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Topics - Yousuf.Chy

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A leading conservation group has declared the Western Black Rhino of Africa officially extinct and says two other subspecies of rhinoceros are close to meeting the same fate.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature says the Northern White Rhino of central Africa is now "possibly extinct" in the wild and the Javan Rhino "probably extinct" in Vietnam, after poachers killed the last animal there in 2010. A small but declining population survives on the Indonesian island of Java.

IUCN said today that a quarter of all mammals are at risk of extinction, according to its updated Red List of endangered species.

But the group says species such as the Southern White Rhino and the Przewalski's Horse have been brought back from the brink with successful conservation programmes.


Common Forum / The World's Tallest Hotel
« on: November 17, 2011, 11:22:30 PM »
The world's tallest hotel opens its doors in Hong Kong

It offers a bird's eye view of one of the most spectacular skylines in the world. These come in the form of six restaurants, a sky-high spa with floor-to-ceiling windows and an indoor infinity pool overlooking the iconic harbour.

The Ritz Carlton Hong Kong (centre), the tallest hotel in the world

The hotel's facilities include state-of-the-art technology including WiFi, iPod docking stations, Blu-ray DVD players and flat screen TVs.

There are three restaurants on the 102nd floor, including Tin Lung Heen, which is a Chinese restaurant serving refined Cantonese cuisine; Tosca, an Italian restaurant which offers Southern Italian cuisine and the very stylish The Lounge & Bar with fire pits and open kitchens.

In addition, there is a chocolate-themed lounge named The Chocolate Library on 103rd floor and a stylish patisserie located on 9th floor.

Managers say the jewel in the crown is Ozone, located on the hotel's 118th floor.

It offers contemporary Asian tapas and signature cocktails to a backdrop of incredible views as well as the chance to drink on the world's highest al fresco terrace.

The hotel has an ESPA on site which is located on the 116th floor.

The hotel has six restaurants and a leisure centre with an infinity pool overlooking the harbour

A hallway at the hotel which occupies the 102nd to 118st floors of the fourth tallest building in the world

The building towers over other skyscrapers nearby

Chefs at work in one of the restaurants which all have views over Hong Kong


Pharmacy / Oldest Living Trees
« on: November 17, 2011, 06:01:09 PM »
By far the tallest living things are redwood trees. Relatives of the sequoia, they can soar taller than a 36-storey building. Like all trees, redwoods and sequoias continue to grow as long as they are alive. Thus, the longer a tree lives, the taller and wider it becomes.

Except for men who cut them down for timber or earthquakes, fires and lightning—redwoods and sequoias have few enemies. Scientists have researched the redwoods carefully, and have not found even one that has died of old age, sickness, or insect attack. This latter is a common problem of trees. The Dutch elm disease killed and ruined thousands of the beautiful shade trees of many American small towns.

It is significant therefore that no redwood tree has been found older than about 4,000 years. There are, though, many sequoias and redwoods in the 3,000 year-old range. The most famous sequoia tree, ‘General Sherman’, located in the Sequoia National Park in California, is about as high as a 27-storey building. It has been around for something like 4,000 years. To support its height, its immense trunk is so large that 17 men stretching out their arms could just about reach around it. This single tree contains enough wood to construct 100 modern houses.

But as tall and old as many sequoias are, they are not the oldest tree. A bristlecone pine in the White Mountains of California has this honour. It is more than 4,000 years old.

As trees such as the bristlecone pines and the redwoods are still living after 4,000 years or more, and seem impervious to the normal problems of trees, it is conceivable that they could live another 4,000 years or longer.


Open Source Forum / World's Fastest Supercomputer-Mira
« on: November 17, 2011, 05:34:24 PM »
Say hello to the Blue Gene/Q, or if you're looking for something a bit less intimidating, "Mira." That's IBM's latest and greatest concoction, a ten-petaflop supercomputer capable of running programs at ten quadrillion calculations a second. Hard to say who'd win between Mira and Watson, of course, but there's absolutely no question who'd come out on top if Mira were pitted against her predecessor Intrepid (hint: Mira's 20x faster). To put this all in perspective, IBM's chiming in with this:

    "If every man, woman and child in the United States performed one calculation each second, it would take them almost a year to do as many calculations as Mira will do in one second."

