Discrimination & It's Types

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Offline Yousuf.Chy

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Discrimination & It's Types
« on: September 15, 2010, 06:21:56 PM »
Discrimination is a sociological term referring to the treatment taken toward or against a person of a certain group in consideration based solely on class or category. Discrimination is the actual behavior towards another group. It involves excluding or restricting members of one group from opportunities that are available to other groups. The United Nations explains: "Discriminatory behaviors take many forms, but they all involve some form of exclusion or rejection." In some countries, controversial attempts such as racial quotas have been used to redress negative effects of discrimination.

The following are the major types of discriminations:

Race and Ethnicity discrimination

To treat differently a person or group of people based on their racial origins. Power is a necessary precondition, for it depends on the ability to give or withhold social benefits, facilities, services, opportunities etc., from someone who should be entitled to them, and are denied on the basis of race, colour or national origin.

Age discrimination


Age discrimination is discrimination on the grounds of age. Although theoretically the word can refer to the discrimination against any age group, age discrimination usually comes in one of three forms: discrimination against youth (also called adultism), discrimination against those 40 years old or older, and discrimination against elderly people.
Ageism is the causal effect of a continuum of fears related to age. This continuum includes:
•   Ephebiphobia: the fear of youth.
•   Gerontophobia: the fear of elderly people.
•   Pediaphobia: the fear of infants or small children.

Sex and Gender discrimination


Though gender discrimination and sexism refers to beliefs and attitudes in relation to the gender of a person, such beliefs and attitudes are of a social nature and do not, normally, carry any legal consequences. Sex discrimination, on the other hand, may have legal consequences.

The United Nations had stated that women often experience a "glass ceiling" and that there are no societies in which women enjoy the same opportunities as men. The term "glass ceiling" is used to describe a perceived barrier to advancement in employment based on discrimination, especially sex discrimination.


Employment discrimination


Employment discrimination refers to disabling certain people to apply and receive jobs based on their race, age, gender, religion, sexual orientation and disability. In relationship to Sociology, employment discrimination usually relates to what events are happening in society at the time.

Sexual Orientation Discrimination

In 2009, ILGA published a report based on research carried out by Daniel Ottosson at Södertörn University College, Stockholm, Sweden. This research found that of the 80 countries around the world that continue to consider homosexuality illegal, five carry the death penalty for homosexual activity, and two do in some regions of the country.
 
Language discrimination

Diversity of language is protected and respected by most nations who value cultural diversity. However, people are sometimes subjected to different treatment because their preferred language is associated with a particular group, class or category. Commonly, the preferred language is just another attribute of separate ethnic groups.

More information can be found in:- http://en.wikipedia.org.
Yousuf Chowdhury
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Offline papelrezwan

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Re: Discrimination & It's Types
« Reply #1 on: September 17, 2010, 11:59:38 AM »
Definition of Discrimination:

1.
The act of discriminating
The process by which two stimuli differing in some aspect are responded to differently

2.
The quality or power of finely distinguishing

3.
The act, practice, or an instance of discriminating categorically rather than individually

Prejudiced or prejudicial outlook, action, or treatment <racial discrimination>
— dis•crim•i•na•tion•al\-shnəl, -shə-nəl\ adjective


Examples of Discrimination:
The law prohibits discrimination in hiring.
He sued the company for age discrimination.
The animal's impressive scent discrimination


First Known Use of Discrimination:
1648


Related to Discrimination:

Synonyms: demarcation, discreteness, separation, distinction

Related Words: differentiation; isolation, segregation

Near Antonyms: blurring, confusion


Rhymes with Discrimination:
abbreviation, abomination, acceleration, accentuation, accommodation, accreditation, acculturation, accumulation, actualization, adjudicate


Learn more about "discrimination" and related topics at Britannica.com


Next Word in the Dictionary: discriminative

Previous Word in the Dictionary: discriminating

All Words Near: discrimination

Md. Rezwanur Rahman
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Offline Shamim Ansary

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Re: Discrimination & It's Types
« Reply #2 on: September 18, 2010, 04:41:10 PM »
I dream a world without the term DISCRIMINATION.
"Many thanks to Allah who gave us life after having given us death and (our) final return (on the Day of Qiyaamah (Judgement)) is to Him"

Offline Yousuf.Chy

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Re: Discrimination & It's Types
« Reply #3 on: September 18, 2010, 05:59:00 PM »
Thank you Mr. Rezwan for adding more information.

We all should try to avoid discrimination and correct others if they doing any discrimination.
Yousuf Chowdhury
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Daffodil International University
Member, DIUAA
Cell: +880 01713493051.
E-mail: yousuf.chy@daffodilvarsity.edu.bd

Offline jafar_bre

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Re: Discrimination & It's Types
« Reply #4 on: September 22, 2010, 12:23:29 AM »
Shamim Ansary bai ... i also agree with you  this day is not far

good job
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