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Messages - Kamrul Hasan Bhuiyan

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Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / Hainan Province
« on: May 28, 2018, 01:13:21 PM »
Hainan is China’s most southern province and the country’s only tropical island area. Average annual temperatures of 22–26℃ make the region a hot spot for winter vacations. The island is also a popular destination for exploring nature and culture, from scuba diving and spotting tropical plants and animals, to river rafting and discovering the folk customs of ethnic minorities.

Yalong Bay
Sanya Yalong Bay Scenic Area is located inside the Yalong Bay State Tourist Resort and consists of Butterfly Valley, Sea-shell Museum, Totem Square (Yalong Bay Central Square) and Yalong Bay Beach, known in China for its inscription ‘first beach under heaven.’

Yalong Bay
Located 23 kilometres southwest of Sanya, Tianyahaijiao (the end of the earth and the corner of the sea) is a landmark attraction in Hainan. China’s southern extremity is marked by the Chinese characters  for ‘the end of the earth’ and ‘the corner of the sea’ on two huge stones in the calligraphy of Guo Moruo, a famous writer in China.

Memorial to the Five Officials
In the past, Hainan was a place where officials were banished, quite often because of losing power struggles in the Imperial Court. The Memorial to the Five Officials is a 16th century building complex dedicated to five such officials from the Tang dynasty (618–907) and Song dynasty (960–1279). The complex is a showcase of historical structures (including one that claims to be Hainan’s first building), as well as classrooms, studies and temples.

Memorial to the Five Official
Hainan cuisine
Wenchang chicken, Jiaji duck, Dongshan lamb and Hele crab are the top four most famous dishes that hail from Hainan. However, other authentic Hainanese food, such as fresh seafood, tropical fruit, coconut treats and local snacks also make for a mouth-watering menu.

Fujian Province
The birthplace of a goddess and home to one of China’s most livable cities

Sichuan Province

High-altitude grasslands and fertile plains, a giant Buddha, and giant pandas

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / Welcome to Sānyà
« on: May 28, 2018, 01:10:49 PM »
China’s premier beach community claims to be the ‘Hawaii of China', but ‘Moscow on the South China Sea’ is more like it. The modern, hyper-developed resort city has such a steady influx of Russian vacationers these days that almost all signs are in Cyrillic as well as Chinese. Middle-class Chinese families are increasingly drawn to the golden shores of Sānyà as well.

While the full 40km or so of coastline dedicated to tourism is usually referred to as Sānyà, the region is actually made up of three distinct zones. Sānyà Bay is home to the bustling city centre and a long stretch of beach and hotels aimed at locals and mainland holidaymakers. Busy, cheerfully tacky Dàdōnghǎi Bay, about 3km southeast, beyond the Lùhuítóu Peninsula, is where most Western travellers stay. A further 15km east, at exclusive Yàlóng Bay, the beach is first-rate, as is the line of plush international resorts.

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / Hainan aTourism
« on: May 28, 2018, 01:09:01 PM »
China’s largest tropical island boasts all the balmy weather, coconut palms and gold-sand beaches you could ask for. Down at Sānyà it’s see-and-be-seen on the boardwalks or escape altogether at some of Asia’s top luxury resorts. Thatched huts and banana pancakes haven’t popped up anywhere yet, but there’s a hint of hipness coming from the east coast beach side towns, and the budding surf scene is helping to spread the gospel of chill out.

Money is pouring into Hinán these days to ramp up the luxury quotient. You can cruise on the high-speed rail, but cycling is still the better way to get around. When you’ve had enough of a lathering on the coast, the cool central highlands are an ideal place to be on two wheels. The good roads, knockout mountain views, and concentration of Li and Miao, the island’s first settlers, give the region an appealing distinction from the lowlands.

