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EEE / 10 Major Engineering Challenges of the Next Decade
« on: April 20, 2017, 12:49:52 PM »
10 Major Engineering Challenges of the Next Decade
Upgrading the sagging U.S. Infrastructure - Engineering Challenges of the Next Decade | Elsevier
1. Upgrading the sagging U.S. infrastructure. The American Society of Civil Engineers gives our aging infrastructure a D+ grade and estimates that $3.6 trillion dollars must be invested by 2020 to bring our roads, bridges, water, electrical and sewage systems to proper safe working order.

2. Educating first world engineers to understand how to solve third world problems. The Renewable Resources Journal reports that the world’s population will grow by 2 billion over the next two decades, 95% of this in developing or underdeveloped countries. Engineers must learn new ways to solve problems in these countries.

Educating first world engineers to understand how to solve third world problems | R&D Solutions
Promoting green engineering - Major Engineering Challenges | R&D Solutions
3. Promoting green engineering to improve sustainability and reduce the carbon footprint in manufacturing. According to the U.S. Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, manufacturing in the U.S. produced 19,237 trillion BTUs and 1,071 million metric tons of carbon dioxide.

4. Identifying viable alternative energy sources. The contributions to our energy production from renewables and other new fuel sources are growing at 6% per year according to BP and will contribute 45% of the increment in energy production by 2035.

Identifying viable alternative energy sources  - Industry Insights | R&D Solutions
Hypothetical hit compound and pX activity above 8.0 - Industry Insights | R&D Solutions
5. Rethinking how the city looks and works. 54% of the world’s population lives in cities. Europe leads the way in sustainability, with seven out of the world’s top 10 most sustainable cities, according to the ARCADIS Sustainable Cities Index.

6. Making STEM more appealing to young students. By 2018, the United States will have more than 1.2 million unfilled STEM jobs. Meanwhile, according to a UCLA study, 40% of students enrolled as STEM majors switched subjects or failed to get a degree.

Reaxys Analysis View in particular H1 and H3 - Industry Insights |  R&D Solutions
Safeguarding our personal data and wealth from cyberattacks - Industry insights | R&D Solution
7. Safeguarding our personal data and wealth from cyberattacks. 34% of data breaches happen at financial institutions; 11% target retail companies; while 13% target government institutions, according to the 2014 Data Breach Investigation Report.

8. Addressing climate change through engineering innovation. Six of the 10 cities with the largest annual flood costs by 2050 are in India and China. Three are in the U.S.: New York, Miami and New Orleans.

Major Engineering Challenges of the Next Decade - Addressing climate change | R&D Solutions
Population growth - Engineering Challenges of the Next Decade | R&D Solutions
9. Feeding our growing population through cutting-edge bio-engineering and agricultural innovations. The U.N. warns that we must produce 60% more food by 2050 to keep up with demand, but how do we do this sustainably? Food and water access will be major issues in the future, and research must begin now.

10. Improving our health and well-being through life sciences, nanotechnology & bio-engineering. Administration on Aging, by 2060 the population of Americans aged 65 and older will have more than doubled in size from 2011. This puts a lot of pressure on new drug creation and also on innovative engineering techniques to deliver drugs.

Making a fake passport or ID to hack into someone else's Facebook account takes only a few minutes, thanks to online tutorials that are a simple Google search away.

Last week, someone took control of the Facebook account of Aaron Thompson, a 23-year-old from Pontiac, Michigan, by tricking Facebook's support to disable all security on his account after showing them a fake, photoshopped, passport.

The hack exposed a major flaw in the way Facebook, and other online providers, verify that we are who we really claim we are.

As it turns out, there are several free online tutorials, and even apps, to learn how to make fake IDs on your computer. A Google search for "bypass facebook government ID" turns out thousands of hits, including YouTube tutorials specifically made with the goal of circumventing Facebook's government ID requirements.

There are also several text guides that detail all the steps necessary to forge an ID.

"Today I will show you how you can make own fake government id proof to bypass facebook verification," reads one.

If Photoshop and image editing isn't your forte, you can automate most of these steps thanks to apps like Fake ID Generator, which has been downloaded more than 17,000 times, according to Google Play. While the app isn't marketed specifically to avoid Facebook's verification, it could clearly be used for that, though the app reminds potential users that "these IDs are for entertainment only." And it's worth keeping in mind that using fake passports or IDs is a crime in most countries.

It's unclear how many people use forged documents on Facebook, but it's likely that the incident last week is not the first time that happens. But a source who claims to have been using photoshopped fake IDs on Facebook for years, told Motherboard that Facebook's controls aren't very effective.

"They never catch you," the cybercriminal, who declined to be identified, said.

"They never catch you."

All these sites and tools, however, don't seem to worry Facebook. In response to last week's hack, the company admitted its mistake in handing over Thompson's account, saying that "accepting this [fake] ID was a mistake that violated our own internal policies and this case is not the norm."

