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Researchers who are working to develop wearable electronics have reached a milestone: They are able to embroider circuits into fabric with 0.1 mm precision -- the perfect size to integrate electronic components such as sensors and computer memory devices into clothing.

Textile Engineering / Non-wetting fabric that drains sweat invented
« on: August 02, 2016, 10:50:07 AM »
Waterproof fabrics that whisk away sweat could be the latest application of microfluidic technology developed by bioengineers at the University of California, Davis.

The new fabric works like human skin, forming excess sweat into droplets that drain away by themselves, said inventor Tingrui Pan, professor of biomedical engineering. One area of research in Pan's Micro-Nano Innovations Laboratory at UC Davis is a field known as microfluidics, which focuses on making "lab on a chip" devices that use tiny channels to manipulate fluids. Pan and his colleagues are developing such systems for applications like medical diagnostic tests.

Graduate students Siyuan Xing and Jia Jiang developed a new textile microfluidic platform using hydrophilic (water-attracting) threads stitched into a highly water-repellent fabric. They were able to create patterns of threads that suck droplets of water from one side of the fabric, propel them along the threads and expel them from the other side.
It's not just that the threads conduct water through capillary action. The water-repellent properties of the surrounding fabric also help drive water down the channels. Unlike conventional fabrics, the water-pumping effect keeps working even when the water-conducting fibers are completely saturated, because of the sustaining pressure gradient generated by the surface tension of droplets.

The rest of the fabric stays completely dry and breathable. By adjusting the pattern of water-conducting fibers and how they are stitched on each side of the fabric, the researchers can control where sweat is collected and where it drains away on the outside.

Workout enthusiasts, athletes and clothing manufacturers are all interested in fabrics that remove sweat and let the skin breathe. Cotton fibers, for example, wick away sweat — but during heavy exercise, cotton can get soaked, making it clingy and uncomfortable.

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by University of California Davis (UCD). Note: Materials may be edited for content and length

As many patients know, treating wounds has become far more sophisticated than sewing stitches and applying gauze, but dressings still have shortcomings. Now scientists are reporting the next step in the evolution of wound treatment with a material that leads to faster healing than existing commercial dressings and prevents potentially harmful bacteria from sticking. Their study appears in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

Yung Chang and colleagues note that the need for improved dressings is becoming urgent as the global population ages. With it, health care providers will see more patients with bed sores and associated chronic skin wounds. An ideal dressing would speed up healing in addition to protecting a wound from bacterial infection. But current options fall short in one way or another. Hydrogels provide a damp environment to promote healing, but they don't allow a wound to "breathe." Dry films with tiny pores allow air to move in and out, but blood cells and bacteria can stick to the films and threaten the healing process. To solve these problems all at once, Chang's team looked to new materials.

They took a porous dry film and attached a mix of structures called zwitterions, which have been used successfully to prevent bacteria stickiness in blood filtering and other applications. The resulting material was slick to cells and bacteria, and it kept a moist environment, allowed the wound to breathe and encouraged healing. When the scientists tested it on mice, their wounds healed completely within two weeks, which is faster than with commercial dressings.

DBL Group, a leading apparel exporter, is investing $100 million to set up a garment factory in Ethiopia, encouraged by duty benefits for exports from the African nation to US markets, a top official of the company said yesterday.

“The new factory will go into production in February next year. We expect to employ 3,500 workers. Of them, 150 will be employed as executives -- all from Bangladesh,” the official said.

The integrated textile and garment factory to be built in the Tigray region of Ethiopia will add immense value to the Ethiopian economy and strengthen exports, according to news agency Bernama.

“We are going to Ethiopia as this African nation enjoys zero-duty benefits from the United States on exports. The benefits will continue for a long time as Ethiopia is a member of the least developed countries,” the official said.

The US government last year renewed the African Growth and Opportunity Act or AGOA for the African LDCs for the next 10 years to provide zero duty benefits on export.

Bangladesh, despite being an LDC, does not enjoy a duty benefit from the US as the American government suspended its generalised system of preferences in June 2013. Garment products were not included under the GSP scheme to the US market when it used to enjoy the GSP.