Mira's next stop is at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, where it'll be used to tackle 16 projects in particular that were drawn from a pool of proposals to gain access to her capabilities. We're told that these include a range of initiatives -- from reducing energy inefficiencies in transportation and developing advanced engine designs to spurring advances in energy technologies -- and in time, it could lead to exascale-class computers "that will be faster than petascale-class computers by a factor of a thousand." And here we are getting excited about a 5GHz Core i7.


IT Forum / Information Technology & Some Personalities
« on: November 14, 2011, 06:43:25 PM »
Henry Edward "Ed" Roberts (September 13, 1941 – April 1, 2010) - was an American engineer, entrepreneur and medical doctor who designed the first commercially successful personal computer in 1975 . He is most often known as "the father of the personal computer". He founded Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS) in 1970 to sell electronics kits to model rocketry hobbyists, but the first successful product was an electronic calculator kit that was featured on the cover of the November 1971 issue of Popular Electronics. The calculators were very successful and sales topped one million dollars in 1973.

A brutal calculator price war left the company deeply in debt by 1974. Roberts then developed the Altair 8800 personal computer that used the new Intel 8080 microprocessor. This was featured on the cover of the January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics, and hobbyists flooded MITS with orders for this $397 computer kit.

Bill Gates and Paul Allen joined MITS to develop software and Altair BASIC was Microsoft's first product. Roberts sold MITS in 1977 and retired to Georgia where he farmed, studied medicine and eventually became a small-town doctor.

Islam & Science / Quranic Botanical Garden
« on: November 14, 2011, 06:26:23 PM »
Quranic Botanical Garden, the first of its kind in the world, has been officially inaugurated by HH Sheikha Mozah Nasser al-Misnad, at the Education City, thereby carving a historical milestone.

The unique project was led off by the Qatar Foundation Chairperson, who planted a Sidra sapling at the proposed site. The project features plants mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and Hadith (Sayings) of the Prophet, which carries about 150 verses in the Qur’an alone, depicting a diverse flora.

Located opposite the Sidra Medical and Research Center, which is now under construction, the aims and objectives of the Qur’anic Garden differs from other botanical space, say senior officials.

It will perform various roles in the field of education, scientific research, religious ethics, plant conservation and its sustainable use. This could be achieved through various activities, said Dr. Saif al-Hajari, QF Vice Chairman.

It will also record these plants and documents, as well as traditional plants, their uses, medicinal importance and integrate the resulting data with modern science.

UNESCO was developed with a similar concept, which includes scientific research, environmental conservation, education, recreation and scientific research. The organization continues to persuade other Arab countries to initiate the project.

According to UNESCO , a live display of plants mentioned in the Holy Qur’an arranged in the form of a traditional quadripartite garden, will be useful to carry out appropriate training programmes on environmental conservation, apart from spreading the knowledge on the Holy Book.

The Qur’amoc Garden is a three-part project, and the first phase has been unveiled this week. Spreading over 24 hectares on completion, the project will include about 350 species of local flora, apart from51 plants mentioned in the Qur’an and Hadith – from mustard to saffron to pumpkin and henna to pomegranate.

The activities of the garden include wide range of pursuits, phytochemical components, relation between people and centuries-old plants, specialized heritage library, newsletters, special corner for traditional uses, resources and newsletter for students and researchers.

The officials are of the opinion that the garden is expected to foster QF’s scientific-related ambitions and develop into a tourist destination. They also lauded the UNESCO Doha office, its Director, Dr. Hamad al-Hammami, Maerst and others at the Virginia Commonwealth University in Qatar, who emerge with the brilliantly-sketched logo of The Qur’anic Garden.


Common Forum / Job Opportunity @ GP for Undergraduate Students
« on: November 14, 2011, 06:15:37 PM »
Dear Students,

if you are an undergraduate student (0 to 60 credits) or equivalent/ Equivalent year (2nd year), then contact with your CV (soft copy) to the Career Development Center at Business campus. Be careful tomorrow (15/11/2011) is the last date.

You can also register and fill up the CV form available at .

Dear Students,

if you are an undergraduate student (0 to 60 credits) or equivalent/ Equivalent year (2nd year), then contact with your CV (soft copy) to the Career Development Center at Business campus. Be careful tomorrow (15/11/2011) is the last date.

You can also register and fill up the CV form available at .