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / Heritage tourism
« on: May 10, 2018, 02:47:02 PM »
Heritage tourism involves visiting historical sites. Sri Lanka is very rich in pre-historic, proto-historic, and historic monuments, which bespeak its ancient civilization and culture. Mainly Buddhism has influenced in moulding the cultural heritage of the country. The historic period of Sri Lanka proper starts at circa 236 B.C. with the introduction of Buddhism to the country by the missionaries sent by the Indian empire Asoka.

The UNESCO has declared six archaeological and two ecological World Heritage Sites in the country.[24] Beside the world heritage sites the government of Sri Lanka has declared a number of archaeological protected sites and monuments within the country.

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / Wild life
« on: May 10, 2018, 02:46:28 PM »
Despite its small size, Sri Lanka possess high level of biodiversity and wildlife resources, and is rated among the 34 biodiversity hotspots in the world.[16] Many species of flora and fauna are indigenous to Sri Lanka. This has made the island a country with the highest rates of biological endemism in the world.

13% of Sri Lanka's land surface has been designated as Wildlife Protected Areas (WLPAs) which at present exceeds a total area of 8500 km2.[17] Approximately 7% of the area is national parks, the areas allowed for the public to see and study wildlife. Sri Lanka's national parks have been become popular tourist destinations.

When the government decided to develop the tourism sector as a separate sector of the country's economy by establishing the Ceylon Tourist Bureau in 1966, there were 18,969 foreign tourist arrivals in Sri Lanka. There was an upward trend of tourist arrivals until 1982, with the exception of 1971. Between 1976 and 1982, tourist arrivals had increased 24% per year. The tourist traffic in 1982 showed that there was a remarkable growth in number of tourists, with 407,230 arrivals.[6] However, with the beginning of the civil war in 1983, the growth of tourist arrivals declined and stagnated to around 300,000 - 500,000 arrivals annually.

The civil war that had lasted over 25 years was ended in 2009 as LTTE separatists were defeated by government forces. In 2009 the tourist arrivals numbered 448,000, and in 2015, 1,798,380, showing over 300 percent growth in six years

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / Tourism in Sri Lanka
« on: May 10, 2018, 02:43:52 PM »
Tourism in Sri Lanka is growing rapidly. For centuries, Sri Lanka has been a popular place of attraction for foreign travelers. The Chinese traveler Fa-Hien visited Sri Lanka as early as the 4th century, and in the twelfth century, Italian explorer Marco Polo claimed Sri Lanka to be the "best island of its size in the world"

The government initiatives in development of tourism date back to 1937 when the Ceylon Tourist Bureau was established.[2] However, it was closed down in September 1939 due to World War II. After Sri Lanka's independence the promotion of tourism was again considered by re-establishing the Ceylon Tourist Board which took over the function of the Tourist Bureau. More formal recognition for the country's tourism sector was given with the enactment of Act No. 10 of 1966.[3] This provided the legislation for the establishment of Ceylon Tourist Board. Since then the Ceylon Tourist Board has functioned as the state agency, responsible for development and promotion of the tourism sector in Sri Lanka.

In October 2007 according to Section 2 of the Tourism Act No. 38 of 2005, the Sri Lanka Tourist Board (Act No 10 of 1966) was replaced by the Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority (SLTDA).

Currently Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority has classified Sri Lanka into several resort regions suitable for tourism development.