For construction of the factory in Ethiopia, DBL obtained $15 million in loans from the Swedish government's development fund Swedfund at an interest rate of 6 percent and $55 million from the Ethiopian Development Bank at nearly 7 percent.

The Ethiopian project is a debt-funded venture of DBL and is not a joint venture.

“We aim to export to the US and European, African and Middle Eastern countries from Ethiopia.”

DBL obtained permission for overseas investment from the central bank.

“DBL is a platinum-rated apparel supplier to Swedish retail giant H&M. Our main target is to supply to H&M,” the official said.

On the availability of a workforce in Ethiopia, the official said there may be a shortage of skilled workers initially, but after a few years, the number of skilled workers will increase due to training imparted by companies and the government.

Textile Engineering / Envoy Textiles recognised for green initiatives
« on: July 30, 2016, 03:09:39 PM »
Envoy Textiles Ltd, a leading garment exporter of Bangladesh, was recognised by a US organisation for its green initiatives that helped save a significant amount of energy and water in its production process.

Envoy Textiles received the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design's platinum certification -- the first Bangladeshi exporter to get the recognition from US-based Green Building Council in the denim category, the company said.

Platinum is the highest level of green-factory certification that a structure can earn.

LEED is a popular green building certification programme used worldwide.

It includes a set of rating systems for design, construction, operation, and maintenance of green buildings, homes, and neighborhoods.

The programme aims to help building owners and operators be environmentally responsible and use resources efficiently.  Envoy Textiles saves 30 percent electricity by means of the green initiatives, said Abdus Salam Murshedy, managing director of the company. “We also save a substantial amount of gas and water.”

The factory in Bhaluka of Mymensingh produces high-value denim fabrics for renowned retailers such as Marks & Spencer, GAP, Wrangler, Tesco and Next.

“We are also producing knit denim as per demand,” Murshedy said.

The platinum certification is a reward for the 10-year old factory after it met standards by improving working conditions and adopting the environmental protection system in its production process.

The factory, which employs 1,500 workers, produces four million metres of fabrics a month and uses 10 percent of the fabrics for making garments in its factories.

The annual turnover of Envoy Textiles from the sale of denim is more than $75 million.

It has spinning, weaving, dyeing and finishing operations. Murshedy, a former president of Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association, said the company plans to expand operations to meet demand from the customers.

Bangladesh's garment sector is increasingly moving towards green building initiatives to impress the growing tribe of eco-minded international retailers, and in the process, grab more work orders.

So far, 28 garment factories of Bangladesh have adopted green technologies, and more than 150 are on the way to receive LEED certification, according to industry insiders.

২০১৬-১৭ অর্থবছরে  রপ্তানি আয় ৩৭০০ কোটি ডলার প্রাক্কলন করতে যাচ্ছে রপ্তানি উন্নয়ন ব্যুরো ।প্রবৃদ্ধি ধরা হবে ১০ শতাংশ। সম্প্রতি ইপিবি কার্যালয়ে রপ্তানি আয় প্রাক্কলন নিয়ে রপ্তানিকারকদের সঙ্গে এই প্রস্তাব তুলে ধরেন।তৈরি পোশাক, হিমায়িত মত্স্য রপ্তানিকারক, চামড়াশিল্পের উদ্যেক্তারা অন্য উপস্থিত ছিলেন।

চলতি অর্থবছরের রপ্তানি আয়ও এবারের নির্ধারিত লক্ষ্যমাত্রাকে ছাড়িয়ে যাবে। আয় তিন হাজার ৪০০ কোটি ডলার হতে পারে বলে প্রত্যাশা করছেন সরকারি এই প্রতিষ্ঠানের কর্মকর্তারা।

আগামী অর্থবছরের জন্য তিন হাজার ৭০০ কোটি ডলারের রপ্তানি আয়ের প্রাক্কলন করতে চায়।

তৈরি পোশাক খাতের উদ্যোক্তারা জানান, পোশাক খাতের ওপর ১.৫০ শতাংশ উেস কর রেখে আগামী অর্থবছরের রপ্তানি আয় তিন হাজার ৭০০ কোটি ডলার অর্জন করা একটা উচ্চাবিলাসী লক্ষ্যমাত্রা।