BBA Discussion Forum / Job Opportunity @ GP for Undergraduate Students
« on: November 14, 2011, 06:12:34 PM »
Dear Students,

if you are an undergraduate student (0 to 60 credits) or equivalent/ Equivalent year (2nd year), then contact with your CV (soft copy) to the Career Development Center at Business campus. Be careful tomorrow (15/11/2011) is the last date.

You can also register and fill up the CV form available at .

Common Forum / The world's funniest country
« on: November 13, 2011, 06:12:18 PM »
Social website recently surveyed about the most and least funniest countries in the world.

The following is from,

According to 30,000 respondents in 15 countries, Americans are the best at making people laugh, followed by Spaniards and Italians. Canada didn't crack the top 10, and the least funny of the 15 nations was Germany. And much to the chagrin of London-based Badoo, Britons came in at No. 7. "I'm afraid that we don't find some of the results very funny," says Badoo marketing director Lloyd Price. Here, a brief guide to the rankings:

What exactly did Badoo ask?
Two questions: "Which nationality — excluding your own — do you feel is the funniest and/or best at making people laugh?" and "Which nationality do you feel is the LEAST funny and/or good at making people laugh?" The poll had about 2,000 respondents from each of the 15 countries surveyed.

Common Forum / World's First Biodegradable Car
« on: November 11, 2011, 02:56:53 PM »
Product designers Kenneth Cobonpue and Albrecht Birkner with the world’s first bamboo and rattan biodegradable car, dubbed the Phoenix. The Phoenix was built in 10 days, comprised of bamboo, rattan, steel, and nylon. The length of the biodegradable car measures 153 inches long and is a small solution to a big problem; the waste created  by old cars that outlive their purpose. According to Mr. Cobonpue, “this project attempts to unveil the future of green vehicles using woven skins from organic fibers mates to composite materials and powered by green technology.”

On average, a person keeps a car for 5 years in industrialized countries, 10-20 elsewhere, and with that in the mind the Phoenix’s biodegradable skin is designed to meet those needs while not outliving its purpose. Interestingly, the skin of the vehicle can be replaced inexpensively if the owner wishes to keep their car longer, and the frame of the Phoenix can be easily customized to meet the needs of its customers. As of now there is no word on exactly what will power the Phoenix, but an all-electric setup would seemingly be small enough to power this little work of art.


Image Source:

BBA Discussion Forum / The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
« on: November 11, 2011, 10:42:45 AM »
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (formerly Organization of the Islamic Conference) is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations which has membership of 57 states spread over four continents. The Organization is the collective voice of the Muslim world and ensuring to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among various people of the world. The Organization was established upon a decision of the historical summit which took place in Rabat, Kingdom of Morocco on 12th Rajab 1389 Hijra (25 September 1969) as a result of criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem.

In 1970 the first ever meeting of Islamic Conference of Foreign Minister (ICFM) was held in Jeddah which decided to establish a permanent secretariat in Jeddah headed by the organization’s secretary general. Prof Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu is the 9th Secretary General who assumed the office in January 2005 after being elected by the 31st ICFM.

The present Charter of the Organization was adopted by the Eleventh Islamic Summit held in Dakar on 13-14 March 2008 which laid down the objectives and principles of the organization and fundamental purposes to strengthen the solidarity and cooperation among the Member States. Over the last 40 years, the membership has grown from its founding members of 25 to 57 states. The Organization has the singular honor to galvanize the Ummah into a unified body and have actively represented the Muslims by espousing all causes close to the hearts of over 1.5 billion Muslims of the world. The Organization has consultative and cooperative relations with the UN and other inter-governmental organizations to protect the vital interests of the Muslims and to work for the settlement of conflicts and disputes involving Member States. In safeguarding the true values of Islam and the Muslims, the organization has taken various steps to remove misperceptions and have strongly advocated elimination of discrimination against the Muslims in all forms and manifestations.

The Member States of the OIC face many challenges in the 21st century and to address those challenges, the third extraordinary session of the Islamic Summit held in Makkah in December 2005, laid down the blue print called the Ten-Year Program of Action which envisages joint action of Member States, promotion of tolerance and moderation, modernization, extensive reforms in all spheres of activities including science and technology, education, trade enhancement, and emphasizes good governance and promotion of human rights in the Muslim world, especially with regard to rights of children, women and elderly and the family values enshrined by Islam.

