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Topics - Farhana Helal Mehtab

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Happiness / My First Hero.....
« on: November 02, 2014, 01:21:52 PM »
Following is my Today's Facebook Status. Sharing it here specially for my Female colleagues and Girl Students because to them Happiness means seeing the happy face of fathers.

My First Hero....

The best part of Hartal is, still he does not allow me to come alone in office …. Its sounds strange for a woman like me …. But that’s the fact! My driver waits for the hartal days since these are his unofficial holidays. My first Hero takes a ricksaw & then we two reach the office crossing all the ways & subways of our favorite Dhanmondi. Yes, we cross that Dhanmondi lake which I visited regularly during my childhood. In hartal days, traffic jam-free calm & quiet Dhammondi roads/ lake side reminds me of my childhood & my first Hero’s bold face! Time, the cruel fact, takes youth, boldness & beauty. But it cannot take away one thing… the “feelings” …. Still I’m his little princess. And to me he will always remain as “My first Hero …..”

Love you Abbu …. May you live long, Ameen.

Law / A Short Story based on Law
« on: September 27, 2014, 02:18:04 PM »
"Life long imprisonment is better than capital punishment." was the bet of Lawyer with Banker.
Lawyer proved it true by living it out in his life. This was genuine not political.

Anton Chekhov
was a Russian physician, dramaturge and author who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short stories in history. I've found this short story by Anton Chekhov is thoughtful. Hope the readers of "Forum" specially the law people will find it interesting.

The Bet
Anton Chekhov

It was a dark autumn night. The old banker was walking up and down his study and remembering how, fifteen years before, he had given a party one autumn evening. There had been many clever men there, and there had been interesting conversations. Among other things they had talked of capital punishment. The majority of the guests, among whom were many journalists and intellectual men, disapproved of the death penalty. They considered that form of punishment out of date, immoral, and unsuitable for Christian States. In the opinion of some of them the death penalty ought to be replaced everywhere by imprisonment for life. "I don't agree with you," said their host the banker. "I have not tried either the death penalty or imprisonment for life, but if one may judge a priori, the death penalty is more moral and more humane than imprisonment for life. Capital punishment kills a man at once, but lifelong imprisonment kills him slowly. Which executioner is the more humane, he who kills you in a few minutes or he who drags the life out of you in the course of many years?"

     "Both are equally immoral," observed one of the guests, "for they both have the same object - to take away life. The State is not God. It has not the right to take away what it cannot restore when it wants to."

     Among the guests was a young lawyer, a young man of five-and-twenty. When he was asked his opinion, he said:

     "The death sentence and the life sentence are equally immoral, but if I had to choose between the death penalty and imprisonment for life, I would certainly choose the second. To live anyhow is better than not at all."

     A lively discussion arose. The banker, who was younger and more nervous in those days, was suddenly carried away by excitement; he struck the table with his fist and shouted at the young man:

     "It's not true! I'll bet you two million you wouldn't stay in solitary confinement for five years."

     "If you mean that in earnest," said the young man, "I'll take the bet, but I would stay not five but fifteen years."

     "Fifteen? Done!" cried the banker. "Gentlemen, I stake two million!"

     "Agreed! You stake your millions and I stake my freedom!" said the young man.

     And this wild, senseless bet was carried out! The banker, spoilt and frivolous, with millions beyond his reckoning, was delighted at the bet. At supper he made fun of the young man, and said:

     "Think better of it, young man, while there is still time. To me two million is a trifle, but you are losing three or four of the best years of your life. I say three or four, because you won't stay longer. Don't forget either, you unhappy man, that voluntary confinement is a great deal harder to bear than compulsory. The thought that you have the right to step out in liberty at any moment will poison your whole existence in prison. I am sorry for you."

     And now the banker, walking to and fro, remembered all this, and asked himself: "What was the object of that bet? What is the good of that man's losing fifteen years of his life and my throwing away two million? Can it prove that the death penalty is better or worse than imprisonment for life? No, no. It was all nonsensical and meaningless. On my part it was the caprice of a pampered man, and on his part simple greed for money ..."

     Then he remembered what followed that evening. It was decided that the young man should spend the years of his captivity under the strictest supervision in one of the lodges in the banker's garden. It was agreed that for fifteen years he should not be free to cross the threshold of the lodge, to see human beings, to hear the human voice, or to receive letters and newspapers. He was allowed to have a musical instrument and books, and was allowed to write letters, to drink wine, and to smoke. By the terms of the agreement, the only relations he could have with the outer world were by a little window made purposely for that object. He might have anything he wanted - books, music, wine, and so on - in any quantity he desired by writing an order, but could only receive them through the window. The agreement provided for every detail and every trifle that would make his imprisonment strictly solitary, and bound the young man to stay there exactly fifteen years, beginning from twelve o'clock of November 14, 1870, and ending at twelve o'clock of November 14, 1885. The slightest attempt on his part to break the conditions, if only two minutes before the end, released the banker from the obligation to pay him the two million.

     For the first year of his confinement, as far as one could judge from his brief notes, the prisoner suffered severely from loneliness and depression. The sounds of the piano could be heard continually day and night from his lodge. He refused wine and tobacco. Wine, he wrote, excites the desires, and desires are the worst foes of the prisoner; and besides, nothing could be more dreary than drinking good wine and seeing no one. And tobacco spoilt the air of his room. In the first year the books he sent for were principally of a light character; novels with a complicated love plot, sensational and fantastic stories, and so on.

     In the second year the piano was silent in the lodge, and the prisoner asked only for the classics. In the fifth year music was audible again, and the prisoner asked for wine. Those who watched him through the window said that all that year he spent doing nothing but eating and drinking and lying on his bed, frequently yawning and angrily talking to himself. He did not read books. Sometimes at night he would sit down to write; he would spend hours writing, and in the morning tear up all that he had written. More than once he could be heard crying.