লক্ষ্যমাত্রা অর্জনে সরকারের দেওয়া প্রস্তাবিত বাজেট থেকে উেস কর আগের অবস্থায় ফিরিয়ে নিতে হবে।

পোশাক খাতের ওভেন পোশাকে প্রবৃদ্ধি লক্ষ্যমাত্রা প্রস্তাব করা হচ্ছে ১০.৮ শতাংশ, আর নিট পোশাকে ৭ শতাংশের বেশি প্রাক্কলন করা হচ্ছে। এটা পোশাক খাতের জন্য উচ্চাবিলাসী লক্ষ্যমাত্রা।

২০১৬-১৭ অর্থবছরে সরকারের প্রস্তাবিত বাজেটে পোশাক খাতের উেস কর নির্ধারণ করা হয়েছে দেড় শতাংশ।

 এর ফলে পোশাক রপ্তানিতে এই উেস কর নেতিবাচক প্রভাব ফেলবে।

পোশাক কারখানাগুলোতে ২০০ থেকে ২৫০ মেগাওয়াট বিদ্যুতের চাহিদা থাকলেও সরবরাহ পায় ৭০-৮০ মেগাওয়াট। এই অবস্থায় কিভাবে এত বড় লক্ষ্যমাত্রা অর্জন সম্ভব? এ নিয়ে তিনি সংশয় প্রকাশ করেছেন।

ইপিবি ভাইস চেয়ারম্যান জানান, গত পাঁচ বছরের রপ্তানি আয় বিশ্লেষণ থেকে এই প্রাক্কলন করা হয়েছে। অংশীদারদের সঙ্গে আরো আলোচনা করেই এ প্রস্তাব চূড়ান্ত করা হবে।

ইপিবি তৈরি পোশাক খাত থেকেই আগামী অর্থবছরের রপ্তানি আয়ের পরিকল্পনা করছে তিন হাজার ৩৩ কোটি ডলার। এই আয় আসবে নিট পোশাক থেকে এক হাজার ৪১৫ কোটি ডলার এবং ওভেন থেকে এক হাজার ৬১৮ কোটি ডলার।

চলতি অর্থবছরের গত ১১ মাসের রপ্তানি আয় বিশ্লেষণ করে দেখা যায়, কয়েকটি খাতে দেশের রপ্তানি আয় প্রবৃদ্ধি বেশ সন্তোষজনক। তবে প্লাস্টিক ও হিমায়িত মাছে রপ্তানি আয়ের তেমন ইতিবাচক ধারা নেই।

চলতি অর্থবছরের রপ্তানি আয় বিশ্লেষণ করে দেখা যায়, পোশাক খাতের নিট  প্রবৃদ্ধি হয়েছে ৬.৩৩ শতাংশ, ওভেন পোশাকে ১১.৬৯ শতংশ।

Textile Engineering / Next Denim Expo will be double in size
« on: July 27, 2016, 01:02:15 PM »
The organizers of Bangladesh Denim Expo are going to double the size of the expo in its 5th edition.

In a press release, the organizers said, the 5th edition of the expo will be held on 8th and 9th November at International Convention City, Bashundhara, Dhaka.

About 8000 visitors, including buyers and denim connoisseurs, from across the world are expected to attend this edition of the expo. 

For the first time the expo will be held in two halls.100 exhibitors, including RMG manufacturers and denim fabric mills from Bangladesh and 17 other countries, will display their products.

Textile Engineering / 16 RMG firms to take part in Paris Texworld
« on: July 27, 2016, 11:36:06 AM »
A total of 16 Bangladeshi fabrics and garment manufacturers will take part in an apparel exposition titled “Texworld – Apparel Sourcing” in Paris on September 12-15.

They will participate in the four-day international fair under the support of Bangladesh’s Export Promotion Bureau. EPB will set a national pavilion for the Bangladeshi participants.