Under the Charter, the Organization aims, inter alia, to:

    Enhance and consolidate the bonds of fraternity and solidarity among the Member States;

    Safeguard and protect the common interests and support the legitimate causes of the Member States and coordinate and unify the efforts of the Member States in view of the challenges faced by the Islamic world in particular and the international community in general;

    Respect the right of self-determination and non-interference in the domestic affairs and to respect sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of each Member State;

    Ensure active participation of the Member States in the global political, economic and social decision-making processes to secure their common interests;

    Reaffirm its support for the rights of peoples as stipulated in the UN Charter and international law;

    Strengthen intra-Islamic economic and trade cooperation; in order to achieve economic integration leading to the establishment of an Islamic Common Market;

    Exert efforts to achieve sustainable and comprehensive human development and economic well-being in Member States;

    Protect and defend the true image of Islam, to combat defamation of Islam and encourage dialogue among civilizations and religions;

    Enhance and develop science and technology and encourage research and cooperation among Member States in these fields;

In order to realize these objectives, Member States shall act, inter alia, in accordance with the following principles:

    All Member States commit themselves to the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter;

    Member States are sovereign, independent and equal in rights and obligations;

    All Member States shall settle their disputes through peaceful means and refrain from use or threat of use of force in their relations;

    All Member States undertake to respect national sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of other Member States and shall refrain from interfering in the internal affairs of others;

    Member States shall uphold and promote, at the national and international levels, good governance, democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law.

The Organization is composed of the following main bodies:

The Islamic Summit, composed of Kings and Heads of State and Government of Member States, is the supreme authority of the Organization. It convenes once every three years to deliberate, take policy decisions and provide guidance on all issues pertaining to the realization of the objectives and consider other issues of concern to the Member States and the Ummah.

The Council of Foreign Ministers, which meets once a year, considers the means for the implementation of the general policy of the Organization by, inter alia:

a. Adopting decisions and resolutions on matters of common interest in the implementation of the objectives and the general policy of the Organization;

b. Reviewing progress of the implementation of the decisions and resolutions adopted at the previous Summits and Councils of Foreign Ministers;

The General Secretariat, which is the executive organ of the Organization, entrusted with the implementation of the decisions of the two preceding bodies.

So far eleven Islamic Summit Conferences and 38 Councils of Foreign Ministers (CFM) have been held. The Eleventh Islamic Summit Conference held in Dakar on 13-14 March 2008 elected Senegal as the current Chairman of the Organization. The Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Professor Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, was re-elected for a new term of office at the closing meeting of the 11th Session of the Islamic Summit Conference. The new OIC Charter was adopted at the Dakar Summit. The Summit also witnessed the setting up of the Special Programme for the Development of Africa (SPDA). An agreement between H.E. President Omar Hassan Al Bashir and H.E. President Idriss Deby, President of the Republic of Chad, under the auspices of H.E. Maitre Abdoulaye Wade, President of the Republic of Senegal, was signed on the sidelines of the 11th Islamic Summit Conference, on 13 March 2008. Before the Summit Conference, at His Excellency President Abdoulaye Wade’s initiative, the first conference of humanitarian and charity organizations was held in Saly Portudal from 7 to 9 March 2008.

In order to coordinate and boost its action, align its view points and stands, and be credited with concrete results in various fields of cooperation -political, economic, cultural, social, spiritual and scientific- among Member States, the Organization has created different committees, nearly all, at ministerial level, a number of which are chaired by Heads of State. The Al-Quds Committee, the Standing Committee for Information and Cultural Affairs (COMIAC), the Standing Committee for Economic and Trade Cooperation (COMCEC), and the Standing Committee for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH) are the ones Chaired by Heads of State.

The number and types of secondary organs and institutions, working toward the achievement of the OIC objectives, have been steadily increasing, and cover various areas of cultural, scientific, economic, legal, financial, sports, technological, educational, media, as well as vocational, social and humanitarian. Depending on their degree of autonomy vis-à-vis the parent organization, they are classified as subsidiary organs and specialized or affiliated institutions.

Biography of Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu

(Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation)

Professor Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu of Turkey is the first by-vote-elected Secretary General of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Ever since he took the office as the ninth Secretary General in January 2005, he has taken serious steps to make the 57 member states organization as an effective organization.

