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Topics - Shampa Iftakhar

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English / Attention Grabbing Techniques for Essay Writing
« on: June 07, 2016, 12:26:45 PM »
Writing essay is not a easy task. It requires many things to garb the attention of its readers. Some techniques are given below.

a) Fun fact: Sharing a surprising fact or statistic about your topic can be a good way to grab your audience's attention while showing why your topic is important, explains the University of Maryland’s Effective Writing Center. Showing that your topic has a widespread impact can help readers to see its relevance to their lives and want to read on. For example, if you were writing an essay about the health benefits of eating bananas, you might open your essay by saying, "If you want stronger bones, more energy and better eyesight, eating bananas might be a good place to start."

English / A Thousand Desires Such BY Mirza Galib
« on: June 07, 2016, 10:54:21 AM »
Thousand desires such that at every desire occurs another death
Many of them I have realized, yet I yearn for moreWhy should my killer (lover) be afraid? No one will hold her responsible
For the blood which drips from my eyes for my entire life

We have heard about Adam’s dismissal from heaven
With humiliation, I am leaving the street on which you live

Your true nature will be known to all, you tyrant
If the curls of my hair slip through my turban

If someone wants to write a letter to her, make me write it
Because in the morning, I leave my house with a pen behind my ear

At this time, I turn to drinking
And then comes the time, when my whole world is occupied by alcohol

From whom I expected praise for my weakness…
They are even more hurt with the same cruel sword

In love there is no difference between living and dying
We survive by looking at that infidel who we are willing to die for

Put some pressure on your heart to remove the arrow of cruelty
For when the arrow comes out, so will your heart and your life

For God’s sake, don’t remove the shades from any places
In case my infidel lover turns out to be behind them

Where is the door for the preacher and where is the door for the bar
But I know as much that she entered and I left

Thousand desires such that at every desire occurs another death
Many of them I have realized, yet I yearn for more…

English / Chicken Dance Day
« on: May 14, 2016, 04:29:51 PM »
14 May is observed as  Chicken Dance Day.The Chicken Dance is a tradition at weddings, childrens’ discos and family events. In order to get some practice in, take some time on Chicken Dance Day to learn to do dance like a chicken.

Read more from the following link:

English / Drama Version of Shooting an Elephant
« on: March 23, 2016, 01:15:28 PM »
The assignment for  Introduction to Fiction and Non-Fiction course was Drama version of Shooting and Elephant.

Shooting an Elephant Drama Version

Prepared by,
Mst. Afra Anam,

Main Characters:

The Narrator: Young Englishman serving as a police officer in Burma in the 1920s, when Burma was part of British-controlled India. He strongly opposes the oppressive British rule of Burma and the rest of India.

Sub-Inspector: Burmese officer who calls the narrator for help after an elephant gets loose in town.

Black Dravidian Coolie: Indian laborer from the town of Coringa, India, who is killed by the elephant. A Dravidian is a lower-caste Indian who speaks his own language, Dravidian.
Police Orderly:  Person who fetches an elephant gun for the narrator.
Mahout: Owner of the elephant. He becomes very angry after learning that the narrator has killed his elephant. A mahout is a skilled elephant trainer and handler.

Other Characters:

Indian Constables
Crowd of Townspeople
British Who React to the Shooting.

Site: Moulmein in Lower Burma.
Time: Morning

[In an Old building, red colored, high ceiling with long doors like buildings in 1920s the sunlight has started giving its light. Inside the building is off white colored with polestar coming out of sidewalls. Windows has been broken long since. Instead jute sacks are observed used as curtain. As a whole the building is a wreckage of some ancient monarchy. In one room, a young Englishman is sitting on a chair, looking on a file kept on his table. Nearby, a dog is burking although it didn’t keep his concentration away from the file. It seems that he has found something interesting in it. With his pen he taking note and thinking where is the end of the imperialism acting over here. The Burmese do not realize that he, too, opposes English occupation of Burma. In his position, he sees the misery that imperialism produces. The wretched prisoners huddling in the stinking cages of the lock-ups, the grey, cowed faces of the long-term convicts, the scarred buttocks of the men who had been flogged with bamboos—all these oppressed creates guilt for him. So here he is walking a line between anti-imperialism and "the evil spirited little beasts who tried to make his job impossible. Suddenly a phone rang up and he picked up the phone with disturbed voice]


The sub- inspector: Officer?
 Narrator: Yes, speaking.
The Sub Inspector: Listen to me carefully. An elephant is ravaging the bazaar.
Narrator: What? Elephant ? 
The Sub Inspector: Yes, Would you come and do something about it?
Narrator: Don’t panic. I will be there as soon as I got myself armed.
The Sub Inspector: Please come soon. We are waiting.

