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Topics - Afroza Akhter Tina

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English / Five Habits to Stay Healthy for Life
« on: July 21, 2016, 10:21:28 AM »
Starting healthy habits when you’re younger helps you thrive as you age, says Dilip Jeste, director of the Stein Institute for Research on Aging at the University of California, San Diego, which investigates the keys to aging well. “It is never too early or too late to start on the path to successful aging,” he says. Here are five habits to cultivate.

1. Get Moving to Keep Bones Strong

Your bones are living tissue that are constantly renewed, and they can grow stronger if you exercise and eat well, says Susan Brown, author of Better Bones, Better Body. Though some bone-density loss as you age is natural, you can mitigate it by staying active through your lifetime. The full effects of exercise on bone growth continues to be studied; what’s known is that weight-bearing exercise (such as jogging) as well as muscle-building exercises that include resistance against gravity (such as weight lifting and certain yoga poses) are especially important because the impact of weight on the bones sends them signals that trigger growth.

2. Fight Depression for a Healthy Brain

A long-term study of more than 13,000 people from the University of California, San Francisco shows that depressed people (especially when depression hits late in life) are more likely to develop dementia than their more sanguine peers. “People struggling with depression should not ignore their symptoms,” says study author Deborah Barnes, a psychiatry professor at UCSF. Medication, talk therapy, and exercise all have a good track record at combating depression.

3. Cultivate Heart-Healthy Optimism

Looking on the bright side may lower your risk of having a heart attack or stroke, according to research from the Harvard School of Public Health. Study author Julia Boehm says optimism may directly affect contributors to cardiovascular disease, such as high blood pressure, or its benefit may come from the fact that it encourages living a healthier lifestyle. Either way, she suggests you make staying happy a regular part of your self-care routine. “Spend time doing activities that bring you happiness, such as cultivating social relationships, expressing gratitude, and doing kind things for others,” she says.

4. Eat Better Fats to Stay Sharp

Eating more monounsaturated fat (found in olive oil, nuts, seeds, and avocados) and less saturated fat (found in meat and butter) may protect your memory and cognitive skills as you age, according to a study of more than 6,000 older women from Harvard Medical School. Study author Olivia Okereke says poor cardiovascular health and chronic inflammation in the body (made worse by overconsumption of saturated fats) could be factors that trigger cognitive decline.

5. Eat Colors for Glowing Skin

For beautiful skin, eat more orange-red produce, such as tomatoes, squash, bell peppers, papaya, and carrots. Recent studies show that people with higher skin concentrations of carotenoids have fewer wrinkles and less evidence of sun damage. That’s because these antioxidants build up in your skin over time and act as a natural sunscreen, boosting your SPF by two to three points, says Massachusetts dermatologist Valori Treloar. Carotenoids also fight collagen-damaging enzymes, which proliferate with age.

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / Advantages of Reading Books
« on: July 21, 2016, 09:13:09 AM »
Advantages of reading books:

a)  Books add knowledge: Books are bought mainly for this purpose. They are the best mode of imparting education since school days for any one of us. Tough books are found on many topics, the number of books found on education related topics like science, maths,social etc. occupy major share.

Books on other topics also impart knowledge of some sort or other. But they are prime means to impart knowledge. So many advice to make reading hobby.

b) Enhances imagination power: Have you ever noticed reading a novel or a story book.

You will find that your mind has framed a pictures of what you read. Supposing the novel you were reading describes a desert or sea related incidents. Automatically your mind frames the images related to them. This is possible even if you have never seen a sea or desert before. But due to the description in the story line the images are formed. Thus reading can enhance imagination capacity. But where can this be useful? Imagination can be useful for those in research and technology related fields. Even it would be good for students reading physics, chemistry and maths as they need imagination skills to understand.

c) Helps you set your mood: This is an area which only books can accomplish without the need of counseling. These books are of next high selling grade. They help set the mood of the reader. Examples include

1. Self help books; Go through the books like “Rich Dad Poor Dad, Magic of Thinking Big, 7 Habits of Successful People, How to Win Friends and Influence People, Tough times never last but tough people do etc”..

These are the books for mental stimulation and encouragement. They teach on aspects like how to be successful in ones life, how to face hardships etc.

Reading these books minimizes negative thoughts, reduce your stress levels. Regular reading help the reader build optimism and approach life with positive attitude.

So these books help to keep the mood and mind in a positive note. These books contribute to the health benefits of reading.

2. Spiritual books; These books are available in different religions. While some are written by well versed holy men. They give principles for peaceful living.

They can impart peace of mind to the reader besides high end knowledge or wisdom. Ex; The Bible, The BhagawadGeeta, An autobiography of a yogi, etc.