Since his association with the OIC from 1980 as founding Director General of the Research Centre for Islamic History, Culture and Arts (IRCICA) in Istanbul, Prof. Dr. Ihsanoglu has pioneered activities towards creating awareness about Islamic culture across the world through research, publishing, and organizing congresses in various fields, including history of arts and sciences, and intercultural relations. Furthermore, he has initiated and supervised programs for the protection and promotion of the written and the architectural heritage of Islamic civilization in various countries. He has also contributed to scholarly debates on intercultural dialogues. With his institutional and personal initiatives, he has earned recognition at intellectual circles as a leading contributor to rapprochement between cultures, particularly between the Muslim and Western worlds.

Prof. Dr. Ihsanoglu objectively lays out the urgency for socio-economic reforms in the Muslim world in order to achieve progress and development. He ardently supports the rights of the Muslim minorities and respect for human rights globally, which he passionately advocated both in his writings and speeches.

Prof. Dr. Ihsanoglu was born in Cairo, Egypt in 1943. He received his B.S. at Ain Shams University in 1966 and master’s degree in chemistry in 1970. After completing his Ph.D. studies at Ankara University, Turkey in 1974, he did his post-doctoral research from 1975 to 1977 as a research fellow at University of Exeter, the United Kingdom.

He served as a faculty member in faculties of science and then became the first professor and founding Head of the Department of History of Science of Istanbul University. He is also the founding Chairman of Turkish Society for History of Science (TBTK) and ISAR Foundation. He further served as the President of International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (IUHPS) between 2001 and 2005. He is member of various international societies; scientific councils, advisory boards of numerous academies, centres and institutes, and editorial boards of many journals in a number of Islamic and western countries.

He wrote numerous books, articles and papers in Turkish, English and Arabic on science, history of science, Islamic culture, Turkish culture, relations between the Muslim world and the Western world, and Turkish-Arab relations, some of which were translated to several eastern and western languages.

He was conferred with medals by kings and presidents as well as with honorary doctorates by a number of universities around the world.

He is fluent in Turkish, English and Arabic languages and has a working knowledge in French and Persian. He is married and father of three young men.


Common Forum / World's Largest & Smallest
« on: November 10, 2011, 06:04:20 PM »
Largest Continent is Asia.    
Smallest Continent is Australia.

Russia is the largest country in the world.
Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. Home of the Pope and the governing body of the Roman Catholic Church.

China is the most populated country in the world.
Vatican City is the least populated country.

The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions
The smallest ocean in the world is the Arctic Ocean.

Mount Everest  is the world's highest mountain, with a peak at 8,848 meters (29,029 ft) above sea level.
Lupghar Sar is 109th on the list of world tallest mountains

Sports Zone / Extreme Sports
« on: October 30, 2011, 06:29:34 PM »
BASE Jumping: is very extreme activity that includes a parachute (can be used both parachute and wingsuit) to jump from fixed objects, with unopened parachute like skydiving. The acronym “B.A.S.E.” stands for: Building, Antenna, Span, Earth – four categories of objects from which B.A.S.E. jumper can jump.

Bodyboarding: is a kind of wave surfing. But instead of surfboard u have a rectangular piece of hydrodynamic foam.Shape of board depends on riding style, and rider himself. Wiki says that bodyboarding is fastest growing extreme water sports all over the world.

Canoeing: extreme canoeing (a.k.a whitewater canoeing or whitewater racing). These extreme guys race specialized canoes and kayaks down a dangerous whitewater rivers.

Cliff Jumping:

Common Forum / Electronic Voting Machine
« on: October 30, 2011, 05:58:24 PM »
Electronic Voting Machines or EMV designed in 2005 by three BUET students. They are KM Masum Habib, Rajib Mikail and Mahmudul Hasan. They designed these machines under supervision of Dr. SM Lutful kabir of BUET. These machines first used at Chittagong City Corporation election. They were successfully used at 14 polling stations. The machines are presently being used in the Narayanganj City Corporation election.

The battery run machines has to components- the ballot machine and the control unit. The ballot machine looks exactly like ballot paper, the only difference being that it is fitted with buttons. The names of the candidates are clearly written in the machine’s face alongside their symbols. To cast his or her ballot, a voter simply needs to press the button beside the candidate’s name and symbol.

Ref.: Daily Star.

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