Advantages of Bamboo as a Building Material
The various advantages of bamboo are as mentioned below:
Tensile strength: Bamboo has higher tensile strength than steel because its fibers run axially.
Fire Resistance: Capability of bamboo to resist fire is very high and it can withstand temperature up to 4000 C. This is due to the presence of high value of silicate acid and water.
Elasticity: Bamboo is widely preferred in earthquake prone regions due to its elastic features.
Weight of bamboo: Bamboos due to their low weight are easily displaced or installed making it very easier for transportation and construction.
Unlike other building materials like cement and asbestos, bamboo poses no danger to health.
They are cost effective and easy to use.
They are especially in great demand in earthquake prone areas.
Disadvantages of Bamboo
Bamboos come with their own set of drawbacks such as:
They require preservation
Shrinkage: Bamboo shrinks much greater than any other type of timber especially when it loses water.
Durability: Bamboo should be sufficiently treated against insect or fungus attack before being utilized for building purposes.
Jointing: Despite prevalence of various techniques of jointing, structural reliability of bamboo is questionable.