     In the second half of the sixth year the prisoner began zealously studying languages, philosophy, and history. He threw himself eagerly into these studies - so much so that the banker had enough to do to get him the books he ordered. In the course of four years some six hundred volumes were procured at his request. It was during this period that the banker received the following letter from his prisoner:

     "My dear Jailer, I write you these lines in six languages. Show them to people who know the languages. Let them read them. If they find not one mistake I implore you to fire a shot in the garden. That shot will show me that my efforts have not been thrown away. The geniuses of all ages and of all lands speak different languages, but the same flame burns in them all. Oh, if you only knew what unearthly happiness my soul feels now from being able to understand them!" The prisoner's desire was fulfilled. The banker ordered two shots to be fired in the garden.

     Then after the tenth year, the prisoner sat immovably at the table and read nothing but the Gospel. It seemed strange to the banker that a man who in four years had mastered six hundred learned volumes should waste nearly a year over one thin book easy of comprehension. Theology and histories of religion followed the Gospels.

     In the last two years of his confinement the prisoner read an immense quantity of books quite indiscriminately. At one time he was busy with the natural sciences, then he would ask for Byron or Shakespeare. There were notes in which he demanded at the same time books on chemistry, and a manual of medicine, and a novel, and some treatise on philosophy or theology. His reading suggested a man swimming in the sea among the wreckage of his ship, and trying to save his life by greedily clutching first at one spar and then at another.


The old banker remembered all this, and thought:

     "To-morrow at twelve o'clock he will regain his freedom. By our agreement I ought to pay him two million. If I do pay him, it is all over with me: I shall be utterly ruined."

     Fifteen years before, his millions had been beyond his reckoning; now he was afraid to ask himself which were greater, his debts or his assets. Desperate gambling on the Stock Exchange, wild speculation and the excitability whic h he could not get over even in advancing years, had by degrees led to the decline of his fortune and the proud, fearless, self-confident millionaire had become a banker of middling rank, trembling at every rise and fall in his investments. "Cursed bet!" muttered the old man, clutching his head in despair "Why didn't the man die? He is only forty now. He will take my last penny from me, he will marry, will enjoy life, will gamble on the Exchange; while I shall look at him with envy like a beggar, and hear from him every day the same sentence: 'I am indebted to you for the happiness of my life, let me help you!' No, it is too much! The one means of being saved from bankruptcy and disgrace is the death of that man!"

     It struck three o'clock, the banker listened; everyone was asleep in the house and nothing could be heard outside but the rustling of the chilled trees. Trying to make no noise, he took from a fireproof safe the key of the door which had not been opened for fifteen years, put on his overcoat, and went out of the house.

     It was dark and cold in the garden. Rain was falling. A damp cutting wind was racing about the garden, howling and giving the trees no rest. The banker strained his eyes, but could see neither the earth nor the white statues, nor the lodge, nor the trees. Going to the spot where the lodge stood, he twice called the watchman. No answer followed. Evidently the watchman had sought shelter from the weather, and was now asleep somewhere either in the kitchen or in the greenhouse.

     "If I had the pluck to carry out my intention," thought the old man, "Suspicion would fall first upon the watchman."

     He felt in the darkness for the steps and the door, and went into the entry of the lodge. Then he groped his way into a little passage and lighted a match. There was not a soul there. There was a bedstead with no bedding on it, and in the corner there was a dark cast-iron stove. The seals on the door leading to the prisoner's rooms were intact.

     When the match went out the old man, trembling with emotion, peeped through the little window. A candle was burning dimly in the prisoner's room. He was sitting at the table. Nothing could be seen but his back, the hair on his head, and his hands. Open books were lying on the table, on the two easy-chairs, and on the carpet near the table.

     Five minutes passed and the prisoner did not once stir. Fifteen years' imprisonment had taught him to sit still. The banker tapped at the window with his finger, and the prisoner made no movement whatever in response. Then the banker cautiously broke the seals off the door and put the key in the keyhole. The rusty lock gave a grating sound and the door creaked. The banker expected to hear at once footsteps and a cry of astonishment, but three minutes passed and it was as quiet as ever in the room. He made up his mind to go in.

     At the table a man unlike ordinary people was sitting motionless. He was a skeleton with the skin drawn tight over his bones, with long curls like a woman's and a shaggy beard. His face was yellow with an earthy tint in it, his cheeks were hollow, his back long and narrow, and the hand on which his shaggy head was propped was so thin and delicate that it was dreadful to look at it. His hair was already streaked with silver, and seeing his emaciated, aged-looking face, no one would have believed that he was only forty. He was asleep ... In front of his bowed head there lay on the table a sheet of paper on which there was something written in fine handwriting.

     "Poor creature!" thought the banker, "he is asleep and most likely dreaming of the millions. And I have only to take this half-dead man, throw him on the bed, stifle him a little with the pillow, and the most conscientious expert would find no sign of a violent death. But let us first read what he has written here ... "

     The banker took the page from the table and read as follows:

     "To-morrow at twelve o'clock I regain my freedom and the right to associate with other men, but before I leave this room and see the sunshine, I think it necessary to say a few words to you. With a clear conscience I tell you, as before God, who beholds me, that I despise freedom and life and health, and all that in your books is called the good things of the world.

     "For fifteen years I have been intently studying earthly life. It is true I have not seen the earth nor men, but in your books I have drunk fragrant wine, I have sung songs, I have hunted stags and wild boars in the forests, have loved women ... Beauties as ethereal as clouds, created by the magic of your poets and geniuses, have visited me at night, and have whispered in my ears wonderful tales that have set my brain in a whirl. In your books I have climbed to the peaks of Elburz and Mont Blanc, and from there I have seen the sun rise and have watched it at evening flood the sky, the ocean, and the mountain-tops with gold and crimson. I have watched from there the lightning flashing over my head and cleaving the storm-clouds. I have seen green forests, fields, rivers, lakes, towns. I have heard the singing of the sirens, and the strains of the shepherds' pipes; I have touched the wings of comely devils who flew down to converse with me of God ... In your books I have flung myself into the bottomless pit, performed miracles, slain, burned towns, preached new religions, conquered whole kingdoms ...

