Traffic Jam in Dhaka city

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Offline bcdas

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Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« on: December 12, 2011, 02:16:20 PM »
Over the last few years the transportation problem of Dhaka City has visibly been deteriorating steadily. Citizens constantly complain about the unbearable twin problems of traffic jam and air pollution. Democracywatch decided to address this problem through an opinion poll covering around eight hundred households randomly selected from several purposively selected neighbourhoods of the city,  representatives of middle and lower income areas.
The questions asked focused mainly on three issues: (a) the nature of the problem as perceived by the surveyed residents, (b) their understanding about the causes of these problems and (c) their recommendations on solutions to these perceived problems.
Some preliminary results from this survey were presented at a workshop, which was participated by persons associated with the formulation and implementation of traffic policies, rules and programmes. This Draft Final Report benefits from valuable discussion and comments received at the workshop.
The methodology of this survey is explained below in brief. It is easy to see that the study extended beyond a standard opinion poll and entered the arena of investigative research in seeking some
explanations to perceptions as well as behaviour.
The findings are presented mainly in the form of self-explanatory tables with some introductory highlights and conclusions.
A further extension of the survey is currently being completed to cover the very poor and the rich categories of residents as was recommended by several participants at the workshop mentioned earlier.

B. Methodology:

During the round of the opinion poll the main focus was on the middle and lower income population of Dhaka city. Therefore, the sample was drawn from 30 purposively selected neighbourhoods which are generally recognised as middle and lower income areas. In each of these areas a systematic random sample of about 26 households were selected, giving a total sample of 775 households. In the event of any household’s refusal to give interview which happened on average in one in four cases, the nearest household willing to be interviewed was chosen. Usually the household head responded. In case of his absence any other responsible adult capable of responding to the questions was interviewed. Interviews were conducted on the basis of a pre-tested questionnaire. Each interview took about 20 minutes. Fourteen investigators were engaged. The reference period for the survey was 21-27 October, 2000. Data was edited, coded and computerised. Analysis was mostly done electronically by using FoxPro and SPSS. Some tables were done manually.

C. Selected Findings
:
I. Perceptions on major problems
•   Altogether 37 problems were mentioned. They were given a score on a scale of 1-5 to indicate their perceived seriousness. Each of these problems was then ranked according to the total score given to it by the analytical group under consideration.
•   Not surprisingly, traffic jam topped the list, followed by hijacking/terrorism as no. 2, load shedding as no. 3, environmental pollution as no. 4 and water crisis as no. 5.
•   Surprisingly, hartals were way down among the bottom 5 (at no. 33), reflecting possibly both a shortness of public memory as well as a lack of concern or an acquired immunity at the mass level in respect of hartals.


•   Changes in public perception about the seriousness of problems in civic life was also evidenced by the placement of load shedding at no. 3, which would undoubtedly have been put as the no. 1 problem about 2 years ago.
•   Except for problems no. 1 and no. 2 there was variation in the rank order of the perceived problems based on income, occupation, education and gender. For example, environmental pollution was given more importance by the richer people compared to load shedding. Likewise, unemployment was more of a problem for the poorer categories.
•   Interestingly, poor drainage was not mentioned in the list of 5 most important problems in the city. Clearly, for all the sampled respondents, there were far too many other problems to enter the list of 5.


II. Causes of traffic jam
•   Narrow roads, broken roads and unplanned repairs appeared as the 3 main causes of traffic jam. This again is the result of asking the respondents to name only 3 main causes.
•   When asked about the contribution of different road users to the traffic jam problem, the rickshaw wallahs were pointed out as a major culprit: 66 per cent thought they made very high contribution, while another 5 per cent thought they made moderate contribution.
•   The truck drivers were next in line with about 50 per cent considering their contribution as moderate to very high.
•   There were no significant variations in respect of the above findings between genders, incomes and occupations.


