Frozen corpses could be brought back to life and made to look YOUNGER than when they died using stem cell injections, claims expert
Cryogenics could be our best chance at cheating death.
That's according to one expert, who believes we could soon revive frozen bodies.
Dennis Kowalski, 49, President of the Michigan-based Cryonics Institute, claims humans could oen day be revived from a cryogenic state, and stem cell therapy could help them bring them back to an even younger age.
He also suggests that the first human frozen by cryonics could be revived within the next 50 to 100 years.
The Michigan-based Cryonics Institute, is a non-profit organisation that offers human freezing services for $28,000 per person (£20,200).
Kowalski, who also works as a firefighter, paramedic and paramedics teacher in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, says that a lot of things that weren't possible will soon be possible with regards to cryonics.
He told the MailOnline that if reviving cryogenically frozen people is not possible, at least we are learning.
Around 2,000 people have put their names down to be cryogenically frozen by Mr Kowalski's institute and more than 100 pets and 160 people have already been frozen at the their laboratory.
'After cardiac arrest, you have around 5 minutes to half an hour to revive someone,' says Mr Kowalski.
'But it depends on temperature and how long they were alive for.
'We're finding that when you cool people down you have more time,' he said.
Mr Kowalski said that his work is an extension of stem cell research, and that stem cells could be injected into cryogenically frozen patients to help repair damaged cells.
'They will be not be injected with traditional stem cells while they are frozen,' said Mr Kowalski.
'This would have to happen when they have begun the warming process and the stem cells would most likely be much different then the stem cells we have today.
'We're trying to save your DNA and mind.
'If all we cared about was your DNA, we could save that and clone you and you would look no different, but it would be a totally different person,' he said.
Mr Kowalski says that in the future, if there is super advanced technology that can 'reverse engineer nature,' then there is no reason elderly people couldn't be revived and brought back, possibly even as their healthy, 20 year-old selves.
Cryonics, also known as cryogenics and cryopreservation, is the art of freezing a dead body or body parts in order to preserve them.
Advocates see it as a miracle procedure to cheat death, with the hope that they will be revived once medical science has progressed far enough to cure whatever killed them.
The Cryonics Institute's website states that absolute death may only be said to occur when the brain's essential information is destroyed.
Brain preservation is the ultimate goal of what cryopreservation aims to achieve.
WHAT IS CRYONICS?
The deep freezing of a body to -196°C (-321°F).
Anti-freeze compounds are injected into the corpse to stop cells being damaged.
The hope is that medical science will advance enough to bring the patient back to life.
Two main US organisations carry out cryonics in the US: Alcor, in Arizona, and the Cryonics Institute, in Michigan.
Russian firm KrioRus is one of two facilities outside the US to offer the service, alongside Alcor's European laboratory in Portugal.
HOW IS IT MEANT TO WORK?
The process can only take place once the body has been declared legally dead.
Ideally, it begins within two minutes of the heart stopping and no more than 15.
The body must be packed in ice and injected with chemicals to reduce blood clotting.
At the cryonics facility, it is cooled to just above 0°C and the blood is replaced with a solution to preserve organs.
The body is injected with another solution to stop ice crystals forming in organs and tissues, then cooled to -130°C.
The final step is to place the body into a container which is lowered into a tank of liquid nitrogen at -196°C.
WHAT'S THE CHANCE OF SUCCESS?
Many experts say there is none.
Organs such as the heart and kidneys have never been successfully frozen and thawed.
It is even less likely a whole body, and the brain, could be without irreversible damage.
HOW MUCH DOES IT COST?
Charges at the Cryonics Institute start at around £28,000 ($35,000) to 'members' for whole-body cryopreservation.
Rival group Alcor charges £161,000 ($200,000) while KrioRus' procedure will set you back £29,200 ($37,600).
HOW LONG BEFORE PEOPLE CAN BE BROUGHT BACK TO LIFE?
Cryonics organisations claim it could be decades or even centuries.
However, medical experts say once cells are damaged during freezing and turned to 'mush' they cannot be converted back to living tissue, any more than you can turn a scrambled egg back into a raw egg.
In a previous interview with the Daily Star, Mr Kowalski, 49, said: 'If you take something like CPR, that would have seemed unbelievable 100 years ago. Now we take that technology for granted.
Mr Kowalski said that when the first patients are reanimated depends on the rate at which modern medicine improves.
'It depends on how much technology like stem-cells advances,' he said.
Currently, it is only legal to freeze someone when they have just been declared dead.
The freezing process must begin as soon as the patient dies in order to prevent brain damage, with facilities currently available in Russia, the US and Portugal.
In the procedure, the body is cooled in an ice bath to gradually reduce its temperature bit by bit.
Experts then drain the blood and replace it with an anti freeze fluid to stop harmful ice crystals forming in the body.
Mr Kowalski made headlines in December when he paid £100,000 ($140,000) to have his entire family frozen so they could be reanimated together.
The 49-year-old, his wife Maria and their three sons - Jacob, 19, Danny, 17, and James, 16 - are all down to be preserved in a vat of liquid nitrogen when they pass away.
In an interview last month, the paramedic said the process could give his family a 'second chance at life'.
Mr Kowalski suggested those who take part have 'little to lose and virtually everything to gain'.
He said: 'I heard about the process when I was a teenager. I thought it sounded really interesting.
'Many years later I signed up with the Cryonics Institute. That was 20 years ago now. Now my wife and three teenage sons are also all signed up.
'Of course my sons are young so not thinking about it too much.
'But things happen in life and you never know.' Source:MailOnline