Introduction to English-2

Author Topic: Introduction to English-2  (Read 5257 times)

Offline Antara11

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #30 on: November 30, 2011, 09:38:55 AM »
It's a great way to inform others in short about all these history of English Teaching.


Antara Basak
Lecturer, English
Daffodil International University
Cell:+88 01916667650
E-mail: antara@daffodilvarsity.edu.bd
www.daffodilvarsity.edu.bd
Antara Basak
Senior Lecturer
Dept. of English

Offline shipra

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #31 on: December 03, 2011, 11:23:16 AM »
Thank You, madam.

Offline shipra

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #32 on: December 03, 2011, 11:26:32 AM »
                                                  Immersion Programs

         â€œStudents are instructed in most of their courses and school activities in the second language. Instruction is usually begun in the second language and eventually incorporates the native language. The main objective of any immersion program is that all students acquire a high level of proficiency in oral, listening, and literacy skills . . . Fundamental to an immersion program is the belief that normal children have the inherent capacity to learn a second language without jeopardizing their native language expertise. Total immersion involves the instruction of all subjects in the second language, including physical education and extracurricular activities . . . Partial immersion involves instruction in the second language for half the school day and in the native language for the other half” (O’Grady et al. 1993).
Immersion programs have been greatly used in several missionary training programs, and in field studies done in north-eastern India, and the Andaman and Nicobar islands by the students of linguistics.

Offline shipra

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #33 on: December 10, 2011, 12:22:59 PM »
                               THE NEED FOR AN ECLECTIC APPROACH

        At present, teachers of English around the world prefer some form of communicative teaching and learning, rather than the audio-lingual method and its derivatives. However, we must remember that a successful TESOL teacher is not necessarily biased in favor of one method or another. She should be first of all competent in and comfortable with the methods she wants to use. She tends to select different teaching strategies from different methods, and blends them to suit the needs of her materials and students.
It is important that the students are given ample opportunities to practice English in the class as well as outside the classroom, even as it is important for them to have time and freedom to digest, reflect and analyze what has been exposed to them. Internalization of the linguistic structures and their ready and easy retrieval for communication are achieved in many ways.
A diligent TESOL teacher continually learns new techniques from her peers and her students, as she interacts with them. She needs to know the new directions in teaching of English to speakers of other languages which are debated in the journals and demonstrated in new textbooks. Her own English speech, pronunciation, and writing should be as close to the “standard” as possible, or native-like, if she is not a native speaker of English. She may use regional characteristics of English to inform and entertain, but she should be able to switch to the “standard” for presenting her lessons.
Her writing in English should be simple, straightforward and plain. She should have a good command and conscious knowledge of the grammatical structures of the language and should be at home with the grammatical terms used to describe the structures. She should be sensitive to the background and the needs of her class.
She should have a clear voice, and should be energetic and enthusiastic so that the class will come alive in her presence. It is important for her to get all her students involved in the drills and exercises conducted in the class. A good actor she should be

Offline shipra

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #34 on: January 16, 2012, 01:00:49 PM »
                                               SOME KEY TERMS

          L1 refers to the language acquired or learned first by the student. It generally refers to the mother tongue or the first language of the student. Mother tongue is a fuzzy concept.
The term first language focuses upon the serial order in which a language may be acquired or learned. It is possible that a child may acquire or learn two or more languages simultaneously. Under such circumstances, it is possible for a child to have more than one language as her first language or her mother tongue. (See Simultaneous Acquisition of Two Languages: An Overview by Shyamala Chengappa and M. S. Thirumalai, published by the Central Institute of Indian Languages, Mysore, India, 1986.)
L2 refers to the language or languages acquired or learned subsequent to the first language. The term Second Language also refers to the language or languages acquired or learned subsequent to the first language. It is generally assumed that the first language of a person comes to influence the quality of learning and use of the second language. In this context, the term Source Language generally refers to the first language or the mother tongue or L1 and the term Target Language refers to the second language or L2.
The term Foreign language refers to that language for the use of which there is no immediate reinforcement outside the classroom. For example, if English is learned by a Japanese student from Japan in the United States, the status of such learning is treated as second language learning, because he has abundant opportunities to use that language outside his classroom. On the other hand, if the same student learns English in his country, he may not have equally abundant opportunity to use English outside his classroom. Under this condition, the student is deemed to be learning English as a foreign language. It is important that we keep this distinction in mind when we teach English to speakers of other languages, because each teaching/learning situation will require different materials, strategies, and goals.

Offline shipra

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #35 on: January 29, 2012, 12:00:13 PM »
                                                       Acquisition

       The term acquisition is used “when the emphasis is on the natural, unconscious way in which a learner can assimilate a foreign language as in bilingual contexts or when using one of the natural approaches to foreign language teaching. In several approaches, however, acquisition and learning are carefully distinguished: the former is then restricted to what takes place in ‘natural’ learning situations; the latter to what takes place in classrooms when following a structured course with a teacher” (Crystal 1987). Interference or Negative Transfer refers to the inappropriate use of an L1 structure in the L2 system. Interlanguage refers to the successive approximations that a second language learner makes towards the target language he is learning. These terms have come to connote the assumptions that a teacher has as regards the process of learning/acquiring a language.

Offline nafrin

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #36 on: January 29, 2012, 01:14:22 PM »
good, well done

Offline Real

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #37 on: January 29, 2012, 03:08:30 PM »
Thank you madam for your important post ..

Mehedi Hassan (Real)
English dept., 19th batch
DIU
Real

Offline sushmita

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #38 on: January 29, 2012, 03:24:37 PM »
Well done,Shipra mam.

Thank you.

Offline shipra

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #39 on: January 30, 2012, 11:58:37 AM »
Thank you all for going through the post.

Offline Antara11

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #40 on: January 31, 2012, 12:09:58 PM »
Working in a truly helpful way.

Carry on.

Antara Basak
Lecturer
Dept. of English
Antara Basak
Senior Lecturer
Dept. of English

Offline shipra

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #41 on: April 19, 2012, 10:47:39 AM »
Thank you, Antara Madam.

Offline nafrin

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Re: Introduction to English-2
« Reply #42 on: May 10, 2012, 02:59:48 PM »
thx a lot for the post