The specialty of above types of books is a desire to read repeatedly. Though they are read previously, re-reading gives more better insights and happiness.

Thus they can be helpful books for people in times of disappointments, in longing for guidance etc.

3. Novels: These books contain many aspects like romantic, thrill, fiction course of reading. As long as one studies non stop, his mind is fixed up as per the novel. They can be knowledge giving and entertaining also. They are good way to pass holidays and pass time.

d) Improves vocabulary and grammar:

All the books, publications are screened well for grammar, vocabulary, spelling mistakes etc. by the publishers. So they can be quite perfect in terms of usage of language, grammar, words etc.

Reading them helps reader improve his vocabulary in communication and writing. Since one comes across new words, phrases etc. Reader gets accustomed to use them in his daily language.

Even the sentence formation, use of suitable words for expressing some view will be fine tuned.

e) Enhance writing & speaking skills: It is quite obvious that one who is an avid reader can speak and write a lot. If given a chance he can give a speech or write a column out of his bookish knowledge. Reading gives confidence to the person due to enhanced knowledge. So his speaking and writing skills are improved by reading books.

f) Best friends of loneliness: In times of loneliness, books are the best resort to void off the lonely feeling. Hence even prisoners like to spend time reading books.

g)  Give you knowledge for teaching, social speaking etc.

If one reads suitable books, he gets hints and additional points to include in his seminar or oral presentation. A teacher well prepared will give better lecture than on who is not. This preparation mostly includes from subject related books.

h) Company during travel: Books are the best for pass time. They also impart knowledge and ideas besides a good time pass like in tours, trips or even daily travel to school.

i) Helps you fall asleep: This is a well known fact and experience for many. Book reading is a good sleep inducer.  As the reading tires the brain, the persons doze of while still book in hand.

j) Helps you improve concentration: This is a trick mentioned in a book “Who will cry when you die“. While reading a page in the book mark the word at which you lost attention and again resume to cover with longer attention. On repetition the number of words covered with attention will improve.

So how does reading help your brain? By improving knowledge, imagination, comprehension etc.

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / Modern Stories
« on: July 18, 2016, 03:22:10 PM »
The Kindhearted Villager

Once a gentle man was traveling in a train. He felt thirsty and got down at a station in search of water. No sooner had he reached the water tap then the engine whistled and started. He ran back but missed the train.

It was getting darker and he decided to spend the night at the station.

The next morning he enquired about the next train. He came to know that the next train was on the other day.

So he decided to find a place for a day's stay. He went to the nearby lodges to ask for a room but found none. It was getting darker and he could not find a room.

At last he reached a small hut. He asked the owner of the hut whether he could stay in his house for a day. The owner readily agreed. That day the owner served him food and gave him a room to stay. But did not ask nor expected anything in return.

At night when it did strike seven in the clock, the gentleman heard a knock at the door. The villager opened the door. The gentleman saw that a man dressed in gaudy and rich clothes entered the hut and demanded the owner to pay his debts.

The gentleman came to know that the villager was in need of money. The next morning he slipped a pocket in the drover of the room and left.

When the villager came to know about the pocket, he saw that there was a note addressed to him, it read "You helped me but did not expect anything from me. Yesterday I heard the conversation between you and the stranger and came to know that you were in need of money. This is what you need".

Moral: When you help others, you are helped too.

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / Funny short stories
« on: July 17, 2016, 01:59:15 PM »
Wrong email address:

A couple going on vacation but his wife was on a business trip so he went to the destination first and his wife would meet him the next day.

When he reached his hotel, he decided to send his wife a quick email.

Unfortunately, when typing her address, he mistyped a letter and his note was directed instead to an elderly preacher’s wife whose husband had passed away only the day before.

When the grieving widow checked her email, she took one look at the monitor, let out a piercing scream, and fell to the floor in a dead faint.

At the sound, her family rushed into the room and saw this note on the screen:

Dearest Wife,
Just got checked in. Everything prepared for your arrival tomorrow.

P.S. Sure is hot down here.

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / 22 Breathtaking Festivals Around The World
« on: June 28, 2016, 10:37:24 AM »
You can have a look at the 22 Breathtaking Festivals Around The World that you must see before you die by clicking the following link;

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / Maximizing the benefits of Project work at EFL classroom
« on: June 26, 2016, 11:15:36 AM »
The following article can be helpful regarding maximizing the benefits of Project work at EFL classroom.  :)

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / 25 best Annual Book Festivals
« on: May 31, 2016, 01:37:28 PM »
Here is the link of 25 of the best Annual Book Festivals around the world.Hope you would like to join some of them!!!

