Elements of Organizational Behavior / key forces that affect the organizational behavior.
When people work together in an organization to accomplish an objective, some kind of structure of formal relationship is required. People also use technology to help get the job done and need a environment. So there is an interaction of people, structure, technology and environment
So there are four elements of OB, they are, -
1. People: People make up the internal social system of the organization. That system consists of individuals and group and large groups as well as small ones. People are the living, thinking, feeling beings who work in the organization to achieve their objectives. We must remember that organizations exist to serve people, rather than people existing to serve organizations.
2. Structure: Structure defines the formal relationship and use of people in organizations. Different jobs are required to accomplish all of an organization’s activities. Managers, employees, accountants and assembles are related in some structural way so that their work can be effectively co-ordinated. So OB needs a structure.
3. Technology: People can not work with their bare hands, so they need some tools and resources and technology acts as tools to create work process. Technology helps people to do more and better work. the use of modern technology is costly also.
3. Environment: All organizations operate within an internal and an external environment. A single organization does not exist alone. It is a part of a larger system that contains many other elements, such as, government, family, and other organizations.