Colombo and Greater Colombo Resort Region: The Colombo and Greater Colombo Resort Region spreads along the Mount Lavinia in the south to Negambo in the north. Colombo city is the main part of the zone, and is the center for business activities, conferences and sport events in the country. Colombo serves as both a gateway and stopover point for international tourists.
South Coast Resort Region: The south coast zone extends from Wadduwa to Tissamaharama. The zone has been divided into two main regions. The first region extends from Wadduwa to Galle. Coastal areas like Kalutara, Beruwala, Bentota, Dedduwa, Madu Ganga, Balapitiya, Ahungalla, and Hikkaduwa are included in this region. The second region, extending from Galle to Tissamaharama, includes Unawatuna, Koggala, Weligama, Mirissa, Matara, Tangalle and Hambantota areas as sub-points of the zone.
East Coast Resort Region: The East Coast Resort Region extends from Kuchchaveli in the north to Pottuvil in the south. The main tourism zones in this region are Arugam Bay, Pasikudah, Trincomalee and Nilaveli.
West Coast Resort Region: The West Coast Resort Region extends along Kalpitiya, Marawila and Waikkala areas.
High Country Resort Region: Nuwara Eliya, Bandarawela and Maskeliya are included for the High Country Resort Region.
Ancient Cities Resort Region: This region has five world heritage sites, namely Anuradhapura, Dambulla, Kandy, Polonnaruwa and Sigiriya. Other regions include Habarana, Giritale, Matale and Victoria.
Other Resort Regions: This includes Yala, Udawalawa, Wasgamuwa, Pinnawala, and Ratnapura area.

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / Bali tourism
« on: May 10, 2018, 02:36:34 PM »
Bali is a living postcard, an Indonesian paradise that feels like a fantasy. Soak up the sun on a stretch of fine white sand, or commune with the tropical creatures as you dive along coral ridges or the colorful wreck of a WWII war ship. On shore, the lush jungle shelters stone temples and mischievous monkeys. The “artistic capital” of Ubud is the perfect place to see a cultural dance performance, take a batik or silver-smithing workshop, or invigorate your mind and body in a yoga class.

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / Phuket tourism
« on: May 10, 2018, 02:35:16 PM »
Phuket is a large island – so much so that it doesn’t really feel much like an island at all! Its size means there is always plenty to see and do and as such it’s a popular destination for all types of holidaymakers, from families and couples to groups of friends. Here’s what not to miss during your three days in Phuket.

Thailand’s largest island is an international magnet for beach lovers and serious divers, who enthusiastically submerge themselves in the Andaman Sea. Blue lagoons and salmon sunsets make for a dream-like atmosphere, and indeed, a vacation here can feel a bit surreal. Water sports are the most popular activities, though once you’ve had enough sun there’s still plenty to explore at the island’s aquariums, gardens, and Buddhist temples.

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / How to be Happy
« on: May 08, 2018, 03:51:59 PM »
Happiness is not a simple goal, but is about making progress, when it's as elusive as ever. Being happy often means continually finding satisfaction, contentment, a feeling of joy, and a sense that your life is meaningful during all kinds of problems — that does not depend upon finding ease or comfort.[1] Nobody is jolly or elated all the time, but some individuals are definitely more fulfilled/fortunate than others. Some studies reveal that happiness has little to do with comfort or possessions — so what is it about? A sense of well being/happiness is good for your health, so what can we do to have that.Read on to learn how to be happier.

Change your thoughts. People have a natural tendency to remember negative experiences but forget positive ones; however, thanks to adaptability (neuroplasticity), you can actually change the way your brain functions. You can train yourself to be happier by seeking self-actualizing work and your kind of fun.
Practice mindfulness. Occupy your mind with positive thoughts, actively striving, seeking, working on goals and humming a tune, for happy effects on the mind and body. Focusing on your experiences in the present moment without judging them or yourself can help you become more compassionate to yourself and to others.
Meditate. Activities that promote meditation, including an extended peaceful prayer, yoga, Tai Chi, or spiritual reflection, actually change an area of your brain called the insula, which is involved in your experience of empathy/understanding others. Developing your empathy muscles (helping others) will help you lead a happier life.
Make small events into appreciated “experiences.” Focus on and preserve the great little moment in a photo, write a journal or Facebook entry or make a short video. Make awareness of a gorgeous sunny day; accept a compliment from a friend. Why — this will train your brain to be happier by actively acknowledging the beauty of small moments and turning them into memorable “experiences.”
Smile a little, hop, skip and sing in those moments, and they will not slip so quietly through the cracks of memory. Say, "Thank you, so much!"; perhaps, write thank you notes on Facebook, use text, email or snail mail, appreciating people in a big way.