     "Your books have given me wisdom. All that the unresting thought of man has created in the ages is compressed into a small compass in my brain. I know that I am wiser than all of you.

     "And I despise your books, I despise wisdom and the blessings of this world. It is all worthless, fleeting, illusory, and deceptive, like a mirage. You may be proud, wise, and fine, but death will wipe you off the face of the earth as though you were no more than mice burrowing under the floor, and your posterity, your history, your immortal geniuses will burn or freeze together with the earthly globe.

     "You have lost your reason and taken the wrong path. You have taken lies for truth, and hideousness for beauty. You would marvel if, owing to strange events of some sorts, frogs and lizards suddenly grew on apple and orange trees instead of fruit, or if roses began to smell like a sweating horse; so I marvel at you who exchange heaven for earth. I don't want to understand you.

     "To prove to you in action how I despise all that you live by, I renounce the two million of which I once dreamed as of paradise and which now I despise. To deprive myself of the right to the money I shall go out from here five hours before the time fixed, and so break the compact ..."

     When the banker had read this he laid the page on the table, kissed the strange man on the head, and went out of the lodge, weeping. At no other time, even when he had lost heavily on the Stock Exchange, had he felt so great a contempt for himself. When he got home he lay on his bed, but his tears and emotion kept him for hours from sleeping.

     Next morning the watchmen ran in with pale faces, and told him they had seen the man who lived in the lodge climb out of the window into the garden, go to the gate, and disappear. The banker went at once with the servants to the lodge and made sure of the flight of his prisoner. To avoid arousing unnecessary talk, he took from the table the writing in which the millions were renounced, and when he got home locked it up in the fireproof safe.

Law / Human Rights Jokes
« on: July 20, 2014, 09:49:40 AM »

How strange it is! When any Muslim does anything, it becomes terrorist activity!
May Allah help us all to change our attitude. Ameen.

sharing the write up of my classmate/friend who works in Bangladesh Shishu Academy. Hope you all will enjoy this:

শিশুদের জন্য সাহিত্য নাকি সাহিত্যের জন্য শিশু

শিশুসাহিত্য শিশুর মানসিক খাদ্য। এই খাদ্য তার মনকে করে সতেজ, সবল। তার স্বপ্ন ও কল্পনাশক্তির বিকাশে উপভোগ্য শিশুসাহিত্যের কোনো বিকল্প নেই। মুক্ত মন, উদার চিন্তা, গণতান্ত্রিক মন-মানসিকতা এই সবকে গড়ে তোলে অদ্ভুত, বিস্ময়কর, অসামান্য কোনো বই। এ কথা অবশ্যই স্বীকার করতে হবে যে, শিশু সবচেয়ে বেশি শেখে তার পরিবার থেকে, আশেপাশের পরিবেশ থেকে, তার নিজস্ব জগত্ থেকে। সেই শিখে নেওয়ার ওপর একটি স্থায়ী প্রলেপ দিয়ে দেয় আনন্দ ও আবেগে পড়া প্রিয় বইটি। এভাবেই মা-বাবা ছাড়াও বইয়ের কোনো কোনো চরিত্র হয়ে ওঠে শিশুর আদর্শ নায়ক, বীর বা মানসসঙ্গী। নিজস্ব সংস্কৃতির ধারাও শিশুর ওপর গভীর প্রভাব ফেলে। আর এভাবেই সে দেশকে ভালবাসতে শেখে, ভালবাসতে শেখে সারা পৃথিবীকে। নানা বর্ণের, নানা গোত্রের বিচিত্র সব মানুষের সংস্কৃতি, সভ্যতা ও ঐতিহ্যর সঙ্গে সে পরিচিতি লাভ করে আর এভাবেই সে হয়ে ওঠে বিশ্ব নাগরিক।

অনূর্ধ্ব ১৮ বছর বয়সী যে কোনো মানব সন্তানকেই আমরা শিশু হিসেবে সংজ্ঞায়িত করে থাকি। কিন্তু এদের সবার বুঝবার ক্ষমতা, বোধ, অনুভূতি ও বুদ্ধিদীপ্ততা কিন্তু এক নয়। বয়স অনুযায়ী এদের পছন্দ, চাহিদা সবকিছুই ভিন্ন। পছন্দ, চাহিদা বা মন-মানসিকতার ভিত্তিতে শিশুদেরকে আমরা মোটা দাগে তিনটি পর্যায়ে বিভক্ত করতে পারি— ১ম পর্যায় (০-৫ বছর বয়সী), ২য় পর্যায় (৫-১০বছর বয়সী) এবং ৩য় পর্যায় (১০-১৮ বছর বয়সী)। যদিও উন্নত বিশ্বে এই বিভাজনটা আরো কয়েকটা পর্যায়ে বিভক্ত।

