There are two a kinds of approaches to manage the stress of employees: individual’s approaches and organizational approach. These approaches are discussed below-
2. Individual’s approaches: An employee can take personal responsibility for reducing stress levels. Individuals approaches are discussed below-
i. Time management: By following time management Principles employees can reduce their stress. These principles are (i) Making daily list of activities to be accomplished (ii) prioritizing activities by importance and urgency (iii) scheduling activities (iv) Knowing your daily cycle and handling most demanding part.
ii. Physical exercise approach: Noncompetitive physical exercise can reduce stress. Such physical exercise is aerobics, waling, jogging, swimming, and riding a bicycle etc.
iii. Relaxation techniques: Individuals can teach themselves to reduce tension through relation techniques such as meditation, hypnosis and biofeedback.
iv. Social support network: Social support network can be a means for tension reduction. It provides you with someone to hear your problems and to offer a more objective perspective on the situation.
3. Organizational approaches: There are some organizational approaches which can reduce stress of employees. These are discussed below-
i. Selection and Placement: Selection and placement is very important approach for reducing stress. Management should not restrict hiring to only experience individuals with an internal locus but such individuals may adapt better to high- stress- job.
ii.) Goal setting: The use of goals can reduce stress as well as provide motivation. Specific goals that are perceived as attainable clarify performance expectations.
iii) Redesigning jobs: Redesigning jobs to give employees more responsibility, more meaningful work, more autonomy and increased feedback can reduce stress because these factors give the employee greater control over work activities and lessen dependence on others.
iv) Increasing employee involvement: By giving employees decisions directly affect their job performance, management can increase employee control and reduce this role stress. So managers should consider increasing employee involvement in decision making.
v. Increasing formal communication: By increasing formal communication employees reduce uncertainty by lessening role ambiguity and role conflict. Given the importance that perceptions play in moderating the stress- response relationship, management can also use effective communication.
vi. Offering sabbaticals: These sabbaticals- ranging in length from a few weeks to several months- allow employees to travel, relax, or pursue personal project that consume time beyond normal vacation weeks.
vii. Wellness programs: Wellness programs focus on the employee’s total physical and mental condition. For example, they typically provide workshops to help people quite smoking, control alcohol use, lose weight eat better and develop a regular exercise program.
Finally we can say that by following above stated approaches management can control employees stress.