A wide range of fashion products from major manufacturing countries like China, South Korea, India, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey and Pakistan will be displayed at the fair, said a press release of the Messe Frankfurt.

Messe Frankfurt, one of the world’s largest trade fair companies, is organising the Texworld.
Akij Textile Mills Ltd and Monno Fabrics Ltd will also participate in the fair under fabric category while Denim Expert Limited, a Chittagong-based manufacturer, will take part under denim category.

Anthony Young Garments, Centex Textile and Apparels, Century Apparels, Chorka Textile, DK Knitwear, JM Knitwear, Jericho Imex Limited, MK Sweaters Ltd, Nazia Apparels, Needle Fashion, Sinha Knit Industries, Unitex Attires Limited will display products under apparel category.

erming Bangladesh’s progress in readymade garments sector an instance for other countries, UNCTAD secretary general Mukhisa Kituyi opined Bangladesh’s RMG sector would conquer top position in the world soon.

The UNCTAD secretary general expressed his observation during a view exchange meeting with industries minister Amir Hossain Amu at Kenya International Convention Centre in Nairobi.

Praising the progress of Bangladesh’s leather, plastic and pharmaceutical industries, Mukhisa said Bangladesh’s achievement in these three sectors would be a role model for other countries.

He told the industries minister that he would highlight the issue in the closing session of World Investment Forum to disseminate the information to the world business leaders.

The industries minister said Bangladesh’s RMG is continuing its upward growth defying global economic meltdown due to government patronization and efficiency of the entrepreneurs.
Amu invited the UNCTAD secretary general to visit Bangladesh.

Monoethylene glycol (MEG) is mainly used as a raw material in the manufacturing of PET resin, polyester fibre and antifreeze. Fibre2Fashion's latest report “Global MEG Market Outlook - Demand Supply Analysis, Market Size By Application, By Region-Trends and Forecast till 2020”, presents analysis of anticipated significant growth in MEG consumption during the forecast period of study, majorly driven by growing increase in consumption of MEG into polyester fibre and PET resin.

The report also discusses the trends, opportunities, and challenges within the market globally. For analysis, the report segments the global MEG market by application and region in terms of both volume and value. Polyester fibre contributes major share of the market applications with 53 per cent, in the year 2014 and looks to continue growing strong by 2020. PET resins application follows after polyester and is projected to grow fastest from 2015 to 2020.

Global MEG market is projected to reach $34,164 million by 2020, growing at a CAGR of 4.8 per cent between 2015 and 2020. MEG consumption in Asia-Pacific was the highest in 2014. The region is expected to remain the major market in terms of volume by 2020 and is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 5.1 per cent. was established in 2000 and is owned and promoted by Fibre2Fashion Pvt. Ltd. (formerly known as Sanblue Enterprises Pvt. Ltd.) - an ISO 9001:2008 company. It is amongst the world's largest B2B platforms for the global textile-apparel and fashion industry.

Since its inception, Fibre2Fashion has helped several small, medium and large business houses from across the globe to capture and increase their market share by providing cost-effective and innovative solutions to help them reach the largest international target audience in the shortest time.

Fibre2Fashion's services include providing market analysis of global price trends of fibre and feedstock commodities like PSF, PTA, caprolactam, cotton, and many more, which manufacturers and suppliers find useful for their strategic planning, marketing and decision-making activities.

China, the largest apparel manufacturer/exporter in the world, is witnessing in the growth of imports from Bangladesh, as in fiscal 2014-15, it rose by 26 per cent. In fiscal 2013-14, Bangladesh’s total apparel exports to China were US $241.37 million while in FY 2014-15, it was US $304.24 million.

As per the data of Export Promotion Bureau, about US $141.8 million came from knitwear exports and US $163.14 million from woven items. China’s domestic apparel market is worth US $178 billion a year. Due to duty-benefit and low production cost in Bangladesh, Chinese local garments are more than 15 per cent expensive for end-users. Demand for comparatively less price Bangladeshi sweaters and other knit items, T-shirts and shirts is high in China. China has been favouring Bangladesh to take advantage of a duty waiver enjoyed by 4,721 Bangladeshi products, most of which are garment items.