১ম পর্যায়ের শিশুরা রঙিন ঝলমলে যে কোনো জিনিসের প্রতিই আকর্ষণ বোধ করে। বয়স যাই হোক না কেন শিশুরা কিন্তু বই পছন্দ করে। গবেষণায় দেখা গেছে— দুই বছর বয়স থেকেই শিশুরা রঙচঙে ছবিওয়ালা বই পছন্দ করে যাতে মানুষ, পশুপাখি, বাড়ির নানাবিধ আসবাবপত্রের ছবি আছে। যদিও এই বয়সের শিশুর বই পড়ার প্রশ্নই আসে না, তবু অন্যের পড়ার সুর শুনতে এবং পাঠরত ব্যক্তির মুখের অভিব্যক্তি উপভোগ করতে সে ভালবাসে। সাধারণত এই বয়সী শিশুরা ভীষণ কৌতূহলী হয়। এরা অবাক বিস্ময়ে চারপাশের পৃথিবীকে পর্যবেক্ষণ করে। এদের মনে ভিড় করে হাজারো প্রশ্ন। যদিও এরা নিজেরা পড়তে পারে না কিন্তু ছন্দোময় কবিতা, ঘুমপাড়ানি গান এদের খুব পছন্দ। রঙিন-ঝলমলে ছবিওয়ালা বই এদেরকে আকর্ষণ করে। বইয়ের সেসব ছবি দেখে এরা কল্পনা করে নেয় নিজের মনের মতো কোনো কাহিনি। এর মধ্যে দিয়েই এরা প্রবেশ করে গল্প, রূপকথা বা সৃজনশীলতার জগতে। যেহেতু এরা অনুকরণপ্রিয়, তাই বড়দের অনুকরণে নিজের পছন্দের কোনো বই নিয়ে সে পাতার পর পাতা উলটাতে থাকে আর কল্পনা করে নেয় একের পর এক কাহিনি। তার কল্পনার রাজ্যে সেই থাকে একমাত্র বীর।

উন্নত দেশগুলোতে দুই থেকে পাঁচ বছর বয়সী শিশুদের জন্য যেসব বই প্রকাশ করা হয় সেগুলো মূলত ছবিপ্রধান বা Picture Book অর্থাত্ ছবির মাধ্যমেই বুঝিয়ে দেওয়া হয় বইটির সম্পর্কে। বিষয়টি সম্পর্কে যে বর্ণনা থাকে তাও অত্যন্ত সহজ সরল ছোট ছোট বাক্যে বিন্যাস করা থাকে। মোটকথা ছবিটাই বইয়ে মুখ্য ভূমিকা পালন করে। এক্ষেত্রে লেখকের পাশাপাশি যিনি গুরুত্বপূর্ণ ভূমিকা পালন করেন, তিনি হচ্ছেন একজন চিত্রশিল্পী। শিশুরা নিখুঁত অলংকরণের অপরূপ সৌন্দর্য, রঙের বাহার ও মাধুর্যে আকৃষ্ট হয়। সুতরাং তাদেরকে যথাযথভাবে বইয়ের প্রতি আকর্ষিত করার ক্ষেত্রে, লেখকের ভাবনাকে শিশু উপযোগী করে হূদয়গ্রাহী করে তুলতে পারেন একমাত্র চিত্রশিল্পী।

পাশ্চাত্যর দেশগুলোতে Pre School Children অর্থাত্ স্কুলপূর্ব শিশুদের জন্য যাদের বয়স পাঁচ বছরের নিচে তাদের জন্য নানা ধরনের বই প্রকাশ করা হচ্ছে এবং সেই বইগুলো অত্যন্ত সাফল্যের সঙ্গে টেলিভিশনের জনপ্রিয় সিরিয়াল বা ভিডিওর সঙ্গে পাল্লা দিচ্ছে। শিশুরা সেসব রঙিন, চিত্র-বিচিত্র বই দেখে তাদের কল্পনার জগেক বিস্তৃত করছে। একইসঙ্গে এমন কিছু বইও প্রণীত হচ্ছে যা বাবা-মা শিশুর সামনে মেলে ধরে তাকে একদিকে গল্প শোনায় অন্যদিকে তার কল্পনাশক্তিকেও উসকে দেয়। এক্ষেত্রে আমাদের শিশুবিষয়ক প্রকাশনাসমূহের অবস্থা খুবই করুণ। পাঁচ বছরের নিচের বয়সের শিশুদের উপযোগী কোনো বইই নেই বলতে গেলে। অথচ এ সময়েই শিশু তার পারিপার্শ্বিকতার সঙ্গে যোগাযোগ রক্ষা করতে শুরু করে। আশার কথা এই যে সরকারি এবং বেসরকারি উদ্যোগে এ ব্যাপারে অল্প হলেও কাজ শুরু হয়েছে।

দ্বিতীয় পর্যায়ভুক্ত শিশুরা অর্থাত্ যাদের বয়স ৫-১০ বছর, তারা আবার ছবিওয়ালা বইয়ের পাশাপাশি ছোট ছোট গল্প, রূপকথা বা লোকগাথার গল্প, কৌতুক, অ্যাডভেঞ্চার কাহিনি বা কোনো বীর বা আকর্ষণীয় ব্যক্তির জীবন বৃত্তান্ত ইত্যাদির প্রতি আকর্ষণ বোধ করে। বই পড়ার প্রতি অদম্য আগ্রহ বা একের পর এক গল্প শোনার কৌতূহলের মধ্য দিয়ে তাদের এই গ্রন্থপ্রীতি বাড়ে। এই বয়সে তার মনস্তাত্ত্বিক জগতে আসে এক নতুন চঞ্চলতা ও রূপান্তর, ব্যক্তিত্বে আসে পরিবর্তন ও আত্মবিশ্বাস। তার মনে আসে হাজারো প্রশ্ন এবং সেগুলোর থাকে যুক্তি ও সঙ্গতি। যে নিজে নিজেই কিছু একটা বানাতে বা করতে চায়। একজন সৃষ্টিশীল মানুষ হিসেবে কল্পনাশক্তির স্থিতিশীলতা শুরু হয় এই বয়স থেকেই। কিন্তু প্রকাশনার মানের দিক থেকে এই বয়সী শিশু উপযোগী বইও আমরা শিশুদের হাতে তুলে দিতে ব্যর্থ হয়েছি।