[He don’t know what he do but he wants to see what is happing &he get on a pony &start out, he take his rifile,an old .44Winchester&much too small to kill an elephant, but he thinks the noise might be useful in terrorism. Then he leaves his destination].

Site: On the way
Time: Few minutes later.

The Narrator: Please tell me about the elephant’s doing?
The Burmese people: It was not, of course, a wild elephant, but a tame one which has gone must. It has been chained up, as tame elephant  always are when their attact of must is due, but on the previous night it had been broken its chain escaped.
The Narrator: Has the elephant caused any harm?
The Burmese people: It had already destroyed somebodys hut, killed cow& raided some fruiy stall &devoured the stock.

Site: Police Quarter
Time: few minutes later

[It is a poor quarter, a labyrinth of dirty bamboo huts, thatched with palmleaf, winding all over a steep hill side. Some people saying that the elephant had gone in one direction, others that he had gone in another. There  is  loud, scandalized cry of go away , child! go away this instant!& an old man with a seitch in her hand came around the corner in the hut. This is the rainy season & the ground is soft.]
The Narrator: [ Hurridly] Has the elephant harmed any man?
The Sub Inspector: [Surprisingly], Thank God you arrived.
The Narrator: Any causality?
The Burmese people: Yes, an Indian, a black Dravidian coolie.
Old woman: Go away child. Go away this instant. [Few distance away, there was a loud scandalized cry]
[the was the Black Dravidian coolie, almost naked, he could not have been dead any minutes. He is lying on his belly with arms crucified &head sharply twisted to one side, his face is coated with mud, the eye wide open]
The sub-inspector to Orderly: Go to my friend's house and borrow an Elephant rifle, the order.
The Orderly: Yes Sir.
[The orderly came back in a few minutes with a rifle &five cartridge &meanwhile some Burmese people has arrived & that the elephant is in the paddy fields bellow]

Site: Paddy Field
Time: Noon

[The Narrator noticed that the elephant was standing eight yards from the road, his left side towards them. At first he didn't want to kill it. Burmese people didn't like him but with the magical rifle in his hands he was momentarily worth watching.  And suddenly he realized that he should have to shoot the elephant. Then he pulled the trigger. At the third time, that was the shot that did for the elephant. The elephant took half an hour to die.]

The End

Public Health / Zika Virus
« on: January 31, 2016, 01:31:44 PM »
  • About 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus become ill (i.e., develop Zika).
    The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week.
    The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week.
    Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for a few days but it can be found longer in some people.
    Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon.
    Deaths are rare.
  • The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya, diseases spread through the same mosquitoes that transmit Zika.
    See your healthcare provider if you develop the symptoms described above and have visited an area where Zika is found.
    If you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider when and where you traveled.
    Your healthcare provider may order blood tests to look for Zika or other similar viruses like dengue or chikunguny
  • No vaccine or medications are available to prevent or treat Zika infections.
    Treat the symptoms:
    Get plenty of rest
    Drink fluids to prevent dehydration
    Take medicine such as acetaminophen to relieve fever and pain
    Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like ibuprofen and naproxen. Aspirin and NSAIDs should be avoided until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of hemorrhage (bleeding). If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
    If you have Zika, avoid mosquito bites for the first week of your illness.
    During the first week of infection, Zika virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bites.
    An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people.

English / Alpha,Beta and Gamma Cities
« on: January 21, 2016, 01:19:26 PM »
Depending on the economic factors cities of the world are ranked into Alpha,Beta and Gamma.

Alpha city is also known as a Global city or world city.It is also called world center.

Alpha++ world cities: London, New York

Alpha+ world cities: Hong Kong, Paris, Singapore, Tokyo, Shanghai, Dubai, Sydney, Beijing

Alpha world cities: Milan, Toronto, Sao Paulo, Madrid, Chicago, Mumbai, Los Angeles, Moscow, Frankfurt, Mexico City, Amsterdam, Kuala Lumpur, Brussels

Alpha− world cities: Miami, Seoul, Dublin, Jakarta, Melbourne, Buenos Aires, Zurich, New Delhi, Munich, Boston, Warsaw, Vienna, Atlanta, Barcelona, Bangkok, Istanbul, Taipei, Johannesberg, Washington, San Francisco, Stockholm, Prague

English / History of Marathon Race
« on: November 18, 2015, 11:43:27 AM »
Marathon Race reminds us a great Greek  messenger Pheidippides. He was the fastest runner of Greece. When the Persian emperor Darius attacked Greece, Pheidippides was sent  from Athens to Sparta. He ran and completed 420 kilometers within 2 days. The Greek won that battle. He was again called  upon to Athens to deliver this news of victory.He reached there within a short time.He delivered the good news. But he died immediately. :(


English / Who was Hello?
« on: November 06, 2015, 01:44:32 PM »
Do you know the real meaning of hello?