Look for the positive in all your experiences. The old saying that you find what you look for is true. Start. Because of this, make it a habit to actively seek out the positive in any experience. It’s not only good for your overall happiness, it’s good for your physical health, and boosts your immune system.
Accept harsh experiences and problems as learning opportunities. It can be tempting to let challenges or roadblocks keep us from feeling happy. Sometimes, it looks like there’s nothing good about a particular situation or experience. However, it’s important to think about even the greatest setbacks as experiences we can learn from for great results in the future/tomorrow.

Don't give up on your ideas. "Try, fail often, get over it quickly," says Myshkin Ingawale, in a 2012 TED talk. He discussed his inventing small, inexpensive blood-oxygen and hemoglobin diagnostic technology that now help save women’s lives in rural India. Many ideas were not successful at first. But instead of allowing himself to give up or see these challenges as failures, he used them as learning experiences for his next attempt. Now, his handheld invention for blood analysis has helped reduce maternal deaths from anemia and complications in rural India by 50%.

Refocusing on the positive can help you heal from traumas

Cultivate optimism. Why does winning the lottery not make people happy? In the 1970s, researchers followed people who'd won the lottery and found that a year afterward, they were no happier than people who hadn't. This is called hedonic adaptation, which suggests that we each have a “baseline” of happiness to which we return. No matter what events occur, good or bad, the effect on our happiness is temporary, and happiness tends to quickly revert to the baseline level. Some people have a higher baseline happiness level than others, and that is due in part to genetics, but it's also largely influenced by how you think.
There is power in intentions, having a purpose: Positive thinking is an important component of self-esteem and overall life satisfaction.[12] Optimism also tends to make your personal and work relationships better.
Optimism is more than just positive expectations. It’s a way of interpreting everything that happens to you. Pessimism tends to explain the world in global, unchangeable, internal terms: “Everything sucks,” “I can’t do anything to change this,” “It’s all my fault.” Developing an optimistic outlook means thinking about yourself and your world in limited, flexible terms.
For example, a pessimistic outlook might say, “I’m terrible at math. I’m going to fail that test tomorrow. I might as well just watch TV.” This statement suggests that your math skills are inherent and unchangeable, rather than a skill you can develop with work. Such an outlook could lead you to study less because you feel like there’s no point to it — you’re just an inherently bad mathematics student. This isn’t helpful.
An optimistic outlook would say something like “I’m concerned about doing well on that test tomorrow, but I’m going to study as well as I can and do my best.” Optimism doesn’t deny the reality of challenges, but it interprets how you approach them differently.


Dhaka is set to welcome half a dozen international hotel chains over the next couple of years, brought about by the growing influx of business travellers to Bangladesh.

“The economy is expanding and so is the number of guests,” said Md Jashim Uddin, vice-chairman of Bengal Group of Industries, which is constructing a 370-room hotel in the capital's Niketan area for about Tk 600 crore.

The property will be managed by Swiss hotel chain Swissôtel Hotels and Resorts. “We want to make the ultimate business hotel, which we do not have in the city yet,” he added.

Bengal is not the only local business group pouring in funds to expand the capital's luxury hotel landscape; Jamuna, Marium and Premier are entering the fray too.

New business opportunities have come up for construction of large infrastructure projects such as the Padma bridge, Rooppur nuclear power plant, metro rail and LNG terminals.

At the same time, the flow of business travellers related to the export-oriented garment industry is set to get bigger as the apparel makers chase an export target of $50 billion in 2021.

Altogether, the new hotels are expected to bring forth investment of about Tk 5,400 crore, according to industry insiders and a banker.

Marium Group is establishing a 200-room hotel in Hatirjheel area for about Tk 1,500 crore. The property will be christened the Holiday Inn Dhaka City Centre and is expected to open its doors to guests by the end of this year.