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / The interesting Tomatina Festival!!!
« on: May 16, 2016, 03:28:59 PM »
You can follow the link to know about this interesting 'La Tomatina Festival'of Spain and can plan to join accordingly  :D

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / Some exclusive and expensive restaurants of the world
« on: May 10, 2016, 04:54:46 PM »
Here’s a list at some of the world’s exclusive restaurants. Have your choice!!!  ::)  ;)  :D  :-X

1. Noma, (Copenhagen, Denmark). Cost of a meal for two, without wine: $600.
After losing the top ranking in 2013 (it had held the No. spot for the three previous years), Noma is firing on all cylinders these days. Located in an old whaling warehouse, the restaurant is the birthplace of “new Nordic” cuisine, which relies solely on ingredients available in region. But today, the restaurant is pushing far beyond its early days of foraged sea buckthorn and reindeer lichen. Dinner these days might start with a whole kohlrabi, filled with its fermented juice and bored with a straw, so that it looks and tastes like a coconut drink. The meal might then proceed through aebleskivers –a traditional Danish kind of fritter—brushed with a sauce made from fermented grasshopper, and end with a dessert of potato, almond, and plum purée. It sounds wacky, but somehow Redzepi and his crew manage to make it all delicious. As well as deeply pleasurable: Noma continues to offer what may well be the most engaged—and engaging—service in the world.

2. Celler de Can Roca, Girona, Spain. Cost of a meal for two, without wine: $390-480.
Celler de Can Roca is run by three brothers — head chef Joan, sommelier Josep, and pastry chef Jordi — who came by their trade honestly: they learned it from their parents. But it’s hard to imagine anything further from your average mom and pop cooking. In what may very well be the most beautiful dining room in Europe, a Roca meal dazzles with its wizardry (a starter called Eat The World that encapsulates, in five distinct bites, the tastes of the five different cuisines; a dessert called Messi’s Goal, that recreates, with a candied pitch, flying white chocolate balls, and a plateside iPod playing the roars of the crowd, what it feels like when Barcelona’s soccer hero Lionel Messi scores), while remaining firmly rooted in the flavors of the Mediterranean. Josep brings lucky guests on a tour of his cellar, where favorite wines have been singled out for multi-sensory treatments.

3. Osteria Francescana, Modena, Italy. Cost of a meal for two, without wine: $360-525.
Behind a stately exterior, the world’s most emotive chef, Massimo Bottura, cooks flights of fantasy and memory. The first sign that this is not your ordinary upscale Italian restaurant comes from the abstract contemporary paintings on the wall, but the art continues on the plate. The mortadella sandwich of every Italian child’s memory is turned into an impossibly light mousse, a Magnum ice cream bar becomes a sophisticated, foie-gras stuffed bite. And like his spectacular lacquered eel, which Bottura serves with saba and polenta to represent the apples and corn the eel would encounter on its way up the nearby Po river, his dishes are made more evocative by the stories that accompany them.

4. Eleven Madison Park, New York, USA. Cost of a meal for two, without wine: $450.
In this hushed yet theatrical dining room, Swiss-born chef Daniel Humm takes the whole farm-to-table movement, imbues it with a bit of French savoir-faire, and, like an alchemist, comes out with the quintessential New York restaurant. Indeed, the sense of place here comes not just from the locally grown and produced ingredients, but from Humm’s knowing nod to New York’s culinary culture. Pristine carrots, for example, get turned into a lightly whimsical take on steak tartare; sturgeon (brought to the table under a smoke-filled cloche) is served with the restaurant’s take on an everything bagel. Excellent service — graceful, attentive, modern — adds to the sense of supreme well-being.

5. Dinner. London, England. Cost of a meal for two, without wine: $230.
Heston Blumenthal took his fascination with English culinary history and turned it into something unexpectedly interesting for the rest of us. At the fashionable Dinner, located at the Mandarin Oriental hotel in London and overseen by chef Ashley Palmer-Watts, traditional (if quirkily named) dishes like Salamugundy and meat fruit are transformed into modern-day marvels (the latter into a light but rich chicken liver parfait, made up to look exactly like a mandarin orange) Is it indeed the U.K.’s best restaurant? Probably not. But as history lessons go, this one goes down extremely easily.

6. Mugaritz, Errenteria, Spain. Cost of meal for two, without wine: $470.
Andoni Luis Aduriz is the Aristotle of contemporary cuisine, a philosopher-king tucked away in the rolling hills of the Basque Country, about 20 minutes drive from San Sebastian. Cerebral, technically accomplished dishes like the Bloody Mary tomato (which looks and feels like a fresh tomato, but tastes of the cocktail), or his famous potato stones (whose river rock appearance gives the diner the uncomfortable sensation of being about to break her teeth), he manages to consistently surprise and delight his customers, all while maintaining a deep, almost pantheistic reverence for the nature around him.

