Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking

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Offline sadekur738

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Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« on: March 17, 2015, 01:07:23 PM »
Critical Thinking

A collection of mental processes leading up to a decision on the merit of a proposal or product, where ‘merit’ could be in terms of truth, usefulness, effectiveness, significance, desirability, and so on.

Components of Critical Thinking

    Prior knowledge,
    Access to meanings of words and sentences,
    A set of mental dispositions,
    A set of mental abilities, and
    A set of criteria of evaluation.

Prior Knowledge

For instance, we reject the claim that humans have 15 fingers on each hand on the basis of our prior knowledge of human beings. Many of us may not have sufficient prior knowledge of horses to evaluate the truth of the claim that horses have 24 teeth.

Meaning

For instance, the claim that the majority of human beings have four fingers on each hand is false if the intended meaning of the word ‘finger’ is ‘any digit on the hand’, but true if it is ‘any digit on the hand excluding the thumb’. The same remark applies to the astronomer’s rejection of the traditional claim that there are nine planets in the Solar system: eliminating Pluto from the set of planets depends on the meaning we ascribe to the word ‘planet’.

Mental Dispositions

    Intellectual skepticism, i.e. not believing or rejecting anything without carefully considering the evidence for and against it;
    Willingness to question and demand evidence;
    A sense of the uncertainty and fallibility of human knowledge; and
    Openness of mind, i.e. readiness to reject elements of prior ‘knowledge’ on the basis of new evidence and thinking.

Mental Abilities

    Ability to identify (a) refuting information, (b) supporting information, (c) internal logical contradictions, and (d) flaws in reasoning.
    Ability to reason, i.e. to make legitimate inferences.
    Ability to think of alternative interpretations.

Criteria of Evaluation

For instance, the criteria of evaluating theories in the physical sciences include logical consistency, correctness of predictions, simplicity, and generality. Engineering and technology may replace simplicity with cost. Correctness of predictions is irrelevant for literature.

reference: http://www.cdtl.nus.edu.sg/success/sl2.htm

Offline kafy

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #1 on: March 23, 2015, 09:59:40 AM »
Thank you.

Offline sayem2408

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #2 on: April 07, 2015, 12:41:35 AM »
very good

Offline amit15-1618

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #3 on: April 07, 2015, 12:55:21 AM »
good one

Offline Enamul Hossain Bhuiya

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #4 on: April 07, 2015, 01:10:39 AM »
very nice

Offline Md. Mamunur Rashid

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #5 on: April 07, 2015, 01:11:42 AM »
nice article

Offline abdulmomin

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #6 on: April 07, 2015, 07:14:04 AM »
thank you sir for sharing this information

Offline Mosammat Arifa Akter

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #7 on: April 20, 2015, 10:46:57 AM »
Thanks for sharing..
Mosammat Arifa Akter
Senior Lecturer(Mathematics)
General Educational Development
Daffodil International University

Offline ABM Nazmul Islam

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #8 on: May 05, 2015, 03:26:44 PM »
in essence the whole concept come up...thanks..
ABM Nazmul Islam

Lecturer
Dept. of Natural Science
Daffodil Int. University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Offline drkamruzzaman

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #9 on: July 08, 2015, 10:01:25 AM »
Interesting post...
Dr. Md. Kamruzzaman
Assistant Professor
Department of Natural Sciences
Faculty of Science & Information Technology
Daffodil International University

Offline nadimhaider

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Re: Thinking Skill: Critical Thinking
« Reply #10 on: August 22, 2015, 05:49:04 PM »
critical post