“There is a huge demand for luxury hotels. In fact, it is more than the supply in the city,” said Alam Ahmed, managing director of Holiday Inn.

Jamuna Group has struck a deal with Marriott International, the American luxury hospitality chain, to set up the 700-room JW Marriott Dhaka. The hotel will be located at Jamuna Future Park in Progoti Sarani. Premier Group is building JW Marriott's sister brand Courtyard by Marriot in the capital's Gulshan area. Unique Group, the parent company of Westin Dhaka, is establishing Sheraton Dhaka in Banani, while Lakeshore Hotels has teamed up with Thai hospitality group Dusit International to set up a business hotel in Uttara for Tk 150 crore.

Once all the under-construction properties become operational, the total supply of upscale hotel rooms in Dhaka will more than double to 3,000 from existing 1,250, according to industry operators.

The new entrants will also drive up competition, and possibly lower the room tariffs, said MA Awal, director of sales and marketing of Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka.

He went on to state that the supply is growing faster than the demand. Al-Amin, director of sales and marketing of The Westin Dhaka, differs in opinion.

“The room rates in upscale hotels in Dhaka are high, which reflects the solid demand,” he added.

Shahidus Sadeque, director of marketing and business promotion of InterContinental Dhaka, which is expected to resume welcoming visitors later this year, has a similar position. The economy grew steadily in the last five-six years, but the number of international hotels has not increased to that extent, he said.

“Our market is under-supplied. We have only half a dozen of international hotel brands whereas Kolkata has more than a dozen of such hotels,” he added.

At present, five international hotel chains are serving in Dhaka: Marriott International's brands Westin and Le Meridien, Radisson, Pan Pacific and Amari.

About 3.1 million visited Bangladesh in the last six years and the average occupancy rate in the upscale hotels in Dhaka is 60-70 percent, according to Syed Mehran Hussain, manager marketing of Four Points by Sheraton, which began operations last year. “And the number is increasing day by day. With the rise of visitors, the number of star-hotels is also increasing.”

This overview of the best places to visit in Thailand shows where to find the cultural, historic and natural attractions


For most travelers, especially the transcontinental ones, Bangkok is where they arrive in Asia. And even if you are not too fond of big cities, Bangkok deserves your attention. Perhaps you are jet-lagged and wish to be pampered before you continue to your beach resort, or you want to take advantage of the “Bangkok highlife” for a couple of days.

I’ve briefly touched on the nightlife entertainment in Bangkok, but as far as I am concerned, it is relatively restricted to certain areas in the city so it’s not as in-your-face as other tourists or guides will have you believe. Pattaya on the other hand is a little different, and its nickname “Sin City” tells you all you need to know. Unless you are deaf and blind, you will come across Thailand attractions for adults in Pattaya. Despite popular belief, nobody will force you inside though and the seaside town is more than just that.

After Bangkok as a port of arrival, Phuket is the 2nd most popular point of arrival for Australians, Singaporeans and travelers from the Emirates. Unlike the more urban character of Bangkok, Phuket offers island life and tropical paradise. It is a great stepping stone to other areas in the South, and whatever you are into in terms of sports or beach relaxation, you can find it on- and around Phuket.

Most Thailand first-timers tend to go to the South or stick around Pattaya for the first time. The second time around, they may opt to spend more time in Bangkok, but from what I’ve heard, by far the most of them tend to travel to Chiang Mai their second time around. Enticed by the prospect of seeing a more authentic Thailand, and not spending their entire holiday on a beach somewhere, travelers fly in to Chiang Mai or find more exotic and rougher ways to get there.

When you think about islands in Thailand, you can’t forget about Koh Samui. Also situated in the Southern part of Thailand, but a good 5 hours away from Phuket, this is the more quiet and exclusive island, especially compared to Phuket.