Outshining the growth of knit products in the last fiscal, woven apparel exports have surged riding on the back of surged demand due to the GSP (Generalised System of Preferences) facility offered by the EU.

Under the revised EU rules of origin, apparel exporters can enjoy duty-free access to the European Union even if they source fabrics from other countries. Having fetched US $ 13.06 billion, the sub-sector of the US $ 25 billion industry registered 5 per cent growth as compared to that of the previous fiscal year, according to the Export Promotion Bureau (EPB).

During this period, the earnings from knits have risen by 3.13 per cent to US $ 12.4 billion. The knitwear manufacturing industry has struck gold in new destinations, however the volumes are too low to influence the overall exports, industry experts aver.

In hall H7, booth D-12 at ITMA 2015, Groz-Beckert will present innovative products and services as well as its new booth concept with machines made of acrylic glass and for the first time, showcase its carding division.

According to a press release from the German company, by means of transparent knitting and warp knitting machines, visitors will be able to visualise the precision of its products and their perfect interaction.

“The individual elements can be removed and eyed in detail and visitors will experience how this interaction can contribute to an increase in productivity and profitability,” it said.

In the segments of cleaning, drawing-in, knotting and weaving, Groz-Beckert will show a wide range of machines for weaving preparation, among others the fully automatic drawing-in concept 'Warpmaster'.

Alongside, it will also display different knotting machines from the Knotmaster series for various and different application areas.

The machines will be demonstrated on common tying frames with clamping rod or clamping rail tension system, while weaving accessories will be presented on a transparent model of a weaving machine.

Depending on the application, the displayed fabrics vary from tire cord to jacquard fabric, each shown along with the corresponding Groz-Beckert products.

“The Twintec weaving heald is available in different ceramic and steel variations, depending on the tape width and application, moreover, high-performance heald frames with high bending strength, will be exhibited,” it added.

In the felting segment, the company will highlight special needle solutions for filtration felts and will also feature a needling machine made of acrylic glass.

“Thanks to the variety of barb sizes, barb shapes, working part gauges and working part cross sections of the individual needle types, Groz-Beckert can offer the ideal felting needle for all needled filter media,” the company stated.

If a high surface quality is desired, Groz-Beckert recommends a combination of Gebecon and Ecostar felting needles.

It further informed that the stability of the Gebecon needle provides a high surface quality in the preneedling process, while in intermediate and finish needling, the Ecoctar needle gives a high surface quality to the finished product.

“And, where high efficiency is the priority, the Twisted needle with its twisted working part is the right choice,” it observed.

Technologies in the tufted segment will also be shown through a transparent machine model, which is an advanced gauge part system, consisting of tufting needle, looper, reed finger and tufting knife.

“For all applications and machine types, from monofilament to soft fibre yarns, from artificial turf to high-class carpet, we offer solutions to satisfy the high quality expectations of customers,” the company noted.

সব ধরনের সংস্কার কার্যক্রম শেষ করে দেশের ছয়টি পোশাক কারখানা আন্তর্জাতিক মানে উন্নীত হয়েছে। এগুলো হচ্ছে গ্রিন টেক্সটাইল, কুন টং অ্যাপারেলস, লন্ড্রি ইন্ডাস্ট্রিজ, লেনি অ্যাপারেলস, অপটিমাম ফ্যাশনস ও ইউনিভোগ লিমিটেড। উত্তর আমেরিকার ক্রেতাদের জোট অ্যালায়েন্স ফর বাংলাদেশ ওয়ার্কার সেফটি এই স্বীকৃতি দিয়েছে।

এদিকে কর্মপরিবেশ উন্নয়নের লক্ষ্যে ছোট ও মাঝারি পোশাক কারখানার সংস্কারে অর্থায়নের ঘোষণা দিয়েছে মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্রের দাতা সংস্থা ইউএসএআইডি। অর্থের পরিমাণটি এখনো চূড়ান্ত না হলেও সংস্থাটি ১ কোটি ৮০ লাখ মার্কিন ডলার দিতে পারে বলে অ্যালায়েন্সের কর্মকর্তারা জানান।