III. Recommended measures for solving traffic jams
•   There were more recommendations on the software (i.e. legal framework, planning, management, etc) than on the hardware side (i.e. brick and mortar stuff).
•   The single most recommended measure was one way roads (28 per cent). Interestingly, the richer and the professional households were less vocal about it, while the labourers did not mention it at all. The demand came mainly from the businessmen and lower income households.
•   The next most recommended (22 per cent) measure was to improve and enforce the traffic law. If one adds to that the recommendation of establishment and enforcement of sound parking rules (11 per cent), legal reform and enforcement emerges as the most recommended (33 per cent) measure.
•   There was broad unanimity in this regards between the genders, incomes and most occupations except the professionals for whom flyovers were the second most mentioned remedy.
« Last Edit: December 12, 2011, 02:19:56 PM by bcdas »
Dr. Bimal Chandra Das
Associate Professor
Dept. of GED, DIU

Offline Anisur Rahman

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #1 on: December 12, 2011, 06:50:29 PM »
Good post...Traffic jam really causing a havoc on our daily life. It is hampering our working hours and ultimately the nation is being deprived from valuable working hours from all of us. Now a days foreign investors are also showing their reluctance not to come in Dhaka due to severe gridlock. We must have a way out of this trouble.
Anisur Rahman
Assistant Professor
Department of Computer Science and Engineering
Daffodil International University

Offline bcdas

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #2 on: December 13, 2011, 02:01:26 PM »
Ok thanks Anish Sir, plz share your feeling how we can remove our mentioned problem?

   
Dr. Bimal Chandra Das
Associate Professor
Dept. of GED, DIU

Offline arefin

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #3 on: January 15, 2012, 10:03:25 PM »
Thanks a lot BCD sir for such a nice topic.
“Allahumma inni as'aluka 'Ilman naafi'an, wa rizqan tayyiban, wa 'amalan mutaqabbalan”

O Allah! I ask You for knowledge that is of benefit, a good provision and deeds that will be accepted. [Ibne Majah & Others]
.............................
Taslim Arefin
Assistant Professor
Dept. of ETE, FE
DIU

Offline Tanvir Ahmed Chowdhury

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #4 on: January 18, 2012, 12:59:44 PM »
Very Good topic. We should talk about the solution................
Tanvir Ahmed Chowdhury

Assistant Professor
Department of Textile Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
Daffodil International University

Offline sushmita

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #5 on: January 18, 2012, 05:38:51 PM »
Very useful topic.

But according to me, there is one solution.

DECENTRALIZATION. Stop pressuring Dhaka City.

Offline sethy

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #6 on: January 22, 2012, 10:24:17 PM »
In our Dhaka city there are a lots of privet car and CNG auto-rickshaw. It is the real scenario of our country. In those car there are one or two passenger but it take more space than a bus.

There are another reason that is the avoidance of traffic rules.
Sazia Afrin Sethy
ID:101-11-1366
BBA Department,
Batch: 25th,
Sec: B.

Offline nature

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #7 on: April 23, 2012, 12:37:34 AM »
For the private car the jam is occurs mainly and lack of proper use the traffic rules.
Name: Md. Faruque Hossain
ID: 142-14-1436
Department of MBA
Daffodil International  University
Email:faruque_1362@diu.edu.bd

Offline hassan

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #8 on: April 23, 2012, 11:42:28 AM »
very nice post.
Md. Arif Hassan
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Department of Business Administration
Faculty of Business and Economics
Daffodil International University

Offline Anuz

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #9 on: April 25, 2012, 10:30:46 AM »
Thanks BCD sir. This is a nice topic and very important issue for dhaka city. All of us are suffering this problem. I hope Our government should take necessary steps to control the Traffic Jam.
Anuz Kumar Chakrabarty
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Faculty of Science and Information Technology
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Offline asma alam

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #10 on: April 26, 2012, 03:02:39 PM »
Traffic jam is now placed at the top of any discussion in recent days. For these couple of days we are again frequently reminded of our predicaments(!!!). In the name of repairing roads, the authority is contributing to the terrible traffic jam while other general causes for traffic jam are still prevailing. Thus we, people, are wasting time and energy sitting idly in the midst of dreadful traffic jam.

Offline nayeemfaruqui

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Re: Traffic Jam in Dhaka city
« Reply #11 on: May 16, 2012, 01:41:07 PM »
thanks
Dr. A. Nayeem Faruqui
Assistant Professor, Department of Textile Engineering, DIU