It's unclear what policies Facebook uses, but in response to a questions related to these sites and tools that teach people how to circumvent Facebook's ID verification process, a spokesperson told me this week that government IDs "are just one aspect of verification," and that the company also uses "other signals" such as IP address, account history, and others.

EEE / Importing a CSV With a Web Browser
« on: April 20, 2017, 11:57:01 AM »
Importing a CSV With a Web Browser

1.Navigate to Google Contacts in your web browser.
2.Sign into your Google/Gmail account. Enter your username and password and click “Sign in”. ...
3.Click the “Import Contacts” button. ...
4.Click “Choose File”.
5.Select your .CSV file to upload. ...
6.Click “Import”.

EEE / University of Maryland Research options for Graduate admission
« on: April 20, 2017, 11:52:23 AM »
With over 85 faculty, research scientists, and engineers; state-of-the-art research facilities; 500 graduate students and 825 undergraduates; and more than $30 million in annual research expenditures, the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at the University of Maryland's A. James Clark School of Engineering has one of the strongest research programs in the nation. These activities are closely tied with and supported by numerous affiliated research institutes and centers in the university, encouraging collaborative and cross-disciplinary research projects. The department and the affiliated research units feature more than 50 state-of-the-art laboratories supporting the research endeavors of the faculty, scientists, graduate and undergraduate students. Much of the department's research is in partnership with industry, government research labs or other universities.


EEE / Stanford University Research in Electrical Engineering
« on: April 20, 2017, 11:48:10 AM »
EE Research at Stanford: The Big Picture
Core Areas
Research in Electrical Engineering spans a diverse set of intellectual disciplines and applications. The disciplines can be grouped into three overlapping and interrelated areas:

Physical Technology & Science

We look to define the device technology and circuit fabric of future electronic and photonic systems, which integrate the abstraction levels of materials, nanostructures, semiconductor devices, integrated circuits, power electronics and electronic system engineering. We also investigate physics, materials, devices, and systems using light and electromagnetism, for applications including sensing, imaging, communications, energy, biology, medicine, security, and information processing.

Subareas: Integrated Circuits and Power Electronics; Biomedical Devices, Sensors and Systems; Energy Harvesting and Conversion; Photonics, Nanoscience and Quantum Technology; Nanotechnology, Nanofabrication and NEMS/MEMS; Electronic Devices
Information Systems & Science

In addition to work on the core disciplines of information theory and coding, control and optimization, signal processing, and learning and inference, our research in this area spans several application areas, including biomedical imaging, wireless communications and networks, multimedia communications, Internet, energy systems, transportation systems, and financial systems.

Subareas: Control & Optimization; Information Theory & Applications; Communications Systems; Societal Networks; Signal Processing & Multimedia; Biomedical Imaging; Data Science
Hardware/Software Systems

Our research in this area looks into new ways to design, architect, and manage energy-efficient systems for emerging applications ranging from the internet-of-things to big data analytics.

Subareas: Energy-Efficient Hardware Systems; Software Defined Networking; Mobile Networking; Secure Distributed Systems; Data Science; Embedded Systems; Integrated Circuits & Power Electronics

Multi-Disciplinary Research
EE faculty collaborate with researchers from other departments and schools across campus. More than a quarter of our faculty are joint with other departments, and a similar fraction of our PhD students have advisors outside EE. While the main applications of electrical engineering in the past four decades have been in information technology, EE tools and techniques are being increasingly applied more broadly to address major societal problems in areas such as:


Research in the biomedical area deals with the challenges in the need for treatment and mitigation of age-related illnesses like cancer, brain injury and disease.

Subareas: Biomedical Devices, Sensors and Systems; Photonics, Nanoscience and Quantum Technology; Nanotechnology & NEMS/MEMS; Biomedical Imaging; Information Theory & Applications

Research in energy is motivated at the macro level by the rapid rise in worldwide demand for electricity and the threat of global climate change and on the micro level by the explosion in the number of mobile devices and sensors whose performance and lifetimes are limited by energy. 

Subareas: Control & Optimization; Energy-Efficient Hardware Systems; Integrated Circuits & Power Electronics; Energy Harvesting & Conversion

Research Centers & Affiliates
Stanford EE also has a unique culture of entrepreneurship. Our faculty and students have started many companies to commercialize their research innovations. EE offers numerous opportunities for students and faculty to interact with industry through research centers and affiliate programs.