আমাদের দেশে যাকে আমরা 'শিশুসাহিত্য' বলছি ,তা আসলে কিশোরসাহিত্য। যারা তৃতীয় পর্যায়ভুক্ত অর্থাত্ যাদের বয়স ১০-এর অধিক কিন্তু অনূর্ধ্ব ১৮। আমাদের একটা নিয়মই হয়ে গেছে শিশুদের ওপর সবকিছু চাপিয়ে দেওয়া। তাদেরকে পরিচর্যা করে কঠিন নিয়মের শৃংখলে বন্দি করে ফেলা! আর তারই বহিঃপ্রকাশ ঘটে শিশুদের বই প্রকাশনার ক্ষেত্রেও। শিশুর মুখ্য অনুভূতি ও কল্পনাপ্রবণ মন এবং কৌতূহলকে আমরা তেমন আমল দেই না। এই বয়সে বই যে তার অন্যান্য খেলার সামগ্রীর মতোই একটা সামগ্রী সেটাও বিশেষ চিন্তা করি না। অধিকাংশ সময়ই দেখা যায় যে, লেখকরা লেখার সময়ে কোন বয়সের শিশুদের জন্য, শিশুরা কী চায়, কী ধরনের রচনা তাদের জন্য জুতসই হবে এবং একইসঙ্গে যাঁরা ছবি আঁকেন তাঁরাও কোন ধরনের চিত্র ঐ শিশুদেরকে তাদের কল্পজগতে নিয়ে যেতে সহায়ক হবে— এসব নিয়ে খুব একটা ভাবেন বলে মনে হয় না। ফলে আমাদের প্রণীত বই অধিকাংশ শিশুর কাছে আবেদন সৃষ্টি করতে ব্যর্থ হয়। আমাদের প্রকাশিত বইসমূহে আমরা প্রত্যক্ষ বা পরোক্ষভাবে শিশুদেরকে জ্ঞানদান করে থাকি, যা তাকে বই সম্পর্কে ভীতি বা বিরক্তি এনে দেয়।

শিশুদের বই প্রকাশে খরচও হয় অনেক বেশি। চার রঙা ছবি, ভালো মুদ্রণ ও উন্নত মানের কাগজ এবং ছবিবহুল হওয়ার ফলে বই প্রকাশে যে খরচ হয় সেই মূল্য দিয়ে কেনার সামর্থ্য খুব কম অভিভাবকেরই আছে। ফলে বই বিক্রি করতে প্রকাশককে দীর্ঘদিন অপেক্ষা করতে হয়। নানা প্রতিকূলতা সত্ত্বেও কিছু কিছু প্রকাশক সুন্দর ও আকর্ষণীয় শিশুবান্ধব বই প্রকাশের উদ্যোগ নিচ্ছেন এবং একুশের বইমেলাকে কেন্দ্র করে শিশুদের হাতে তুলে দেওয়ার প্রয়াস চালিয়ে যাচ্ছেন।

এ ক্ষেত্রে সরকারকে এগিয়ে আসতে হবে সবার আগে। পুস্তক প্রকাশনাকে শিল্প হিসেবে স্বীকৃতি দিয়ে শিশুসাহিত্য প্রকাশনার ক্ষেত্রে বিশেষ উত্সাহমূলক ব্যবস্থা গ্রহণ করতে হবে— শিশুপুস্তক প্রকাশনার ক্ষেত্রে সহজ শর্তে ব্যাংক লোনের সহায়তা প্রদান করা। শিশুসাহিত্যিকদের উচ্চতর হারে গ্রন্থস্বত্ব কিংবা সম্মানী লাভের ব্যবস্থা। শিশু উপযোগী বই প্রকাশের জন্য সহায়ক প্রয়োজনীয় কাঁচামালের দাম স্থিতিশীল ও নাগালের মধ্যে রাখা। সরকারি, বেসরকারি উদ্যোগে পাড়ায় পাড়ায় 'শিশু গ্রন্থাগার' প্রতিষ্ঠার উদ্যোগ গ্রহণ করা।

রেজিনা আখতার, ঢাকা


Law / "Mothers of all Palestinians must be killed"
« on: July 19, 2014, 12:03:54 PM »
Is she a woman?!?! Is she a mother?!?! I'm in doubt!!!

Mothers of all Palestinians must be killed: Israeli MP

A well-known Israeli politician and parliament member has branded  Palestinians as terrorists, saying mothers of all Palestinians should also be killed during the ongoing Israeli assault on the besieged Gaza Strip, Daily Sabah reported.

Ayelet Shaked of the ultra-nationalist Jewish Home party called for the slaughter of Palestinian mothers who give birth to "little snakes."

    "They have to die and their houses should be demolished so that they cannot bear any more terrorists," Shaked said, adding, "They are all our enemies and their blood should be on our hands. This also applies to the mothers of the dead terrorists.”

The remarks are considered as a call for genocide as she declared that all Palestinians are Israel's enemies and must be killed.

On Monday (July 7) Shaked quoted this on her Facebook page:

    "Behind every terrorist stand dozens of men and women, without whom he could not engage in terrorism. They are all enemy combatants, and their blood shall be on all their heads. Now this also includes the mothers of the martyrs, who send them to hell with flowers and kisses. They should follow their sons, nothing would be more just. They should go, as should the physical homes in which they raised the snakes. Otherwise, more little snakes will be raised there."

The development comes as many officials from various countries have slammed Israel's  airstrikes on the Gaza Strip. The Turkish prime minister is the latest to condemn the offensive, accusing Israel of massacring the Palestinians.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan has lashed out at Israel, saying it is committing state terrorism against the Palestinians in the region. Speaking in parliament, he also questioned the world’s silence toward Tel Aviv’s ongoing atrocities.

Reacting to Shaked's remarks, the Turkish premier said Israel's policy in Gaza is no different than Hitler's mentality.

    "An Israeli woman said Palestinian mothers should be killed, too. And she's a member of the Israeli parliament. What is the difference between this mentality and Hitler's?" Erdogan asked.

