Entrepreneurs can now apply for funds to help meet the cost of implementation of energy efficiency measures, as the central bank plans to launch green business financing.
“Fund worth $500m will be dedicated to the green textile,” said Bangladesh Bank Governor Atiur Rahman at a seminar in the city yesterday.
“This will be an incremental fund like Export Development Fund (EDF), which now stands at $1.5bn,” he said.
In 1989 Bangladesh Bank launched the EDF with an initial fund of over $31m to promote exports, with cheaper rates of interest.
The announcement of launching of green fund came in response to recommendations given by experts and entrepreneurs at the seminar titled Access to Finance—Environmental Sustainability in the Textiles Sector, jointly organised by the Policy Research Institute of Bangladesh (PRI) and International Finance Corporation.
PRI executive director Ahsan H Mansur chaired the seminar, attended by experts, entrepreneurs, lenders and government officials.
The central bank chief put emphasis on branding of textile industry and other industries, saying the timing of the launch of the fund is critical right now as the global demand for environment-friendly goods are on the rise.
To popularise the environment-friendly technology adoption, he said similar kinds of steps like setting up apps for woman entrepreneurs will be taken so that information related to green financing can be available.
Describing different measures already taken by the central bank, Atiur said Bangladesh Bank has so far identified 47 green products under the refinance scheme with addition of three new products, including garment sector.
All financial institutions have also been directed to allocate at least 5% of their loan to green finance by 2016, he added.
BB governor urged the government to allocate fund in the next national budget for green financing so that the central bank can lend at lower interest rates.
The central bank has been working with many development partners and some regulatory bodies in green financing area, he said.
He suggested the stock market be used for another source of green financing.
“I think the securities regulator may allow some of small companies to go public for raising fund from the stock market for green financing.”
Professor Mustafizur Rahman said some fiscal measures can be taken to encourage environmentally products and to discourage harmful products.
“For example, India is coming up in the big way in the ready-made garment sector. If you look at their budget in the fiscal year that began in April last year, there was conscious policy to project India as environmental friendly ready-made garment producer,” Atiur noted.
He said: “We have enough institutional mechanism and financial resources but I think we need to calibrate the policies in order to help this particular sector.”
He said energy efficiency leading to higher productivity and higher productivity leading to higher profits. “If this circle is ensured, then obviously it will be sustainable.”
Former BGMEA vice president Faruque Hassan said import of machinery, to be used in environmental-friendly initiatives, should be tax-free.
CEO of Standard Chartered Bank Abrar A Anwar said financing will not be available unless entrepreneurs are not responsible in green financing project.
According to the keynote paper presented by Ahsan H Mansur, the textile sector in Dhaka currently consumes 1,500bn litres of groundwater annually to produce 5m tonnes of fabric (300 litres per kg fabric). The global standards is well below 100 litres per kg of fabric.
Entrepreneurs and textile experts also suggested cleaner production is a preventive, company-specific initiative intended to minimise the use of inputs such as energy, water, raw materials; reduce waste and emission and maximise outputs.
Barriers like lack of awareness and mindset were also identified against using green technology in apparel industries for green products at the seminar.