EEE / Top 10 Ways to Fail your F1 Visa Interview
« on: April 20, 2017, 06:24:35 AM »
All international students know the stressful feeling of applying for and interviewing for an F1 student visa. Many students prepare for months, only to be denied their visa. The truth of the matter is that on paper, you might meet every qualification, but if you don’t have the right answers for your interviewer and be able to say them with substance and sincerity, you will not succeed. Here is a list of 10 things not to do during your interview:
1. Don’t show up

You are required to schedule and attend your interview before you can be granted an F1 visa.
2. Don’t bring all of the documents and receipts that are required

You must bring the following documents with you to your interview:

    a valid passport
    a Nonimmigrant Visa Application, Form DS-160
    an application fee payment receipt
    a passport photo
    a Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant (F-1) Student Status (Form 1-20)

3. Be vague about your study plans and goals

Your interviewer will ask questions regarding your study plans. Does your major have to do with your previous studies or work from your home country? Make sure you can explain your goals to the consular officer.
4. Choose a university at random

To be granted an F1 visa, your choice of university must be carefully calculated. You must consider the caliber of the program you will enter as well as your living arrangements, and be able to prove your preparedness.
5. Underplay your academic capability

Can you be successful in a US university? Additional documents may be requested to prove your eligibility for the F-1 student visa, including academic transcripts, diplomas, degrees, or certificates. Test scores such as the TOEFL, SAT, GRE, or GMAT may also be requested.
6. Don’t have a solid plan to finance your studies.

The most important factor determining your eligibility for the F1 visa is your ability to finance your entire program of study, including tuition and fees, room and board, transportation, travel,  health insurance, and all other relevant expenses.
7. Have no plans to return to your home country after graduation

The F1 visa is granted to students who have strong ties to their home country that will lead to their return to their home country after their studies are complete. This could include family, property, or even a job offer.
8. Lie during the interview

If, for any reason, your interviewer believes that you are being dishonest, you can be denied your F1 student visa.
9. Do not consider cultural differences

You must demonstrate cultural sensitivity and the ability to adapt and live in a different culture than your own. You must be open to new experiences.
10. Be nervous

If you are well-prepared for your interview, there is no need to be nervous during your interview. Make sure you have all of the required materials so that you can answer all of your interview questions with confidence.

Now that you know what not to do, it is time to start preparing for what you should do! Be sure to check out all of our F1 Student Visa articles too for more guidance regarding your F1 student visa.

EEE / 5 points for F1 Visa Rejection
« on: April 20, 2017, 06:20:55 AM »
1. No intention of returning to your home country ...... Consulate interviewers know that almost all the applicants want to go to the US forever but they only allow those who make the best effort to hide this fact.

2. Financial inadequacy ....... unless you have a scholarship, don't even bother applying if you are poor!

3. Lousy conduct and meek body language ...... this works against if you apply to any reputable organization. The very fact that it is tolerated in most Indian organizations tells you a lot about the quality of these Indian organizations!

4. Incorrect information ........ you can only do this and get away with it if you are from Andhra.

5. Unimpressive academic credentials and lack of knowledge ...... don't bother applying if you graduated from any of the many "unknown" colleges or universities that have sprung up across India thanks to Cong Party’s “RTE” campaign. Your GRE and TOEFL scores should be very high if you belong to such colleges or universities. Unlike India, USA doesn't pamper backward caste people and their incompetence!

Anyway, you don’t need to heed any of this advice because where there is a will, there is a way!

EEE / F1 Visa Qualification
« on: April 20, 2017, 06:16:25 AM »
 Specific instructions for how to apply for your F1 visa will be listed on the website of the US embassy or consulate that you plan on visiting, but regardless of where your visa appointment may take place you will need to provide the same kind of documents and address the same kinds of questions.

In order to qualify and as part of the F1 visa interview process, potential international students will need to prove the following:

Official Residency in a Foreign Country and Intentions to Return Home
    Upon graduation it’s imperative that the international student plans on returning back to their home country. If an interviewer can tell that your intentions are to become a permanent resident of the United States, your visa will more than likely be denied. The intention a student visas is to further educate yourself and then bring your newfound knowledge back to your country of citizenship, not to remain in the US.
Admission to an Approved School
    During your interview it is also imperative that you can prove acceptance by a US institution or language school previously approved by the SEVP.
Sufficient Financial Support
    F1 visa holders must be equipped to cover their living and study expenses while in the US, as legal employment opportunities will be limited.
Ties to Your Home Country
    Another important part of an F1 visa interview is proving strong ties to your home country, including family, job offers, bank accounts or other assets.

EEE / How Do You get F1 Visa ?
« on: April 20, 2017, 06:12:28 AM »
 The F1 visa process is relatively simple but can be time consuming, so it’s important to start this process as soon as possible to ensure that any delays won’t affect your education. Perhaps one of the lengthiest steps towards becoming an international student can be applying to a US school that has been approved by the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP). It’s also important to keep in mind that while there are many great institutions across the country, not all are equipped to handle international students and the administration that is required, so it’s important to verify that the school you would like to attend is approved well before filling out any applications, writing any essays or providing references.

After receiving acceptance by the school of your choice, you will be officially enrolled into the SEVP and are required to pay a one-time application fee. After all fees are paid and your account is in good standing, what is called an “I-20” form will be provided by your institution or educational program. This form will allow you to schedule an interview appointment with a local US embassy or consulate to be granted an F1 visa and officially become an international student!

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