The developments come as the UN agency for Palestinian refugees has recently said women and children make up a sizeable number of Palestinian fatalities caused by Israeli attacks on the besieged region.

Ayelet Shaked represents the far-right Jewish Home party in the Knesset.


Cartoon / Lawyer Cartoon
« on: July 17, 2014, 01:31:52 PM »

Law / High Court to debate Gaza runner's petition
« on: July 15, 2014, 10:50:01 AM »
It’s three months old news that I read in this morning. I’m sharing the case news with the forum people.

High Court to debate Gaza runner's petition to race in Bethlehem marathon

Olympian Nader al-Masri files petition against the state's refusal to allow him to travel to the marathon in Bethlehem.

Nader al-Masri, left, runs in the first Gaza marathon, in 2011. Will he be allowed to run in Bethlehem? Photo by AP
Israel’s High Court of Justice is slated to deliberate Tuesday on a Gazan Olympic athlete’s petition against the state’s refusal to allow him to pass through Israel to participate in a marathon in the West Bank city of Bethlehem.
The state, in its response to Nader al-Masri’s petition, said its refusal was based on political and foreign-policy considerations.
Gisha: Center for the Legal Protection of Freedom of Movement filed the petition on Masri’s behalf. In it, the petitioners refer to a clause in the Defense Ministry’s policy paper on movement between the Gaza Strip and Israel, which stipulates that Gazan Palestinians may be allowed into Israel to participate in conferences or special events sponsored by the Palestinian Authority. Permission in these cases requires a detailed request from PA officials in the West Bank and the approval of Israel’s defense minister.
In its response to the court, the state points out that “political and foreign-relations considerations between Israel and the PA are embodied in the criteria” stipulated in the policy paper and that each case is to be judged separately.

Rejected due to ‘noncompliance’

Masri, 34, has been running for 14 years and has participated in international competitions abroad, including the 2008 Olympic Games. He sought to take part in the second annual Palestine Marathon, which will be held in Bethlehem on Friday, April 11.
On March 20, Gisha applied on his behalf to the coordinator of government activities in the Gaza Strip, which about a week later issued a rejection “due to noncompliance with current policy.” Gisha then turned to the High Court.
Israel allowed Masri to leave Gaza in 2008 for the Summer Olympics in China and in 2009 for a track competition.
In its response to the High Court, the state said its decision was based on a policy of permitting Gazans transit through Israel and into the West Bank only in exceptional humanitarian cases, most notably for urgently needed medical care. The state said taking part in a marathon does not qualify as a humanitarian case. “In light of this policy, in the absence of a legal duty and in consideration of the armed conflict between Israel and Hamas, which rules Gaza, the passage of Gaza residents to the West Bank is not permitted,” it said.
The state also cited the need to preserve Israel’s policy of making a distinction between Gaza and the West Bank.
“The authorities do not intend to permit the entry of Gazans to any athletic, or other, event the PA has helped to organize,” it said, adding that the Palestine Marathon, in contrast to the Olympic Games, is partly political in nature due to its theme of support for the right of free movement and the involvement of various private and local organizations, in addition to the Palestinian Olympic Committee.

Nader al-Masri, left, runs in the first Gaza marathon, in 2011. Will he be allowed to run in Bethlehem? Photo by AP

Law / European court upholds French Burqa ban
« on: July 02, 2014, 11:20:52 AM »
Any legal opinion from the law faculty members?

Thought provoking news at the beginning of Ramadan! May Allah show us the right path. Ameen.

European court upholds French Burqa ban

The European Court of Human Rights has upheld the ban on the wearing of burqas and niqabs in French.

The court on Tuesday rejected a claim by a young Muslim woman who claimed that France's ban on the wearing of burqas and niqabs in public violates her rights, reports CNN.
The French law banning the burqa, a full-body covering that includes a mesh over the face, and the niqab, a full-face veil with an opening for the eyes, went into effect in April 2011.

It has pitted religious freedom advocates against those who say the Islamic veil is demeaning to women and inconsistent with France's rigorously enforced secularism.

A 24-year-old French woman brought the case to Europe's top rights court in Strasbourg.

In the case statement she says the ban infringes on her ability to live according to her religious faith, culture and personal convictions. But the court said Tuesday that it found that the French law doesn't breach the European Convention on Human Rights.

The woman, a devout Muslim whose name has not been disclosed, had tried to draw on several articles of the convention to make her case. Those articles cover the right to respect for private and family life; the right to respect for freedom of thought, conscience and religion; and the prohibition of discrimination.

The woman said no member of her family has put pressure on her to wear the burqa and niqab. She wears them in public and private, but not all the time, she said.

The European Court of Human Rights started hearing the case in November.

The French Constitutional Council said in 2010 that the law does not impose disproportionate punishments or prevent the free exercise of religion in a place of worship, finding therefore that "the law conforms to the Constitution." But critics argue the government has no business telling people what clothes to wear or how to practice their religion. The law drew criticism from some human rights and religious organisations and some Muslims as discriminatory.

France has Western Europe's largest Muslim population. The French law imposes a fine of 150 euros (about $205) for wearing the items. The person breaking the law can be asked to carry out public service duty as part of the punishment or as an alternative to the fine.

When the legislation came into effect, some analysts said it was largely born out of internal French politics, with former President Nicolas Sarkozy's center-right party seeking to fend off a challenge from a more hard-line right wing.

