending the sample to a lab for analysis. Diagnostic blood tests may include

    TSH test. If a pregnant woman’s symptoms suggest hyperthyroidism, her doctor will probably first perform the ultrasensitive TSH test. This test detects even tiny amounts of TSH in the blood and is the most accurate measure of thyroid activity available.

    Generally, below-normal levels of TSH indicate hyperthyroidism. However, low TSH levels may also occur in a normal pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, due to the small increase in thyroid hormones from HCG.

    T3 and T4 test. If TSH levels are low, another blood test is performed to measure T3 and T4. Elevated levels of free T4—the portion of thyroid hormone not attached to thyroid-binding protein—confirm the diagnosis.

    Rarely, in a woman with hyperthyroidism, free T4 levels can be normal but T3 levels are high. Because of normal pregnancy-related changes in thyroid function, test results must be interpreted with caution.

    TSI test. If a woman has Graves’ disease or has had surgery or radioactive iodine treatment for the disease, her doctor may also test her blood for the presence of TSI antibodies.


Nutrition and Food Engineering / Re: 10 Nutrients You May Be Missing!
« on: November 06, 2013, 10:22:32 AM »
All this information will help us to prevent different disease.

Nutrition and Food Engineering / Re: Leaves to LOVE!!!
« on: November 06, 2013, 10:11:18 AM »
Informative post.

Common Forum / গাছে রংধনু, রংধনুর গাছ
« on: October 08, 2013, 03:35:15 PM »

রংধনু আমরা আকাশে দেখি। জেনেছি রংধনুর মতো অপরূপ পাহাড়ের কথাও। কিন্তু রংধনু গাছ! শুনতে একটু অবাকই লাগে। ফুল, ফল পাতায়ই সাধারণত সব সৌন্দর্য গাছের- এই ধারণা মিথ্যা প্রমাণ করবে রেইনবো ইউক্যালিটাস। ফিলিপাইনের মিন্ডানাও, নিউ হ্যাম্পশায়ার, নিউ বৃটেন, নিউ জিনিয়া প্রভৃতি অঞ্চলে সাধারণ এই অপূর্ব সুন্দর গাছটি দেখা যায়।

এই বিচিত্র বর্ণের স্বতন্ত্র আকৃতির গাছটি রয়েছে মাউইয়ের ছোট একটি উদ্যানে। এই অদ্ভুত সুন্দর গাছটির সবচেয়ে পরিচিত নাম রেইনবো ইউক্যালিপটাস বা রংধনু গাছ। এর প্রকৃত আবাস প্রধানত ফিলিপাইনের দ্বীপ মিন্ডানাও। তবে গাছটি মিন্ডানাও গাম বা রংধনু গাম নামেও পরিচিত।

ওয়ার্ল্ড অ্যাগ্রো ফরেস্ট্রির তথ্যানুযায়ী এটি একটি চিরহরিত গাছ। রংধনু গাছ বিশ্বের দ্রুতবর্ধনশীল গাছেরও একটি। এটা বছরে আট ফুট পর্যন্ত বাড়ে। সর্বোচ্চ উচ্চতা ১৯৭-২৪৬ ফুট পর্যন্ত। প্রস্থে ৭.৯ ফুট পর্যন্ত হয়।
বিচিত্র রঙের রেখার কাণ্ড এই গাছকে দেয় একটি স্বতন্ত্র সুন্দর ল্যান্ডস্কেপ। এ গাছ যদি কারো খুব বেশি পছন্দ হয় এবং কেউ যদি তার বাগানে লাগিয়ে বাগানকে সাজাতে চান বিচিত্র রূপে, তবে সে এলাকার গড় তাপমাত্রা হতে হবে ৩ থেকে ৩১ ডিগ্রি সেলসিয়াস।
বিশ্বব্যাপী রংধনু গাছ ব্যহার করা হয় সাদা কাগজ তৈরির মণ্ড হিসেবে। তবে এ মাত্রা ফিলিপাইনে সবচেয়ে বেশি। ফিলিপাইন এবং কোস্টারিকায় এ গাছের চাষ করা হয় মূলত কপি বাগানে। এর ছায়া কপি চাষের জন্য বিশেষ উপকারী। এর কাঠ ফার্নিচার এবং ক্যাবিনেট তৈরিতে ব্যবহৃত হয়। হাওয়াইয়ে রংধনু গাছের কাঠ নৌকা তৈরিতেও ব্যবহার করা হয়।একই গাছের বাহারি বাকল বছরের বিভিন্ন সময়ে বিভিন্ন রূপ ধারণ করে। বর্ষার পর এর বাকল ধারণ করে চকচকে রং। এতে আকৃষ্ট হয়ে প্রচুর পর্যটক প্রতিবছর ভিড় জমান।

রং পরিবর্তনের সময় ভেজা বাকলের একটি রংধনু গাছ।বছরজুড়ে প্রাকৃতিকভাবে রং পরিবর্তন করা সবচেয়ে সুন্দর গাছ রেইনবো ইউক্যালিপটাস। এটা সাধারণ সবুজ, গাঢ় সবুজ, নীল, বেগুনি, লাল, মেরুন রঙে রূপান্তরিত হয়


Travel / Visit / Tour / Rainbow Hill! (রংধনুর পাহাড়!)
« on: September 29, 2013, 10:18:35 AM »

ছবিটি এবং নিচের ছবিগুলো কোনো দক্ষ চিত্রী শিল্পীর তুলির আঁচড়ে তৈরি নয়।

পাঠক বিশ্বাস করুন আর নাই করুন, পৃথিবীতেই অবস্থান এ রংধনু পাহাড়ের।

এরপরেও সন্দেহ জাগলে আপনাকে স্বচক্ষে দেখতে যেতে হবে চীনে। দেশটির গানশু প্রদেশের লিনজে জেলার দানশিয়া ল্যান্ডফরম জিওলজিক্যাল পার্কের অংশ এ পাহাড়।

ইউনেস্কোর বক্তব্য, এটি অদ্বিতীয় বৈশিষ্ট্যের তা কখনও অন্য কোনো সাইট দিয়ে পরিমাপ করা যাবে না। চীনের দানশিয়ার অসাধারণ সাবর্জনীন ও বৈশ্বিক মূল্য রয়েছে।


Namaj/Salat / Re: Salatul Tasbih
« on: September 09, 2013, 01:46:50 PM »
Very helpful post.

Fruit / Re: Health benefits of Dates
« on: July 14, 2013, 01:31:01 PM »
Very relevant posting for this Ramadan.Thanks for sharing the food values of Dates.

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