অ্যালায়েন্স প্রতিষ্ঠার দুই বছর পূর্তি উপলক্ষে রাজধানীর সোনারগাঁও হোটেলে গতকাল বৃহস্পতিবার এক সংবাদ সম্মেলনে এসব তথ্য জানানো হয়। এতে মূল বক্তব্য দেন অ্যালায়েন্সের নির্বাহী পরিচালক জেমস এফ মরিয়ার্টি, যিনি এর আগে বাংলাদেশে যুক্তরাষ্ট্রের রাষ্ট্রদূত ছিলেন।

এসময় এক সাংবাদিকের প্রশ্নের জবাবে সংস্কার কার্যক্রম কিছুটা ধীর গতিতে এগোচ্ছে বলে মন্তব্য করেন জেমস মরিয়ার্টি। তিনি বলেন, প্রযুক্তিগত সমস্যার কারণে এমনটা হচ্ছে। যেমন ফায়ার ডোর আমদানি করতে হয়। চাহিদা অনুযায়ী মানসম্পন্ন পণ্যটির খোঁজ-খবর ও মান যাচাই করে এনে কারখানায় স্থাপন করতে অনেক সময় লেগে যায়। তবে তাঁর প্রত্যাশা, অ্যালায়েন্সের নির্ধারিত সময় ২০১৮ সালের মধ্যেই সব কারখানায় সংস্কারকাজ শেষ হবে।

অ্যালায়েন্সের ব্যবস্থাপনা পরিচালক মেসবাহ রবিন বলেন, ‘আটটি কারখানায় চূড়ান্ত পরিদর্শন হয়েছে। এতে উত্তীর্ণ হয়েছে ৬টি। মানোত্তীর্ণ কারখানাগুলোকে এক-দুই দিনের মধ্যে স্বীকৃতির সনদ দেওয়া হবে।’ তিনি জানান, অ্যালায়েন্সের সদস্য কারখানার সংখ্যা ৭৯০টি। এর মধ্যে ৬৬২টি সক্রিয় আছে। আর প্রথম সংস্কার যাচাই পরিদর্শন (আরভিভি) সম্পন্ন হয়েছে ৫২৮টি কারখানায়। ১৭টি কারখানার দ্বিতীয় আরভিভি হয়েছে। প্রথম আরভিভিতে কারখানাগুলোর গড়ে ৩২ শতাংশ এবং দ্বিতীয় আরভিবির কারখানাগুলোর ৮৭ শতাংশ ত্রুটি সংস্কার শেষ হয়েছে।

অ্যালায়েন্সের পাশাপাশি ইউরোপীয় ক্রেতাদের জোট অ্যাকর্ড অন ফায়ার অ্যান্ড বিল্ডিং সেফটি ইন বাংলাদেশও কারখানা পরিদর্শন করছে। তাদের সদস্য কারখানার মধ্যে দুটি—কনকর্ড ফ্যাশন এক্সপোর্ট লিমিটেড ও জিকন সব ধরনের ত্রুটি সংস্কার করেছে। সে অনুযায়ী দেশে সব মিলিয়ে এখন পর্যন্ত আটটি কারখানা আন্তর্জাতিক মানে উন্নীত হলো।

২০১৩ সালে রানা প্লাজা ধসের আড়াই মাস পর ১০ জুলাই কারখানার কর্মপরিবেশ উন্নয়নে উত্তর আমেরিকার ২৬টি ব্র্যান্ড পাঁচ বছরের জন্য চুক্তিবদ্ধ হয়ে অ্যালায়েন্স গঠন করে।

Valued at approximately US $ 7.5 billion globally the worldwide digital textile printing market for garment, home décor and industrial applications is experiencing strong growth of around 34% CAGR to 2019.

Whereas trends are concern, more customized, colorways, and complex print designs is driven by importers, brand owners and consumers who are looking for differentiated quality products. Due to strong regional manufacturing industries while Asia Pacific is gaining momentum as it embraces digital printing technologies as a mainstream solution, Europe continues as the biggest market for digital textile printing.

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