- See more at:

Tribune Online Report
europe >> published: 19:42 july 1, 2014

Jokes / Coke-Fanta
« on: June 30, 2014, 02:19:55 PM »
এক মেয়ে দোকানে গেছে।
দোকানদারঃ আপা, কি নিবেন?
: কোক দেন ২ লিটার।
: নেন।
: থাক, কোক নিবো না। এইটার বদলে ফান্টা দেন।
: আচ্ছা নেন।
মেয়ে ফান্টা নিয়ে দোকান থেকে বের হয়ে গেলো। দোকানদার পিছন পিছন দৌড়ে বের হলো,
"আপা ট্যাকা না দিয়া কই যান?"
: কিসের টাকা?
: ফান্টা নিলেন যে?
: ফান্টা তো কোকের বদলে নিলাম!
: তাইলে কোকের ট্যাকা?
: কোক তো নেই নাই!
: তাইলে ফান্টার ট্যাকা?
: আরে, ফান্টা কোকের বদলে নিলামনা?
আজব তো!
: তাইলে কোকের ট্যাকা?
: আরে ভাই, কোক তো নেইই নাই!!!
দোকানদার বেহুঁশ . . .

Cartoon / Today is the 1st Day of Ramadan
« on: June 30, 2014, 01:39:55 PM »
Such an interesting cartoon ..... its a fact indeed. During Ramadan each & every one knows the Magrib timing with its correct minutes & seconds......

But it should be our practice for the  whole year, for the rest 11 months indeed.

Law / Corporal Punishment & Its Effects
« on: June 30, 2014, 12:52:30 PM »
" It appeals all the stakeholders to join hands to contribute "Learn without Fear" campaign launched globally with an aim to end violence against children in all schools."

Corporal Punishment has Life-long Repercussions

The horrendous effects of DDT and asbestos took decades to discover – corporal punishment took longer
Sir Frank Peters

Corporal punishment is linked to cancer and a multitude of health maladies, massive school drop-outs, mood and anxiety disorders, alcohol and drug abuse, cardio-vascular disease, arthritis, obesity, wife-beatings, muggings and other social misbehaviour.
Research has also shown that its stress can cause inflammation to cells, tissues and blood vessels and that hitting or even just yelling at children can trigger a significant chain of biological changes that can damage their future health. In turn, this increases the likelihood of tumours, heart conditions and respiratory diseases like asthma and less fatal, but discomforting and irritating allergies, rashes and suchlike. And some people in their state of ignorance, arrogance – or both – still refer to it as discipline and condone it.
Yet another controversial ‘wake-up world’ report into the multifarious dangers of inflicting corporal punishment on children has been unleashed that unequivocally condemns the disgraceful ignorance-propelled inhuman practice.
It states, hitting any child can cause irreparable mental health problems and aggressive behaviour that hurts and scars them well into adulthood.
So what, you might ask yourself with ‘I’m all right Jack’ flippancy because you don’t have any children, or your children are grown up, or are free of corporal punishment in both home and school (lucky them); has this got to do with me?
Corporal punishment of children needs to be a concern for all of us, individually and collectively, because it does concern all of us, whether we have children of our own or not, as does the spread of any disease in the community.
It might not affect us at this moment in time, but the hidden dangers of inflicting corporal punishment on children lurks menacingly in the shadows for decades giving no warnings when they will strike, in Dr. Jekyll & Mr Hyde fashion.
British psychologist Penelope Leach said in the Royal Australasian College of Physicians Journal: “When a big child hits a small child in the playground, we call him a bully; five years later he punches a woman for her handbag and he is called a mugger. Later still, when he slugs a workmate who insults him, he is called a troublemaker, but when he becomes a father and hits his tiresome, disobedient or disrespectful child, we call him a disciplinarian.”
It is wrong… wrong… Wrong to hit a child. And never… never… Never is it ‘for their own good’. That idea is totally absurd and demonstrates the gross ignorance of the perpetrator, whether that is a teacher or parent. There is no right time to hit a child and Never any justification.
In the minds of many there is much confusion between discipline and punishment and that by hitting children is the best, quickest, and most effective way to bring them under control. Perpetrators rationalise that a light beating, a reminder smack now and again, provided it does not constitute cruel and unusual punishment, keeps the children in line. Nonsense! Ridiculous! Absurd!
If by hitting or smacking an adult kept them in line, I would be expecting Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to be smacking her ministers on a regular basis or Opposition Leaders Khaleda Zia and former president Ershad to be applying a stick across the backs of those who do not meet the standards they demand, for the benefit of the nation.
But it’s obvious that corporal punishment would only yield a mammoth and monstrous negative effect on adults who would cloak their feelings and eventually retaliate. So why would anyone in their right mind think children are different, that corporal punishment would be beneficial to them and in turn benefit society? Get real! The moment you hit a child, you trigger a time-bomb that’s likely to explode when least expected and it ought to be remembered that time is on their side, not ours.

In the latest report condemning corporal punishment, Prof. Tracie Afifi of the University of Manitoba (Canada) uncovered a link between hitting children and the increased potential for serious health problems in the coming years. She said harsh physical punishment administered to kids – acts of pushing, grabbing, slapping and hitting – can lead to a higher risk of cardio-vascular disease, arthritis and obesity.
The Canadian Medical Association Journal has also published a scathing editorial on the shortsightedness of corporal punishment for children and the need for parents and teachers to explore other, more positive methods to discipline their children.
It said: “Children who are given corporal punishment in school or in the home, spanked, slapped, grabbed and pushed, shoved, kicked, beaten with a cane or any other means of physical punishment, may be at an increased risk for developing mental problems later in life and it may cause mood and anxiety disorders or lead to alcohol and drug abuse.”
In July 2012, the same university sent an earth-shattering shockwave throughout the world pleading – for the sake of the children and society on the whole¬ – to abolish corporal punishment completely and immediately.
British psychologists at Plymouth University informed us that punishment in childhood makes kids more prone to serious illness and that smacking or even shouting at children boosts their risk of developing cancer, heart disease and asthma.
Thanks to modern superheroes Justice Md. Imman Ali and Justice Md Sheikh Hasan Arif corporal punishment was outlawed in Bangladesh schools and madrassas on January 13, 2011. They in their vast wisdom defined the act as ‘cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and a clear violation of a child’s fundamental right to life, liberty and freedom’.
Although it’s no longer lawful or acceptable for a ‘teacher’ to strike, verbally abuse, discriminate against or threatens any child, there are still many ignorant teachers and headmasters in Bangladesh who disagree, flaunt the law, and whose actions cry out for exemplary punishment.
Just as we must always remember and honour the heroes who fought and won independence for Bangladesh, we must never forget the cruelty and inhuman treatment of the 14 girl students of Talimul Quran Mahila Madrasah in Kadamtali who in May 2012, were literally branded for life with a red-hot cooking spatula by their ‘teacher’ to give them the experience of hell.
If that wasn’t the biggest wake-up call to the evils of corporal punishment, there is little hope of Bangladesh ever becoming civilised.
The seeds sown today bear the fruits of tomorrow and if the youth of today are to be the upright law-abiding citizens we hope for tomorrow, we ought to respect them more and remove the weeds from the education system that choke their development.

