Employability starts from the day one of development. It is related with the exchange of a commodity as part of trade. The world market is so close to and dependent on each other that trade has become very much cost-sensitive. Now the world is called a global village. For minimising the cost of a product, an efficient system of production is also needed. An efficient production system is only possible, if there is an efficient manager. The quality of an efficient manager depends upon his or her proficiency in doing a job. Proficiency, however, can be improved or achieved through formal or informal education and sometimes through training.
Education is a process that helps a human being increase the capacity to cope with a competitive situation while doing a job. In a society every human being has some basic rights. Now, the concept of society under a legal framework is called a country having its own flag and national anthem and it is also a member of the world community i.e. the United Nations (UN). Every government of an independent country has some mandatory obligations towards the people, because some conditions attached to the UN membership are mandatory for every member country. Basic rights (e.g. food, shelter, education and cloth) of a human being are protected under the UN charter. Our Constitution upholds these basic rights. Our successive governments have worked to that end since 1972. The world community also has offered financial assistance and lent other supports to achieve the millennium development goals (MDG) and thus reduce poverty.
Our education system consists of stages like primary, secondary, higher secondary, graduation and post-graduation. The primary, secondary and higher secondary stages that take almost twelve years lay the foundation for higher education. The level of competence and the required level of education of a job seeker depend on the stage of economic development of a country.
Every government is responsible for educating their people and creating employability. Our government is trying to improve the lifestyle of the people. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Bangladesh stands at US$ 153.58 billion and the per capita income US$ 1,044.00. According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, the population of Bangladesh is 156,249,266. About 47 million (4.70 crore) people live below the poverty level as per the World Bank report, 2013. Another 10 million people are working abroad as unskilled workers. What is a matter of concern is 15 million people are unemployed or jobless while reportedly 400 thousand foreigners are working in Bangladesh. Of them, 100 thousand are working illegally.
The British Council is working on development of skills in English Language which is the official language of 80 countries, de facto language of three countries and de facto official (not primary) language of four countries. Under their annual arrangement the conference "Going Global" was held this year in Miami, USA providing an open forum for global leaders in the arena of international education to discuss issues faced by the international education community. More than 1,000 leaders from 80 countries were present and this scribe was one of the 11 members of the Bangladesh team at the forum. We realised that we are facing the same problems as other developing countries do. The poor quality of higher education is the main reason for unemployment. Quality higher education very much depends on the quality of primary education. If anybody fails to get quality education at primary and secondary levels, then it is hard to bridge the gap at the higher education level and the same thing is happening in our society.
We can draw lessons from the world community and improve our education system. At least we can follow the system in Singapore. The people there are very much concerned about their quality of education. They have made it mandatory for everyone to learn English as the main language and one foreign language which is the native language of a student in order to facilitate his/her practice of that language. They have no drinking water even. Still the per capita income in Singapore was US$ 51,709.45 in 2012. The main resource of Singapore is the manpower. We can arrange seminars and conferences at the national level and motivate our leaders in the arena of education, but must give the topmost priority to quality education at the primary level. Our people are very serious about educating their kids. They need the congenial atmosphere only. Bangladesh is one of the countries where the peoples laid down their lives for independence. At present, about 20 million boys and girls have enrolled themselves for primary education. We must impart them quality education so that we can export skilled manpower and earn an increased volume of foreign exchange.
Source: The Financial Express