7. D.O.M. Saõ Paulo, Brazil. Cost of meal for two, without wine: $400.
Given the media’s predilection for depicting chef Alex Atala standing thigh-deep in his much-loved Amazon, bare-chested and draped with a giant fish like some kind of latter-day Tarzan, it comes as something of a surprise that his restaurant is so refined. But the delicacy of signature dishes, like a pappardelle made from hearts of palm or a ceviche crafted of indigenous flavors, belies the wallop of their unusual flavors — and has helped Brazilians discover the bounty of their native terroir. Even the Amazonian ants he serves, redolent of lemongrass and placed gently atop a cube of pineapple, seem elegant.

8. Arzak. San Sebastian, Spain. Cost of meal for two, without wine: $530.
Juan Mari Arzak is one of the great geniuses of Spanish gastronomy, among the first to bring modern techniques and flavors to bear on regional cuisine — in his case, that of his native Basque Country. The kitchen of his restaurant, which is housed in a quaint-looking building but is surprisingly sleek inside, is now run largely by his daughter Elena. She continues the Basque-inflected innovation, with dishes like “waves” (they’re created with molds) of local spider crab and anise or monkfish cooked in a balloon of edible green papier-máche that manage to feel both regionally grounded and whimsical.

9. Alinea, Chicago, Illinois. Cost of a meal for two, without wine: $420.
Grant Achatz did a brief stint at Ferran Adrià’s elBulli, and ever since has been out avant-garding what was once the most avant-garde restaurant in the world. The 18-or-so-course tasting menu carries titles like “Scallop Acting Like Agedashi Tofu” and the tableware — some of it lovely, some of it looking like it was lifted from the spike-and-pincer collection of the Spanish Inquisition— is tailor-made for each course. Dinner in this Chicago restaurant consists of carefully-scripted experiences more than dishes: one course requires the diner to fold her own ravioli from a sheet of tomato pasta that, moments before, looked to be a decorative flag, while the final dessert, a mix of dark chocolate and about a hundred other things, is painted, drizzled and scattered by a chef directly on the table itself.

10. The Ledbury, London, England. Cost of a meal for two, without wine: $270.
Among the top ten restaurants, the Ledbury is probably the most classical, which is to say that its chef, Australian-born Brett Graham, is more interested in pleasure than wizardry. The dishes served in this London restaurant may not be as visually striking as in other places, but their flavors are deep and layered. Case in point: a buffalo milk curd, spread creamily onto crisp toasts that are topped with Iberico ham and served with a rich onion broth. Or grilled mackerel, its oily brine mellowed with cured avocado and brightened with shiso. And with a chef who hunts his own wild birds, this is the place in London to try game.

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / Importance of Error correction in ESL classroom
« on: May 04, 2016, 05:30:43 PM »
Hope you would find the following attachment useful  :)

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / Philosophy of Education
« on: March 01, 2016, 01:44:20 PM »
‘Since philosophy is the art which teaches us how to live, and since children need to learn it as much as we do at other ages, why do we not instruct them in it? .. But in truth I know nothing about the philosophy of education except this: that the greatest and the most important difficulty known to human learning seems to lie in that area which treats how to bring up children and how to educate them.’

(de Montaigne, on teaching Philosophy of Education)

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / Keeping discipline in class
« on: January 18, 2016, 03:11:42 PM »
Hope the attached article would help us maintain discipline in classroom.

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / What are language learning strategies?
« on: December 08, 2015, 03:20:53 PM »
Language learning strategies were defined by Carol Griffiths in her plenary as “actions chosen (either deliberately or automatically) for the purpose of learning or regulating the learning of language”.
This fairly broad definition encompasses quite a few behaviours (and non-behaviours), and in fact, there are references to dozens of strategies in the literature. The proliferation of strategies, and frameworks that have been used to impose some order on the chaos, can at times be somewhat confusing. In his plenary, Andrew Cohen helpfully suggested a broad taxonomy that classified strategies, according to:
•   Goal: Under this heading, a distinction was made between strategies that facilitate learning (e.g., identifying and recording new words), and strategies that facilitate performance (e.g., retrieval and communicative strategies)
•   Function: This heading was used to classify strategies under sub-headings such as cognitive, affective, meta-affective, social, and more.
•   Skill: This heading referred to whether the strategies focussed on listening, speaking, reading or writing.

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / A rubric for Role play
« on: November 24, 2015, 10:43:14 AM »
Please find the attachment below which can be a helpful rubric in terms of evaluating role play activities in our classroom.

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

English / Resources for language classes
« on: November 17, 2015, 10:45:52 AM »
The attachment can be a valuable and interesting resource in terms of learning English as a foreign language.More to come!!!

Afroza Akhter Tina
Senior Lecturer
Department of English, DIU

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