This is a write up of Sir Frank Peters who is a former newspaper and magazine publisher and editor, royal goodwill ambassador, and human rights activist. E-mail:
It was published in The Daily Star on Friday, August 16, 2013

Law / Writ petition seeks law to prevent question leakage
« on: June 29, 2014, 02:52:10 PM »
Writ petition seeks law to prevent question leakage

A writ petition was filed with the High Court seeking demanding enactment of law and directives to prevent question paper leaks in public examinations.

The writ petition  submitted by SC lawyer Eunus Ali Akond also sought directives on the government to formulate a law titled “Question Paper Leakage Control Act, 2014″ with a provision of life sentence for the leakage of question papers.

In the petition, advocate Akond  mentioned that education of  the students is being hampered due to  leakage of  question paper.

According to the petition, secretaries of education, cabinet division, health, law and parliament secretariat, among others, were named as defendant.


Now the question is what does our existence law say?

According to the Public Examinations (Offences) Act, 1980

"Leak-out of question papers before public examination             

Disclosing, publishing, or distributing any paper containing any question set for such examination, or any paper containing any question falsely purporting to be set for such examination, or intending that the same by any means whatsoever before any public examination is held may be treated as identical with any question set for such examination is an offence under the law.

The offence is punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 10 years and shall not be less than three years, and shall also be liable to fine."

Law / A Message for my Girl students regarding the Beauty
« on: June 26, 2014, 11:44:32 AM »
Dear Students, you are asked to follow the following direction:

    Daffodil International University Forum »Entertainment & Discussions »Life Style »Satire »
    "Beauty is the most intricate and misunderstood attribute of human being"

Sharing with all  one of the most interesting reply letter that I read out yesterday. This is in reply to a pretty young girl's quest for finding a rich husband:

"Dear Ms. Pretty,

I have read your post with great interest. Guess there are lots of girls out there who have similar questions like yours. Please allow me to analyse your situation as a professional investor.

My annual income is more than $500k, which meets your requirement, so I hope everyone believes that I’m not wasting time here.

From the standpoint of a business person, it is a bad decision to marry you. The answer is very simple, so let me explain.

Put the details aside, what you’re trying to do is an exchange of “beauty” and “money” : Person A provides beauty, and Person B pays for it, fair and square.

However, there’s a deadly problem here, your beauty will fade, but my money will not be gone without any good reason. The fact is, my income might increase from year to year, but you can’t be prettier year after year.

Hence from the viewpoint of economics, I am an appreciation asset, and you are a depreciation asset. It’s not just normal depreciation, but exponential depreciation. If that is your only asset, your value will be much worse 10 years later.

By the terms we use in Wall Street, every trading has a position, dating with you is also a “trading position”.
If the trade value dropped we will sell it and it is not a good idea to keep it for long term – same goes with the marriage that you wanted. It might be cruel to say this, but in order to make a wiser decision any assets with great depreciation value will be sold or “leased”.

Anyone with over $500k annual income is not a fool; we would only date you, but will not marry you. I would advice that you forget looking for any clues to marry a rich guy. And by the way, you could make yourself to become a rich person with $500k annual income.This has better chance than finding a rich fool.

Hope this reply helps.

J.P. Morgan CEO"


Law / "Daffodil Law -Teachers Students Day 2014”
« on: June 24, 2014, 05:51:07 PM »

"Daffodil Law -Teachers Students Day 2014”-  a Memorable Event for the  former & present law teachers-students of Department of Law, Daffodil International University. It was a day long program, declared open by the Emeritus Professor & Founder VC Dr Aminul Islam. After opening, the valuable speeches were delivered by Professor Dr Golam Rahman, Dean Faculty of Humanities & Social Science, by Professor Dr Zakir Hossain, Director of Studies.  The most attractive part was the speech of the Guest of Honour, Dr Tuhin Malik where he intensely discussed the law as a subject & lawyer as a profession. He addressed the fresh law graduates & vividly presented the past & present scenario of law field. After the speech session prizes for mooting, quiz contest on Constitution,  and poster competition were given to the winners.

Second slot was Gala Cultural Show, followed by lunch. Interestingly lunch of 400 students-teachers was cooked by the law students leading by Nasim Shajib student of final year. Cultural Show included song, drama, dance, jokes, fashion show & special performance was done by Keya, Afrin Sultana on behalf of former students.

The objective of the event was creating a Daffodil Law alumni which is encouraged by the Chirman sir, Mr Md Sabur Khan. My special thanks to him for his kind presence which inspired the students in the humble endeavor.  I feel gratitude towards each & every single law faculty members for whom the entire program was well disciplined & well organized. And the organizers, the law students, feeling proud to say that  your tireless effort made the event "Daffodil Law -Teachers Students Day 2014" a grand success. May Allah Bless you all. Amen.

Head, Department of Law

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