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Messages - Nahian Fyrose Fahim

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Primary Health Care / Early sign of autism
« on: December 31, 2018, 04:08:31 PM »
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Primary Health Care / Signs of autism
« on: December 31, 2018, 04:05:50 PM »
What are the signs of autism?

The timing and severity of autism’s early signs vary widely. Some infants show hints in their first months. In others, symptoms become obvious as late as age 2 or 3.

Not all children with autism show all the signs. Many children who don’t have autism show a few. That’s why professional evaluation is crucial.

The following "red flags" may indicate your child is at risk for an autism spectrum disorder. If your child exhibits any of the following, please don’t delay in asking your pediatrician or family doctor for an evaluation:
By 6 months

    Few or no big smiles or other warm, joyful and engaging expressions.
    Limited or no eye contact.

By 9 months

    Little or no back-and-forth sharing of sounds, smiles or other facial expressions

By 12 months

    Little or no babbling
    Little or no back-and-forth gestures such as pointing, showing, reaching or waving
    Little or no response to name.

By 16 months

    Very few or no words.

By 24 months

    Very few or no meaningful, two-word phrases (not including imitating or repeating)

At any age

    Loss of previously acquired speech, babbling or social skills
    Avoidance of eye contact
    Persistent preference for solitude
    Difficulty understanding other people’s feelings
    Delayed language development
    Persistent repetition of words or phrases (echolalia)
    Resistance to minor changes in routine or surroundings
    Restricted interests
    Repetitive behaviors (flapping, rocking, spinning, etc.)
    Unusual and intense reactions to sounds, smells, tastes, textures, lights and/or colors

Behavior Change Communication / September is World Alzheimer's Month
« on: September 19, 2018, 04:16:36 PM »
Alzheimer’s disease is the cleverest thief because she not only steals from you, but she steals the very thing you need to remember what’s been stolen.--------------Jarod Kintz

The social stigma is the consequence of a lack of knowledge about dementia and it can have numerous long- and short-term effects, including:

    Dehumanisation of the person with dementia
    Strain within families and friendships
    A lack of sufficient care for people with dementia and their carers
    A lower rate of diagnosis of dementia
    Delayed diagnosis and support

The stigmatisation of dementia is a global problem and it is clear that the less we talk about dementia, the more the stigma will grow. This World Alzheimer’s Month we encourage you to find out more and play your part in reducing the stigma and improving the lives of people with dementia and their carers in your community.
World Alzheimer Report

In August 2015, ADI launched the World Alzheimer Report 2015, updating ADI's global dementia data. By carrying out a full update of previous systematic reviews, the report makes key recommendations to provide a global framework for action on dementia. The report also includes a systematic review of the evidence for and against recent trends in the prevalence and incidence of dementia over time, as well as an analysis of the broader societal impact of dementia.

Various Sura & Dua / সূরা আল-হাশর (১৮-২৪)
« on: August 19, 2018, 11:34:20 AM »
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Public Health / Re: Why Alzheimer's hits women harder than men
« on: July 19, 2018, 03:02:46 PM »
Thank you for sharing these information.