Surprise!!!It was the name of a girl. Margaret Hello!! She was the girlfriend of Graham Bell who invented telephone.graham Bell's first word on his telephone after invention was " Hello'. That practice of starting the call with Hello still continues. You can forget the name of Graham Bell, but not his girlfriend. This is all about love.

English / Learn a French sentence everyday
« on: October 17, 2015, 01:08:58 PM »
English                                        French

Good Morning                              Bonjour

This term is a combination of the French words "bon" and "jour." Bon means "good" and jour means day. Translated literally, the phrase means "good day.

This is a standard French greeting use to say "good morning," "good afternoon," "good day," and "hello."

English / Black Coffee:You may be a psychopath
« on: October 13, 2015, 10:04:09 AM »

 Vain, selfish, psychopathic, everyday sadist – this is what you might be if you prefer bitter foods like strong black coffee or tonic water, Austrian researchers discovered.

The Innsbruck University scientists tested over 1,000 people during their study.

The first experiment involved about 500 people, 35 years old on average, who were asked to rate their food preferences, and then completed four personality tests.

The tests checked aggression levels, asking the subjects to assess statements such as: “Given enough provocation, I may hit someone.” Also, other specific personality traits were explored (“I tend to be callous or insensitive”), in particular the “big five”:
extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and emotional stability.

Last but not least, the participants were asked to complete the Comprehensive Assessment of Sadistic Tendencies – yes, you’ve read it right.

So, what did the scientists find out?

"The results suggest that how much people like bitter-tasting foods and drinks is stably tied to how dark their personality is,” the study says.

The new data proves that “bitter taste preferences are linked to malevolent personality traits.”

And those traits are really scary. “We found particularly robust correlations with everyday sadism . . . [which is] a construct related to benign masochism - the enjoyment of painful activities,” the researchers say.

So, why do the psychopathic personalities like bitter foods?

Christina Sagioglou, the author of the study, said that eating bitter foods may be “compared to a rollercoaster ride where people enjoy things that induce fear.”


English / No vat on Education
« on: September 12, 2015, 05:03:01 PM »
What the hell is going on?

Raise your voice against vat on education. >:( :o

English / The world around you
« on: August 25, 2015, 12:02:59 PM »
Why do we need to look around? Spending whole day in an office, we at times forget to take a relaxed breath. So we need to expose  to other places also.  we must go beyond textbooks, go out into the bypaths and untrodden depths of the wilderness and travel and explore and tell the world the glories of our journey(source: Relax and travel quote). This quote reminds me the following lines of " The Road Not Taken"
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.

English / Chang Shih, a pirate
« on: June 27, 2015, 04:29:25 PM »
Chang Shih was a lady pirate . She had protected women from rape .

Read the link to know more about her

English / Waiting quotes
« on: June 21, 2015, 12:59:15 PM »
 If you spend your whole life waiting for the storm, you'll never enjoy the sunshine.

Morris West

 Light thinks it travels faster than anything but it is wrong. No matter how fast light travels, it finds the darkness has always got there first, and is waiting for it.

Terry Pratchett

 There was a time when men thought it was sexy to have a housewife waiting for him to come home from work in her slippers, but in modern society, I think an independent woman is even more sexy.

Kat Graham

English / Monday Facts
« on: June 13, 2015, 02:44:02 PM »
a) Most of us don't crack our first smile until 11:16 a.m.
b) The best preferred way to beat Monday blues is by watching television or having sex ;)
c) Over 50% of employees are late to work ???
d) Most people will moan about it being Monday for a whole 12 minutes
e) People between the ages of 45 and 54 are likely to suffer the most Monday blues
f)Workers only manage three-and-a-half hours of productive work :P
g) Monday is the most likely day to commit suicide or  having a heart attack :o :o
h) Monday is the least rainy day of the week :-\
i) Monday is the best day to buy a car ;D ;D


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