English is unanimously recognized as the second language in the world and no one can deny this truth. People believed that having English proficiency is the key, especially for developing countries, which can bring success by ensuring access to education, business and technology. As consequence, English is the most widely taught foreign language in more than 100 countries in the world. The need is greater than ever for children to learn one or more languages in addition to their first language, as the adult workplace become increasingly international. It also appears that learning a second language helps achieve facilities in other academic areas. English is generally taught using the translation method where nouns and vocabularies are translated from the mother tongue. Very few children learn English by the total immersion method where they hear and speak only English in the classroom. There is evidence that the total immersion method helps students become proficient quickly. However, there is a fear that the immersion method might lead to the last of the first language. In the field of engineering, English is an important language tool for communication between different cultures where English is not a native tongue.
It is generally agreed that the ability of our learners in English classes, especially at the secondary level, is not satisfactory, due to some underlying factors. Some researchers define attitude as one of the key factors that influences success or failure for language learners. There is a clear relationship between attitude and achievement in learning a language. A positive attitude will help learners to achieve their goals.
Bangladesh is a developing country of about 160 million people. A notable number of students are pursuing higher education especially in tertiary level (Bachelors and Masters) in more than 150 public and private universities in Bangladesh. The medium of instruction of tertiary level is English and beside this, maximum students in Bangladesh complete their primary and secondary education in Bangla medium. For this reason at the beginning of the university life, they find the atmosphere quite new and difficult, though students have to complete at least 14 courses on Basic English Language to acquire proficiency in English including 02 courses on Basic English at university level. After getting tertiary education certificate students wish to get a good job in the market but unfortunately maximum of them failed because of poor English proficiency.