AHU: Air Handling Unit
AQL: Acceptable Quality Level
API: Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients
GLP: Good Laboratories Practice
ICH: International Conference on Harmonization
ISO: International Standard Organization/ International Organization for Standardization
GMP: Good Manufacturing Practice
cGMP: Current Good Manufacturing Practice
TQM: Total Quality Management
WHO:  World Health Organization
WHA: World Health Assembly
BMR: Batch Manufacturing Records
BPR: Batch Packaging Records
FDA: Food and Drug Administration
FD & C: Food, Drug and Cosmetics
IPC: In-Process Control/ Check
CBA: Collective Bargaining Agent
MCA: Medicines Control Agency (Britain)
MCC: Medicine Control Council (Africa)
ICRS:  International Chemical Reference Substances
IRO: Industrial Relations Ordinance
EEC:  European Commission;
ISO/TC: International Organization for Standardization Technical Committee
PDCA: Plan, Do, Check, Act
PIC: Pharmaceutical Inspection Convention
PIC/S: Pharmaceutical Inspection Co-operation Scheme
DQ: Design Qualification
IQ: Installation Qualification
OQ: Operational Qualification
PQ: Performance Qualification
ASL: Approved Suppliers’ List
VMP: Validation Master Plan
TRS: Technical Report Series
CRS: Chemical Reference Substances
HEPA: High Efficiency Particulate Air
SAL: Sterility Assurance Level
IU: International Unit
IUPAC: International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
ANOVA: Analysis of Variance
HEPA: High Efficiency Particulate Air
HPLC: High Performance Liquid Chromatography
ICDRA: International Conference of Drug Regulatory Authorities
TLC: Thin Layer Chromatography
GC: Gas Chromatography
PVC: Poly Vinyl Chloride
PVDC: Poly Vinyledene Chloride
ROPP: Rolled on Pilfer Proof
RCC: Reinforced concrete
FTIR: Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy
LAL: Limulus Amebocyte Lysate
RO: Reverse Osmosis
WFI: Water for Injection
FIFO: First-in-first-Out
FEFO: First Expired, First Out
EEFO: Earliest Expiry, First Out
HACCP: Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point
FIP: International Pharmaceutical Federation
INN: International Non-proprietary Names
IFPMA: International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Associations
IPEC: International Pharmaceutical Excipients Council
UNICEF: United Nations Children’s Fund
WTO: World Trade Organization
PDG: Pharmacopoeial Discussion Group
GTDP: Good trade and distribution practice
DAR: Drug Administration Registration           
DMF: Drug Master File                                   
DRA: Drug Regulatory Authority
EOI: Expression of Interest
ILO: International Labor Organization
NPS: Nonpareil seed
EDM: Essential Drugs and Medicines
BAN: British Approved Names
USAN: United States Accepted Names
GSP: Good storage practice
MOA: Method of analysis
COA: Certificate of analysis
UNAIDS: United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNFPA: United Nations Population Fund
ASEAN: Association of South Asian Nations
TPN: Total Parenteral Nutrition       
BFS: Blow, Fill, Seal Technique (Ampule Filling)
LDPE: Low Density Polyethylene
HDPE: High Density Polyethylene
PP: Polypropylene
HVAC: Heat, Ventilation and Air conditioning
PPIC: Production Planning & Inventory Control
PPI: Proton Pump Inhibitor           
o. d.: Once daily
b. i. d.: Twice daily
TOC: Total Organic Carbon
t. i. d.: Thrice daily
q. i. d.: Four times daily
PMN: Phenylmercuric Nitrate
PMA: Phenylmercuric Acetate
BAC:  Benzalkonium Chloride
PVDC: Polyvinylidene Chloride
NE: Not Established
PET: Polyethylene Terephthalate
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization
EEC: European Commission
USAID: U.S. Agency for International Development
ICDDRB: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
IBC: Intermediate Bulk Container
AAS: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
ICP: Inductively Coupled Spectroscopy
IC: Ion Chromatography
TGA: Therapeutic Goods Agency (Australia)
MHRA: Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (UK)


Pharmacy / Re: 9 Healthy Foods That Are High in Vitamin D
« on: July 12, 2018, 11:51:17 AM »
Thank you madam for sharing :)

Pharmacy / Women And Bone Loss
« on: July 09, 2018, 11:05:24 AM »

All women will experience bone loss during the transition period into menopause due to decreased estrogen levels. This rapid bone 
loss can occur for several years. In addition to this, with advancing age and especially after 65, we all experience a gradual loss of bone mass over time and weakening bone strength, which increases our risk of fractures.

Incorporate these six healthy living tips to promote bone health and prevent fractures caused by osteoporosis.

Eat a healthy, balanced diet with adequate calcium (about 1,000 to 1,200 milligrams per day, preferably from dietary sources rather than just supplements).

Take a vitamin D supplement. For most people in North America, this would be about 800 to 1,000 units per day.

Get adequate physical activity and exercise that incorporates muscle strength training at least twice a week, moderate aerobic activity more than 150 minutes a week and 
balance and posture training daily. Just walking isn’t enough.

Learn spine-sparing strategies 
to avoid spine fractures.

Follow fall-prevention strategies.

Avoid smoking and excess alcohol consumption.


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