Tourism & Hospitality Management (THM) / Top Visited Cities
« on: April 22, 2018, 04:23:52 PM »
The top 25 most visited in 2016, and visitor predictions for 2017, are listed below.
Top cities for international tourists
1. Hong Kong: 26.55 million in 2016; 25.7 million expected in 2017 (-3.2% growth).
2. Bangkok: 21.25 million in 2016; 23.27 expected in 2017 (9.5% growth).
3. London: 19.19 million in 2016; 19.8 expected in 2017 (3.4% growth).
4. Singapore: 16.6 million in 2016; 17.6 million expected in 2017 (3.4% growth).
5. Macau: 15.39 million in 2016; 16.3 million expected in 2017 (5.9% growth).
6. Dubai: 14.9 million in 2016; 16 million expected in 2017 (7.7% growth).
7. Paris: 14.39 million in 2016; 14.26 million expected in 2017 (-0.9% growth).
8. New York City: 12.65 million in 2016; 13.1 million expected in 2017 (3.6% growth).
9. Shenzhen, China: 12.57 million in 2016; 12.96 million expected in 2017 (3.1% growth).
10. Kuala Lumpur: 12.29 million in 2016; 12.8 million expected in 2017 (4.5% growth).
11. Phuket, Thailand: 10.6 million in 2016; 12 million expected in 2017 (14% growth).
12. Rome: 9.4 million in 2016; 9.6 million expected in 2017 (1.8% growth).
13. Tokyo: 9.27 million in 2016; 9.7 million expected in 2017 (4.8% growth).
14. Taipei: 9.2 million in 2016; 9.3 million expected in 2017 (1% growth).
15. Istanbul: 9.17 million in 2016; 8.6 million expected in 2016 (-5.8% growth).
16. Seoul: 9 million in 2016; 7.66 million expected in 2017 (-14.9% growth).
17. Guangzhou, China: 8.6 million in 2016; 9 million expected in 2017 (5.3% growth).
18. Prague: 8.18 million in 2016; 8.5 million expected in 2017 (4.5% growth).
19. Mecca, Saudi Arabia: 7.96 million in 2016; 8.7 million expected in 2017 (9.8% growth).
20. Miami, Florida: 7.8 million in 2016; 8 million in 2017 (3.1% growth).
21. Delhi, India: 7.4 million in 2016; 10.26 million expected in 2017 (37.7% growth).
22. Mumbai, India: 7.19 million in 2016; 8.9 million expected in 2017 (23.5% growth).
23. Barcelona, Spain: 7.04 million in 2016; 7.6 million expected in 2017 (8.3% growth).
24. Pattaya, Thailand: 7.02 million in 2016; 7.3 million expected in 2017 (4.2% growth).
25. Shanghai: 6.9 million in 2016; 7.2 million expected in 2017 (4.3% growth).
This story was updated on November 16, 2017 to reflect revisions to Euromonitor International's Top 100 City Destinations Ranking 2017 report. Dubai's data was revised to reflect the publication of more recent official data statistics.

A community by definition implies individuals with some kind of collective responsibility, and the ability to make decisions by representative bodies.

Community based tourism is tourism in which local residents (often rural, poor and economically marginalised) invite tourists to visit their communities with the provision of overnight accommodation.

The residents earn income as land managers, entrepreneurs, service and produce providers, and employees. At least part of the tourist income is set aside for projects which provide benefits to the community as a whole.

Community based tourism enables the tourist to discover local habitats and wildlife, and celebrates and respects traditional cultures, rituals and wisdom. The community will be aware of the commercial and social value placed on their natural and cultural heritage through tourism, and this will foster community based conservation of these resources.

The tourist accommodation and facilities will be of sufficient standard for Western visitors, albeit those expecting simple rural accommodation. The community will be required to have continuous access to a phone (which might be required for medical assistance) and daily access to email (which will be required by operators to confirm bookings).

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